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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 28, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, July 28, 1970 Joseph Kraft Turmoil In Italy Italy's political spaghetti is now so tangled that the most expert fork handlers are i'iiiding it unmanage- able. Earlier this year Italy was without a government for 49 days. Since the resignation of Premier Rumor early this month, efforts to find a successor have been futile. At present Treasury Minister Emilio Colombo is having a try, but even if he does succeed no one is optimistic about prospects for fu- ture stability. The wonder is that in the last few years, government confusion not- withstanding, Italy has prospered as never before. But things are going downhill rapidly. The centre-left coalition is at odds itself, the Communists are gaining ground, the Rightists are as conservatively ob- durate as the regional governments are showing a ten- dency to go their own way regard- less of political affiliations with the central government. For some reason or another Italy has not kept pace with the social change which has altered the atti- tudes of other European nations since 1945. The Rightist wealthy aristocracy has ignored at its peril the needs and aspirations of the poor. The more prosperous North has ignored the problems of the South. Now it's coming to a head. Italy faces a political, economic and social crisis unprecedented in its history. The cry is for reform, but reform without strong government is al- most impossible to achieve. The prosperous class, while acknowledg- ing tlie need for change, says sim- ply that there Isn't enough money available to pay higher wages, to ease the conditions of the to provide the medical, social wel- fare, and other services they are demanding. They claim that the cost of these improvements would send production costs skyrocketing, profits skidding and leave no mon- ey for capital investment. The Leftists say that expenditure for reforms in the public sector must have priority. Just how badly reform is needed in the public ser- is pointed up by the state of Italian health services. The London 0 b s e r v e r's correspondent writes that "the agencies responsible for financing the medical and hospital services for the bulk of the popula- tion, the mutual insurance organiza- tions, are broke, in debt to the tune of about million and unable to pay the hospitals; and the doctors are largely engaged in other activi- ties and tend to care for their in- surance patients simply by sending them to hospital the rate of hos- pitalization in Italy is almost double that prevailing in Britain, and the same is true of the cost per head for prescribing drugs." Even. if Mr. Colombo Is able to form a government to tide things over for the present, it's bound to be another shaky coalition. Political infighting makes stony ground for tough measures. It's beginning to look as if an Italian election might soon be forced on a people ill pre- pared for it. New Outlook For Mexico? The election of Luis Eeheverria Alvarez as President of Mexico was a foregone conclusion. His choice as candidate by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (P R I) virtually assured that he would as- sume the high office. The PRI has dominated Mexican politics ever since 1910 and attracts a broad spectrum of the voting public. A meagre opposition polled less than ten per cent of the vote. But Luis Eeheverria may be a president with a difference. His vigorous campaigning in every hamlet, village and city, in the de- prived poverty-stricken parts of Mexico, has shown him the broad- est possible spectrum of every sec- tion of the vast nation. He is not unaware of the shocking underde- velopment in sprawling sections of Mexico, of the subsistence level at which millions of its people still live, of under-education and over- population in urban areas. (On the birth control issue, Mr. Eeheverria denied that Mexico has too many people. In a devoutly Roman Cath- olic nation, a publicly announced contrary viewpoint would have been impossible, and there are those who sincerely b e 1 i e ve that until the country becomes highly indus- trialized more people will have to take the place of Although he is known as a con- servative, a law and order man, he is said to be well aware of youth- ful unrest and opposition to the status quo. He will, undoubtedly move quickly to stem violent pro- test if it should occur, just as his predecessor did. Mexican history is a study in violence. Half-way mea- sures are viewed as signs of weak- ness. His admirers hope that he will bring more young people into the PRI and that he will find measures to improve the desperate lot of the abysmally poor who throng the cities and the hinterland of Mexico. "His first comment after Ms elec- tion reflects his sincerity, his de- termination to make his country a better place to live for all of its people. "We'll know if I have won six years from he remarked. That is when his term of office ends. Writing about the Nixon Admini- stration is about as exciting as cov- ering the Prudential Life Assurance Company. Art Buchwald. The True Believers By Flora Lewis in The Free Press, Winnipeg YORK: Not since Franklin D. Roosevelt's first two terms has the United States so willingly lined