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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 26, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THB lETHBRIDCE HERALD Wedneidoy, July 16, 1972 Joseph Kraf'1 Election in B. C. Premier W. A. C. Bennett's Social Credit government faces the toughest battle since it was elected 20 years ago. When B.C. voters go to the polls August 30, tiie anti-socialists will have a viable alternative to Mr. Bennett's conservatism under the guise of Social Credit, Both Liberal and Conservative parties show signs of regeneration under the leadership of new, young, and vigorous leaders. A large number of PC and Liberal candidates have already been nom- inated and are geared up for the fray. The NDP, which held 12 seats in the former legislature and has been strong in B.C. for years, may be ex- pected to increase its representation spite of poor showing for the party in other provincial elections. The challenge to the Liberals and the Conservatives is to present a plat- form that will draw some of the moderately pro labor vote away from the NDP and to swing a big section of pro-Bennett votes to their ranks. It's a formidable task and though neither party is likely to form a government when it's all over, there is strong hope that Mr. Bennett will face an effective opposition. The Bennett machine has not yet nm down, and B.C. may have to put up with the old model for a few more years. About all that can be said for certain is that B.C. is in for an exciting, and probably a bitter election campaign. Paris talkaihon There was little expectation that the resumption of the Paris peace talks on the Vietnam situation would reveal any significant change of at- titude on either side. In spite of the continuation of the bombing and the recent military successes by the South Vietnamese army, Hanoi ap- pears to be willing to suffer it out, at least for a few more months. One wonders who is advising the North Vietnamese on the probable results of the November presidential election, and how much they intend to rely on political polls in the U.S. Hanoi knows that if Sen. McGoverc is elected, he will accept much softer peace terms than President Nixon is likely to do. It also knows that if Nixon is re-elected, he will interpret his win as a mandate for a continua- tion of his present policy regarding the war and that he might even in- sist on tougher terms than he is asking at the moment. For the time being, then, the bombing is likely to go on undim- inished. The talks in Paris are un- likely to show any significant give and take. But as the November elec- tions draw nearer, the McGovern vs. Nixon odds may show a. more de- finite trend than they do now. This means that the North Vietnamese will wait at least until late fall be- fore making any decision that could lead to a break in the peace talks. Franco's anniversary Spain celebrated the 36th anniver- sary of accession to power of Gen. Francisco Franco, premier, head of state, and virtual dictator last week. No doubt there are thousands of Spaniards around who do not believe that it was an anniversary worth cele- brating, but there were no protest gatherings. The caudillo's constabu- lary saw to that. General Franco, determined to per- petuate the kind of authority he be- believes is right for Spain, announced that within eight days of his death, Prince Juan de Carlos would become head of state. For three years it has been known that the prince would become king when Franco is no long- er in the picture, but this recent an- nouncement specifies the time ofi takeover, which has been worrying the handsome prince, so the rumors say. The caudillo has specified that the premiership will go to the vice-pre- mier, who at this moment in time is 69 year old vice-premier Luis Blanco, a conservative, tough, devoted follow- er of General Franco. Hopes that when Juan Carlos be- comes King, he might be influential in loosening the ties of the authori- tarian regime don't look bright. Nor does the acceptance of Spain into the democratic minded European Econo- mic Community. ANDY RUSSELL A wilderness vignette of-us who wander the mountains as observers among the wild ones, catch some intimate glimpses of nature so beautiful and vibrantly alive, that they linger in memory forever. These are the nuggets of outdoor adventure standing out as features on the face of recall as clear and sharp as if they happened yes- terday. One of my choicest recollections was enacted by two small animals, one a fox and the other a dall lamb, and it happened one day up on the wild slope of Sheldon's Mountain overlooking the Toklat River in Alaska. I never saw anything like it before and likely will never observe anything to match it again. The fox family was located at a den dug into the bank of a twisted ravine running down from the foot of a rockslide to the river. Below it on the Hals, patches ot arctic spruce stretched away down valley into the distance where the Toklat makes a bend through the mountains. Above the river flats everything was brilliant green tundra to the foot of ochre and pink rock of talus fans and broken cliffs along the .flank of the mountain Many times I watched foxes and sheep on these slopes. The old foxes were diligent in bringing food to their hungry pups. Both parents were typical red foxes, but their family was mixed In color as fox families some- times are. Two of the pups were red, one wns black and the other wore