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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 26, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDCE HERALD Thursday, July 26, 1973 EDITORIALS Louis S. St. Laurent Few men in public life anywhere have enhanced high office more than did Louis S. St. Laurent. He brought respect to Canada as its 12th prime minister and earned him- self an honored niche in the me- mory of Canadians. Mr. St. Laurent's success as a po- litical leader was quite remarkable in view of the fact that he seemed not to have had any aspirations for power. Only under pressure of per- suasion did he enter on a political career and when he ended his term he stepped aside graciously and totally. Service, not public attention, obviously was the driving force in his life. Although he had a warm side to his nature displayed mostly in relation to children the over- whelming impression he left was that of courtliness. The dignity with which he fulfilled his responsibilities as the chief officer of the nation set a standard that has been hard to follow. Only one incident marred the years of Mr. St. Laurent's time in office: the imjosition of closure in the debate on the pipeline. Arrogant and arbitrary as it seemed to a large proportion of the Canadian people shown in the heavy vote against the Liberals in the subse- quent election it was an action which was probably consistent with the prime minister's whole approach to national affairs. He was so con- vinced of what was the right thing to do for Canada that he scorned to temper his government's attitude with political savvy. Canadians today mourn the death of a distinguished former leader. Gratitude, more than grief, will be the characteristic note in the mourn- ing. A long overdue move Whatever else may come out of the Western Economic Opportunities Conference now under way in Cal- gary, at least one emminently sensi- ble idea has emerged. It is the call for the four western provinces to get together on a general upgarding and standardization of western Can- ada's highway system. The occasional traveller who has used his car for a holiday or other kind of trip between provinces is aware that there are different rules hi different places; the most obvious example is variation in speed laws. It is not simply tiiat there is a limit of 70 miles an hour in one province, 60 in another. In some places trucks and cars have different limits, in others they are the same. In Alberta traffic must go slower at night, but not in B.C. In one province there is always the same speed limit when approaching a town, school or built- up area; elsewhere this is left to local authorities, who may impose a limit of 20 or even of 10 miles an hour, or who may ignore the matter en- tirely. There are other differences, of course, but to the person driving a passenger car they are rarely of much concern. Not so in the case of the truck driver, to whom, interprovin-' ciai differences can be a serious problem, one that at times-is so com- plex and frustrating to make the difference between travelling on a province's highways or taking anoth- er route. The long-distance trucker (hi addi tion to having to figure out why in Alberta he can go as fast as a car by night but must drive 10 miles an hour slower by day) is subject to a great variety of regulations about weight, hours of operation, size and shape of load, kind of licence re- quired, and so forth. The rules vary from province to province, and some of the variations can be critical. For example, in B.C. a trucker can haul a weight of pounds, in Mani- toba or Saskatchewan the limit is 000, while in Alberta it varies from to pounds. As if there were not rules -enough already, individual municipalities are beginning to get into the act, start- ing to make their own regulations as to the conditions under which their traffic arteries can be used. As a result of these and other com- plexities, some kinds of long dis- tance hauling are regularly routed through the U.S., as the only way of avoiding the problems and frustra- tions that come about when drivers attempt to accommodate to a dozen different codes. The trucks that go south not only require longer to de- liver tfieir goods, but take with them the thousands of dollars'their owners spend to move their loads across the west. Some standardization of rules, then, is of major economic impor- tance, and certainly is long overdue. It seems rather a pity that it had to await a prod from the federal author- ities. ANDY RUSSELL When food tastes good WATERTON LAKES PARK Being realty hungry is something relatively few North Americans ever experience. We are inclined to take plenty of food for grant- ed, for there is an infinite variety of ready- to-cook foods available in our markets. But sometimes, far one mason or another, those of us who wander wild places find our- selves suffering from an time when thoughts of the next meal fill one's mind. As boys, my brother and I rambled and explored the creeks and mountains adja- cent to our home, and learned to make do with most anything that came to hand by way of something to eat It is surpris- ing what a wide variety of things are available in wild country to fin one's belly the chips are down and the grub bag