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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 26, 1919, Lethbridge, Alberta TH'S UCTHBRTDOE PAlLl' SATOKDA Y.JULY 20, iOF INTEREST TO THE FARMER HHALBEIIIAAiCAIlLE ;ire Iho'iiaide river, river, Haj- riteriaiij YermlUloiv al! ac- ctf sltjlo by cattle trail from Peace River1 towu, as well as by steamer or raft down the river. It is safe to say thai (here Is I? lhesu areas alone mote thio sufficient lo w inter oil cattle in- Alberta or Canada. (Edmonton Bulletin) 11 is a fact that Soutern Alberta hasr been stricken calamity iu io.-al ot droutii. That the cnliniiiy is in its nature and bound to be terrible in its resulls is beyond question. Hut its most tf r.-ible result would be panic, 'that would leait to ilu' sacrifice of the live stock of the south country. There is a greater surplus ot grass ami nay in the ncrth ihsn the cattle o! the south could ever use. If they don't use it. it is wasted.VndtT normal conditions Ihe vrairie region ot Al- berta is peculiarly suited to She pro- Auction of cattU'. horses and sheen. Under lavorin? conditions it is eaually euitable for tlie production o.' wheat. Wheat may fail and the live stocS be a succc: Hut '.his season there is danger of the vyheat failure being supplemented acd through the winter all the cattle now in then some. Tlie railroads which reuetnte the counlrv for hundreds of miles north- east, nortb. northwest and west ct Kdmooton are witain hauling distance of a vast tonnage of available liay. nut beyond haulinB distance o! the railways arc many more thousands ot tons vrhU-n can he. nut up Ihis summer and fed to cattle and horses at the stacks (lurinE the winter. Tho stock can bq transported north on ths rail- ways (o tho abundant summer pastur- age available everywhere north of the Saskatchewan, and in tlie fall when the pasturage falls, can he driven to the more distant points at which hay lias been put up. The experience of last season did not exhaust the possi- bilities. It merely showed'tho way lo tlie wider utilization ot the great waste product ct the-north country __erbalance to the occasional ____isptlonal shortage in the south The idea nf taking cattle iron) Alberta to Manitoba because of shortage, ol pasturage or hay in Alberta ia noi reasonable, and lias no warrant in the, (acts ot the case. It must be admitted that the drouth situation' is more serious this season than last. In.the first place the igehcles of last season depleted ,1 failure of the pasturage and hay which i ate to the maintenance ot j Ine stock An 'rnpre --ida is being spread that there is no possible relief for the lock s'tuatwn, ovfidg to scarcity ot teed ttithing reaching distance, and tb'l Ihe stock owners dispose o( part of their to ba out of that there loav be feed tor the 'remainder Tierejs no warrant 'or this ecu _. -lualou' Man) owners or stocKleinauEteu tee resources and credit o the dry. area mav he, ccmpellled b) many rtieir. own "financial circumstances to sell even at a sacrifice Possibly that canb.ol he helped Jlut (here no need for'any man to'sell wK6 can hold By holding on he mil he helpins the general welfare, while he would "be'doing it serious damage selling While there 15 icarc'ij o: paslurage 'and hav in the south there r ahund aacS of hay in the north, .pasturage as to help them now as they were then, in the seconf place the dry area has extended muc! further north this list .PROBLEM OF THE SOUTH iEdmontci Bulletin) Dry seasons made the prairie. Aile- nuato moisture preserves the woods Vortiiem Alberta. Saskatchewan anc Manitoba are, wooded because the> lave assured rainfall. Southern Alber a, Saskatchewan and Manitoba are has 191S. cannot be made- lo1 drouth. The personal of m'W proportion ot tba setllers is exhausted. The war Is over tud'lho social pro- tection which they had received from the urgency of creditors has been, or is likely lo be, wllhdrat-'i. A genwai effort ou Ihe part o! creditors to real- ize would only precipitate a crisis and throw thQ country back al least a. decade. The settlers have made all the investment and taken all toe. risK, eMtipttos only Ihe tains made by gov- ernment. These have been larec. unv they are small compared wiih the jry vcslKjents ot the setlltrs, which now are iu (iauiser of heinx.lost. The coun- try has invested a certain number ot millions In carrying the south country. o. P. R.