Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 26, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
CLEAR HIGH FORECAST THURSDAY 80-85 The Letltbridge Herald VOL. LXV No. 191 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, JULY 26, 1972 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS FOUR SECTIONS 44 PAGES Pot users to be given judicial break By JEFF CARRUTHERS Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Don't be surprised if during the coming six months the number of convictions for simple pos- session of marijuana and hashish falls significantly in Canada. As a result of recent, unheralded changes to the Criminal Code, courts now have a new way of dealing with persons accused and found guilty of offences such as cannabis possession. The new method substitutes absolute or conditional "discharges" for convictions, at the discretion of the judge. A conditional discharge granted by a judge would to H probation without an actual conviction. An absolute discharge docs not even have "pro- bationary" strings attached. The technical lack of "a according to justice department experts, means a number of things. Stigma removed An individual, even though guilty of possessing cannabis, lor example, would not have the "stigma" of a conviction on his record if the judge discharges him. The individual would not be subject to a fine or i Jail sentence. And, as a result of a related change to the Criminal Records Act, an individual given a "discharge" can apply lo have his police record "wiped clean" after vailing about half as long as an individual actually convicted of the same offence after only one instead of two years in the case of offences punishable by summary conviction. The changes to the Criminal Code and the Criminal Records, which came into effect July 15, do not apply solely to cannabis possession cases. But the spotlight was placed on application of the changes to cannabis possession cases by a recent direc- tive from the federal justice department here to all Crown prosecutors handling drug cases across Canada. Directive issued The directive, issued July 13 and signed by Assis- tant Deputy Attorney General D. H. Christie, instructed Crown' prosecutors in cases of simple possession of cannabis and "in the absence of some exceptional rea- son" to urge the courts to apply the new "discharge" provisions of the Criminal Code. While it is Uie court which decides what should be done with an accused found guilty of an offence, the recommendation of the prosecuting attorney is often very important in terms of the court's decision. In instances where there Is no previous criminal record and where there are no concurrent convictions lor other offences, Ihe justice department directive leaves little room for discretion on the part of the Crown's prosecuting attorneys in simple marijuana possession cases it recommends urging an absolute or, more likely, a conditional discharge. At Uie same time, the directive allows Crown prose- cutors lo ask for a discharge in some cases where there is a previous record or concurrent conviction for other offences. Many cases involved One justice department official suggeslcd that quite a large number of the marijuana possession cases now involving fines would be affected by the government's three-pronged action. Another official noted that some judges may still decide to fine individuals, in spite of the conviction record stigma, rather than granl a discharge. Lost year, some of a total of convictions for simple possession for marijuana and hashish resulted in fines, involved probation or suspended sentences and 570 resulted in jail sentences. A spokesman In Justice Minister Otto Lang's offics rejected any suggestion that the justice department's directive, combined wilh the Criminal Code changes, Is inlendcd In change Ihe law wilh respecl lo drugs ahead of Ifrallli Minister John Alunro, who is sched- uled lo make public tho government's official policy on drug use1. Ihis week or early next week. The spokesman added, however, Ihnl Ihe changes rlo come al an opportune time, what with drug convic- tions continuing lo cscalale In Canada. Anolhcr justice department official suggested Iho Criminal Code changes, which will bo applied also to ci'fenccs other than cannabis possession, are just Ihe first in nn attempt lo find legal solutions other than Jail sentences lo a host of modern problems. New attempt begins to break trade talks impasse WASHINGTON (CP) Jean- Luc Pepln, Canada's minister of industry, trade and commerce, flies to Washington today to find out whether more agreeable winds have begun blowing through the United States treas- ury department since John Con- nally left. Pepin will discover a com- pletely