Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 25, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Nemesis for the industrial society By Arnold London Observer commentator Britain was the first country in which the agricultural and industrial revolutions broke out. Within the last 200 this pair of revolutions has spread far and wide fortunately for mankind's a majority of the human race in in the Indian and in tropical Africa is still living under a pre industrial economic regime. Looking back on the course of events in Britain during these latest two we can now see in perspective what has happen- ed here already and we can also foresee what is imminent in those other countries that have rashly followed in Britain's footsteps. The latest two centuries of British history are evidence that the Indian doctrine of karma a doctrine held by the Hindu and Buddhist majority of mankind corresponds to the realities of human action and ex- perience According to this the cumulative effect of past action or mixed comes home to roost inex- orably sooner or later. The nemesis may overtake an evil doer in his own lifetime Napoleon and Hitler are cases in point. karma may visit the sins of the fathers on their great grandchildren. Louis XVI paid the penalty for the sins of Louis XIV. The British makers of the 18th century agricultural and industrial revolutions called into ex- istence a new social the urban proletariat of industrial workers living from hand to mouth on a weekly wage. It has been argued that the creation of this new social class was beneficial even for the victims themselves. Population in Britain was beginning to if the poorest stratum of the rural part of the population had not been uprooted by the enclosure it might have remained in the countryside to become a rural pro- letariat of the pres- ent day Asian and Latin American kind. And this might have been a worse fate than the one that the former rural smallholders suffered after they had been jostled off the land into urban factories. The academic controversy over this issue is still un- we can leave the economic historians to con- tinue their debate. No one denies that the new industrial working class did suffer acutely from the date of its creation till within living memory. It is also now manifest that this class' reaction to its sufferings in the course of the last seven generations has produced the present situation in Britain a situation that is menacing for the middle class and for the industrial working class alike The middle class makers of the Industrial Revolution called the industrial working class into existence to serve the middle class entrepreneurs' own purposes. If the entrepreneurs had not created the industrial working class and had not then kept the industrial workers' wages screwed down to the lowest level at which the employers could hold modern mechanized industry might never have been launched. But. in launching it at this cost to their the makers of the Industrial Revolution built into the mechanized from the a time bomb that was going to wreck it even- tually. The law of the land may be the law of karma cannot be eluded. The industrial workers' reaction has been to create the trade union system and to acquire the spirit on which the system's effectiveness depends. It depends on this solidarity re- quires a rigorous and this discipline has to be imposed by the psychological pressure of a public opinion that is as implacable as that of classical Sparta. Spartanism wins in the short run at any rate The Spartan like trade union which has oeen the industrial working class' reaction to the In- dustrial has now established its ascendancy in not only over the in- dustrial workers' but also over the and over the electorate represented by a parliamen- tary majority. The trade union movement's triumph portends the collapse of the industrial economic regime on which all classes in Britain now depend for their livelihood. The un- ions' victory is a pyrrhic one for two reasons. The trade un- ion movement has been not to make the in- dustrial economy but to sabotage it as a strategy for coercing the and latterly the government and the nation as well. In the se- cond the weekly wage earners' horizon is limited to seven whereas the mechanized system of economic on which everyone's livelihood now demands a wider and wider the more elaborate and expensive our industrial plant becomes. While the industrial workers have submitted to trade union the middle class investors who have paid for our costly mechanized in- dustrial equipment have put themselves under a discipline of a different kind. Instead of spending all their earnings out of they have saved part of them to provide for their own and their wives' old and if also to be- queath something to their children. This has been a very strong incentive for Book reviews it has involved looking- ahead as far as the end of at least one whole lifetime. Middle class investments have financed modern in- dustry. Weekly wage earners have not had the means to they resent the fact that their middle-class fellow countrymen have possessed the that1 in con- spicuous evidence of the past inequality in the two classes' respective shares of the national income. The Labor responding to the weekly wage earners' intends to make private saving and investment more if this aim is it not only spells the end of all private economic enterprise other than collec- tive bargaining by trades un- it also spells the extinc- tion of the middle in a country that has been denuded of people who have a middle class expen- sively equipped mechanized industry seems unlikely to survive even under a socialist regime. If voluntary private investment were to be made it would have to be replaced by public invest- ment out of taxes levied on the industrial workers' weekly wages. The trade unions would have the power to pre- vent and they would be unlikely to have the will to im- pose their members' will power has been conditioned to concentrate on disciplined corporate action for extorting higher wages from their whether these employers are private or are public. It therefore looks as if and the other highly industrialized countries as are on the brink of a time of tribulation from which the whole population will suf- fer. During its first two cen- turies the Industrial Revolu- tion has made as immense an advance as Napoleon's march to the industrialized peoples' coming winter retreat may be as harrowing as the