- OFFERS; CUP FOR HARD SPRING WHEAT I. T F v i In conne'cfion'VvHth' the luterual- ional Soil 1'roiiucts Kxposition, which be held at City, Mo., Sep to'OcloberMth, tho De- THE over the season of government take another chance and Invest tho millions neces- sary to carry over still another year! Personal credit, is eibausteJ. Munic- ipal credit is In much the. same con- dition. Provincial and Dominion cred- its are adequate to meet the case. Will they he used ami will the person- credit oMhe, settler be further pru- irairle. because their rainfall is ngt looted by legislative action! If opt, the so'utli country faces economic, disaster, and nation loses sources of production that cannot be replaced assured. The surface soil ot the.fertile Can- adian prairies gives evidence of bar- ns been wooded at one "lime., ljut a recurrence al intervals' ot several suc- cessive dry seasons permitted clear- ance by fires. After the -B-oods were qoue the ordinary, conditions of dry i in fallen! spriris, with frequent in half a lifetime. There is no advantage to creditors generally taking such action as will destroy the values upon which ttieir credit'was extended. What is neces- sary and fair is that creditors hold winds, made firing the prairies their hands tor another year, so easy that natural re-toresting was prevented. _ In the north country (here were dry seasons, which resuiled ia forest fires. But (hey were not so frequent, or es- treme. nor they occur successively. There was less In the dry seas- cits and more abundant moisture in tho seasons-hetwed-h; so that the loss- es by fire'in a dry year were reason- ably forest growth be- fore the ntit Jry. "season The difference between the forested area of the north and the clear priarie of the south marks live difference be- tween the conditions as to rainfall in o reasonable Jegislsiion and fair ad- ministration. Most creditors are wili- ng to ilo the necessity ol t. As conditions are, the grasping reditor who jumps In aud realizes at he sacrifice of his debtors Is really aklns from (ellovr credltors.-aa much as from his debtors. Thtf inler- st of creditors'deniands that attempts o collect where circumstances have made payment impossible under ordi- nary conditions shall be held In check, so that value generally shall not be destroyed. the south and in the north. It ii not for lack ol fertility that the surface is hare of trees In. the south. On the contrary, the, pro- thereby increasing.the area of the soilof the prairie But on Ihe other hand the country! north the Saskatchewan has beea favored'wifh'better conditiois than last year and has better p'astnnjge and nay now than Ihen, while the aud.haj that goes to waste eier> vear experience of last year Is of .'value as "i because there are no to turn demonstrating the actual possibilities. into merchantable-beef of which the -world stands much in need of today In all parts of the provinca north of ,ihe Saskatchewan river there i been either- sufficient or abundant rams is splendid grass for summer nasiurage eterywhere, and sufficient hay to keep F.W. Woolworth who aohleved'tho remark- abls chain of 5 and 1O cent etbrea, at the age of 26 eupported bia .wife and .saved money- cm 810 a'week. At the age of 66, when ho died tho Woolworth fortuiio was estimated at rip orlgSually by syatematla eavrnff. in Thrift in the average indi- vidual begins tho momoni a Bank Account la opened UNION BANK TOF CANADA RESOURCES OF LETHBRIDGE BRANCH A. Dunbar, Manager- Branches alEO 'at and Batons :A great deal can yet be done locally lo-save the situation.' Given any measure of favorable change in the weather and fall rye, sown now will give pasturage or 'hay "before winter. A moderate: seems to would" bring a good areas of the south, under..favorable climatic, conditions is as witness the wheat crop of 1915. Nor is woods evidence either tbdt all. or that the seasons are dry. Once the toresi iias been the fires oi ah occasional drj' year are-sufficient to; although -there, may he a successfon-of seasons of siifftc ient rainfall for crop growth. The wheat producing -value of Uii j southern prairies has been amply tbe, best, bjli! bu'sbsl ;ot hard; spring wheat exhibited: "H is hoped that ev- farmer who'has a good sample of wheat -this year will submit a half-bushel in this competition. Tno'rt