different personality in charge at treasury, in the per- son of George Shultz. But the same old problems of trade and economics are expected to be on the table. Connally, a Texas Democrat with a hard-driving and dy- namic approach, resigned last May and has since committed himself to working for the re-el- ection of a Republican adminis- tration under President Nixon. Shullz, former budget director and labor secretary, is a com- plete contrast. An economist where Connally was a lawyer, Shultz is also quiet-spoken, less politically motivated and possessed of an ingrained respect for mediation and negotiation instead of head- on confrontation. Some of those factors may have prompted Ottawa's deci- sion to make a fresh attempt to break a deadlock dating back to February, when the treasury department effectively rejected the last Canadian proposals for settling a severe U.S. deficit with Canada In cross-border trade. There was no Indication be- fore the meeting whether either side was prepared to suggest concessions now, or to hint at them for future negotiations. One treasury department offi- cial indicated Tuesday that the meeting may be a test of sorts for Canada's position. Recalling a series of occasion- ally bitter personal criticisms of Connally which came out of 01- t a w a last which aroused some Irritation treasury official said: "If John Connally was really the main problem, and not just the fall guy for Canada, then the new secretary should make all the difference." PROBLEMS MANY Among the problems on which there have been no visible signs of progress are the Canada-U.S. automotive agreement, defence purchases, the U.S. export-In- centive program known as DISC and tourist allowances. A more recent addition to list U treasury's current Investi- gation of whether countervailing duties should be applied to im- ports of Mlchelin tires from Canada, to offset financial help Oltawa and Nova Scotia prov- ided to the French company under regional expansion pro- grams. Economic chaos stares Britain in face STRIKERS STRUT Members of the trada Union Congress march through London's fish market Tuesday on the way to the prison where five dockwprkers are being held. The jailing has precipitated a national crisis. Conciliatory Golda pleads for talks JERUSALEM (Reuter) Is- raeli Prime Minister Golda Meir personally appealed today to Egyptian President Anwar Sadat "to meet as equals and make a joint supreme effort to arrive at an agreed solution" to tie Middle East crisis. The Israeli leader made her plea in an address to the Knes- set (parliament) where she de- scribed Egypt's recent move to order Soviet experts and advis- ers out of the country as a "highly significant event in trie life of Egypt which may even contribute to positive develop- ments in the Mrs. Meir said: 'This hour in Ihe history of Egypt can, and, should be Ihe appropriate hour for change, and if it truly is the hour for change, Jet it not be missed. In what was seen here as one of the most conciliatory pro- nouncements in recent years, Mrs. Meir said: "When all is said and done, no foreign coun- try can solve for us, or in- stead of us, the problems which stand between us. "The well-being and future of our nations depends upon such a dialogue. "Negotiations for the estab- lishment of peace are no badge of surrender or humiliation as Arab spokesman are wont to state. Negotiations for peace are a supreme revelation of sov- ereignly, of national honor and of international responsibility." McGovern sticks with Eagleton Seen and heard About town J-IUNGUY llclly .Tolmsnn being served n hambur- cr without Ihe pally Max Couplancl daring Herb Lcisli- ncr to let his dog "water" the hashes ill his front yard just "one more lime" Corlnnc KomrU polishing the bowling ball she will use in competi- tion in Washington, D.C. neat .wccfc CDSTER, S.D. (Reuter) Democratic presidential candi- date George McGovern stuck by h i s running mate, Senator Thomas Eagleton, today despite Eaglcton's disclosure that he re- c e i v e d psychiatric treatment during a six-year-period for "nervous exhaustion and de- pression." His illness ended six years ago, Eagleton said, and his health now is sound. In a taped television interview lo be shown tonight, McGovern said his decision to keep Eagle- ton on the Democratic ticket was irrevocable. Eagleton himself lold report- ers lhat he offered to drop-off the ticket, but that McGovern refused to let him go. The 42-year-old freshman Mis- souri senator made his offer at a news conference Tuesday after telling reporters lhal from I960 to 1966 he was in hospital three times and underwent psy- cliiatric care and electric shock therapy, which he said was "routine procedure at lhat time." ASKED ABOUT