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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 27, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thundny, July 37, 197] Peter Dcsbarats No opportune time Prune Minister Pierre Trudeau seems to be waiting for THE oppor- tune time to run an election campaign before announcing the date for the balloting. So far the political climate lias apparently not been deemed too favorable. Now an additional complication has been sighted. Peter Desbarats and Christopher Young, whose commen- t.-iries appear on this page, both sug- gest that the U.S. presidential elec- tion could have a significant influ- ence on a Canadian one held this fall. .Mr. Young points out that although elections have coincided in the past, the penetration of U.S. television has never been as deep in Canada as it is at present. Canadians are not apt to get the candidates and issues confused as a result but they are vul- nerable to other subtle influences. Both commentators speculate that whatever shift in sympathies are cre- ated by the campaign of underdog Senator George McGovern will bene- fit Conservative leader Robert Stan- field and lu's party. The eddies of discontent that have blown up around Mr. Tnideau could conceivably be- come strong winds of protest as a result of a mood in the U.S. This is not very likely to be a major consideration in Mr. Trudeau's deci- sion of when to call a federal elec- tion. There are more immediate factors such as the decision of Mr. Paul Hellyer to throw his lot in with the Conservatives which the prime minister will want to wrestle with ahead something as nebulous as a mood change in the U.S. drift- ing into Canada. The odds are still pretty good that there will be an election in Canada this fall. Mr. Trudeau is realistic enough to know that no time is fully opportune. Whenever he calls the election it will be a risk. Neutral unionism Five months ago George Meany told the executive of the immensely powerful AFL-CIO that it should back anybody against Richard Nixon even George McGovern. Now, using his great powers of persuasion he has induced the council to vote 27-3 for neutrality in backing presidential candidates. What has caused Meany's change of heart? One reason is that he doesn't like McGovern's views on the economy and national defence and further he completely distrusts the "new left" represented by youth. Young people, thinks Mr. Meany, have been given too many influential jobs in the Democratic organization, jobs which he thinks should have gone to the AFL-CIO political army. In 1968 when the Meany union went all out to elect Hubert Humphrey, its Committee on Political Education (COPE) poured about ten million dol- lars into the Democratic campaign chest, and provided a huge volunteer army as well. When members of COPE wrote in to Mr. Meany, saying they were being cold-shouldered by the "new left" Meany was furious. COPE members were a principal element in the un- successful "stop McGovern move- ment." Estimates are that about two thirds of "blue collar" workers will vote Democrat in spite of the McGovern candidacy, but COPE fund raisers won't be active. Nevertheless union neutrality has already had some side effects favor- able to the labor cause. One is that Senator McGovern, in an obvious ef- fort to attract union votes, interrupt- ed his post-nomination holiday to re- turn to Washington and cast his vote for a higher minimum wage. An- other is President Nixon's decision to withdraw his bill for compulsory arbitration in transportation strikes. Now, some unions at least, are taking another look. Maybe indepen- dence is the best policy after all. The Eagleton disclosure Comments by Lt. Gov. William Dougherty, close friend of Democra- tic vice-presidential candidate Sena- tor Thomas Eagleton to the effect that disclosures of the Senator's med- ical history might end up as a poli- tical "plus" are wishful thinking. That Eagleton deserves sympathy and understanding scarcely needs mentioning. Those who seek office in the high- est positions of public trust and the enormous responsibility that goes with it, must have cast-iron constitu- tions. The Senator's history Indicates that he does not qualify in this re- spect. Rightly or wrongly doubt has been planted in the public mind. Added to that, the suspicion is aroused that he has been less than honest in not telling Senator George McGovern of a former illness, prior to accepting McGovern's invitation to be his run- ning mate. The Eagleton disclosure is a severe blow to the Democrats of that there can be little doubt. Sino Japanese rela tions For the first time In more than two more decades, the People's Re- public of China and Japan met at official government level in Tokyo last week. The new Japanese government said one of its first moves is to normal- ize relations with Peking, including. the exchange of diplomatic recogni- tion. The Peking Review, China's offi- cial publication in foreign languages, changed its attitude on Japan last week. For the first time the term "the reactionary Japanese govern- ment" was not used. An understanding between China and Japan will no doubt contribute to stability In the Pacific. A county comprehensive By Lonis Burke TTOLYHEAD, Wales Holyhead, the springboard for Ireland by ferry, Is a small Welsh town, strong, the ma- jority of whom still speak Welsh though the tendency of the young people is to neg- lect