is empty. We learned to shoot grouse, squirrels and other small game with elas- tic catapults throwing rocks or lead bails. An old mountain man who bad travelled considerably with the Stoney Indians show- ed me bow to use snares to take fish and small game of various kinds. He also showed me bow to tidde' trout an old poacher's trick that be bad learned as a boy in England I would hate to have to sustain myself for long on trout caught with nothing else than bare hands, but there was once when it came in handy to know bow. My father and I were out on a long ride one time much longer than we had planned. When still mite from home I was with hunger my empty beDy flap- ping against my backbone to the point of aching. We were following a trail along a. high bank overlooking a clear river -when I spotted a good sized bulltrout finning in the current beside a tog, half submerged rock. As I watched the fish hungrily, it slid out of sicht under an overhang on the far side of the boulder. The chance was too good to IEJSS, quickly dismounting I climbed dosi-n the bank and stepped cau- tiously out on top of the rock. Flattening out, I peaked over the edge and couM see UK partly hidden fish about a foot under the water's surface Moving ever so carefully with almost in- finite slowness. I lowered my hand into the water to one side and about even with the trout's tail. When my hand was at its level. I swung it very slowly until I could finally touch the fish underneath. Very soft- ly and gently I began to stroke it with my fingertips, something that must be very pleasant for a fish, for they become al- most mesmerized and, if great care is ta- ken, will not move. At each stroke I moved my band ahead a little until my fingers were under its guls. I could feel these opening and closing as it breathed. Tuning it carefully to match UK opening of its gills, I inserted my finger tips under the gOI covers and suddenly closed my hand on its throat A split second later the trout was out on the rock and then dispatched. Using my knife, I quickly cleaned it and then built a small driftwood fire between two rocks. Then I put a flat pan of rock over the flames. Wben this was hot, I laid the fish on top of it Meanwhile my'father had been looking on with some curiosity and amazement from his saddle. Tying up the horses be down to join me as I turned the fish, leaving its skin stuck to the rock and exposing the delicious flesh. When it was well done, I slid the rock and fish off the fire wifc two sticks. Then we fell to with a gusto using our pocket knives and some sticks fashioned from wiBow in lieu of forks, la no time that fine fat trout was just a well picked skeleton and our hunger was forgotten The incident had a double satisfaction for me; I had managed to ffll my stomach and at the same time had given my fa- ther a meal in a way completely new to him something a boy can't often do. Showing him new melhol of life hi the wilderness was far from easy, as be had been born and grew up when there were no fences from Use North Pole to Wyoming. That night I overheard him telling my mother about it and there was pride aad wonder in his voice. He wound up by say- ing, "If I hadn't seen it, I wouldn't be- lieve it." "The kind of company be she a bit tartly. "I wouldn't be surprised if he started making moccasins But tiien I beard her laugh. Big lies require big liars By Tom Wicker, New Yci-k Times commentator NEW YORK The proper word for the Cambodian bomb- ing story is not dissembling or deceiving or protective reac- tion or cover story. The proper word is lying. And this long chronicle of lies, perhaps more graphically than the Pentagon papers, shows the extent to which lying is a respected "op- tion" at the top levels of the so-called "national security es- including the White House. For fourteen months, the Pentagon, the state department and the White House repeatedly insisted that Cambodian neu- trality was being respected, while all conspired to keep sec- ret the fact that in raids American B-S2S had dropped more than tons of bombs on Cambodia. During that period, the left hand of the Pentagon lied re- peatedly to the right hand, as documents were falsified to show the raids as having been launched not on Cambodia but on South Vietnam. Only a few high officials with a "need to know" were told the truth. (This raises the question bow anyone knows what the real truth is, even today. If one set of documents was fixed, why not another? Maybe there were raids; who knows? Were they lying to Dr. Kissinger, too? To President Even after secret war be- came open war in Cambodia, the Iks continued. Last March and last June, the Pentagon sent deliberately lying reports, concealingthe Cambodian bombings, to the senate armed services committee. The Pen- tagon spokesman, Jerry Fried- heim, knowingly distributed the same lias to fee press. "I knew at the time it was wrong and I'm Fried- heim said, When caught. He ought to be fired out of hand, but he won't be. It even ap- pears that he may have op- posed within Pentagon circles the decision to lie to the senate committee, which was deliber- ately taken at the highest level. If so, he ought to have quit out of band, but he went along. Of this compounded lie, Friedheim's summary judg- ment