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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 27, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta The impeachment proceedings The televised meetings of the U.S. House judiciary committee in the im- peachment proceedings against Presi- dent Richard M. Nixon are probably the most important single bit of television programming this at least for the peace of mind of the rest of the world. In the first the opening sessions in which the 38 committee members offered individual comments provided as vivid a statement of the American dream as has been presented to the world recently. The quiet eloquence of the poignant disillusionment visible in even the revelation of political hacks on the committee were as moving a performance as could be imagined. There can be no doubt that the com- mittee respects and accepts the historical nature of its burden. More important to an onlooker from another particularly if he has not always understood or appreciated the national emotions aroused by is the illuminating adherence to the con- to the law and to due procedures. In the matter of fact com- mittee hearings exposed to the public for the first time via the television removing a or attempting to remove is seen not as a terrifying or dangerous or emotionally charged ex- perience but as a matter of evidence and arguments and proceedings under rules which have existed for almost two cen- turies. The most striking impression is that Richard Nixon is only a background dwarfed by the historical presence of the U.S. Constitution. If anyone had any it is now obvious that the system will outlive the man. Nature not only to blame The drought has afflicted the Sahehan zone of Africa is not the sole reason for the death by famine of thousands of people and their cattle. Western science and technology have made a principal as Nicholas Wade points out in an article in Science. When the drought came the fragile steppe and savannah ecology of the six countries in the Sahelian zone was sup- porting roughly a third more people and twice as many animals as the land was carrying 40 years ago. There were too many people and animals for the region with the result that the land lacked the resilience to resist the drought. The application ot Western medicine is the chief cause of overpopulation. It has reduced the death rate so that more babies survive to grow up and reproduce. These additional people keep added numbers of cattle. The cattle overgraze the killing the grass and making the soil susceptible to erosion. Other Western importations have also contributed to the calamity that has befallen the Sahelian zone. Introduction of cash crops to earn foreign exchange has also had a detrimental effect. With the best lands used for cotton and more marginal lands were used to grow food crops. Intensive agriculture put too great a strain on this ecologically fragile area. Even the drilling of deep wells to tap the reservoirs of water beneath the Sahel. has been the cause of disaster. The boreholes have attracted the people and their cattle in such numbers that the land around them is churned up into desert that spreads. While it may be too late to save the Sahelian there may still be time to try to prevent the same thing from happening in other places in the world. The prospects are not considering the galloping population increase and the desperate measures be- ing taken to try to stave off starvation. THE CASSEROLE Believing that today's very elegant lipstick holders are just too nice to throw away when the cosmetic is used a Faberge executive organized a sort of recycling to seek ideas for other uses. Entries ranged from wind-chimes to fishing but did not include making a less expensive holder in the first place. U.S.A. with Syria and by Russia with other Middle East by NATO in and by France and Ger- many in South America and it's getting harder and harder to distinguish between and what used to be decried as arms peddling. It is interesting to learn that for en- vironmental the Norwegian govern- ment has imposed a four-cent tax on each plastic bag sold. Norwegians use the bags at a rate of 400 million a year. Considering recent deals made by the WEEKEND MEDITATION A coroner's investigating the death of a man struck by a car while crossing a Calgary has recommended that the line for jaywalking be raised substantially to ace as a deterrent. One is moved to wonder how high a fine it will take to deter a if knowing he could lose his life won't do it. A vision of Ezekiel In the eighth chapter of the Book of Ezekiel there is a magnificent story which has contemporary applications. He is an living in that fabulous land of the Chaldeans who had one of the very splendid civilizations of all time. Babylon was famous for her hang- ing her architecture and science. It was one of the greatest centres of culture in the history of mankind. But being an was lonely and like all exiles prone to exaggerate the beauties and wonders of his homeland. Then the Spirit of God took him in a vision and said in show you what your homeland is really He transported him to Jerusalem and led him to the temple into the Holy of Holies. Then the Spirit told Ezekiel to remove a few loose stones. Behind the stones was hidden a door which the prophet opened. Ezekiel was shocked by the fearful vision as he saw the great men of Israel practising all manner of abominable rites. Here under the Temple itself was the worship of demons and heathen idols. Then the Spirit said to of hast thou seen what the ancients of the house of Israel do in the every man in the chambers