It. It has one large high school called a comprehensive school peopled by students and headmastered by Mr. 0. Lloyd, as Welsh as any men. This school Is not among the largest, some reaching and in Britain's big cities. The student population is drawn from the city and the countryside for a radius of ten miles. It Is a new one built within the last two years, replacing a dank structure, over 100 years old, being lorn down. The school is built in five separate blocks on top of a hill near the lown centre. Each block is called a house, has a name, like Mcnai, and a housemaster In charge who Is paid for the responsibility. There are over 85 leaching stations, or classrooms, operated by a teaching force of 85 men and women. Students ore mixed boys and fiirls, all uniformed in green arc! wliiLn.. Ability runs the gamut from very weak, or special students, In very bright ones in an academic, or grammar stream. Problems arc not .is severe ns in or oilier large cilics, Iml the opinion is Ihnl drugs may havr found Ilieir way amnnc tho young Holyhead, too, It appeait that no place on earth is safe from the menace. Each house in Holyhead Comprehensive, moreoever, is equpiped with a kitchen and dining room capable of handling over 23 students at lunch time. The kitchens are fully modern and staffed by seven women workers in each. Two men co-ordinate the huichlimc lines. This paraprofessional force if 33 Is organized by a single homo economics expert who in turn Is account- able to the headmaster, leaving him with the ultimate responsibility for over people. Food supplies are contracted out and paid for by the county offices. Bui students do pay 15 pence, about a quarter, for full meal each day. The menu varies to include soup, meat, vegetables, desert, and a beverage. The real cost, of course, is subsidized by the county offices. Classrooms nre of medium size, capable of holding no more Mian 30 youngsters range In .iqe from II IR years. How- ever, movable dividers mnko it ensy In double Ihc size whim necessary. The rooms nre bright, airy, wilh much glass In Iho walls. Mnny people lire worried nlmul compre- hensive schools, lint Mr. I.loyd seemed lo Hunk they are nil more imililem ilic Hum any nlhor institutions arywhcrr. I'erhaps h'i is rorreri. Mackasey troubled by conservatism OTTAWA Prime Minister Trudeau's forceful public endor- sation ot Finance Minister Turner's "conservative" finan- cial policy nt his press confer- ence last week came as no sur- prise to members of Uie Liberal cabinet and caucus who consi- der themselves to be "progres- sives" and who have been con- cerned about the general drift of government policy since the Tumor budget last May 0. Although there have been few public signs of this concern I M JUST GOING- TAKE ANOTHER WALK- THE since then, it was a factor In Dryce Mackasey's decision to leave on a Jong-planned three- week European holiday this week without giving the parly a commitment that he will run again in the election expected this fall. Although no one really ex- pects the outspoken minister of manpower and immigration to step down at this stage, lie has pointedly refused to commit himself to a nomination date in Verdun, (he Montreal constitu- ency that he has held for the Liberals since 1962. He let it be known this week that the delay in agreeing to stand for the nomination Is Intentional and arises not only from health con- suffered a heart alack in 1968 while working for Trudeau at the leadership from concern about the general direc- tion of government policy. This sense of concern among some Liberals was sharpened considerably as they watched Prime Minister Trudeau last week come down squarely in the centre of Finance Minister John Turner's position on eco- nomic and social development. After reviewing his govern- ment's activities in such areas as old-age pensions, unemploy- ment insurance benefits, family allowances and regional eco- nomic expansion, the prime minister told his press confer- ence that in future, "there will be a less strong need to bring in new programs in those areas." "We will, hopefully, as Mr. Turner did at the last budget, turn more of our attention to the need of creating he said, "ensuring that the mid- dle-income groups get their share of the economy's prog- ress. "This is an attitude that the last budget revealed and It's something that we're going to carry on with." This was probably the most unqualified statement of support for Turner's "conservative" pol- icy of national development that the prime minister has ever made. It was obviously a key statement in terms of the elec- tion campaign, not only for the public but for members of Tru- deau's own party. The prime minister's state- ment was motivated not only by lu's own agreement wilh Turner's policy and his own reading of public opinion, but by the realities of the economic position slaked out by Turner in the last budget. The govern- ment's decision at that time to encourage business through tax- ation measures hns left It wilh little room for manoeuvre in financing new social programs. The practical measures adopted in the last budget are now having a marked influence on government policies for the short-term future. There is also concern among some Liberals that the current Trudeau-Turner assessment o( Canadian opinion might have to undergo changes this fall in the light of the election campaign in the United States. A strong McGovern campaign