competing" tor'this fuphill automatically, become .competitors foi p'rltes oBered by Jhe luternatioii. al Farming.. Congress" in ilils class Itidude a Srst. second and third addition they have a chance of' winuluff the sweepstakes for wheat. Tho winning sample of hard spring waVal is.usually exhibit ol wheat .shown at the exposition ayd thus wins' the'swcepstakes and the exhibits from 'Western Canada generally carry all before them in this Last year the C. P. n. cup, the sweepstates for wheat and the firs prize for hard spring wheat were won by Soager of Rostherh, SasV: with' II. D. Shceloy. of High niver, Al berta, a good second. No cup was of fered by the C.'.P. n. in 1917, but tin. sweepstakes fpr wheat and first prize for hard spring wheat wero won bj Samuel Lai-combe, of Blrtlc, Manitoba In that-year. In addition to the above, other valu Me prizes will bo offered for ever variety of field crops. Of late year farmers from Western Cauada hav carried away a lion's share of thes prizes, and no doubt Iheir exhibit will' be conspicuous again this year. An official premium list of the ex position should be ready in a few day This Is a bigger question than can be dealt with by the ordinary rules of finance. The'conditions are ex- ceptional, and demand exceptional treatment. The principle of maintain, ns production in the general Interest is recognized1 by'provincial hail in- surance. The same principle -proper- ly applies iu the case of general drouth. If the state has not sufficient confidence .in the country to carry It over a period of drouth by Ihe the national credit, it is poor encour- agement for the seitler to try io ktep up the fight single-handed1. and a copy can no ottaine by writing to tho Secretary ot the In ternatlonal Farm Congress at Ka sas City, Jlo. PROVINCES MUST POSTPONE START LIQUOR EXCHANGE The anticipated flood of liquor from Inter-provincial long tbe.v could hardly see out of the eyes.'.. The college barbers are now eiceei ingly'busy. be-in would' Wing a goon southern prairies Has oeen amply urcei has not materialized, accord- tonnage ofvaluable green'feed if oalsjproTen.There was a vast production of to from'the railway offices for Which: there Is still wheat during three of the war years time. But aside from .these posslbil- when production was ufeentlv needed ties-Is, the certainty ot "a'vast and abundant supply, of pasturage and hay in the north country, A'cbrnparisoii most be of int'erest-'-iha.this.'coiuinction. Asaum- Ing; .-for calculatiqn that everything south of Air'drie, 20 miles-north of Calgary in township 27', on the C. asd E. railway; is' dried oat, there would" he about "SCO town- ps affected: Assuniing for the pur- poses -of c6nlparison''-orily an :equal losslin the'afea eitendlng from'town. ship" township latitude of Ednionlon, and from the Alberta b'oundary to range ID, In Stettler -Is siluated, and about 500 townships are affected. This gives a lotai; area1" shortage of townships.' j! i Stettler, or range 19. (o the'd from .township 53, there is enough pasture and hay stock owned within that From.township 52 to 83, clear across p'roviAce and Including the1 Peace river block, there are townships. This area reaches to McMurray, the terminus of the Waterways railway, and includes the White Mud prairies, 30 miiea north ot Peace River town, the terminus of the Peace river branch of the Dnnvegan railway. Throughout this vast area '.hero ia unusually luxuriant vegetation this season. Abundant ;paslurage- tor all the cattle Ih'Canada from now until hay available if looked after m lime. There is sufficient railwqy communication to bring the- live stock to and within reach of There, is no scarcity need of panic- But there is need ot energy and fore sight and linance to prevent the.waste of hay in the north. To Bo'aTich things as this is why rail- roads are bniltand governments exist. It is for the raiiroids and the govern- menta to justify their existence by irh Ihe railway'offices ment.' The latter Is'authority tor the statement th'at the position Iaken- by Iha Ontario government Iu regard to There has hem a stupendous capital myeslment In cultivation and improve- and energetic populat'on Railroads lave been constructed and towns and cities built and hundred of, millions' added to the wealth ot Canada by Ihe production of the prairies What lias Tieen be "n orld