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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 26, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 LETHBRIDGE HERALD July 1974 A hopeful step The tradition of pursuing scientific knowledge wherever it may lead is being challenged by a group of U.S. biologists who are asking colleagues throughout the world to forego two risky genetic ex- periments. The group includes a Nobel prize winner and the which is endorsed by the National Academy of comes via letters in American and British scientific journals. The action was taken because the scientists have become increasingly concerned about possible consequences of gene-transplant experiments in which resistance of micro-organisms to drugs might accidentally be increased and which might lead to the spread of cancer- causing viruses. The geneticists have asked the U.S. government's leading medical research agency to set up an advisory committee to oversee future experiments in order to evaluate and minimize hazards and to set guidelines for researchers in the field before any further experiments are un- dertaken. This is a rare instance in the history of scientific inquiry and it is an encourag- ing step because it indicates an awareness of a moral responsibility as well as an intellectual one on the part of the scientists involved. Whether the re- quest is heeded around the world is another question. Similar action has not been particularly effective to date in the field of nuclear physics where even the peaceful application of technology is fraught with nightmarish dangers. A mere recital of the facts about which is both a byproduct of present reactors and a fuel of future becomes the horror story of the year. It is the most toxic substance known to man. One thirty millionth of a gram will cause cancer if inhaled or swallowed and it retains this toxicity for years. By the year 2000 it is estimated that U.S. nuclear reactors will be producing pounds of plutonium. This would be if distributed around the world in the form of an aerosol to infect every person on earth with more than one million times a cancer produc- ing dose. And breeder which the U.S. is developing as the energy source of the produce more plutonium than they use in the form of uranium. Because Canada is involved in the production and sale of nuclear this is a Canadian problem as well as a problem for the other nuclear powers and one which cannot be shirked. It is not enough to call it madness. It is too late to stop the production of present generation of nuclear reactors and perhaps it is not the course of wisdom to do but it is not too late to halt the production of the fast breeder reactors. And it is time for Canada to say to stop being on the defensive about its connection with the Indian and to ask. at an for a moratorium on fast breeders until a great many questions have been answered concerning safeguards against leaks and thefts. If something is not done along these and if the geneticists continue their experiments regardless of the implicit dangers to which their attention has been then the future of mankind may simply be a race between the two groups of scientists to see who has the dubious honor of wiping it out. Unwanted campaign A German Frau Beate recently tried to revive a concern to make the remaining Nazis pay for their crimes during the Second World War. Not much is likely to come of her attempt 29 years after the end of the war. Former Chancellor Willy Brandt has pointed out that more than half the pre- sent West German population was born after the and three-quarters since 1930. Most of the under- standably have no deep feelings of guilt or desires for retribution. There is a general conviction in West Germany that restitution has been made and the wounds of history should be allowed to heal. It would be impossible to judge if adequate restitution has been made but the major perpetrators of the excesses of the Hitler era were brought to by next year the West Germans will have paid out million for what was done to the Jews and expect to do full blame for the moral out- rage of attempted genocide has been accepted. No good purpose can be served by engaging in a hunt for war criminals now. If there were indications that a revival of Nazism appeared imminent it might be different. But the neo-Nazi par- ty in West Germany has been showing diminishing strength it got only 0.5 per cent of the vote in the 1972 general elec- tion. Amnesty after a decent interval is a widely approved practice that will un- doubtedly be invoked in this instance. Frau Klarsfeld's campaign appears to have little to commend it and in conse- quence is not likely to get much support. v i Dream solution By Doug Walker I had a dream one night about the now famous Walker casseroles. In this dream one of Judi's girl friends was a guest for the meal. Just as our boys sometimes end a meal with little piles of onion pieces rejected at the side of their so our guest had quite a tidy pile of stuff left on her