was eloquent. "We weren't smart enough to he said, the testimony of former Maj. Hal M. Knight, who dis- closed the secret bombing and falsified documentation. They weren't smart enough not to get caught in the lia, that is; if they bad been, they'd have told a different and less detectable lie. If all of this lying was origin- ally to fend off increased dom- estic opposition to the South- east Asia -war, then to cover up the .original lies, it was indefen- sible. If Prince Sihanouk had agreed to the bombing, and the lies were to protect him from the wrath of his own people, it was indefensible. If the lying was for both reasons, it was twice as indefensible; since either way it was Intended pri- marily to permit the president and his war machine to pursue their war without let or hin- drance from anyone, least of all the American people. Dr. Kissinger deplores the falsification of records. What did he expect, when he and Nixon deliberately ordered the falsification of the facts of the Cambodian bombing? Why should majors and colonels have higher standards than the White House? Gen. Earle 6. Wheeler, the former chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, expressed hor- ror at the falsification of the records, but said that if the president had ordered him to falsify them, "I would have done it." Why should he be astonished that when some gen- eral ordered some major to do it, the major did? Worst of all, Nixon himself appeared on national television and told the American people on April 30, 1970, that since 1954 American policy bad been to "respect scrupulously the neutrality of the Cambodian people." And for five years, he said, "neither the United States nor South Vietnam has moved against" North Vietnamese sanctuaries in Cambodia. This was after 14 months of B-52 raids on Cambolia, including the sanctuaries. This was a deliberate and knowing lie, broadcast in per- son to the American people by their president Neither the claim that it was not really a lie but a "special security ar- nor the contention that other presidents have done it, is a justification; both are indictments of the "security" mania that distorts national life. And this episode clearly calls into question the credi- bility of Nixon's television ad- dress of April 30, 1973, when be claimed: innocence of wrong- doing in the Watergate matter. The health of presidents By Normu Cousins, editor The Saturday Review-World The moment the news was announced that President Nix- on was rushed to a hospital be- cause of pneumonia, there was a tendency by many people to connect the illness in some way to Watergate. There was the feeling that the constant pound- ing of the headlines about White House scandals bad had its effect There was even some specu- lation that the -personal and po- litical crisis confronting the president had created a sub- conscious need in him to find a way out What do the doctors say about such questions? One of America's leading ex- perts on these matters is Dr. Arnold Hutschnecker, a spec- ialist in psychotherapy and psy- chosomatic medicine. Dr. Hnt- sdmecker is the author cf "The Will to a book that has become something of a minor classic in its field since its first printing in 1951. What makes Dr. Hutechneck- er's observations particularly pertinent is the fact that he has been identified in the pub- lic press as tlie president's per- sonal physician and psycho- therapist Perhaps the most striking chapter in Dr. Htrtsdmecher's book is called, "Escape into Illness." The centra] idea is that "there are times in the lives of most of us when we need to be ill. The body re- sponds to pressures that are closing in from all sides by producing an ifloess that seals the individual off from his an- tagonists for a time and gives him a chance to regroup his forces. "We become ill, Dr. Hut- schnecker says, "to avert dis- aster. Diplomacy or government could hardly function, he be- lieves, without "face-saving ill- Besses." It is not only the in- dividual who is thus saved but often government itself, for the illness relieves society from the need to make drastic decisions under deadline conditions. Some individuals, of course, become ill not because they subconsciously seek a way out but because their bodies can- nth: stand the massive pressures and frustrations of their jobs. Perhaps the- most dramatic such case in 20th-century Am- erican history is that of Wood- row Wilson. Wilson's great dream was a world at peace under law. He saw the League of Nations, of which be was one of its princi- psl architects, as the best hope for fulfilling that dream. He re- ti'med from Europe in 1919, where he achieved acceptance of the concept of a world or- ganization only to discover that the American peopte did share his fervor for a bold new approach to peace. And so, Woodrow Wflson de- cided to carry his fight to the people. He went on a barn- storming tour on which he was scheduled to give almost 100 speeches. Wibou six or seven times a day. The president's aides admired bis passion aad his but they feared for his health. They begged him to break off. He refused and continued to ex- pend himself. Then it happened. On Sept at Pueblo, Colo., Wood- row Wilson gave one of his most impassioned speeches. By the time be was