French Grand Army's. This eventual disaster has been inherent in the mechanized system of in- dustrial production from the start. It was pre ordained by the inexorable law of karma. Japan has followed Europe and North America in plung- ing into mechanization up to the China has paddled into it only ankle deep. China has not incurred the karma that is now beginning to take its revenge on the technologically advanced parts of the world. China's technological sluggishness may prove to have made China's fortune. Hesse's first books re-issued by Herman Hesse Modern I had never read any of Hesse's books before but I had wanted to. After reading these I am glad I did. Hesse has an easy to read style that exposes himself without im- posing himself. His simplicity and honesty make good summer reading Peter Camenzind was Hesse's first successful novel. It the happiest of the three books. Peter reminisces cheerfully about his life to middle age. The story goes from a Swiss mountain village to the cities of higher educa- tion on the continent. A gentle good humor pervades the book. The story could happen to any person in any time. The Prodigy lacks the good humor of the first book. It is an indictment of the educational system which forces brilliant minds to follow one rigid study path from an early age. Hesse is harsh on teachers who push their students His sympathy for Hans Giebenrath is ob- vious There is no happy ending here. The last novel is a touching love story and tragedy. Music draws three people together DEN OF SPECIALS Chesterfield 2 Chairs Vinyl Cover Bittersweet Color Caster Rollers Reg. 579.00 6 Suites Only 399 Chesterfield and Chair Nylon Cover Green Tweed Color Reg. 349.00 4 Suites Only 199 Chesterfield Chair Nylon Cover Cover Floating Spring Edge Reg. 469.00 6 Suites Only a a and Gertrude. the composer watches as the woman he loves and his best Muoth the are destroyed by their passionate love The reader feels the composer's hurt but he also feels his love for and another character who is a true surprise. In Hesse no longer feels the necessity of a happy ending. Hesse shows a love of sim- ple joys and nature. His characters may despair in all other things but they find solace or refuge in a country walk or a trip to the sea. A reverential awe and deep love pervades any description of nature. The other outstanding feature of these books is their directness. does not play word games but tells a story very plainly. He does not say is or is but expects the reader to feel the story and react to it As the stories sometimes approach poetry. Despite the fact that these books are re-issues of books first published between 1904 and they have an amaz- ing freshness. The books have a a and a joy of life that naturally causes me to feel the emotions of the characters and an affection for them that I seldom feel for characters on paper. JANET RUSSELL Books in brief Naive Art in by J. Russell Gallery of 167 This is the catalogue of a re- cent National Gallery show. J. Russell Harper's introduction is very helpful in dis- tinguishing different types of naive but the text accom- panying the pictures is an- noyingly sparse. The mostly in black and seem to indicate considerable vitality in this form of art. The pieces of sculpture in the which are generally are particularly interesting. JOHN BELL 326-5th Street S. Credit Plan Avilliblil AND CARPETS LTD. by Anne Tyler A. distributed by Random 276 Anne Tyler was a very young woman when her first If Morning Ever caught the attention of literary connoisseurs. Now she has had her fifth book published. Celestial like her other deals mainly with a character just a bitout of step with the average contemporary American. With sensitivity she describes an as he is confronted with the few peo- ple who ever try to understand him. There are times when one feels he is portrayed somewhat out of character but on the whole the book is very fine and worth reading. ELSPETH WALKER Tender loving care By Norman editor Saturday The present American debate over medical care is primarily concerned with the difficulty of getting it when it is most needed and the high price one must pay for it. An aspect of medical care that ought also to be debated has to do with the doctor himself. for are the qualities that a doctor should bring to his Sir William the great Canadian physician advised medical students to be as imperturbable as possible. He didn't think a doctor ought to even by the slightest movement of an any emotion that might communicate concern to his patient. All this is understandable but I doubt that detachment and objectivity are the qualities that most people look for in a doctor. What impresses people most and what makes them the most comfortable in a doctor's presence are qualities of warmth and compassion. The justification for this attitude is scientific in nature. If a patient's fears are not laid to the ability of his body to respond to medical treatment can be impaired. like hate or produces adverse chemical changes in the body. These changes inhibit the ability of the body to function properly or to make full use of medication. This phenomenon is dramatized by placebos. A placebo is a pill or capsule containing an innocent substance like a sugar solution or just plain water. The patient does not know it is not a but his mind and body tend to act as though the pill or capsule contains real medication. The body will exert all sorts of magic in its own behalf if a person genuinely believes he is going to get better. The great doctor is someone having made a correct diagnosis that rules out the possibility of serious tries to utilize to the fullest the natural capacity of the human body to repair itself. If a doctor gives a patient confidence in a certain there's a strong likelihood that improvement will take place even if the is nothing more than an innocent water capsule. A dramatic example of the placebo in action is offered by drug addicts in New York City who thought they were receiving heroin shots but were actually being injected with a totally innocent saline solution. The addicts reacted to the saline solution with the same feeling of as they might receive from the drug. The belief of the patients that they were being given a narcotic was strong enough to produce all the symptoms associated with drug addiction. A doctor who enjoys the full trust of his patients can activate the body's chemistry in the same way as does a placebo. Such a doctor has a therapeutic