plate. There were no twisters in her garbage but there were metal a a glass bead and some string. When the girl noticed me looking at it she 'I really believed you made up those things in the fillers until I came here to eat tonight Then the boys laughed and it came out that they had adulterated the casserole with that junk. Elspeth will now be suspicious that she has wrongly taken responsibility for the twisters in the real life casseroles. there you are tell me that bit again about the hundred grand a year pension on retiring due to ill health Court has final word By Anthony New York Times commentator WASHINGTON There is the drama of and there is the drama that arises from the situation. It was the latter that gripped the chamber of the Supreme Court as the Chief Justice an- nounced the decision in United States V. Nixon. For 17 minutes he calmly expounded what seemed at times like a patient lesson in American history and government. Courts owe the greatest deference to a but on the meaning of the constitution they have the last not he. It remains as Chief Justice John Marshall said in Mar- bury V. Madison in that it is the province and of the court say what the law The opinion and its delivery were impressive in part because they were so stripped of any external so without stridency or provoca- tion or hubris. All was stately. It was the offer- ing us once again that reassurance of constitutional order that we require of it in this turbulent country. In the institutional the Supreme Court performed at its best in this case. It was unanimous. It was clear. It was prompt but not hasty. The opinion carefully touched every necessary legal base and said nothing about the un- necessary. And the opinion was by Warren E. whom President Nixon chose to be Chief Justice of the United States. The decisive result of the case of the president's tapes adds to the feeling that the last act of Richard Nixon's drama is at hand. After the long delay in the impeach- ment there is in the air of Washington this week the sense that it is all coming together. The Republicans in Congress are slipping from the ties of loyalty to Nixon. And in the White House there is visibly taking hold the shattering realization that this president is going to be im- peached. The Supreme Court decision bears no direct or formal relationship to impeachment. Indeed the opinion wisely did not mention the word impeach or refer to the process pending on the other side of Capitol Hill. The justices had made it plain at the argument that they regarded all that as a political beyond their authority. the decision inevitably affects the im- peachment proceedings. it must damage the president's for the court showed that other institutions of govern- ment may respect the presidency without accepting the extreme arguments of a particular incumbent or trembling in awe at his claims. But it is just as important to understand what the Supreme Court did not do. It lent no comfort to the notion that the courts can be a vehicle for supplying evidence to the im- peachment process or that the House judiciary com- mittee should make this deci- sion the occasion for another long delay to seek further evidence. United States V. Nixon is a criminal and the Chief Justice's opinion relied fun- damentally on the con- stitutional value of evidence for the system of criminal justice. The White House tapes under subpoena must be scrutinized by Judge John Sirica before delivery of rele- vant portions to the special Leon Jaworski. Chief Justice Burger went out of his way to say that Judge Sirica should give no material to anyone else. Thus there is nothing in the decision to offer hope to the judiciary committee that it could obtain more tapes from the courts or the special prosecutor at any early date. The committee could of course press its own sub- poenas to the president once but the question then would be how long it would wait for an answer. It has taken the White House weeks to answer previous and officials say these tapes have not yet even been transcribed. Delay is now the last best hope of the president and his James St. Clair. On the evidence they are losing the case. The massive accumulation of facts by the House judiciary committee has finally had its effect in the committee. it is becom- ing more difficult to vote in the teeth of that evidence. The defection of a Nixon Republican Lawrence J. Hogan of was a painful blow to the president's men. More and more Republicans in in their exposed may believe that they can find safety by voting together in substantial numbers for im- peachment. There is no argument for delay in terms of fairness to Nixon. It is he who has repeatedly told the committee that it has all the evidence it needs. He would long since have provided anything ex- culpatory on the St. Clair suddenly produced a sn'ippet in his closing remarks. Any further tapes can be used at the Senate trial. The strongest answer to any call for that the committee has entered the stage of is simply the need of this country to finish