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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 27, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Ask Andy Atmosphere Andy sends a complete 2 volume set of (be Merit Stu- dents Encyclopedia to Kevin Donnelly, age 12, of Bossier City, La., for his question: Is It true that the atmosphere is hi layers? The word "layers" suggests sandwiches and bkthd a y cakes, whose flat .sections can be separated and the spaces between them stuffed with this and that. There is very little resemblance between these layers and the so-called layers of the airy atmosphere. It is true that the quality of the gas- eous air changes as we go higher. But usually there is no precise boundary between one layer and the next. Our planet, as we know, is composed of sturdy solids, fluid liquids and restless gases that refuse to stay put unless imprisoned within walls. The atmosphere is an enormous shell of assorted gases sur- rounding Hie entire globe, reaching from the surface up to more than 1000 miles. With- in this spacious realm, its airy gases have almost complete freedom to roam. Most of them are continuously mixing anc minding, flowing and Mowing in an directions. It is bard to imagine how or why our gaseous atmosphere would arrange itself in differ- ent layers, or levels one above another. But it does. This bap- because gravity and var- other outside forces are exerted upon it. For example the entire atmosphere is held captive by the earth's gravity, and gravity is related to weight. The total weight of our airy atmosphere is esti- mated to be a stunning 5600 million million tons. The pull of gravity helps to distribute this enormous weight in different layers, because its pull is stronger at the surface of the planet, from whence it diminishes with distance. Most of the ah- is held close to the surface, and about 99 per cent of the atmosphere's total weight is concentrated in the bottom 20 miles. Above this 'level, the skimpy gases become thin- ner and still thinner. From 93'million miles away, the sun also helps to sort the earth's atmosphere into differ- ent layers. The dense bottom layer doesn't absorb much heat from solar radiation, but the earth does. The air is heated and chUfed in patches by warm and chilly spots on the earth's surface. The thinner upper lev- els are exposed to solar radia- tion. At one upper level, solar changes the gaseous molecules into charged ions. Through the higher levels, the temperature rises, and in the upper limits it soars above 2000 F. The earth and the sun con- smre to sort our deep atmos- phere into layers, though the boundaries between them are somewhat vague. The dense lower level is the weathery troposphere, which reaches to about ten miles above the Equ- ator and dips to six miles above the poles. Its turbulent gases are stilted up by warm and cool patches on the sur- face. Above it is the thin cool stratosphere, which reaches up to merge with the thin warm mesosphere. Higher still is the thermosphere, which gets hotter and hotter until its thin, thin topmost gases get lost in space. The enormous thennosphere has two distinct layers. The lower level is the electrically charged ionosphere. It reaches from about 50 to 300 miles above the surface. Above it, the temperature gradually rises to above 2500 degrees as the exposure reaches more than 1000 mites to the upper limits of the atmosphere. Qaestfams asked fcjr children Herald readers shook! be mailed Ask P.O. Bn Hanticgtra Beach. CafiforaU tKtt. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. Your horoscope By JEANE DIXON SATURDAY. 28 Your birthday today: Opens a year-long scramble to get to where you've al- ways assumed you would be, but until now, have not done enough to achieve. To- day's natives carry strong feelings into all they do, often have unique talents for lead- ership. sports, formalities. ARIES (Merch 21 April Different opinions needn't con- flict; try to stay out of argu- ments. Personal sensitivity is the main difficulty. TAURUS (April 20 May A rash of family readjustments has repercussions. Hold hasty reactions within bounds, take no chances with mechanical things. GEMINI (May 21 June Morning seems to be a point of departure; see the rest of your 'life as a journey begin- ning now. CANCER (June 21 July You needn't expect a quiet day. Take a conservative approach, with methods that are known to Today history By THE CANADIAN PRESS. The first successful trans- atlantic cable N was com- pleted-107 years ago if 1866-with the landing of die cable at Heart's Content, Nfld. The first cable, laid in 1858, Jailed three weeks after it was rompteted. A second success was achieved in 1866 when cable that had parted while being laid the previous year was spliced and completed. 