the deep bronze cross over its shoulders mark of what is known as a crossfox. Like all youngsters, these fox pups wcro full of energy, always ready to ent or play. They spent many hnppy hours every day rolling and fiambolling among the v.ilcl- floucrs on the slope Iwlow their den. Rut when one of the parents showed up with food, they were all business, comnclinfi fiercely for the ground squirrel or plann- Igan. At regular intervals the molher would stretch out on her sid.o to oursa them. Then each one would fasten on its particular dug, pushing with forepaws as it pulled and sucked for the rich milk in her mammary glands. One warm afternoon I was lying behind a hummock of tundra watching them through powerful binoculars. All the foxes were taking things easy: the pups rolling lazily around, the male curled up sleeping with his nose on his brush and the female sitting a few feet to one side keeping watch. She made no move when a big raven flew in close to poke around looking for some overlooked tit-bit. Then around a bluff above and beyond came a long line of twenty six dall sheep, all ewes and lambs strung out along a game trail. They came diagonally down across a big talus fan to the first rim of tundra and began to feed. Several noticed the foxes and stood looking down intently. One ewe with a nimble lamb at her heels came down with- in thirty yards of the fox den to stand gazing at them, full of curiosity. The lamb was fascinated with the pups and stood in front of its mother watching them play among the flowers. Then one of the pupa noticed Ihe lamb and left the rest of tin brood to take a few steps toward It, where it stopped. The lamb took a few tentative steps closing the distance between them. Each of the young ones took turns moving closer till only a short distance separated them. Meanwhile both mothers stood watchful but neither made any move. Finally tho lamb and Iho pup c-repl up lo each other and leaned forward al. the ahsolulc limit of Iheir reach lo sniff noses. Then both panicked and went scampering in opposite directions, the pup to the den and the lamb to its mother. It was n very simple, yet rare and beaut- iful occurance B wilderness wanderer Is sometimes privileged lo sec, a meeting in truce belufen two completely different species by a mountain under a big sky. It was drnmiitic yet peaceful little vignctto symbolio. of. those thai are young. Bombing is not reducing will to fight TIANOI I was interview- ing Tran Lam, Ihe director of radio and television in North Vietnam, when American planes bombed this capital city on the morning of July 8. Wo went down to an air raid shelter that must have been hotter than the Black Hole ot Cal- cutta, and, since the power had been temporarily turned off, at least as black. In a desperate effort to keep cool, Mr. Lam produced a poc- ket fan and began waving it in front of his face. he said, "may be able to knock out our power plants, but he can't do anything about our fans." That bitter sweet comment summarizes the impact of the bombing of North Vietnam as conducted first by President Johnson and more recently, during my visit, by President Nixon. The central fact is that life in North Vietnam is so much at the level of pocket fans that the country is vir- tually invulnerable to weapons designed for use against power plants. To be sure the bombing has done terrible damage to the basic infrastructure of this country which has a bearing on the Communist war effort in South Vietnam. Hundreds of rail and road bridges linking major towns with each other and the southern front have been cut. Factories in any way useful to the war effort for instance the textile works at Nam Dinh have been level- ed, The port of Haiphong which I visited has been bombed to the point where it resembles a lunar landscape. But life and the war effort go on, and at a pretty effective clip. I have seen dozens of cases where destroyed bridges have been replaced by ferries or pontoon bridges. "We are probably better at building pon- toon bridges than anybody else in the a local editor boasted to me. I have also repeatedly seen steady streams of trucks, buses, cars, and bicycles mov- ing along the roads linking Hanoi with Haiphong and the military front. I have seen sev- eral freight trains pulled by steam locomotives moving along tracks leading east from the capital city to Haiphong and south to the front. Gasoline remains so abun- dant that it is not rationed. Food and other basic require- ments seem plentiful. In one department store I visited there was an over-supply of shoes and the price had been cut from roughly five dollars a pair to three dollars. At the markets there seems to be lots of fruit, dried fish, vegetables, noodles and rice. Ducks are in season and I saw several hun- GEIY'S WORLD t G im t, NEA, IIXL "That dear, sweet thing sent us wltier card, fm SO GMD fa know she's a time at tht KENNEU" 17 NU, "tie wants fa get eat ot the national park. Too many people.'" dred being sold at what I was told was a relatively low price 30 cents a pound. But ij the bombing does not cripple the coraiity, it inspires the kind of wrath that knits people together. I have seen with my own eyes the damage done by American bombs to homes, schools, stores and many innocent'people. I have seen bits of burned clothing hanging grotesquely from the remains of what were trees standing near bombed out homes. I have seen pieces of what were human beings, in- cluding a charred