itself up by ideology. It was fashionable then to speak of knee jerk liberals, people who had programmed themselves to react and didn't need to know the details. Now there are knee-jerk radicals and knee-jerk conservatives. They scarcely both- er to ask about an issue and its conse- quences. It is enough for them to know who is on the other side. Is it a shaggy stu- dent? Is it a clean-cut man in uniform? The difference now is that the rival ideol- ogies are not clearly named by their ad- herents, though their opponents give them vivid names from "pigstate fascists" to "wild eyed revolutionaries." Nor do they have clear goals. But they are no less easily identified by what they have in com- mon belief in force, utter righteousness, rejection of compromise as by their dis- agreements. It was only a few years ago that schol- ars were heralding the death of ideology. The world was turning away from dogma, they claimed, and they seemed to prove it with convincing studies of how much the old ideologies had been diluted, how many of their followers were wandering off. The studies were right. That happened. The scholars were concentrating on it too closely to perceive the tightening grip of new dogma emerging. It is characteristic of dogma that it isn't open to reasoned argu- ment, even when as communism it claims to base its truth on rigorous scientific prin- ciple. Now it is visible that the true believ- ers are multiplying again although they heve yet to codify their beliefs. So the new ideologies consider them- se.ves leftist or rightist according to wlictli- cr they want to force society to turn topsy- turvy or force it In v'.r.iu unsolulely still. Between iiicir cross fire, the centre ap- pears caught in growing helplessness. The left extreme attacks the centre as flabby liberals incapable of action, and the right extreme attacks them as bleeding heart liberals incapable of judgment. Worst of all, those who reject both ex- tremes appear to define themselves in terms of the extremes, as the centre is de- fined as the point equidistant from both ends, without an anchor of its own. When the ends move, willy-nilly the centre is shifted. This isn't a game of mere words, because the habit of words has changed actions. People are asked, which side are you on? The police or the rebels? Students or ad- ministration? Rounding up dissidents or bombing stores? The reaction or the revolu- tion? White or black? Young or old? The feeling is spread that one must an- swer or confess to passive apathy, to com- placence, to mindless muddling in the mid- dle. Who asks, exactly what did the police do this time and what did the rebels do? Exactly what does that group of students seek and .what does the administration offer? Why are white and black, young and old, shoved to opposite sides? But "polarization" as it is developing has mistaken Hie poles. The opposite of the vio- lent ideologies isn't half way between them, it is active support of a very different set of principles. The growing pressure from the extremes is not likely to be well resist- ed by a rearguard struggle to defend some shifting "middle road." Ideology, diffuse but adamant, is reviv- ing because of new grievances. There is need in opposition to revive an energizing faith in democratic reason, in opportunity for all, in creative tolerance and co-opera- tive innovation. That isn't the middle way, it is the opposite of both leaction and revol- ution. H is the other pole. Not Much Expected Of Bruce Mission WASHINGTON Apart from being a demon dip- lomat, Ambassador David Bruce has a connoisseur's love of good living and the finer arts. And a taste that ranges from the ponies at Longchamps to the statues at the Musee Rodin is apt to stand him in especially good stead as Presi- dent Nixon's new'Chief negoti- ator at tile Paris peace talks. For most of the signs indi- cate that the Bruce mission is a mere charade an opera- tion aimed more at silencing domestic critics of the war than at getting the talks mov- ing. First off, there is the matter of Ambassador Bruce's initia- tion into the job. Unlike his predecessors, Avercll Harri- m'an and Henry Cabot Lodge, Ambassador Btuce goes to the Paris job without detailed knowledge of the great moun- tain of history known as the Vietnam problem. But he has been given only three days of Washington briefings most of it eaten up by large meet- ings with the National Security Council and other high level officials. And after that he makes a maiden voyage to the Vietnam war under the aus- pices of the same people that brought George Romney to make his famous crack about "brainwashing." Then there is the question of staff. Unfamiliarity with Viet- nam makes Ambassador Bruce heavily dependent upon his as- sociates. In particular he will need a deputy ambassador and a military adviser wily hi the ways of the Vietnam war lovers and determined to achieve a negotiated settle- ment. Philip Habib, the veteran of peace talks who has re- cently been serving as top man in the Paris delegation, would make an admirable deputy. But Mr. Ilabib is leaving. And as replacements the State De- partment has been pushing two "Leader of the Opposition opposition men well known as exponents of the hard line policies favor- ed by Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker. One is Samuel