on behalf of "liberal" issues in the United States could have an influence on the liberal-minded urban vot- ers in Canada who represent a source of strength for the Liber- als and who strongly supported Trndcau in I960. If an election is held here this fall, there will be an inevitable comparison between McGovern and the new "conservative" Trudeau which could blur the distinction between the two major parties in Canada, to the benefit of the Conservatives. These are soma of the consid- erations that have complicated the position of "progressive" Liberals in relation to the com- ing campaign. If the Literals maintain their majority in the next election, it will be interpreted as a victory for Turner and the other minis- ters who have supported him, notably Treasury Board Presi- dent Drury and Industry Minis- ter Pepin. Only if the govern- ment fails to achieve H majority will the position of the "progres- sives" strengthen in the period after the election. Mackasey's personal decision Is made even more difficult by his long record of support for was one of the first ministers to come out for Trudeau in the prime minister's personal support in the past four years for the progressive, social and labor legislation which Mackasey haj battled for In the cabinet. Copyright 1972 (Toronto Stir Syndlctte) Will U.S. presidential election hurt Trudeau? By Christopher Yonng, In Th. Ottawa Citizen Assuming, as most of us do, that our federal election is coming in the fall, we are heading into a rare period of double-barrelled political action. It Is hardly conceivable that the Canadian general election will have any significant im- pact on the American cam- paign. It is highly probable that the battle in the United States will have some effect on us. What is not so easy to pre- dict is how that influence will work, which parties will be helped and which damaged. Traditionally, Canadian Lib- erals have been more associat- ed with the U.S. Democrats, and our Conservatives with their Republicans. But that rather vague association may be less important than the as- sociation between the ins on one hand and the outs on the other. The Liberals and Ihe Repub- licans are in. The Tories and the Democrats are out. Improb- able bedfellows as Pierre Tru- deau and Richard Nixon may seem, the chances are that in- dications of rising fortunes for the McGovern Democrats would help Robert Stanfield's Tories, reinforcing whatever winds of change and protest may be abroad on the contin- ent. There have been other times when the Canadian and Ameri- can elections came close to- gether, but not in the modern age of instant communication and mass consumption of tele- vision news. In 1968 and 1940 we held gen- eral elections in U.S. presiden- tial years, but they were suf- ficiently separated in time to avoid confusion. The actual campaigns did not overlap at all. Before that you have to go back to the four successive vic- tories of Sir Wilfred Laurier, all of them won In presidential years 1096, 1900, 1904 and 1908. The last three of Laurier's successful elections the ones he called himself were held almost simultaneously with the American O'ses, in the first week of November or at the end of October. When LauriT strayed from this pattern and called an elec- tion in the off-year 1911 (on the issue of free trade with the United he was turfed out. It's also interesting that while Laurier's Liberals were win- ning the three elections of the 1900 decade, the Republicans under McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt and Taft were sweep- ing the field in the U.S. This stability was probably more than coincidence. Those were prosperous years on the whole, untroubled by major wars. It was the period the British named the Edwardian era, a golden afterglow of the Victorian sunset when few not- Heath weakened by resignation TONDON: Reggie Maud- ling's resignation weakens the British government just when it needs all the strength it can gather. There is every reason to take Prime Minister Edward Heath's words at face value when he wrote that the departure of his home secre- tary would be a bitter blow to all in t1 e government. This would be so if the res. Ignation were judged solely in British domestic terms. The three consuming issues here are the war in Northern Ire- land, the social division of the nation, and inflalion. On the day of lu's resignation, The Times published Mr. Maud- ling's letter In constituents which reads as though it were written with his departure in mind. The present government, he wrote, would lie judged largely "on the progress wo have made with the grave problems of Inflation and vio. lonce." lAonically lio is leaving just ns the government i.s searching with the two sides of industry (or means of controlling infla- tion. Until mienlly the iiovmi- ment lias bcon mnre fixed in a I' a I I 1 e with Ilu% powerful Mtiidns. Since ffiniiiif! into of. 