lower jaw. I have seen an old man stand- ing in the ruins of his deva- stated home, mourning the loss of his wife, his only son, and his grandson and vowing, as he shook his fists to the hea- vens that his heart would al- ways be "hardened with hatred" against the Americans. Then there is the matter the dikes which are central to Hood control at the end of the rainy season next month and to the prevention of drought in the dry season thereafter. There is no doubt that the dikes have been hit by Ameri- can bombs. I have seen with my own eyes two undoubted examples of such hits. Indeed, given the number of American sorties (about 200 per day re- cently) and the extent of the dikes (about miles) it would be remarkable if there were not some hits on the dikes. The end result of all this Is a particularly grim kind of de- termination. The North Viet- namese have become .convinc- ed that fighting for them Is a matter of life or death; that they have no alternative. They believe that if they keep fight- ing they will prevail no mat- ter what the cost. As one of them put It: "Ntaon has only two cards left to play wiping out Hanoi and de- stroying the dikes. Alter that he is through." (Field Inc.) Peter Desbamts Continuity could be major theme of next election QTTAWA The answers giv- en by Prime Minister Tru- Trudeau at his relatively rare press conferences are only part of the script for the occasion, and not always the most inter- esting part. The responses of the prime minister give a carefully edited picture of the government's con- cerns and intentions. The ques- tions of his interrogators pro- vide a complementary image, also incomplete and biased, of the worries and hopes of Cana- dians in general. There is also the mood ot the press conference. Only part of its atmosphere reaches news- paper readers and television viewers as attention is focused on the prime minister. Of equal interest are the invisible cur- rents that ripple through his au- dience of journalists on the other side of the television lights. At last week's press confer- ence, the whole drama in the small theatre of the national press building seemed to be a reasonably faithful reproduction of the larger Canadian scene. It was as close as one could get, at this stage, to the feelings that will prevail in the country if an election lakes place before the end of the year. The only specific and urgent questions came at the beginning of the conference. They con- cerned the date of the election, which T r u d e a u predictably refused to specify, and his own Intention to run for a second term. The second question was in- spired by a persistent rumor in recent weeks that the prime minister will resign and that the Liberals will hold a leadership Dinosaurs died of overcrowding By Gerald Leach, In Toe London Observer rTHE DISCOVERY of eight dinosaur eggs two of them intact in a rock wall near Corbieres, in the French Pyrenees, has confirmed a new theory about why the dinosaur the largest animal that ever lived became extinct 65 mil- lion years ago. Previous theories Included sudden extermination when an exploding star swamped the earth with radiation, and that their bodies grew too big for their tiny brains to manage ef- fectively, But it now appears that what finally finished the dinosaurs was the phenomenon of 'egg shell thinning.' In the last few Letter to the editor million years of the animals' existence, their eggs became so thin that they frequently broke or dried out. As a result, not enough baby dinosaurs were hatched and the population de- clined. The same phenomenon Is threatening many bird and reptile populations today and Is known to be a result of hor- mone disturbances in the ani- mal triggered off by environ- mental stresses caused by DDT, cadmium and overcrowd- ing. With the dinosaur, the trig- ger is thought to have been severe overcrowding as the giant animals jos- tled together in the last remain- Another point of view Eva Brewster's pica for stricter standards in censor- ship is a clear representation of that "social" point of view which is governed by fear. Since the book in question made her "hair stand on end" and the young people she had talked to had enjoyed it. it was obvious to her that these young people lacked ihc training lo see that the book recked of moral decay and thai Ihc author was a neurotic failure. Why. oh why, is it. so incom- prehensible lo these people that there could be another point of view just as valid to these peo- ple as hcr's is to herself? As she, herself, mentions, Dr. Alpcrl's past experiences Jind problems are clearly stated in his book and the .Younu; people's "obvious" over- looking of his stMcmcnls may not have been as obvious n.s GREGORY NIXON che had thought I hey may simply have interpreted them differently. It is a gross as- sumption that the fact of one's being a teacher or a parent gives one a deeper insight into the ultimate nature of right- ness or wrongness (or into the minds of To misquote her final plea: "We cannot allow her the right to lure young people who have not yet seen what life Is about 01-, for that matter, achieved anything, into accepting pres- ent social standards by decid- ing what they shall, or shall not allowed to read." That decision would have to be based on present social standards and that would preclude any possibility of social mobility or tho inculcationi of new ideas. Without courage, wo shall al- ways IK a liltlc, lonely people. Ing oases in