with Watergate. Letters Bear acted on instinct Instinct is a great force among the creatures of nature. Man cannot unders- tand this because of the many inhibiting forces in our society. It is instinct that makes a mother protect her children and anyone who thinks that the mother bear who mauled the two boys ly 14 near Pincher did it for the sheer fun of it should go back to school. The old husband's tale that a mother bear will attack only if a homo-sapien is between her and her cubs is nothing more than an old husband's tale. A mother bear will protect her young from human beings regardless of their geographic position. And now the park offi- cials what have decided that because this bear has lost her fear of man of nature should not have to live in she should he and to top it her cubs are going to be put in a zoo or game farm. Judging by the game farm in Southern Alber- I sincerely hope both cubs die before they are caught. Confinement of a wild creature is a worse fate than death. Preservation of life and freedom is essential. The Herald's obviously bias- ed reporting should also be even- ing of terrorized A bear is vicious when protecting her yet a man who kills to protect his country is a It just does not compute. MRS. ROSEMARIE BUCHANAN-LOYER Blairmore Friendliest people I have been transferred with my family to headquarters in after having served in Lethbridge as the officer com- manding the Lethbridge sub division of the RCMP for approximately 11 months. I wish to thank The Herald for the objective manner in which it has attended to the dis- semination of either provided by or about us. I have enjoyed the relationship with the and I know it will continue. During the past months I have had the opportunity of travelling extensively throughout many com- munities in -Southern and I can conclusively attest to the fact that this area is oc- cupied by some of the friendliest people in all of to whom I express my sincere gratitude for their strong support of the RCMP. J. R. INSPECTOR Officer commanding Lethbridge Sub-Division Raising an objection I raised no objection when the newsstand price of The Herald was raised 50 per cent. I rabed no objection when the quality of The Herald did not rise to match the price increase. But I must raise objection to no longer being able to even read the blessed paper due to some of the pages being so smudged with ink as to be il- legible and others so lacking in ink as to be almost in- visible. Do I have a legitimate com- or should I count my blessings that things are not G. L. HALES Lethbridge 1974 by NEA. Inc been coming in here and 'cost-of-living' me to White House chief of staff plays major role in wiretapping U.S. newsman By Joseph syndicated commentator By William New York Times commentator WASHINGTON The latest bunch of material on wiretapping points the guilty finger at a figure who has up to now seemed peripheral. He is General Alexander Henry Kissinger's former deputy at the National Securi- ty Council and now chief of staff at the Nixon White House. Gen. Haig's name turns up over and over again when the dirtiest work is afoot. Anybody who wants to sort out Dr. Kissinger's role in the wiretaps will also have to make an assessment of what Gen. Haig did. The most important case in point involves William the former White House staff man who now writes columns for the New York i.Tr. Safire was a speechwriter for the president with special responsibilities in the economic field. During the early part of his work at the White at he had no national security responsibilities. There was no national securi- ty reason for him to be the ob- ject of a wiretap. While those facts may not have been known to everybody in the ad- they were known very much known to Dr. Kissinger and the staff at the National Security Coun- cil. But the records now releas- ed as part of the House ju- diciary committee's investigation of impeachment show that the tap on Mr. Safire was instituted by Gen. Haig. The request for wiretap authority on Mr. Safire was forwarded from the late FBI J. Edgar to Attorney General John Mitchell on August 1969. It alluded to previous wiretap requests made on behalf of Dr. Kissinger by Haig. It said that has now presented an additional re- The additional re- quest was for Mr. and the reason given was that Safire had been in contact with another person whom the FBI was wiretapping. That other person was the British Henry Bran- don. The judiciary committee though fairly cir- cumspect in accepting FBI documents at face ap- parently had no doubt about Haig's role. The staff report says that the wiretap on Safire was orally by That Kissinger did not play a role in requesting that tap is further suggested by the fact that on the date of the tap he was with the president Romania. The fruits of the Safire tap according to FBI sum- sent to Dr. Kissinger on January 1970. But in his testimony to the Senate foreign relations committee on his nomination as secretary of Dr. Kissinger was asked by Senator Clifford Case of New Jersey