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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 28, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Wtdnmdoy, July 28, 1971 THE 1ITHMIDGE HERALD 35 A BIGGY A man' stands in the rear of the new Terex 150-ton Diesel-electric rear dump hauler to indi- cate the size of the vehicle. The hauler is capable of carrying a 150-ton load and it will be assembled at the General Motor's plant at London, Ont. Government discovers there is no poverty What makes rich Swedes unhappy? By ROLAND HUNTFORD London Observer Service STOCKHOLM It is a built- in drawback of any radical re- forming movement that eventu- ally there will be little left to reform and correspondingly much to preserve. As a result the conservative elements in politics will be reinforced to the detriment of the radicals. This is the constant worry of the Swedish Social Democrats who, after 40 years of unbroken pow- er in one of the most advanced welfare States and affluent so- cieties, have with great ingen- uity contrived new areas of dis- satisfaction in which to quarry votes. The latest issue, designed for Hie next general election in 1973 has been that of low-paid work- ers. A government commission of inquiry into the subject was established about a year ago; this week it was abruptly ter- minated. The trouble about this kind of exercise is that it can easily backfire. The difficulty lies in exploiting dissatisfaction with- out making the rulers of the day out to be the guilty ones. various reasons, the com- mission on low-paid workers overstepped the limit, and the government was in peril of being blamed. On the face of it. it is laugh- able to talk about the poor and the dispossessed in a rich egal- itarian society of the Swedish type. There is no poverty, there is no need. Nobody starves, (here are no slums. Those who fall by the wayside are given ample care and generous social benefits. The difficulty is not to get help, but to avoid it. Even those in search of romantic pov- erty for the good of their souls are generally, against their will, petted a'nd subsidised. The gross national product of Sweden is per head, sec- ond in the world after the Unit- ed States, where it is The average industrial wage is S80 weekly against for the United Stales. And so on. Swedes, however you look at them, are the richest people in the world after the Americans. Nevertheless, the low paid workers' commission discover- ed that almost half the Swedish working population considered itself under privileged. This took various forms. About 40 per cent of the working popu- lation of two million worked more than a 40-hour week. This meant that those who did so felt that they had to work hard- er than their fellows for he same prosperity, a clear case of inequality to the Swedish mind. A mare serious revelation was that the same proportion of those gainfully employed re- garded their work as danger- ous or uncomfortable. This attitude was to be found in all trades, from the truly risky jobs such as mining and construction, to occupations like baking, because of allergies to flour, and the chemical Indus- Enjoy Alberta Turkey Today Special Turkey Salad 2 cups cubed cooked turkey Va cup cubed cooked ham cup diced Swiss Cheese 2 hard-cooked eggs chopped 1 cup diced celery salt and pepper to taste 2 tablespoons chopped sweet pickles 2 tablespoons minced onion 2 tablespoons chopped pimiento OR fresh sweet red or green pepper Va cup (approx.) mixed salad dressing and mayonnaise 2 cups shredded lettuce When cubing ''meat, cut in fairly uniform and not too big pieces. Dice cheese slightly smaller orcut in narrow strips. Tear lettuce in bite-size pieces. Green onion, tops and all, are nice in place of cooking onion in this salad and, if very mild, use slightly more. Combine all ingredients except lettuce and toss lightly and refrigerate until ready to serve. At serving time, add lettuce and more salad dressing if necessary and toss lightly to combine and garnish with slices or wedges of tomato. Yields 6 servings. NOTE: For a slightly differentflavour, com- bine equal quantities of homemade (boiled) salad dressing and sour cream and a little sweet pickle vinegar and use in place of dress- ing suggested above. SEAL OF APPROVAL try because of poisonous gases. Noise was a frequent source of complaint. Many people felt that their hearing and general health were being undermined by noisy machines. Although the commission was supposed to be investigating low-paid worker's, underpaying in the strict financial sense turned out to be of minor con- cern. About 30 DOT cent of all workers were discovered to be receiving slightly less than the industrial average. On the other hand, a lot of illegal work is done to avoid taxation. Small employers especially will re- cord less than the actual wages paid out in order to give net salaries. But even allowing for differ- ences in wages, no actual pov- erty was discovered. And this clearly embarrassed the govern- ment. Olof Palme, the prime minister, has made great play with