of his For they the Lord seeth us the Lord hath forsaken the There is an old Scottish man is what he is in the When all eyes are off nim and he can give himself utterly to what is in his that is the real man. Another test is that of imagination. If you find out what a nan dreams you know what he is. As VIcNeile Dixon is by imagination hat men live. Imagination rules all our lives. Fhe human mind is as the philosophers vould have you a debating but a Now suppose it were possible for the Spirit o reveal to you the temple of your modern how glorious it would look out- Has there ever been a civilization ike it with its its its its education and ind its Think of men on the if nuclear of heart and a housand other Yet is there no lemonic The U.S. last year sold billion of arms gave away to Israel and Lebanon billion. The Soviets after meeting their own needs were able to sell billion. Do you see the genocide of minority groups in Bri- tain has had revolting scandals in high posts in government. The American public life is full of one after until the mind and heart grow sick. Since 1865 Negros have been most of them terribly tortured and burned over slow not mentioning thousands of others killed. Since 1900 a million Americans have been killed by guns privately owned. Time magazine estimated that Americans own up to 200 million machine hand and mortars. In Canada reports on and poverty shock Canadians not as much as they should. Their hearts are hardened to the dreadful. A committee reports that the welfare system is an utter failure. has become punitive and demaning. It is a mess a social wasteland and an economic In 1969 the overall poverty rate was 25.1 per cent which meant that one Canadian in four was a member of a family unit whose income was below the poverty line. Families of six persons are surviving on an income of about a The effect on children's and social life is dreadful indeed. that the Spirit showed you the temple of your own what would you Probably an imposing but in the secret underground what would you Freud has prepared you for that. The unconscious of most people is a hideous cavern filled with serpents and demons. What are you going to do about There is only one thing to do and that is to let the Holy the Spirit of and penetrate like the sunshine and cleanse you of all foulness and make your life clean and lovely. O that the Spirit may so transform my life that all indecency and evil be driven out and the chambers of my im- agery may be filled with pictures of the the and the beautiful. The pathfinder Everyone loses in Cyprus' bloodshed By Joseph London Observer commentator BEIRUT Cyprus will never be the same again. The island's history is steeped in violence. But the fratricide and fanaticism which swept over the island last week were unparalleled. They have envenomed and deepened the suspicious fears and bitter rivalries which always lay just below the Cyprus surface of Mediterranean douceur and quiet English civility. Even before the Turkish in- the Greek Cypriot community had turned on itself. The putsch which ousted Makarios was the work of ruthless heirs of the ledendary Greek guer- rilla General Grivas. Nicos the pitiless ex-assassin who was proclaimed pronounced the ora- tion at Grivas' funeral last swear to fulfil the sacred pledge Enosis nion with he told a hysterical crowd of mourners. Sampson and the faceless cadre of Greek officers who planned to run Cyprus wasted no time in wiping out any possible resistance to their plans among Makarios' supporters. Although it was impossible to confirm them in the few days of relative calm after the eyewitness ac- counts circulated on the island of groups of civilians being ex- ecuted and buried in mass graves. EOKA fighters Grivas men were released from prison and roamed the streets to settle old scores. In addition to the deep wounds within the Greek Cypriot the Turkish invasion led to the worst atrocities between Greeks and Turks since the holocaust in Smyrna in the Graeco-Turkish war in 1922. It will be a long time before the final tally is known. But isolated Turkish communities were brutally overrun by the and the Turkish air force wreaked its revenge on Greek Cypriots. The atavastic fears of the island's Turkish minority a quarter of the collected in scattered en- calves which United Nations troops are supposed to protect have materialized with a vengeance and a tentative confidence between Greek and Christian and on the claustrophobic island has been shattered. In addition to inflamed every participant has emerged worse off politically. Makarios' precipitate collapse demonstrated how much he depended on inter- national guarantees and fac- tional balancing a flimsy hold in a crunch. His hopes of gradually achieving a unified strong Cyprus have been dashed. which seized the op- portunity to try to realize its long-standing goal of par- titioning has failed to make as much military headway as Turkish strategists promised. Turkish arms failed to gain the solid hold on northern roughly a line from Kyrenia and Famagusta passing through which would have put Turkish Cypriots in possession of a viable area with an adequate port. Greece where the junta was already facing growing domestic disenchantment clearly miscalculated in allowing the Greek officers in Cyprus to launch the putsch which backfired so badly. 