Ber- ger, the present deputy to Am- bassador Bunker in Saigon. An- other is Martin Hertz, the former chief of the political section under Mr. Bunker. As to the military adviser, the Pentagon has just named Lt. Gen. Julian Swell, the former commander of the HI Area corps in Vietnam. Pre- viously, as commander of the 9th Division, Gen. Ewell was known as the Butcher of the Delta. He earned that name because of his emphasis on killing large numbers of the enemy or those supposed to be the enemy. And that is not exactly the outlook which goes with a sympathetic approach to a political settlement. As a final, telltale sign there was the interview given by President Nguyen Van Thieu of South Vietnam on the CBS pro- gram' "Face the Nation." In that program, President Thieu not only refused to budge on proposals for withdrawal of American troops and political change in Saigon that would move towards the positions of the other side. He publicly scorned Secretary of State Wil- liam Rogers by asserting that the Secretary's talk of more flexible approaches to the other side worked to "create misunderstanding." Of course, President Thieu has always worked in the past to sabotage peace negotiations. But the latest effort ih the most blatant. And the bold act indi- cates the belief that he can sabotage the Brace mission with total impunity. No doubt it is still too early to write Off the mission entire- ly. Nobody in Washington has ever had a good fix on Com- munist intentions in the peace talks. The favorable response to President Johnson's pro- posals of March 31, 1968, was unexpected. So was the un- favorable response to Presi- dent Nixon's proposals of April 1909. So it is possible that Hanoi for its own reasons will want to move the talks forward. But this possibility has to be nursed along. The Bruce mission needs to be made more credible. And the way to do that is to give a hard time, through highly visi- ble acts, to all those in Wash- ington, Saigon, and Paris who favor the line of See It Through "With Nguyen Van Thieu. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Nora Beloff British Conservatives Have Lost A Leader TONDON The death of Iain Macleod, Chancellor of the Exchequer, only 56 years old, deprives the British Gov- ernment and the Conservative Party of their most astute pol- itician, most caustic orator and bravest man. Courage is indeed the quality for which he will be most re- membered. AH of us who saw him for the last time three weeks ago, in the debate on the Queen's Speech, found him as sharp as ever but lacking the usual humor and flamboyance, and learned only afterwards that he must have been in physical agony all the time he was speaking. He had been told he had acute appendicitis, but insisted not only on making the major economic speech him- self, but on sitting through the whole six-hour debate before submitting to the surgeon's knife. Looking back on the many times I have seen him, on and off the public stage, in the six years I have been The Observ- er's political correspondent, I wonder whether he was ever out of pain. War-lime injuries had left him crippled and in the grip of a spinal disease and spreading arthritis. Towards the end it was distressing to see him dragging himself down the long corridors of Westmin- ster. Yet if he caught a famil- iar eye he would never fail to grin and wave, not for a mo- ment admitting lassitude, let alone defeat. But it was not just his physi- cal but even more his moral courage that made him out- standing among modern Mem- bers of Parliament. His will- ingness to stick his neck out and his stubborncss once he made up his mind were both his strength and his weakness. Strength, in enabling him to complete "Rab" (now Lord) Butler's work in bringing Hie Conservative Party up to date, weakness in that it imposed the ultimate limitations on his political ambition. For if he had been more accommodating and more willing to come to terms with the Old Guard it might well have been be rather than (lie less oratorically and intellectually gifted Edward Heath who finally came out top. On three occasions in his life Iain Macleod, the son of a country doctor with no special or finanacial pull, dared chal- lenge the deepest traditions and customs of the Conserva- tive Party. First, as Colonial Secretary he carried Mr. Har- old Macmillan's rhetoric about "the winds of change in Afri- ca" into hard political realities, precipitating the self-govern- ment and independence of formerly British-owned terri- tories. It was Ins dealings with the while settlers, who came to regard him as the devil in- carnate, which earned him the Letter To The Editor gravely-damaging epithet of the Marquess of Salisbury, head of the great Cecil dy- nasty, who called him "too clever by half." Unlike most Conservatives, he saw the principal future threat to world peace less be- tween the Communists and anti-Communists, or East and West, than between the de- veloped and the under-devel- oped regions, Uie Northern and Southern hemispheres. He was determined that Britain should not help in splitting the world between the white and the col- ored peoples, and his best speeches were on anti-racialist themes. He was among the few Members of Parliament to Missed The Point Obviously, if Mr. W. J. Mc- Auley, in his July 18 letter, was tiying to