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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 26, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Billions By BOYCE RENSBERGER New York Times Service NEW YORK From drought-besieged Africa to the jittery Chicago grain from worried government offices in Washington to the partly filled granaries of teeming the long-predicted world food crisis is beginning to take shape as one of the greatest peacetime problems the world has had to face in modern times. With growing a variety of leading individual experts and relevant organizations are coming forth to warn that a major global food shortage is developing. They say it is almost certain to threaten the lives of many millions of people in the next year or and they urge international action to prevent a short-term crisis from becoming a chronic condition. While there have always been famines and warnings of food experts generally agree that the situation now is substantially different for these __World population is expanding by larger numbers each especially in the poor countries that are most susceptible famine. Last the population increased by 76 the largest increase ever. The number ol mouths to feed throughout the world has doubled since the end of the Second World __While agricultural production has generally kept it has done so by increasing reliance on high- technology forms of farming that are now threatened by shortages of fertilizer and energy and soaring prices of raw materials. __The grain reserves that once made it possible to send emergency food to stricken areas are now largely depleted. The huge American farm that were such an item of controversy in the 1960's have long since been given away or sold and eaten. The world stockpile of grain in was equivalent to 95 days of world con- sumption has fallen to less than a 26-day supply now. Fertilizer shortage As the Arab oil embargo hastened the beginning of the energy so a major global shortage of precipitated by the oil is cutting into this year's agricultural productivity in several populous countries. The lack of fertilizer and rain and the untimely arrival of rams in some in the view of many international food bringing the world to a food crisis sooner than had been expected a year or two ago. The fertilizer .shortage has already stunted the latest wheat crop in India and will likely reduce the succeeding crops so severely that by this autumn India could be ex- pgriencing a famine of sizable proportions Unless massive international aid is Norman the Nobel prize-winning developer of high- yielding has from 10 million to 50 million persons could starve to death in India in the next 12 months. Before this year is many food experts the soaring curve of food consumption will have overtaken the gentler slope of food production for the vast majority of the world's bringing more of mankind to hunger than ever before. Many food and international relief experts say privately that they are not optimistic about how fast the rich countries will respond to a large famine. may take 50 or 100 million deaths before people are moved to find some kind of long-term one foun- dation official said small change was enough to cause violent responses in prices and shifting of foreign exchange ex- penditure and human said Lowell head of agricultural programs for the Ford a major supporter of agricultural research. Although areas of malnutrition exist in virtually all under-developed by far the greatest food problems now exist among the 700 million people of Pakistan and Bangladesh Other large problem areas are in the drought-stricken regions of in northeastern among the Andean and in the poorer parts of Mexico and Central America. The overseas Development a private that studies the world food estimates that one billion people suffer serious hunger at least part of the year. The FAO estimates that 400 million people are malnourished but adds that less conservative defini- tion might double the Depend on Americans While a long-term solution of the world food crisis depends on fundamental changes in the policies and prac- tices of most small the short-term many authorities depend on United States policy. From the mid-50s to the while the United States government was buying surplus grain to keep market prices much of the developing world relied on this ex- cess production to-prevent famine. Through a change in department of agriculture American grain reserves have now been largely eliminated. To an extent greater than many people it was American surpluses that stood as the world's buffer between enough to eat and famine. Now there is con- siderable controversy over whether the United States should re-establish large grain reserves as an alter- cbntribute to a proposed world granary that famine-stricken nations could draw upon. While every country produces all or most of the food it only a handful produce much more than enough for domestic thus providing large quanti- ties for export. Besides the United the major food exporters include Australia and Argentina. For the long-term experts see any realistic solution other than to intensify the agriculture within the developing trying to make each country as nearly self sufficient as possible. The agronomists note that because agriculture in the United States and other developed countries is already operating near the limits of presently available whatever gains that can be expected must come from improvement in the countries where agriculture remains poor. Because of the great complexity of the food and because of the increasing interdependence of nations in matters of energy and raw many authorities see a need