under privileged gr'oups in Swedish society, and it was clearly his electoral strategy to seek them out and help them. Presumably he hoped that the commission of inquiry would identify these groups, and that they would turn out to be well defined, like old-age pension- ers. Instead, the commission uncovered a well dispersed undercurrent of discontent. If the statistics are even remote- ly accurate, they mean that every other wage earner in Sweden was to be considered under privileged by his own standards. And political oppon- ents have been quick to point out that this is no credit to a government that has built up modern Swedish society. The commission of inquiry was stopped without warning. The material it has gathered will be turned over to a politi- cal group in the prime minis- ter's office, whose job is to manipulate it in such a way as to provide suitable pablum. Most of the world's workers (including many in the ad- vanced Western States) would doubtless be prefectly content to bear what the Swedes call poverty. But it is not money that is worrying the Swedes: it is the nerve wracking condi- tions of modern industry; the lard tempo of production lines and the merciless competition of piece work. Who, then, is most to be pitied, the poverty- stricken Portuguese peasant or Lhe pampered but stressed Swe- dish worker? It is a point tha1 the Swedish government w i 1 now have to ponder. At al events it is the sort of question that Swedes are beginning tc ask themselves for the firs time. Moon exploration reaches maturity with latest American undertaking By JOHN BARBOUR CAPE KENNEDY, Fla. (AP) Scientific exploration of the moon reaches maturity with Apollo 15. The astronauts have multi-million-dollar set of new nstruments to search for clues o the creation of the moon, the Garth and the solar system. The first three Apollo moon- anding missions were primarily operational, proving that the tardware could carry men to he lunar surface. Scientific ex- iloration was conducted, but it was secondary. On earth, there was criticism 'rom some United States con- gressmen, black leaders and others. They contended too much money was being spent investigating scientific questions ,hat weren't being answered. They argued that expenditures on problems such as poverty and the environment would yield more solid dividends. The space agency hopes Apollo 15 will begin to provide at least some of the answers. The agency now has enough confidence in the hardware to send Apollo 15 to a landing site at the base of the tallest moun- tains on the moon, the Apen- nines whose peaks soar feet. David R. Scott, commander of :he mission which starts today says of his spacecraft: "There is more scientific equipment and capability contained in this one vehicle than man has ever conceived before." Included is a million nu- clear-powered science station which Scott and James B. Irwin will deploy on the moon, a million set of cameras and in- struments which Alfred M Worden will use to chart photo- graphically and chemically 20 per cent of the surface, and an ?8 million moon buggy whicl will enable the astronauts to range over a wide area in their quest for lunar secrets. HOW WERE THEY MADE? The age-old questions, of course, are: Where did sun, moon and earth come from? Was the moon only a stranger wandering through the solar system until it was captured by earth's gravity, or was it torn i o 1 c n 11 y from 'the earth's wsom by the close passage of another space body? Or were earth and moon both created by the congealing of fiery gas a'nd matter as children of the sun? Most space agency scientists now agree from a study of the moon rocks brought back so far that the latter question is the answer. Tte moon probably was bora about 4% billion years ago, a molten mass. Perhaps because of its small size, it never grew up, as earth did, never matured into a planet with an atmos- phere and chemical compounds capable of s u p p o r t i n g life. There is not, and never was, water on the moon, scientists agreed. Nor has there been life. The question persists, how- ever. Why doesn't the moon have a more substantial atmos- phere? Why no water? Apollo 15 carries the most so- phisticated scientific equipment used on the moon yet. Its crew is the most thoroughly prepared so far on scientific aspects. Apollo 15 carries panoramic and mapping cameras, synchro- nized to a light-ray altimeter, to provide a three-dimension sur- vey of a wide belt of the moon's surface. LOOK FOR VOLCANOES The moon rover will carry the astronauts to a lunar canyon where they will sample rim rocks to determine their origin, and possibly the origin of the canyon itself. As canyons on earth, cut by rivers, reveal the history of the earth's crust in a given area, so might the Hadley Rille tell something of the moon's origin. It might yield signs of volcanic activity. Scott and Irwin will visit the Apennines, believed created by a fault and overlapping of the moon's crust, again to look into history brought to the surface by natural events. They also will study craters and