'Miscalculations seem to have occurred all around. in defying Athens over the Greek officers in the Cyprus National ap- parently under-estimated the weakness of the Athens which felt it could af- ford no further setbacks. Turkey under-estimated the size of me secret Greek arms build-up and the number of Greek officers who had been infiltrated into Cyprus with forged Cypriot birth cer- and stiffened resistance. Greece under- estimated Turkey's readiness to intervene militarily. guarantor of Cyprus independence along with Greece and Turkey failed to intervene. Britain has strategically invaluable air bases and radar stations on well positioned to keep tabs militarily on the Soviet Union. So far no party has threatened the British interest. But Britain let American diplomacy garner the prestige of arranging a ceasefire after so much damage was done. the talks on a will be in Geneva not in London like the last time. The apparent erosion in Britain's position has led some observers to suspect that American interests are served by the conflict in Cyprus. A partition of the island would allow the Greek part to unite with Greece the only foreseeable event to bolster a shaky dictatorship in Athens which still allows American bases in the Mediterranean. If Western Cyprus joined it would become part of NATO a step Makarios stoutly resisted. Turkey would be grateful to an American government which helped to gain part of Cyprus. As a result of these blood- soaked it is dif- ficult to see how Cyprus can ever recover the precarious equilibrium which was the secret of its enchant- ment for so long Lines of influence in Ottawa expected to shift By Richard Toronto Star commentator Propinquity in as in any comes in two parts. The first is access. All aides and assistants and ad- visers have it. indeed have little despite the the address and the letterhead on the office they are essential- ly glorified secretaries who shift paper and make sure that the great man and his luggage reach the right place at the same time. Most serve for a couple of some last far longer and become power content to work for the great in dedicated anonymity and to be able to drop the casual line at a the prime minister saidl me the other day The important half of propinquity is the ability to sell an a or the germ of an idea to someone who has the power to make decisions. Few have which makes them that much more important. Access enables an aide to reach the influence makes the trip worthwhile. The lines of influence at Ot- tawa are about to shift radi- and to a degree already have. Among persons to cabinet. All ministers are decision-makers in their own right. Some also have particular influence with the Prime Bud John Allan Don Jean Marc 1974 by NEA Inc 'You should try to put it out of your lots of us t malrA 'TimA'c-' IttaftArf- Otto Lang. Lang now will have particular weight. He pulled two Saskatchewan MPs in be- hind the only Liberal gains on the he has become a western personality in his own right and as such an important counter-weight to the power of the provincial premiers. During Trudeau's minority the cabinet gained in in- fluence at the expense of Trudeau's personal staff which had maintained a protective self- barrier around him during his first from '68 to 72. It's too early to guess the new at a the cabinet will face stiffer competition. Wife. Margaret Trudeau has blossomed into a into a politician. In her first campaign speech she blurted out the often mis- quoted line that her husband me all about at the close she delivered an extremely effective speech comparing her own family to the sometimes-fractious Canadian family. Margaret won't disappear. As one sign of her new interest in Margaret is pushing the cabinet claims of one of the newly-elected women MPs party. Campaign Co- Chairman Senator Keith Davey and Jim a Toronto management consul- tant who became Trudeau's chief campaign both have large credits in their per- sonal account. Davey and Coutts will provide channels through which the party organization as such could continue to have Prime Minister's of- fice. Until the Trudeau's chief of staff was Martin self-effacing. O'Connell turned the office into strictly an administrative post. His successor is Jack a self-confident activist with strong ideas about the need for govern- ment to set social and political goals for private industry Austin unquestionably will rebuild the policy role of the office. Besides there will be changes in the Prime Minister's staff. Policy assis- tant Edd'e Ru-bin and speechwriter Alan Grossman leave next month. The most important newcomer will be Ian an formerly with the Bank of Canada and now at the energy department where Austin was deputy minister. The office international affairs adviser Ivan who joined in will stay on. Council Of- the bureaucratic parallel to the Prime Minister's political staff. The head of the office is Gordon Robertson Trudeau reposes total trust in Robertson after 11 years at the apex of the man- has an encyclopedic knowledge of government and a skill at fire-fighting that once led Trudeau 10 can suggest three alternative solutions to a problem before I've even pos- ed the Robertson would have left after the '72 election had Trudeau won a majority. He's likely to go now. The choice of a successor is as important to Trudeau as reorganiz- ing his cabinet. Rob- ertson himself is a so also are all the mandarins most likely to replace him. Outside the appointment of either of whom would signal a shilt to T more less conventior.a' --tyle of ad- ar.c Doug former deputy-minister of labor and regional economic and Allan deputy- minister of manpower and formerly of communications. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbndge. Alberta LETHBRI0GE HERALD CO. LTD Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Regisliation No. 0012 CLEO Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;