con Change perceptibly ditJons .do not within a c'entun although they may EMPLOYMENT SERVICE be modified in certain particulars by human effort. To-day; we have a re- currence ot dry seasons ..In the south'. cannot kn'ow how long they will last But we know as surely as. this season there will he ona later on; when the great and prof- itable production.of 1915 and.J8J6 will be repeated. There is n parallel between the con- ditions of settlement and of tree ;rowth. Once the southern" prairie: were forested A succession of dry years occurred. The forests were swept away by (hey never grew The southern prairies.'stood vacant and solitary for a generation alter the C. P. R. had been built across them Attempts had been to establl11! cultivation anil had failed Then alter many'years, there" came favorable seasons and a 'together rush of settlement, and as if by magic, farms and towns and railroads and.popula lion were spread broadcast" over the face, of the land, i. There was n short crop In 1510 and auolher ill 1SU. But 1915. gave one of the most abundant yields in hislory The yield of-101G. "That-p! 1D17 was fair In 1918. there a failure. There la no assurance as'lo what4920 will be._ But there is assur ance that wet seasons, -will succeec dry ones, just as surely as the.cold o winter succeeds summer heal, This year's second successive cro] another wonld llkel> be acceptable uaiiroaas [o shoulll occas on to .est it out Ontario holds' that tba war tim" probibilion of such ship- nicnls must continue, ndtwithstandin the-'action .'until ...the proclamation ot peace b) the king actually puts an end to the war and all uar measures This would mean another three or four months under .the present So far as the are concern etl, the' express ed "from the east asUiaving, decllnefl'to accept liquor for iixtt provincial shipf ment, not can g take the responsi it) unlil Ihere is-oo doubt ahout eir right to do so And that is why e rush ol eipre s parcels that nas peeled has not actually happened. O BOLSHEVIK HAIR FOR ETON'S, ATHLETES London General C E ochrane, -himself an old' Elonian, hen irfspeciing Ihe training corps o! al famous college objecled to Ihe nglh ot hair ot the students He ailed'particular attention to'boiers cttioE into the ring wilh hair RECONSTRUC- TION is the order of the day. If you have formed the Sw- ings habit you are prepared to meet its opportunities; if not, reconstruct your methods and begin today. We have a Savings Department at every Branch. f RELAY RAILS We Are Open to Buy 1500 Tons 12t6601bs. In clearly the condition, lengths, what ac- cessories are included and price per gross ton f.o.b. cars at supply, point. 'Consult Us When In The Market Evans, Coleman8 Evan VANCOUVER B.C. meetvng the occasion. j failure in the south Is HaWe to do fo In Ih3 fnrther north of the province what bush fire- did In th ago for forest, growth, that i: clear it away. And once it is'clfcare away H may be as dltflcult to lish. Whelher Ihe re-estabHshmei of settlement Is possible or not, must of necessity be slow an'd costl: "iiirie. of Southwestern Sastatc ewan and Southern Alberla" wer to fletllement by .the.'coropl lion of the Q. P. n. to Calgary in 18S thirty-six years ago. It was at lea a quarter of a century afterward b fore Ihey became even measurably o cupied ami productive. It a slicce of dry seasons' are allowed their full cftect, a clearance wi be made that It will lake anotbj ijuarter ot a century to recover Iron The country needs Increased pr duction and conservation of capil It the tens, ot millions of .capital re resettled hy Improvements, live sto and and-' still more human lime, ambitiun and energy is lo ho rlftalroyed, Ihe coitHlry suffer a htUiieiulpiw ]osf, over siml the of [irodudlori when t'tljf: diaugft once morcr. -The j people arc ambitious, anil onvrgetie. 