to develop new world in- stitutions to deal effectively with the problems. Even most experts are not for there remains the problem of population growth. don't think there's any solution to the world food situation unless we get population said Sterl- ing vice president of the Rockefeller Foun- dation. of us who have been working to increase the food supply have never assumed we were doing any more than buying 'Glamor' paratroopers join peace keepers By STEPHEN SCOTT OTTAWA -TheCana- dian Airborne now on United Nations duty in is the glamor regi- ment of the Canadian forces. Military men describe the Edmonton-based unit as one with a of and something that be ex- citing to belong It is a regiment of about 000 volunteers from. the all- volunteer Canadian Forces. The quick-reaction mobile unit attracts men who are prepared to drop out of a plane anywhere in the world for peacekeeping or to fight a brush-fire war. one of the first assignments for the unit was to help the civil authority dur- ing the Quebec crisis in 1970. The regiment's First Com- French part of the United Nations force in Cyprus. It was announced Thursday that the Second Commando basically English join it in answer to a request from United Nations Secretary- General Kurt Waldheim for more troops. That will make a total of about 950 Canadians on Cyprus. The airlift of men and equip- ment from West Ger- and Goose is scheduled to start this weekend and last about eight days. The unit was formed in 1968 in answer to a need for a regi- ment of paratroopers. Because it was made up of volunteers already in the it quickly became operational. It trained in all climatic U.S. forces in the Arctic and in the steam- ing jungles of Jamaica. It was given a defensive role in the northwest. The defence department says it is made up of the two infantry one ar- tillery one engineer field a service com- pany and a field service sup- port unit. The First Commando has won praise for its work in Cyprus during the recent hostilities. Defence Minister James Richardson said Thurs- day that when the full story is told it will be seen that the Canadians conducted themselves honorably. Reports from Cyprus have told of Canadians helping civilians and Mr. Richardson mentioned saving lives. The Airborne has been in crossfire on the Green Line in the centre of Nicosia and been under threat of trouble as they helped guard Nicosia airport for the UN. Twelve men have been in- jured. Mr. Richardson announced Thursday that they are taking up their positions between Turkish-and Greek-Cypriots on the Green Line the 100 men at the airport having been relieved by British troops. The enlarged Canadian force is going to be better protected. The defence minister and Gen. J.A. chief of defence announced that heavier equipment will be sent in. Both said the troops must be well enough armed to ex- tricate themselves if forced into a bad position by hostilities. The Lethbridge Herald VOL. JULY 1974 15 Cents 24 Pages Turkish 6land grab9 snarls peace talks Murder count laid in death Compiled from Herald News Services President Glafkos Clerides of Cyprus charged today that Turkey is violating the fragile Cyprus ceasefire with huge land grabs. He threatened to resume fighting unless the alleged violations stop. In Greek Foreign Minister George Mavros threatened to walk out of the Cyprus peace talks over the Turkish actions. The condition for con- tinuation of the talks is that the ceasefire be re- he told Reuters new agency. am not prepared to stay here so long as the ceasefire agreement is violated. We have encountered more than 50 violations so far from the Turkish Mavros said. An afternoon session of the three-power conference among Greece and Turkey was called off earlier and a meeting between the British and Greek foreign ministers was arranged instead. It will depend on the out- come of these talks whether a three-power meeting is held the sources added. is running Cle- rides told a news conference. will be with the greatest reluctance that I will appear before the Greek people of Cyprus to invite them to fight to the last man and to the end. can no longer restrain the National Guard and other forces in the republic from DRUG FIRMS CHARGED OTTAWA Two drug companies are being prosecuted by the federal government over three drugs that failed quality the health department said today. The companies are Pharmetics Ltd. of Pointe Que and Barlowe Cote Laboratories of Cap Rouge Que.. the department said. Drugs involved are penaerythritol tetranitrate tablets and tolbutamide tablets produced by pharmetics and methaqualone tablets manufactured by Barlower. of woman in taking against Turkish he said. are trying for he said. this cannot go on. Responsibility for what might happen in the next few hours will rest solely on the shoulders of the Turkish UN and Greek sources said Turkish in an apparent effort to seize territory in violation of the aie pushing westwards from their positions north of Kyrenia. Clerides said that Turkey has landed tanks and heavy equipment since the ceasefire and is continually expanding the territory under Turkish control. The president showed corre- spondents a map which ap- peared to indicate the Turks have doubled their territory since the ceasefire began four days ago. Clerides said he has sent telegrams to the foreign ministers of Turkey and Greece about the Turkish advances. think it is totally un- acceptable that while they are sitting in Geneva to consider implementation and regula- tion of the ceasefire that Turkey should be taking ad- vantage to expand the territory under its he said. Clerides was asked whether any counter-measures have been taken He did not