19 6 Army units were formed for serv- ice in The Congo on behalf of the United nations Korean War ended after more than three years when an armistice was signed at Panmunjom. Russian army evacuated Rostov during the Second World War. LEO (July 23 Aug. It seems that everybody is doing bis worst. Vigorous reactions merely reinforce present mat- ters. Patience is the practical course. July 27, 1973 THI UTHMID9I HMALO 29 VIRGO (Aug. 23 Sept. Take a break from accustomed routines, pursue favorite pas- times, accept" social challenge. It's a great day for reorganiia- UBRA (Sept. 2J Oct. j Tom K. Ryan Belatedly, you catch up on news. Use the weekend for per- sonal readjustments, putting career aside. r HAVE we PALL UH4AT PO WO TO PO WITH rr? SCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. Progress comes in sudden bounds if you are seeking it. If not, things get so intense, some- thing must be done to smooth things over. SAGITTARIUS (Nor. 22-Dec. The big promise of the day is that a long-standing source j of irritation clears up. Ex- change opinions! CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 Jan. Special activities run into complications, require care, special arrangements. This evening, help your beloved sort things out. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20 Feb. Make yourself clear, but avoid the impression that you don't care unless you really don't. PISCES (Feb. 19 March Your adventurous spirit leads! to more tfoan your current re- sources can cover comfortably. (1973, The. Chicago Tribune) HON, MY FU1URS PROSPECTIVE HUS0W HAS RUN AWAY! m WON'T MARRY I WANT YOU TO SENP THE SHERIFF NO WITH EXCEPTION, OF THE FRUMP LAW! CMc Young E. LAMB, M. D. Pituitary gland is abnormal Dear Dr. Lamb I have panhypopituitarism. I'm taking thyroid, estrogen, cortisone and mfld nerve pills. "The medicine tends to make my stomach butt. Would you please com- ment on this disease as I am not very familiar with it. I've heard continued use of corti- sone is harmful. Dear Reader That mend the use of three table- spoons of polyunsaturated oil daily for heart patients. Others do not agree with this. What is your opinion? I cannot tell, you what a great service you perform with your column. People are hungry for health information. Dear Reader You have gotten some misinformation. big word means that you have low function of toe anterior pitui- tary gland underneath the two or more cups of skimmed brain. This very small endo- milk fortified with vitamins The American Heart Associa- tion recommends for adults crine gland forms the_ hor- mones which stimulate most of the other endocrine glands. It forms stimulates hormones a hormone which the thryoid, to stimulate two the GOREN ON BRIDGE BY CHARLES H. GOREN e WM, Wt Ckicift Tram North-South vulnerable. South deals. NORTH AK832 O A 10 8 4 2 WEST A Void EAST AMS4 10854. AQJ98SS432 SOUTH East Pitt Paw Pass OKJ5J The bidding: South West North SO C Pass f 7 Pass Pass Opening lead: Queen of As a result of an opposing barrage, South found himself declarer in a precarious grand slam contract. How- ever, impeccable technique changed a guess into a cer- tainty and brought the con- tract home. West's preempt over forcing two-bid robbed his adversaries of most of their bidding room. However, it did not stop North-Sooth from getting to seven spades. North's five diamond bid should be forc- ing because with nothing but long diamonds be could pass and come in after his part- ner has taken action. Smith's cue-bid of six clubs showed excellent diamond support and a desire to play a grand slam. When North supported spades. South decided that North had to have the king of spades and at least five diamonds to the ace to justi- fy his bidding. A grand slam in spades seemed to depend either on locating the dia- mond queen or perhaps ing North with a sixth dia- mond. In any event, it would be a reasonable proposition. West led the queen of