1 liifcy have ilomi great They were In 1114. .They -were giver, government aid b? of loans, and were'protected by legislation anJ Ujjeclal arrangenienla from The crtrn of 1915 amjjly jrejiaiil the country for thcs Hid eiteuil- part oi loan Is -not i w-ipeil out ihe-.'fault Is inutile husineaa 1 its plans or In its SUCCESS. AKain1 (lie crops were driei! out in 1918. tlitlons wcru met ill hirgft nyjaiiire by loan, as in 1911. Another dry year THE STANDARD BANK OF CANADA J.' C.SCOTT MANAGER STREET NORTH -G. E. BLETCHER'- MANAGER 4TH AVENUE SOUTH ,P BILL1NGTON MANAGED DAfTOH AXO STEttHWS BRANCHES L. C- THOMAS MANAScg COATKUHST. ALTA, Raise More Hogs Every Farmer realizes the profits m Bacon Hogs at present prices. The only question in his mind is, 'TVhere can I get the money to buy brood BOWS and pigs to fatten The Merchants Bank gladly makes loans to assist capable farmers in increasing their holdings of live stock, Talk it over with the Manager. THE MERCHANTS BANK Office: OF CANADA Established 1864. LETHBRIDGE BRANCH, R. J. DINNING, ioni, Monarch Manager. PROGRESS AND GROWTH For over fifty years The Canadian BankofGommercehasbeen serving the people of Canada ly large measure, until at the pre- setit time we have over 470 branches cateringtotheneedsoftheCountry; t.ETHftRIDCt BRANCH, WARNER BRANCH MILK RIVER V. STEEL, Mu OF CANADA .The PROFESSIONAL and BUSINESS SECTION has established to assist profeisional, business and Ucluiica! men and women. Many officers, soldiers, sailors and war workers, who sacrificed .their positions during the war, now desire to secure employment in the occupations for which they have beeh'tpecially trained. _ Employers should not wait until increasing business forces them tbemploy anybody they can obtain, but shouldl look ahead and avail themselves of this unusual opportunity to enlist the services of highly trained workers, ordinarily secured only with difficulty On application there can be referred'tb you, for example ENGINEERS ARCHITECTS EXECUTIVES ACCOUNTANTS SECRETARIES TEACHERS LAW .CLEMS COMMERCIAL ARTISTS SALES MANAGERS TRAVELLING SALESMEN CHEMISTS COLLEGE GRADUATES Trieste workers are returning to civil occupations with increased .initiative, a broader view of life, and a greater capacity for work. EMPLOYERS please state your requirements to the nearest office of the .EMPLOYMENT SERVICED CANADA .PROFESSIONAL AND BUSINGS SECTION In each office the INFORMATION AND SERVICE BRANCH DEPARTMENT OF SOLDIERS' CIVIL RE ESTABLISHMENT has a representative to render special service ,tn the i re-establishment of the returned soldier. I I No CALGARV, .210 lucute BMj. 481 EDMONTON, MtAjtta foudmt The Royal Bank of Canada Head Office Montreal Capital Authorized _ __ CaplUl Up 1 Hessrvc Fundi t Total over Preaident.SIrHerbertS.HoH. Vice-President and Managing Director, B...L. General Manager C B NelH Superiisor of Central Western Branches, Robert Campbell Savings Special care ghen 10 Account which ma> be opened by depositing 00 and upwards at any branch Collection! Owing to ou- numerous branches throughout Canadi, we nro able to make collections at a minimum cost SOUTHERN A'LBERTA BRANCHES Lelbbrldge w A I'srVer Marascr >Magralh t. 1 K. Atkinson Monager W R. McKay, Maimgor Taber Dlckson, Manager Feyw Men Desire To Undertake The proner adminislratlon ot in Estate n no easy task IE put on the shoulders of an Individual it demands an amount of time care that fe-v business men can willingly spare from their on i atlairs, jrao-eover, should anything .happen to the individual before the c-tato Is aettlccl confusion litigation and delay with accompany me lo s frequently result The Trust Companj specializing In me administrate, of property IB llio logical answer to tlie question of whom [to na'me as your Executor. I Consult us now about this 'mportartt matter. Ilie Trus's end Cuamotse Limited CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA LETHKRIDOE OFFICE .BANK OF COMMERCE, BU1L01NO, I J W McNICOL, INSPECTOR Public Administrator and Official Assignee for the Judlolal Distrlcti of Le'.hbrldae, MaoKorf, Medicine Mat, Catgary, Red Deer, SUltler f t' The Benefit of Experience When selecting a Trust Company to not (is Trustee for your a'lMlrs c'oose one -wllH'lk ofllto In your own locality anil c6nvDiiient to you i We rtnder spcchl servleea employing the best lesal tllotil anrl ohlnlnlng sound information ahoiil.InvMlmenli I CJur fees are fixed hy tho CouH ind our system h safe and Iriexperislvo. The British Cagadian Trust Co. EXICUTOR, AtfMlNISTRAfOR ASSIGNEE ETC HBAD OFFICE, flFTH 8 LETHBRIDOE, AL6ERTA PHONE 184} i Cockshutt Rotary Diac Plows ARE GUARANTEED TO WORK IN ANV KIND OF OOlt LHht Traetor PoWer LKt, t, 3 and 4 furrow TraetWrl Lever Lift, 4 to 24 Fdfriw i MorM Disc, 2, 3 and 4 furrow j STRONG, DURABLE, ApJUftTEO Tlie Pljw iot sStlsfactorr Work'' A. SMEATON 1 Afltnt for J262 Avenue South PHono 659 ;