answer my letter to the Administration of Waterton Lakes National Park, previous- ly published in The Herald of July 13. I must admit that he literally missed the .point. I am not saying that he did not have a point, but certainly he was completely beside my point. My name had absolutely noth- ing to do with his recent trip to Quebec. How could he associate in his mind the unilingtialism of Quebec road signs with the bi- lingualism of the National Park Division of the Federal govern- ment? If the English language is to be used officially in pro- vincial English speaking Can- ada, let it be; if the French language is to be used officially in French Canada, let it be. It only gives local color. And, fi- nally, if both English and French are used officially (and only these two are official) by (he Federal government, then let these two official languages of the only two Canadian found- ing nations be used in the Na- tional Parks; but, and here was my point, since the Federal gov- ernment is to use both English and French on official signs, then it is normal to expect that both these languages be writ- ten accurately and correctly ac- cording to their respective sem- antics and culture. Mr. McAuIcy may feel free to question offi- cial Ottawa policies, if he wishes to, but my point was not poli- tics: it was simply an attempt to correct a translation error. And I would like to take this opportunity to say that the Su- perintendent of Waterton Lakes National Park, Mr. T. L. Ross, whom I admire very much fcr his frankness and his ability to u n d e r s t a n d exactly what I meant, has answered my letter to the point. I would not dare quote him without his permis- sion, but the translation of "Step and Register" at the entrance of the main campground in the townsite of Walerlon was none of his doing; it was made offi- cially by Ottawa through the Regional Office in Calgary. The sign has already been removed and a new sign is being con- structed in the Banff sign shco. GASTON R. RENAUD Profcsscur de francais Den. des Langues Modernes Univcrsitc de Ixilhbridge. P.S.: If some people have not acquired a cultural background large enough to understand a few French words such as ECOLE, especially when they go touring Quebec, although they be Americans from Detroit, it is an alarming sign in the de- cline cf culture per sc. I won- der if these people would only know thai (he name of their own city is a French one! defy both party leaderships and vote against a Bill to exclude from Britain the Kenyan Asians who bad been given British passports when Kenya became independent. The second time was a chair- man of the Party when he shook up the old apparatus and insisted that the old notables should make way for' the new, self-made men. Macleod liked to identify himself with the Disraeli "one nation" tradition which aimed for a rapproche- ment between the old aristoc- racy and the growing working- class. In fact, however, his own belief was not so much in so- cial reconciliation or universal welfare as in the classless "meritocracy" where incen- tives and rewards would go the "pace-setters." Finally, in a devastating ar- ticle on "the magic he openly challenged the Party old guard for secretively selecting Sir Alec Douglas-Home, form- erly 14th Earl of Home, to suc- ceed Harold Macmillan as Prime Minister. It was his criticism which finally forced the change in the method of selection of the Conservative Parly leader from private ar- rangement among the high par- ty functionaries to open elec- tion among Conservative Mem- bers of Parliament. Yet when it came to the final choice fte old guard was still strong enough to keep him out, so that it was the classless Edward Heath, not the classless Iain Maclecd, who benefited from the new system. On the Opposition benches Macleod will also be remem- bered as a formidable adver- .sary and cruel critic, and his remorseless exposure of the gap between the deeds and acts of recent Labor Prime Minister Harold Wilson was certainly a major contribution to Labor's recent election de- feat. Macleod was not doctri- naire and had friends and of course enemies on both sides of the House of Com- mons. But there was no one who could fail to admire the stamina and endurance of a man who literally gave his life in the political battle. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD Lclhbridgc, the home of the pioneer irrigation project in Canada, will be host to the 14th annual convention of tile Western Irrigation Association for the next three days. R-100 dirigible, started her trans-Atlantic flight for Canada with Montreal as the objective. Win Belief is growing i n high quarters that Hitler may row launch his blitzkreig in- vasion of the United Kingdom in the immediate future. 19.W Canada is standing pat for the preserit on her cur- rent commitment of ships and plaiws in Korea and no plans have been made to send ground troops, Defence Minister Clax- ton indicated. Senator James Glad- stone, '73-year-old member of the Blood tribe, was named winner of American Indian of the Year Award. The LethbruUje Herald 504 7th SI. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 001! Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ot Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F.'MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;