whether he had ever received as a result of the taps Safire. he adding that he was surprised when the New York Times called him on the subject. So who did read the material forwarded by the FBI to Kissinger's the obvious possibility is the man who the bureau says instituted the tap in the first place. Gen. Haig. That possibility seems par- ticularly strong because of Haig's role in some other matters touching the tapping. Haig appears FBI records to be the chief operational man in working out the arrangements for the taps. The judiciary committee for says that of the .newsmen who were were ordered by Gen. The FBI report suggests that Haig was aware that the tapping was highly and that he had a role in mak- ing arrangements so that the records normally used for national security taps were not kept in the case of those ordered by the Nixon White House. In the FBI Haig is repeatedly quoted as saying of each successive tap he requested that of its sensitive it should be handled on a need-to-know with no record main- Maybe Gen. Haig has mere- ly been caught up in the bureaucratic lingo employed by the FBI. But an awful lot of other dirty stuff is connected with the Haig name. He ap- parently had a major role in the firing of former special prosecutor Archibald Cox. He figures deeply in the plumbers' investigation of the Pentagon where Dr. Kissinger's credibility is also in doubt. A Senate armed services committee investigation of the plumbers showed that Haig knew David a former Kissinger staff was investigating the Pentagon Kissinger can only be right in claiming that he did not know what Young was doing on the hypothesis that Haig had kept him in the dark. So if the foreign relations committee truly wants to get to the bottom of the wiretapp- ing it will not stop with a review of Dr. Kissinger's role. It will ques- tion Gen. Haig and not so gently either. WASHINGTON When recently released FBI documents showed General Alexander Haig to be the man who requested the wiretap on my telephone in called the president's chief aide in California to wonder why he had chosen me. It-hadn't been his he explained he had only been an agent carrying out somebody's orders. What's the tap was my own fault I never should have taken that call from a fellow whose phone was being tapped. As we a voice with a Senior Official's accent kept badgering him in the background. him it wasn't make sure he knows it wasn't Haig gladly made that that Henry Kissinger had never known about the wiretap on the White House speechwriter the House judiciary com- mittee calls When I asked him to put Henry on the the secretary of state took time from settling the Greek- Turkish War to assure an old colleague that he had been totally unaware of this wiretap which had his office's fingerprints all over it. Kissinger has repeated that denial under oath to the Senate foreign relations com- mittee. Haig intends to support that denial of Kissinger complicity when he testifies next week. The plan seems to be to blacken the name of J. Edgar which cannot please his old friend in the Oval but these are hardly times to be finicky about dead men's reputations. Ai a good man in a was the gift .to the Nix- on administration of Presi- dent Johnson's Joe with whom he whizkidded under Defence Secretary Robert McNamara. nobody has been more barbed in criticism of wiretapping than nobody was more deeply enmeshed in wiretapping than Haig. As a to a good soldier who is possibly being asked to take the rap for somebody and whose superb discipline and patriotic fervor kept him from express- ing any misgivings about wiretaps when they were il- legally let me help prepare for the kind of question that might come up when you appear before the committee. Did you ever have a recording capability in your Were your telephone calls all monitored by a secretary on a who then transcribed the ver- batim unbeknownst to your Was this true of Henry Kissinger as well when you served as his Where are these transcripts kept Is there anything on any of yours or Dr. referring to the installation or the fruits the 17 Are there records of the conversations Dr. Kissinger had with J. Edgar Hoover about the Did you know of the ex- istence of the tap on when it was put Did you conceal this knowledge from the president's national security Dr. Did anybody tell you not to tell your im- mediate superior about Who told you to tell the FBI that it was okay to install the Can you think of another in- stance in which you were ask- ed to do anything by a high authority without informing the man who was nominally your Did the president deal with you on other matters behind Dr. Kissinger's From whom other than the president or Dr. Kissinger would you have taken an order in 1969 and Nobody likes to learn that he has been systematically spied on by his us- ing a flagrantly illegal national security cover for snooping into political loyalty. By preparing you for these I hope to have shown that harbors no hard feelings. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;