effect on his patients just in the act of removing their anxiety and giving them confidence in the recuperative capacity of their own bodies. In the the aloof detached doctor may lack that which is ultimately most important in the care of human beings. For only a warm and compassionate doctor is going to know enough about a patient to know how to get at his will to live and put it to work. Book review Plea for saving land town is saved a Sierra Club by Irwin Co. 128 town is not more by the righteousness in it than by the woods and swarnps that surround This quote from Thoreau's writings is the central theme of this book which features photography by Marvin Mort and an essay by Charles E. Little. It is a book which examines not wildernesses accessible only by packhorse but the glens and groves in and near America's large cities. Like Thoreau's these though not far removed from highrise developments and frenetic offer seclusion and solace to the city-ravaged mind. A delicate water autumn-tinged leaves backlit by the afternoon the intricate pattern of insect tracks in the sand these are experiences available to anyone interested enough to take a few steps away from the concrete jungle. But it is this proximity to the cities that endangers these oases As the caption accompanying a photograph of a cattail and fern-laden bog puts is the kind of country the realtors describe as better relandscaped with one thousand cubic yards of landfill and split-level ranch complete with black-faced ceramic jockey on a putting-green town is saved is a quiet but penetrating plea on behalf of the landsaving movement It preaches a sensible and attractive policy of rather than with nature. Although some of Mr. Mort's photographs suffer from aimless and weak they are successful in taking a new look at familiar scenes. And they are rich in color and detail. DAVID B. ELY Science or Mind Can Cure by Anita Stevens M.D. and Lucy Freeman Books 185 distributed by Prentice-Hall of The young woman has a painful leg after being a handsome young man is a lady hates her husband during 25 years of marriage. They all have something in common strict parents in their childhood. Dr. Stevens presents a number of cases she had been associated with. She demonstrates a vivid picture of the mind's devious ways and proposes steps for possible cures of these afflictions. Freud of course has a big say throughout. His psychoanalysis that came so much to dominate our century has brought almost to a halt further more beneficial ventures concerning the human mind. By proclaiming it a it never has really been shown to me to be more than a half-truth and it is a pity that it has been elevated beyond all its limitations to an elysian towering over trying to cure where there is nothing to to excuse where there is no excuse. It's like witchcraft gone a companion of our that cures because we believe in it or doesn't cure because we are skeptic. It benefits the ones who understand at the expense of the ones who think they could comprehend. Psychoanalysis is as intricate as the mind itself. It is reminding us that the unconscious is influencing our lives and many a time is the dominating factor in our confused existence. HANS SCHAUFL ANDY RUSSELL Horse of many brands WATERTON LAKES PARK In Alberta's horse heaven where I was born and grew a horse wearing many brands was dodged like poison by a buyer unless the price was dirt cheap and the animal especially attractive looking. For a horse wearing the brands of six or eight ranches was live evidence of nobody liking it too well usually for well founded reasons. But in spite of the best intentions sometimes a man found himself stuck with an animal he could have done without. As a trail guide and outfitter back in the heyday of packtrains in the I purchased many horses. Once I made a deal for a whole string of pack and saddle horses and the deal included one neither I nor the seller had seen. Not wishing to quibble over one animal in a deal that included I accepted the unknown quantity un- as the saying goes-. In due course I put my saddle in his pick-up and we drove 30 miles to take delivery. It was the weather was good and the grass green and lush. My new horse was a fine looking a black mare that carried herself proud as if she knew how pret- ty she was. But when I looked her I knew I had bought a bad for she was a walking map of ownership weai ing six brands belonging to ranches across a hundred miles of country. Now she was mine for better or worse. She stood without a move for but being suspicious I was ready for war when I stepped up onto the middle of her. But she moved away without a threat to buck and not once on that long ride home did she make a bad move. Just the I took no chances with my and for several weeks the wranglers rode her. When she offered no we put her in the guest where she looked after green riders like a veteran. We called her and I decided her collec- tion of brands meant nothing. Exactly one year later almost to the one of my wranglers and I were trimming hoofs and getting the horses ready for the long season ahead. In due course I caught Lady and tied her to the corral fence. A few minutes later I led another horse across behind when suddenly she twisted her threw back her ears and kicked not at the horse I was leading but at me. and she meant business. Her flying hoof caught me in the middle of the thigh knocking me half way across the corral. Fortunately my bones were springy in those days and about all the damage that resulted was a bad bruise. Now I knew the reason for all the brands If there is one kind of horse I would never tolerate on my packtrain. it was a for such a horse can cause more grief than they are ever worth. Nor do I love money so much that I will sell such an animal to some un- suspecting for that kind can kill somebody So I cut her out of the bunch intending to ship her to the cannery. But rny wrangler intervened offering to take her off my hands in a trade for another horse. To this I finally agreed if he would use her for a brood mare and sell her for dog food when he was through withher. But his promise didn't for he sold her to a friend of mine a few months later. I warned her new owner what she was likely to do one day when she got a grouch on about but he just laughed assuring me she was gentle as a pet dog. About a year he was packing a load on her one when she blew up and kicked him hard enough to put him in hospital. So it coes in horse trading.