answer directly but one will come out a victor in this Meeting requested UNITED NATIONS Cyprus today re- quested an urgent UN Securi- ty Council charging continued Turkish ceasefire violations on the the Cyprus UN mission an- nounced FORT MACLEOD A 28-year-old Fort Macleod man was charged here today with the non-capital murder of an 84-year-old woman. Donald Edward Blundon was charged with the death of Angeline Provost who died in hospital here six days after she was assaulted in a relative's home. Blundon was originally charged with raping Mrs. Provost June but the rape charges were withdrawn today. Mrs a long-time resident of died June 29 Blundon will appear in Lethbridge Aug. at which time a date for preliminary hearing may be set. Lethbridge Correctional In- stitute officials told The Herald they are considering special security arrangements for holding Blundon. Special security may be needed because of the nature of the alleged offence and because of the high native inmate population in the jail. Fugitive mama bear captured Fish and wildlife officials' 11-day hunt for the bear that mauled two youths July 14 ended suddenly today with her capture in a tree near Beauvais Lake Provincial 60 miles west of Lethbridge. Mother bear was sighted this run up a tree and then tranquilized. Of- ficials were attempting to convince her two cubs to come down a tree near the scene where their mother was forc- ed into a sound sleep this mor- ning. Wildlife officials are confi- dent they have captured the right bear because it fits the color description. Personnel from the Zoological Gardens in Banff were on their way to Beauvais Lake this morning with cages to transport the bear to the Banff animal haven. Mother bear and the two cubs have been hunted since the July 14 mauling of 16-year- old Cameron Goebel of Spruce Grove and 17-year-old Lee Brown of Red Deer on a park nature trail. Car bomb aftermath A British soldier examines the remains of a car in Belfast's city centre Thursday after the explosion of a series of terrorist bombs. Buildings were wrecked but no deaths were reported. story on Page Nixon charges to be more precise WASHINGTON -The House of Representatives judiciary committee rejected today a Republican plea for delay and moved on to shape precise charges for its ex- pected recommendation that President Nixon be im- peached. The delay was rejected on a vote of 27 to 11. The committee's second- ranking Republican sought un- successfully to halt the televized giving Nixon 24 hours to say he would turn over to the committee more White House tape recor- dings within 10 days. The roll call vote on the delay motion of Represen- tative Robert McClory of Illinois brought a blurring of pro-and anti-impeachment lines. Some of Nixon's Republican supporters joined the Demo- cratic leadership in opposing the while some who seek impeachment favored it. presidential lawyer James St. Clair agreed under prodding by U.S. District Judge John Sirica to release 20 tapes relating to the Watergate political scandal by next Tuesday and to speed up preparations for the release of other tapes. Twenty Democrats opposed the delay motion along with seven Republicans. Ten Re- publicans and one Democrat approved. Hanbidge dies at 83 REGINA L. lieutenant- governor of Saskatchewan from 1963 to died Thurs- day night after a lengthy il- lness. He was 83. The committee's public ses- sion was delayed by a caucus of Democrats. They revised the first article of a proposed impeachment resolution to make more explicit the charges against Nixon. The unsuccessful attempt for delay was based on a Supreme Court ruling on White House tapes. When the committee com- pleted opening debate Thurs- it was clear that a major- ity favored the move to oust Nixon. Representative Delbert Latta a com- mittee member opposed to sees a 27 to 11 vote in favor. 7 didn't know that's how you spelt Classified........20-23 Comics............18 Comment...........4 District...........15 Local Markets...........19 Theatres............9 Travel............5 TV................6-8 Weather...........3 At Home ..........12 LOW TONIGHT HIGH SAT. WARM. 8 Town fires policeman for radio complaint Cardston Mayor Lloyd Gregson fired a town police constable for the second time Thursday in response to the constable's complaint to a radio station. Const. Norman Prete telephoned CHEC radio Thursday afternoon and called the town unfair because town council has decided to eliminate the police force and to turn enforcement duties over to the according to the mayor. The constable had been given two weeks' notice Tues- day when the force was in- formed the RCMP would take over Jan. 1. The mayor said the con- stable's initial firing had nothing to do with the switch over. Town secretary Keith Bevans said today Mr. Prete was given his notice because was not a good He was hired about two months ago with no ex- perience and has been on a six-month probation period. He was inexperienced and didn't work the secretary said. Mayor Gregson said he fired the constable outright Thurs- day because he was creating trouble. is there to keep the not make trouble. When he starts to create trou- ble and everything we have to be reasonable I fired Mr. Gregson said. Mr. Prete was unavailable for comment. The town has decided to turn policing over to the RCMP because it cannot ac- quire trained officers. The town is left with two con- stables following Mr. Prete's firing and the senior member has only two years ex- he said. Sean and heard About town Scientist Bill Charnetski proving he isn't infallible by putting his glasses on the top of his car while taking pic- tures and then driving away without them. ;