STANT) III his television interview with ABC, McGovern was asked if his decision to keep Eagleton was irrevocable. He replied: "Absolutely I would say that I don't know any one of my 100 colleagues in Hie Senate who's any sounder in mind, body and spirit than Tom Eagleton. I delighted lo have him on Ihe licket Bui despite McGoveru's brave face, many of his lop advisers think the revelalions may hurt, what many Democrats consider to be an already weak licket. In Washington, politicians of Spill reported Y E L L 0 W KNIFE, N.W.T. (CP) There were reports here Tuesday that aboul gallons of heating oil were spill- ed nl Hesolule Bay in Ihe high Arctic. The reports said Ihe oil was .spilled from a slnrngo lank nf a minister of tiansoort facility. both parties pointed out pri- vately that Eagleton had been less than candid with Mc- Govern. It was not until rumors per- sisted that the Missouri senator decided to tell McGovern about his medical history. Eagleton recalled that he made the ad- mission on the weekend after the convention. Now the role originally set out for the vice-presidential candi- date will have to be altered drastically. For one tiling, Eagleton will not be physically able to take on the 14 or 15-hour campaign days that are common with McGovem. Neither will Eagleton be able lo lake on the rough-and-lumble aspect of campaign oratory, matching Viee-President Spiro Agnew speech for speech and charge for charge. There also were some fears expressed among some Demo- crats in Washington thai Mc- Govern's sources of campaign funds might dry up in the wake of the Eagleton disclosures. By HAROLD MORRISON LONDON (CP) British union leaders today ordered a one-day general strike to lake place next Monday if five im- prisoned militant dock leaders are not released before then. As the industrial court pre- pared to hear new argument that may lead to freedom for the five men, the general coun- cil of the 10-million-member Trades Union Congress agreed in an 18-10-7 vote to order Ihe 24-hour strike that would cripple the entire economy. TUC Secretary Vic Feather said later that the strike will take place only if the men are not released before Monday. The one-day general strike, if It comes, would be the firsl oE ils kind since Hie nine-day stretch in 1926. More than workers al- ready were out in the showdown belween Prime Minister Ed- ward Heath's conservative gov- ernment and organized labor. As more and more Workers Joined the walkouts, almost all of London's bus sen-ices were shut down and traffic crippled at Heathrow, one of the world's busiest airports. London was without fresh meat, fruit and vegetables the second day, since market porters walked out. All ports were closed by the strike of longshoremen and thou- sands of other workers. Hundreds of ships were trapped. Some 35.000 coal miners in South Wales closed key pils, and truck drivers voted to strike in Liverpool's Merseyside docks complex. Auto workers and newspaper printers also were out. Except for a few routes, the London bus system ground to a halt when transport work- ers went on a 24-hour strike. Three thousand ground workers at Heathrow Airport walked off their jobs, causing many flights to be cancelled. A walkout by blast-furnace workers at a giant British Steel Corp. plant in Port Talbot, South Wales, stopped iron pro- duction and it was feared the whole plant could close if the strike were prolonged. But the crisis could he re- solved if the imprisoned dockers were released, and Ihere were indications Ihis may happen later loday. Sir John Donaldson, president of Ihe National Industrial Rela- tions court, prepared to hear ar- gument favoring release of the Prairie leaders may present united front at conference LLOYDMINSTER, Sask. (CP) Peler Lougheed of Alberta said Tuesday night the Prairie provinces may have n. combined voice in sonic areas al the premiers conference in Halifax next week. Mr. Louejieod said in nn in- Imvicw Iliat one of (he purposes of I lip Pniiric Economic Coun- cil Mccling here today is lo "exchange views in anticipa- lion of that meeting." "If we find that there 1st common ground, and il may develop thai way, the practical approach in following through ON Hint common ground Is lo lake, it lo Ihe premiers con- ference in llalifcx." lie said the cumcil Hireling will search for common ground lu lueb areas u transDortatlon and agricultural markcling. "When we find il, we want to work together in a co-oper- ative way. The longer we can work together and come in with a combined voice and approach Hie federal government on these Issues, the stronger we'll be." Premier Allan Blflknncy of Saskatchewan sold the purpose of the council mecling is "not to gang up on Ottawa il is nol the sounding