a landscape that was slowly turning to desert. The first evidence for this new theory was unearthed last year when a team from Bonn University's Institute of Palae- ontology found 867 fragments of. dinosaur eggs in four succes- sive layers of rocks in Pro- vence. While the shells from the oldest rocks were a reason- able two to 2.8 millimetres thick, fa the youngest layers which were laid down close to the time of the last dinosaurs the shells were only 1.1 to 1.4 millimetres. Then, two months ago, the Bonn team made their lucky find at Corbieres. The two in- tact eggs each measured about nine by seven inches. The sci- entists have now established that the Corbieres rocks are the same age as the youngest rocks from the Provence find, and that the eggshells are equally thin. As a final con- firmation, electron microscope studies of the Corbieres egg- shells have shown that they are so thin that the dinosaur em- bryos could not even have started absorbing calcium for their skeletons from the shells. Professor Heinrich Erbcn, head of the Bonn Institute, said recently that his besl guess as to why this happened was over- crowding. He has found evi- dence that the Provence site was an oasis and Corbieres an isolated river pasture and that both sites were drying up. Tlie dinosaurs would have had food and water, so it was not starvation Hint killed them off. It was something much more subtle: the gradual change in their hormone hnlnnce as morn and more animals crowded into tho last few places on earth Ibw "wild convention before an election in 1973. Despite the fact that Tru- deau has been repeating since 1968 that he is "in this game for keeps" and there have been no recent statements or events to contradict this, the resignation rumor has been whispered into the ears of political journalists in every Canadian city this spring. This time, once again, Tru- deau publicly committed him- self to running for a second term. With that non-issue disposed of within a few minutes, the journalists settled down to a desultory and unspecific prob- ing operation in an effort to feel out the shape of the coming election campaign. Both their questions and the prime minis- ter's answers revealed a great deal about it." In 1968, the prime minister had said, "I know I'm going to get blamed for not delivering a brand-new Canada within six months, but I've got four years to do it." Yesterday he said that "as a result ot the past four years, Canadians are more optimistic about their future than they ever were." He described this optimism as extending to the economy, bilinguallsm, national unity, northern development and international relations. "I'm absolutely certain that this optimism said Tru- deau. This certainty led logically to his description of a second Tru- deau term as "a continuation or renewal" of the first. There will be new programs for the elec- tion campaign, he indicated, but he made it clear that continuity will be a dominant theme of campaign. The prime minister views this personally as a development of his own prescription, evident in his pre-1965 writings, with "the strengthening of Canada u a nation." But the main question of the election will be whether a majority of other Canadians now see their country through Trudeau's eyes and whether they are sympathetic to his own Interpretation of its develop- ment. The Journalists at the press conference, probably more typi- cal In their attitudes than they would like to admit, provided a clue to the answer. It was partly in what they loose, rambling questings that revealed that there is really no critical national issue immedi- ately before the government at this partly in thetr mood. The journalist seemed restless and vaguely dissatisfied but unable to transmute this feeling into questions which would be relevant to their read- ers and viewers and challenging to the prime minister. It this accurately reflects pub- lic attitudes at this state, the tone and content of Trudeau's response yesterday could well be the appropriate one for the next campaign. It wouldn't be one of the most exciting campaigns as far as journalists are concerned, but neither election campaigns nor press conferences by prime ministers are intended primar- ily for this limited audience. Copyright 1972 (Toronto Slar Syndicate) Looking backward Through the Herald 1922 Another Gordon Camp- bell well is (o be spudded soon on the Goderitz lease, two miles southeast of the Campbell pro- ducer. 10.12 Turin bids fair to run off with the shield emblematic of the horseshoe pitching cham- pionship of southern Alberta. Suggestion that larg- er hospitals in Alberta establish a six-week course to train "ward aides" as a means of helping lo relieve the serious shortage of nurses in the prov- ince was being discussed by government health officials. The Uthbttdge Herald 5M 7lh St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published IMS 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Sicond Class Mall Rcpjslrallon No. 0012 Member of Tho Canadian Press and Iho Canadian Dally Nowspanr Publlshin' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau ol Clrculallom CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor tai PubllthJr THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLINS WILLIAM HAT Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY f. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKtK Mvtrtlllng Managtr BdllnrUI Pan> Editor "CHE H6RAIP SiKVfS TJtf SOUTH- ;