through, his face was drained of all color; he seemed to have aged sever- al years in just a few minutes. Late that night, the president had a stroke His left side be- came paralysed. One side of his face was limp and expres- sionless. The official medical verdict was that there had been a brain hemorrhage. The peo- ple closest to Wilson knew that be had a broken heart No lesson in American his- tory is more dramatic or im- portant than that presidents succumb to like or- dinary human beings. Dr. Hut- schnecker has recently suggest. ed that the ability of candi- date to stand op under stress emotional as well as physi- cal should be carefully eval- uated by a competent medical board before a man is nomia- eted for the presidency. Whether this particular idea is feasible or practical, it is dif- ficult to say. At the very least, it is a probJem that requires much more attention and thought from the American people than it has so far re- ceived. (Let .Ugefec Letters Money versus compassion Mr. A. Brown should be thanked lor his concern for our helpless, voiceless creatures and for exposing the truth regard- ing the bucking broncos (Her- ald, July Citizens shouldn't be fooled. What they have been told about the "mid" bucking horse is a fake. No horse can be made wild to suit rodeo schedules several times a day unless tor- mented in some way. The fiendish cinch strap is pulled to the limit around "the back part of the horse causing pressure and agonizing pain in a tender area, changing a domestic ani- mal into one that leaps, twists and bucks in an attempt to rid himself of the cinch. When the cinch is removed the "wild" horse once more becomes a do- cile animal. All this for the almighty dollar that speaks louder than compassion! It has often been said that an educated brain in combination with an uneducated heart can make a monster out of a man. This has once more been proven in the 1973 Lethbridge Fair and Rodeo. M. THORBURN Letfobridge Room for improvement I would like to comment on the exhibition grounds at Left- bridge's version of the 1973 Whoop-Up Days. The parade was very good! The bands deserve a great deal of credit as do the floats from the Okanagan area and the Oanbrook-Khnberky area. But why couldn't fte city have made use of their street clean- ers after a group of horses paraded by? (Other cities do.) I felt sorry for the young band members who inadvertently stepped into fresh "debris" left by the horses. The Midway was somewhat of a disappointment: Cl) The grounds were ex- tremely dirty dust-wise as well as Utter-wise. Why not spray the ground with oil or cover it with wood-chips or some similar material to keep the dust down? More litter bar- rels are required. People would make use of them if they were available. The hired "litter pickers" I saw (three in a group) walked by various types of refuse on (be ground but made no attempt to dean up. (2) Some of the operators of the childrens' rides must have taken "grouchy" pills before they came to work (helicopter ride, What's so dif- ficult about being at least a tie pleasant? (3) There was a decided ab- sence of exhftits. Whatever happened to the homecraft and handicraft exhibitions for adults as well as for students? Surely there must be enough in- dividuals interested in making this type of exhibition ful! (4) Why aren't there any fireworks? Is it contrary to the recent laws regarding fire- crackers, etc.? Are times changing or am I expecting too much? "DISAPPOINTED." Lethbridge Restrict production It is pleasing to see the cur- rent concern regarding the pro- posed liberalization of alcoholic commodities. It assures us that society has not succumbed to total apathy and is indicative of great hope for the future. The entire history of alcohol encroachment, promotion, and expansion has been a succes- sion of Httle "freedoms" grant- ed from time to time ever since prohibition was abolished, until it is realized now that there is universal access to alcoholic commodities with the resulting consequences some no doubt predicted. We have seen enough to know that abuses of these freedoms are rampant and wul continue to be, laws or no laws. Most thinking persons agree that a society afflicted with rampant alcoholism and drunk- eness will also have serious kinds of social problems and troubles. The time could come when such effective measures as restricted production of at coholic products with result- ing reduction in distribution and availability must be taken. The alcoholism problem and widespread drunkenness is now becoming so serious I suspect nothing less (ban these kinds of measures will have any worth- while or constructive conse- quences. No doubt those engaged in the industry would proclaim de- nial of their rights and free- doms, if such a proposal was enforced but they should real- ize that our law books are full of denials of what was once re- garded as rights and freedoms which when recognized as det- rimental to society were conse- quently outlawed. LLOYD R. WEIGHTMAN Lethbridge. of our computon tot AMD tog from tht company." The Lethbridge Herald _____ Jw Ttt SL S., LeOferMge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALfe CO. LTD., Proprietors and Pa 11MS-UM, BOB. W. A. BUCHANAN HAT noc'tetf c4ftvr KXWLAi TTCHBMD ;