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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 26, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, July 26, 1971 Maxivell Harvey Tlie Alberta Elect ion -2 It is time for a change Electorates everywhere are un- easy these days. Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick de- feated their former governments at their last elections. Some day Ontario will reject its Conservative government, Newfound- land will turn its back on Joey Small- wood, and Social Credit will slip from power in Alberta and even B.C. All governments are mortal. The issue on which this Alberta election is likely to turn is simply the non-issue of whether "it is time for a change." Change almost for the sake of change is in the air. Some voters with nothing whatever against the Social Credit government may vote Conservative, simply for the novelty of it. They are tired of voting the same old way. Others may say that is not sensible, and they will stick with the tried and true Social Credit government better to bear the ills they have than fly to others that they know not of, so to speak. The Soviets and NATO The Soviets have not been shout- ing with joy at the news of the forthcoming visit of the American president to Peking. The public re- action has been low-keyed, but the probability is that privately, the Russian leaders are planning coun- ter-moves to U.S. triangular diplo- macy. It is plain that the Russians are determined to drive a wedge into NATO, that Western alliance so vi- tal to European peace. They have already met with considerable suc- cess. Iceland has been persuaded to get out of the association, and the delicate Soviet hand is visible in a new relationship with the Mintoff government in Malta. It may well be that neither Iceland nor Malta is essential to the maintenance of NATO's military strategy, but with- drawal is certainly an indication of Russian political penetration in the West. The Soviets are exerting influence on Norway and Denmark to force them to leave NATO and in the U.S. itself the current row over continued military aid to Greece is doing no- thing to support European defence cohesion. (While it is true that U.S. military aid to Greece implies sup- port of a ruthless regime, that Con- gress has valid reasons in refusing to continue such aid, the fact is that any weakening of Greece as a NATO stronghold, weakens the Eu- ropean alliance Canada mem- bership in NATO continues, but it is unenthusiastic. Let there be no mistake. can cheer the warm-up in relations with China, but at the same time we must not forget that our first line of defence lies in Europe. Further So- viet penetration there could vitiate the advantages of detente with the People's Republic. The cost of bigness To what extent can school systems increase, rather than decrease, in ad- ministrative costs? This question has been raised in Alberta after a study made by Dr. Holdaway of the Uni- versity of Alberta has revealed that bigness is costing more per pupil not less. Dr. Holdaway's study, covering 29 school systems in seven western cities has encouraged the Alberta government to take a fresh look at the situation. "Central office staffs are part of the legitimate overhead costs of provincial Edu- cation Minister Robert Clark stated recently. "Up to now, most studies have shown that the larger the sys- tem, the smaller its per-pupil over- head costs. The reverse is now true." As a result of Dr. Holdaway's find- ings, the government has commis- sioned a further study. The report dealt only with large urban centres, but the government wants to know what the situation is in Alberta's rural and small city systems. T'h e findings of this report will help de- termine future policy in the prov- ince. Dr. Clark's concern over the grow- ing education snowball will give tax- payers, parents and educators them- selves a feeling of reassurance. For some time now they've had the feel- ing that it was rank heresy to ques- tion the government on its policy of education financing. Apparently however, there is concern in the right places that a certain amount of Par- kinson's Law is at work even in the sacrosanct field of education and the time has come to review the system. ART BUCHWALD Kissinger's stomach ache WASHINGTON When the history books of this decade are written, they will be referring to Henry Kissinger's trip to China as "The Tummy Ache Heard Round the World." Using the excuse of an upset stomach, Mr. Kissinger managed to elude everyone and high-tail it off to Peking to have sweet- and-sour pork with Chou En-Lai. While it was a great ploy, Mr. Kissinger's "diplomatic illness" could backfire on him. Suppose he really gets a stomachache at some future time. Who is going to believe him? Our scene opens in the medical room at the White House. Henry staggers in clutch- ing his stomach and says, "Doctor, I have this pain right here." The White House doctor laughs. "Good old Henry. Where are you off to this time the Suez "I'm not joking, Doc. It hurts terribly." "I the doctor says, "the President is sending you to talk to Castro." Henry is now writhing on the floor. "Be- lieve me, it hurts. Right in the gut. You see, I had dinner with Gloria Steinem and Bella Abzug, and they served me Bon Vivant Vichyssoisc. Since