'ice. It hns bccomi clear Hint By Dave Humphreys legislation to discipline labor was not matched with any over- all design for the economy ami inflation Only now, it may bo coming to grips with a basic sickness that has needed alien- lion throughout the govern- ment's term. Mr. Maudling, while defend- ing policy, has been more flex- ible than Mr. Heath about these things. He has counselled the move towards a policy for prices and incomes. He has stood for conciliation and a fairly literal approach, which have been outweighed since lain Macleod's death in an abrasive hardline Tory govern- ment. The result is that Labor is more hostile than usual, tndus- Irial relations policy is failing and the pieces nre still being put together. Unfortunately (he picture iicrc (its into the wider Kiiropcan scenario only loo precisely. AM three issues have marked Inlet-national Inleresl In com- mon (hey are sapping the re- sources, financial and moral, of this onco-groat nation. This sit- nalion is the more imporlunato because the cnunlry is on Hie Ihrcshold of the expanded Kur- opnnn Common Market. Thn Kovcrnment can 111 nl- ford to lose its most experienc- ed minister, the deputy prime minister in all but name. The sharpest mind in the cabinet, according lo some insiders, Mr. Maudling is a respected thinker at any rate. He was much more than the minister wilh respon- sibility for Northern Ireland be- fore direct rule, and a former financial minister. The immediate cause of the Maudling resignation is but a footnote. Mr. Maudling while in opposition was chairman of a company belonging lo John Poulson. archilect, who has gone sensationally bankrupt, lie accepted no salary but dir- ected a donation lo a charity of inlcrcst to Mrs. Maudling. Mr. Maudling shed his pri- vate interests when he joined tlio cabinet. But Iwcausc a po- lice inquiry is being held into all aspects of Ihe case, Mr. MaudliiiR, who is in charge of (lie police, has deemed it prop- er to resign. Wilh no apparent impliealion hut perhaps soft judgment in his choosing busi- ness inlercsls when it was proper lo hnvc them, Mr. Mau- (Iling has forfeited his seal of power. II is Ihe price, some- limes, nl liovcninicnt eomplclr- ly clean nnd beyond reproncli. (Hcralil London bureau) cied the dark and distant clouds that were soon to hurl their storms upon the world. These precedents of long ago may have little bearing on the swiftly changing politics of our time. Between Taft and Nixon, between Laurier and Trudeau stretch 60 years of turbulence and terror, of technical and so- cial change such as the world has never seen. Yet some themes persist In altered form, as though trans- lated from the Edwardian chamber music by the Swingle Singers or a rock musician, Borden's winning slogan of 1911 No track nor trade with the Yankees is unlikely to tempt either Stanfield or Tru- deau. But with the idiom up- dated it would exactly serve the Waffle group, allegedly the most progressive wing of the New Democratic party. Senator McGovern's cam- paign theme, "Come home, is a counterpoint to the Yankee jingoism associated wilh Teddy Roosevelt's name in the century's early years. The wildly popular military ad- ventures in Cuba, Mexico and (lie Philippines led at last to Vietnam, the most unpopular and unprofitable war in Amer- ican history. Prime Minister Trudeau now faces the tactical problem of how lo dissociate his own cam- paign from the American one. There are dangers In allowing his appeal to become asso- ciated or confused in the Can- adian public mind, plugged in as so much of i. is to American news, with the debate below border. If the voters associate him with Nixon, he runs the risk of. casting himself as the rigid leader of an establishment fending off the champions of the underdog. If he tried to as- sociate his campaign wilh Mc- Govern's he would be In trouble with the Republican admin- istration in Washington. He could also make trouble for himself at home if the polls ran strong for Nixon. His solution must be to stand well clear of the American de- bate, so far as he can. He may get some benefit from what- e v e r politically motivat- ed steam President Nixon turns on under the U.S. econ- omy, but he also risks being a viclim of politically motivated economic policies of the land Nixon and John Connally de- ployed last summer. It is a somewhat uncomfort- able position for a Canadian prime minister. Perhaps that explains why our prime minis- ters since Laurier have steered their voting days well clear of early November in the years divisible by four. The elephant in the bed gels very rcslless at such times. Looking backward Through tho Herald 1922 Last time today, "Pan- lages Vaudeville" at the Ma- jestic Theatre. 1932 Announcement that a parachute jump will be made directly in front of the grand- sland at the fairground this evening has met with favor In the city and a largo crowd should lie thrilled by this novel even I. A considerable num- ber of Lelhbridge men In the 28-year-old class are reporting loday lo Calgary Military Head- quarters after receiving their second calls under the mobili- zation act. 1352 The forty fifth an- niversary of the of Ma- gralh was observed July 24 along with the 105lh anniver- sary of the Morniom Pioneers' cnlry into the Salt Lake Val- ley, Utah. The Letlibridge Herald 5W TLh St. S., LoLhbridgc, Alberta LETHBH1DGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1934, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clnn Mall Registration No. 0013 Momber of Tho Canadian Press And tho Cflnadlnn Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and lha Audit Bureau of Clrculnilont CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor nnd Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mnnagcr DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Assod.ilo Editor Editor ROY f- MILES I Manager DOUGLAS K. WAI HER fedllorlnl Page Editor THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;