domes, in the hopes that these phenomena will reveal rocks older than found before and will provide certain and immediate evidence that the volcanoes existed on the moon. Before the astronauts head back to earth they will leave in orbit around the moon a yard- long, 87.5-pound satellite that will report back to earth for a year. It has two major jobs. It will reveal variations in density beneath the lunar surface by the way it responds to lunar gravity with irregularities in its orbit. More important, its instru- menst will measure ttie mag- netic shields or belts carried through space by both moon and earth. These shields deter- mine what kinds of energy get Long hair sacrificed by doctor ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) A doctor has sacrificed his long hair in exchange for a donation to the Uni- versity of Minnesota Hospi- tals. Dr. Russell Lucas, 42, was being ribbed about his shaggy locks at a party last weekend when he came up with the hair for a donation to the build- ing fund for a cardiovascu- lar research and training centre at the hospital. Four friends eager to play barber split the price, and Lucas's hair was quickly and efficiently butchered. BOOK CRITIC DIES NEW YORK (AP) Charles Poore, for 40 years a book critic for the New York Times until his retirement in 1969, died Monday of heart failure. Poore, 68, wrote a biography of the painter Goya and edited The Hemingway Reader. through I" moon and earth from the sun. Looking ahead to the day when man may need to reap by his own hand the en- ergy of the svn for power, this has an obvious practical value. Other Apollo spaceship com- manders have waited in relative idleness while their comrades explored the moon's surface, but command pilot Worden will be busy. USE TISHPOLES' Alone in orbit around the moon, he will operate the cam- era mapping and .'our other ex- periments, two of which will be fishpoled out more than 23 feet away to ensure that the space- craft's presence will not affect their findings. One fishpole experiment is to measure the rate of flow _ of gamma rays, one possible sign of the concentration of chemical elements on the moon if such concentrations exist. If they do, it means that parts of the moon have in the past, and may still, be the sites of underground melting-volcanic actions. Another fishpole experiment is to look for signs of what gases exist in the moon's light atmosphere. Some gases are possible indications of the decay of radioactive matter on the surface. But others, such as carbon dioxide and ammonia, are signatures of volcanic activ- ity. And these molecular gases that are important to the build- ing of more complex life chemi- cals. Worden's third experiment is a scan of x-ray absorption and fluorescence by the lunar sur- face matched with a same-time measurement of the x-rays from the sun. This too would offer a picture of elements in the moon's surface: aluminum, iron, silicon and others. The same measurement would show just how mixed up the surface materials are, or how concen- trated. The fourth experiment will try to pinpoint possible areas of vol- canic activity by searching out signs of a heavy radioactive gas formed by such activity. Mass murder in Japan MAEBASHI (Reuter) Po- lice have dug up the bodies of two more young women ill what is developing into Japan's worst post-war mass murder case. Kiyoshi Okubo, 36, is being held by police in this central Japanese town on suspicion of having rapec' and murdered at least eight young girls. He has been charged with two murders. Confessions made to police during the last few weeks have enabled them to find the graves of six young women in their teens or early 20s, missing since April or May. In a nearby industrial centre, police found the bodies Sunday of a IG-ycar-old girl and an 18- year-old waitress missing since April. They were still searching for at least two more graves in the area believed to contain two Eu-ls, 19 and 21. B.C. Fruit the best part of summer! CHERRIES-APRICOTS-PEACHES-PEARS-PLUMS There's a whole summer full of luscious goodness coming your way.., with daily arrivals of juicy, fresh fruit, direct from sunny Okanagan orchards. And ready now B.C. Apricots. Golden, succulent, juicy they're Canada's one exotic fruit! Stretch the summer parade of Okanagan goodness right through the winter by putting up plenty of your own home-made apricot jams and preserves. It's so easy and their bright sunshine colour and tangy taste will add so much to winter meals. And enjoy fresh B.C. Apricots often while they're in season. Serve them any way you'd serve peaches in pies, shortcakes, with cream, or as snacks, right from the "Fresh-rival" fruitbowl. To ripen the apricots you buy are not quite ripe, simply store them at room temperature for a few days and they'll ripen perfectly without loss of flavour. Colourful, IB VarjC booklet on home preserving and home freezing of B.C. tree fruits. Send in coin, with your name and address, to: B.C. Tree Fruits Ltd., Depl. Kcloimia, B.C. APRICOTS {Serve tKem nora..preserve them nowi ;