I was out of the country at the time, I didn't know you weren't sup- posed to eat it." "You really can put on an act, Henry. I wouldn't be surprised if you turned up in Albania next week." Henry crawls out of the doctor's office on his hands and knees. Ron Zciglcr, the President's press secre- tary, sees him crawling down the hall. "Hello, Mr, lion says. "Can I help "Get me to a hospital." Ron takes out his notclxrok. "That's a good cover story. I'll announce you were taken to a hospital this morning. I won't tell them which hospital." Ron, I don't want you to announce I was taken lo a hospital. I want you to get me to a hospital." lion winks at, him. "Is it Hast Berlin or "Please, Ron. I'm sick. I'm going to die." "I doubt if the press corps would buy that, Mr. Kissinger. If we announce that you've died, and then you pop up at San Clemente a week later, the newspaper guys will get awfully mad. Let me announce you're having your, tonsils out. I have to go to my press briefing now. I'll see you later." Henry is rolling on tire floor as Secretary of State William Rogers comes by. "Hello, Henry. You going to the Cabinet "Mr. Secretary, my stomach. I have a pain in my stomach. It's killing me." Secretary Rogers says angriy, "Well no one has informed me about it. What are you up to this "I'm not up to anything, Mr. Secretary. Could you call an Rogers says. "You're cooking up something in Hanoi. I'll probably be the last one to know about it." "I'm not going to Hanoi. I'm really sick." "No kidding? Well, I'm sorry to hear that, Henry." And Rogers smiles and walks away. With his last ounce of strength, Henry staggers into the Oval Room and falls down in front of the President. the President says. "You don't have to prostrate yourself in front of me. I know you're loyal." Henry is in such agony lie can't speak. "What is it, the President says. "Would you like to go lo Henry shakes his head. "The Vatican? You want lo sec the Henry groans. The President gd.s up. don't have lime to play games, Henry. Write me a memo telling me what you want. By the way, Mrs. Nixon said she would like you for dinner tonight. We're having meat toaf." Henry screams and passes out, as the curtain falls. (Toronln Trlegrjun News Service) A new era arrives for people of Asia LUMPUR As Asi- ans steel themselves for the sight of President Nixon walking along the Great Wall of China, their overall reaction car. be best summed up as utter amazement that the originators of baseball have managed to achieve the most dramatic piece of diplomatic switch-hit- ting since th.s Second World War. There has never been any lack of journalistic and diplo- matic scenario writers willing to postulate a morning when everyone wakes up to find that Thailand, for example, had bent as quickly to the Chinese wind as they did to the Japanese one in 1941. Somehow the thought that the Thais no mean switch hitters themselves would find their closest ally was going to Peking first, seem- ed too ridiculous to be consid- ered. But it has happened that way and1 it remains to be seen whether the Americans will gain respect for delivering the shock rather than receiving it. One immediate Southeast Asi- an reaction is likely to be that after all, for the Chinese too, it is power that counts. A little over two years after the two Asian nuclear powers clashed on their borders along the Us- sari River, President Nixon has seized the opportunity implicit in that Smo-Soviet encounter. The super power triangle is joined, and Russia loses its ad- vantage of being the only super-power in contact with the other two. One reaction is to wonder whether something is happening in Sino-Soviet rela- tions (troop movements along the trans Siberian which justifies the Chinese volte face. Whatever it is, the several smaller countries in China's neighborhood who have been trying to improve their relations with the once-isolated giant are left hoping that Wash- ington will nc' now stress the love in the long-standing Sino- American love-hate relationship and spare a thought for those in China's shadow who have not got the jlout that counts. Certainly, those in Japan who have advocated the possession of "self-defence" atomic weap- onry must be wondering wheth- er such possession would have given Prime Minister Sato pri- ority as a Peking tourist. It may well be that the Chinese have inadvertently given im- petus to the "revived Japanese militarism" they so constantly attack. The immediate Tokyo ques- tion is whether Mr. Sato is like- ly to get visa number three in the non-Communist list after Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau of Canada. The Japanese belief that they should have a special relationship with the Chinese runs deep and wide, and defin- itely infiltrates factions of Sato's ruling Liberal Democra- tic Party. The U.S. Seventh Fleet, however, can easily leave the Taiwan Strait and its en- virons, and American military personnel on Formosa can be withdrawn. Japan's greater proportion of factories and trade in its relationship with Chiank Kai-shek's Nationalist China cannot be so easily re- moved. But neither would the Japan- ese want to see Europeans and Americans getting a greater proportion of China's increasing trade with the outside world. Truly, the dilemmas of being an economic super-power are com- ing