board for our dlsappoinlmonls with Olltiwa." Hut Mr. Blaker.cy said Ilicro nrc some problems which are created by Ihe Rcogrnpliy and economics of Ihe Prairie ro- Rion "which we can approach with Iho view of reaching n common iolulioiL" men jailed last Friday and Sat- urday on contempt charges. Government officials sug- gested left-wingers were exploil- ing the situation but with tha spread of Ihe sympathy wildcat strikes it soon became evident that haired or the new in- dustrial law is widespread among organized labor. Heath, who refuses lo suspend the law, suggested In an uproar- ious House of Commons debate Tuesday that the number of strildng workers was small compared to the 24-jniUion work force. But the paralysis, espe- cially in the ports, was hitting at Britain's economic nerve centre. FISH ROTS Fish were rotting In un- manned ships. Longshoremen refused to mioad fresh fruit and vegetables from abroad. Brit- ain's famous Smithfield meat market was closed. Radio and television networks were trying to gel more news to listeners but managed lo get only a frac- tion of Hie news readers nor- mally obtain from their dailies. The absence of news vendors on London's streets and the ab- sence of papers on breakfast tables brought this comment from one commuter: "we feel lost without them." Wilh emotions running high. Heath and Opposition Leader Harold Wilson clashed In bitter exchanges during the emer- gency commons debate on the crisis. Wilson described the new labor laws as "the most irrele- vant and expensive judicial bau- ble in history." The prime minister retorted that if Wilson was suggesting the laws and the industrial rela- tions court should be defied, he was advocating "a doctrine of anarchy." Excess moisture caused fog Fog covered most of the Prair- ies early this morning as a re- sult of widespread thunder- showers last night and cooling temperatures early this morn- ing. The weather office explained the fog was caused by an over- load of moisture in the air. The fog blanket covered Alberta and stretched all the way to the Manitoba Saskatchwan border and into the U.S. It was expected to burn off about mid-morning and give way to bright sunshine, with temperatures expected to hit the 80s today. But, because of the high moisture content in the air, afternoon and evening showers or thundershowers are likely. The temperature mil drop to around 55 degrees overnight and this may cause more fog tomorrow morning. Thursday will be much the same, with temperatures again soaring into the 80s. Fonda will answer charge PARIS (Reuter) Actress Jane Fonda, just back from a trip to North Vietnam, says she will reply Friday to charges that she is a traitor to her coun- try. Miss Fonda, who showed a film here Tuesday taken to back widespread allegations that U.S. planes are deliberately bombing North Vietnam's dikes system, said she would answer her crit- ics at a news conference in New York. Protestants mourn victims From AP-JIEUTER BELFAST (CP) Thousands of Protestant workers left their jobs before noon today to ob- serve a "day of mourning" for the victims of Irish Republican Army violence in Northern Ire- land. Many offices and factories shut down, but the work stop- page did not have the paralys- ing effect of the Protestant one- day general strike of last March. This was largely because power plant workers stayed on the job this time, providing electricity and power for essen- tial services. The electricity board said it expected no major cuts in electricity. Buses also continued to operate in Belfast, providing public transport. The dny of mourning was called by two Proleslanl groups, Ihc Ulster Defence Association and the Loyalist Association of Workers. II. was specifically designated as a tribute to the il victims of lasl Friday's bomb Will in Bel- fasl, but also was called in re- membrance of the 472 persons who died through IRA violence In Ihe thrco years of sectarian slrifc. The early hours of the memo- rial tribute passed without innjor incident reported In Bel- fast although two Inrfic fires hit Iho Ulslcr capital. Today's strike was nol backed hy lire labor unions, who urged their members to glva day'i wages to funds of the victims instead. The Provisional wing of the IRA admitted responsibility for the attacks, which were con- demned by politicians and churchmen on all sides, As a result of the bomb at- tacks, the main Catholic polili- cal party, the Social Democratic and Labor party, was expected lo agree to hold talks with the British province's chief admin- istrator, William Wliitelaw. Such a meeting would be seen as a highly significant step be- cause until recently the party had been regarded by many as a political advocate of the aims of the outlawed IRA.