clubs, and it seemed that de- clarer would have to guess how to bring in the diamond suit However, with a little care declarer was able to place the opposition cards exactly. After winning the first trick with the king of clubs, declarer played the ace of trumps, and was not really surprised when West showed out The ace and king of hearts were cashed, donuny was entered with the ting of spades and a heart was raffed in the closed hand. Declarer was pleased when West failed to follow suit. After drawing the remain- ing tnilnps declarer cashed the ace of clubs. This time East showed out and the count of the hand was com- plete. West had started with no spades, only two hearts and nine clubs. Therefore, he had to have exactly two diamonds, and the queen would drop. Note declarer's techniqM In taking the apparently use- less heart ruff. It was a vi- tal step in his campaign to obtain an accurate picture of the cfiDuuiiK distribution. female reproductive sy stem, and a hormone (ACTH) which stimulates the outer shell (cor- tex) of the adrenal gland. As a result of the problem, most of the endocrine glands in the body are functioning below par. To compensate for this your doctor is' giving you extra thyroid and cortisone because these glands are not producing enough of these hormones.-This is fairly standard treatment. There are several different causes for this problem. Sometimes it Mows preg- nancy. In most instances, prolonged use of cortisone can create some problems. However, if it is replacement for the normal amount needed for the body, that's quite another matter. Then it becomes somewhat like giving thyroid to the person who is not forming enough thyroid hormone. Cortisone can irritate the stomach and can even cause ulcers. For this reason, doc- tors sometimes also give pa- tients taking cortisone anta- cids and medications com- monly used to treat ulcer pa- tients. You should ten your doc- tor about your stomach problem, and perhaps he will consider giving you some an- tacids and other medications to help counteract this problem. In the meantime. I would sug- gest that you desist from using i coffee, tea. or the cola drinks contain caffeine and, when used in excess amounts, or in individuals who are ex- ceptionally sensitive, can con- tribute to burning in tile pit of the stomach. Cigarettes and al- cohol, of course, should also be avoided. A and D. This means you should have at least two cups, not that you should limit it to two cups. The important point is to use fortified skim or non- fat milk if you want to stay on a low fat, low cholesterol diet. You can use as much nonfat dry milk powder in cooking as you wish. Of course, you have to watch eating too much of anything if you're having a problem in preventing obesity. Most heart specialists agree that calories and, hence, fat should be limited. There is no advantage in taking additional WHEN YOU'RE TEMPTED LIKE THAT YOU SHOULD SAY- I WON'T; i WON'T: r WON'T BUTl KEPT V. SAYINS--1 WILL, I WILL 7-27 CAW I HELP IT IF MV WILLPOWER IS STROHSER THAN MY WONT POWER? BtfTtf BAIUEY-By Mort Walker CAN PC WHEN MAV6 INCENTIVE 111 ABNER-By Al Capp WHAT ABOUT MAH EATIN' PROBLEM? AMAH SUPPOSED TO EAT ALL THESE? IT'S THE US PLAIW FOLKS CAN SOLVE OUR EATIWG PROBLEM, AH'M GOW WASHfN'TON UP YEW'RE THEM O4EAPLJN6 ESQS, PROTECT ME AG1NTHEM AICHIE-By Bob Montana amounts of fat in tie form of oils. The diet should be planned to include foods that naturally contain poryunsatur- ated fats such as fish and chicken, and using polyunsat- urated oils in cooking. Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this news- paper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 1M19. For a copy Dr. Lamb's new booklet on Matal hernia, send 59 cents to the came address art ask for i HI AND lOIS-ftr Dik "Hutal Hernia" booklet. NO I ORGANIC -N SALT AND S SEAWEED ON j PEPPER, MY MINtJ WHOM? KING NEPTUNE? YDUeOTTA PERMIT TO TAKE SEAWEED Fun with figures By J. A. H. HUNTER Today we have a Magic Square. That's an array of con- secutive positive numbers in checkerboard type formation. Each column, each row, and each of the two diagonal must add up to the same magic total. I In our square, that magic to- Dear Dr. Lamb How can tal is one less than three times an oWer woman be assured of largest number in the receiving enough calcium if square. What must it be? she uses but two cups