home to roost. The best hope for both the Americans and the Japanese is that Formosa's immediate bit- terness and sense of betrayal over President Nixon's dealing with their "enemy" gives way to more pragmatic and more Chinese calculations. Nixon is scarcely the most radical of presidential possibilities in 1972, and ths Nationalists may con- clude that a last-ditch stand by the China lobby in the U.S. is less preferable than trying to renew secret contacts with Peking themselves, via Hong Kong. The fact Uiat Nixon is going to China testifies to the availability of Chinese style pragmatism in Peking itself. As with Formosa, so with most Asian States, reactions are largely as one would ex- pect. The South Korean and the South Vietnamese leaders won- der how the planned visit will affect their security but have kept their hostility covert, with President Thieu making shrewd references to possible Vietnam- ese peace. Asian observers share American hopes that the Vietnam war will be over by the time the president reaches the Forbidden City, unless it be on Hanoi's terms. Chinese influ- ence in Hanoi might be used to suggest a more fruitful use of the negotiating table, but it seek, and more unlikely to achieve, North Vietnamese ac- ceptance of Saigon's present rulers. For Cambodia's rulers the future presence of Nixon in the same city as the exiled Prince Sihanouk is a cause for con- cern, but they too have said nothing. India's response has been verbally the closest to tra- ditional cold war rhetoric. The Pakistanis, on the other hand, are happy that their relation- ship with China helped secure the Kissinger breakthrough, and hope that his use of Pakis- tan during the initiative will somehow assist the continued procurement of arms for their embattled army. For Malaysian Prime Minister Tun Razak, the visit offered renewed pros- pects for the neutralization of "Is that 6 billion calls asking how come the Brits can get a billion tax cut or 2.7 billion calls asking how come the Brits can get a billion tax Joseph Kraft Southeast Asia guaranteed by the super-powers, especially as Chinese Premier Chou En-lai has been reported- as telling Australian Labor leader Gough Whitlam that a new Geneva. Conference might be on. But Russia remains silent on the development. Will Moscow seek to jump on the anti- Cbinese roundabout now the Americans are moving towards the peaceful co-existence swings or towards isolation- ism? A lot revolves round the fu- ture shape of Chinese pragma- tism. So far the Chinese move toward state-to-state relations while maintaining verbal and ideological relations with those who seek the undermine those states. Continued attacks on American imperialism may be of marginal consequence to the United States, but Radio Peking often provides inspiration for guerrillas in Southeast Asian jungles whose capacity cannot be sniffed at. Against this, China's support for West Pakis- tan against East Pakistan secession, her stepped-up aid to Mrs. Bandaranaike's beleaguer- ed government in Ceylon, and now her willingness to talk with the arch imperialist himself must all have their impact on the legions of those willing to practise the Thoughts of Mao. Once again the big question is whether disillusion with Pek- ing's opportunism will be Rus- sia's opportunity or whether the Chinese will adroitly man- oeuvre so that they have their ideological cake and eat it too. The possibilities are legion. Hence a widespread caution in Asian reactions. It could be, af- ter all, that in making their volte face, the Chinese are seek- ing more face, which they have vciy definitely obtained. Entry into the United 'Nations seems a definite prospect, since Peking would scarcely invite Nixon if it thought Washington would be once more pushing Nationalist China's case with ail the old fervor. Amidst the caution there is much cynicism. How will China present the Nixonian presence to her millions, fed for years on tales of the American aggress- or? Perhaps not all the wel- come signs next year will be free from references to the ag- gressor? Or could it be that the reason for the invitation is that the Chinese have now devel- oped a high-flying rocket cap- able of downing a Formosan- based U2 spy plane and thus relish doing to Nixon what Krushchev did to Eisenhower in I960? For those seeking par- allels the distinct possibility ex- ists that in order to avoid the preying eyes of the Press, Kis- singer's Chinese Trident took off from the same Peshawar air base as did Gary Powers on his unhappy flight over Russia. Such gloomy calculation.; in- dicate a refusal to face up to the possibilities of a new era in Asia. The generally cordial re- action to Nixon's move at last indicates assumptions that China's old policies are perish- ing, as the Middle Kingdom moves towards a position and a status which may be still top difficult to accept but impossi- ble to deny. (Written for The Herald and The Observer in London) U.S. Congress kills CBS contempt proceedings WASHINGTON One of his- tory's most magisterial put-downs occurred when Bosw- well, in order to prove a point against religion, asked Dr. Johnson to tell him by what principle Turks were Moslems and Englishmen Christians. "This Dr- Johnson re- plied, "is such stuff as I used to talk to my mother when I first began to think myself a clever fellow and she ought to have whipped me for it." That comment provides a useful gloss on the decision by the Congress to kill a con- tempt citation agains the Col- umbia Broadcasting System. For the Congress, far from as- serting a principle as so many in the media seem to believe, did just what Dr. Johnson did. It ducked the issue of prin- ciple the better to let the prac- ical realities assert them- selves. That is the way the sys- tem works best in this country and it expresses the standard against which all of us should measure our actions. At firs' glance the CliS case looked like an utterly clear-cut issue of principle. The Commit- lec on Interstate Commerce headed by Harley Staggers of West Virginia, was inquiring into the editing and production of a controversial CBS televi- sion documentary on defense department public relations called "Tim .Veiling of the Pen- tagon." Tht inquiry followed expres- sions n[ displeasure with the documentary by high govern- ment officials, including Vice President Spiro Agnew. When CBS was cited for contempt after refusing to turn over cer- tain material to the committee, many people jumped to the conclusion the committee was trying to control the media in defiance of the First Amend- ment. Emanuel Celler, the hardy civil libertarian who heads the Judiciary Committee, said in debate: "The First Amendment towers over these proceedings like a colossus." But, because of the scarcity of channels, the broadcasting industry, unlike the press, is and has to be regulated by Con- gress. The inquiry into "The Selling of the Pentagon" dis- closed certain dubious prac- tices of splicing and cutting. In the debate, for example, Congressman Wayne Hays of Ohio said he had put to the president of CBS, Dr. Frank Stanton, this question: "You had your announcer ask a man a question, 'What time is And he looked at his watch and he said, Twenty- five minutes to four.' And then you took your announcer off somewhere else and he said, 'When did you beat your wife And you spliced in the answer: 'Twenty-five minutes to four.' "Do you know what his an- swer lie s a i d, "We didn't do that deliberately. Wo didn't make a deliberate lie to an an- swer, but we did combine some answers and tape parts of an- swers and use them with a question to which they were not the answer.' Moreover, the networks have repeatedly used their claim to First Amendment privilege to fend off Congressional regula- tion in general, and many Con- gressmen were keen to vindi- cate the Congressional right to regulate. Thus James 0'IIara of Michigan, one of the most enlightened men in the House, said: "CBS certainly can broadcast news and opinions as it sees fit, but I do not believe that it can deny he U'S'. Con- gress is right to inquire into the techniques employed or to examine the television tape re- cordings used in the broad- cast." In these circumstances, the weighing of rival principles of- fered no clear guide to the right action. The practical fact was that it was unseemly, and even ridiculous, for the House to be in a long-drawn-out court fight with CBS on contempt proceed- ings. So the House leaders, includ- ing Carl Albert and Hale Boggs on the Democratic side and Gerald Ford on the Republican side, came up with a com- promise that saved face for ev- erybody. They agreed lo send the contempt citation back lo committee. The heavy vote in favor of the procedure in el- feet killed the contempt pro- ceedings. The point of all this is not merely that even the Congress occasionally knows what it is doing. The larger point is that arguments of principle rarely lend anywhere because, as in the case of Boswell's question, they are open to all parlies. The health of the American democracy depends to a large extent on sinking arguments of principle in compromise on pol- itical realities. The system works only when all of us show a certain restraint about press- ing rights and claims. That means not only privale parties and notably those of us in the media. It particularly means government which can only work its undoing by forcing judicial and political confron- tation with important groups of generally well meaning citi- zens. 'Field Enterprises, Inc.) Looking backward Through the Herald is almost certain that II. Greenfield will become the new premier of Alberta owing to the fact that II. W. Wood has refused to accept the leader- ship of the new Farmers' gov- ernment. 1931 Gasoline was put on sale in Calgary today at 24 cents a gallon, the lowest gas has ever been sold in the his- tory of gasoline as a motor fuel. inn The VAde World News Photo Service will come under the ownership of the Associated Press following the signing of a contract of purchase between the Associated Press and the New Yoi1c Times, which owns Wide World. The LetlibricUje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published TO05 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration NO. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and Hie Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and tho Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manner JOE BALI.A WILLIAM HAY Mnnaolnti Editor Aisocinlo Erlllnr ROY P. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manner Editorial Pncjo Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;