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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 25, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD July 1974 Indians and the law American Indians were handled with with deliberate attempts at extermination. Canadian In- dians were handled without generally within the with pater- discrimination and whiskey. There is some doubt as to which approach was the more devastating. Cer- tainly Canada cannot be proud of her record. But at least it was vastly as this centenary of the RCMP attests. In the Indians were outside the law. Here they were within subject to its strictures and eligible for its benefits. The militant American Indian Move- ment lives more on memories of Indian victimization than on current legitimate however ample they may be. There is suitable explanation of its ex- istence in the if not justification for it. But Canada cannot tolerate the methods of AIM. This week a gang of heavily armed On- tario spurred by took over a public park at Kenora and defied the civil authority. This week a group of Alberta under the AIM by intimidation forced the cancellation of a publicly financed inoffensive show about the famous scout Jerry Potts because they hadn't been invited to censor it. is being urged by a few Canadian Indians. A more militant In- dian stance may be justified if certain white attitudes don't change. However the rule of law cannot be compromised in Canada any more today than it was a hundred years ago. Such lawlessness as that mentioned in Ontario and Alberta does the Indian cause no good. The onus for checking it belongs first to the responsible Indian leadership. Greek change brings hope Greece has finally been delivered from its repressive military government. It appears that the United States at last has agreed with its NATO allies concerning the sordid nature of the Athens dic- tatorship. Only pressure from the U.S. can account for the sudden transference of government to civilians. Ever since the Greek colonels overthrew the constitutional government of Greece in the U.S. has supported the junta that most other allies considered a disgrace to NATO. The U.S. position has undoubtedly been dictated by the Pentagon's obsession with protecting its military bases considered essential in guarding against further Communist incursion in southern Europe. By engineering the ill considered coup in Cyprus the Greek colonels forced the U.S. to take a new position. This has not taken the form of an announcement but it is an inference that is hard to es- cape in view of what has happened. However it came the change of government in Greece significantly alters the picture in that part of the world and could greatly improve the prospects for peace. At least it tem- porarily relieves the pressure to unite Cyprus with something guaranteed to produce war. The ceasefire in Cyprus is now likely to stick and provide the opportunity to work out some sort of compromise that the people on the island can live with. Work- ing out a solution will not be easy but it will be a lot easier than it would have been if the Greek junta had hung on to engulf the whole area and perhaps the world in war. go home Inflation has begun to worry officials of the Eastern Europe Communist bloc nations but as yet it is not a serious problem for the man on the street. The reason for this is ridiculously simple and should stimulate a certain amount of wishful thinking among Western politicians. In the words of a Comecon consumer price increases are ly Et No inflation. To produce this which has sustained increases in raw material prices ranging from 10 to 100 per has allocated billion this year to sub- sidize domestic prices at their present levels. A Hungarian considered one of the East's most astute money ex- is optimistic that this along with related anti inflationary measures such as tariff reductions and currency will solve the problem through 1975. The Communist bloc economy has been sustained thus far by the Soviet Union which supplies much of the energy and raw materials on five year contracts written according to 1969 prices. Cornecon experts are currently drafting the next five year plan to cover the years 1976 through 1980. They face the inescapable fact that Comecon is no longer a closed economic system in view of the dramatic increases in East West trade. Nor is it likely that Russia will go on forever supplying crude oil at a barrel when the world market price is four times that much. The U.S.S.R. is already being accused by Iran of being a capitalist exploiter because it imports Iranian gas at pre crisis prices and sells gas to Western Europe at present inflated world prices. No one in Budapest is predicting what will happen in terms of inflation after 1975 but the private word is that the Communist bloc hopes the West will have solved the problem by then and things will have returned to normal. ERIC NICOL Exodus from B.C. Not since Nazi panzer divisions struck into Belgium and The Netherlands have there been such scenes of refugees clogging the roads. Many of those fleeing Barrett's Colum- bia are driving a Mercedes-Benz or but the human drama has the ageless pathos of people driven from their homes by the iron boot. For the benefit of you American tourists who are annoyed to find your campers bogged down in an endless stream of vehicles piled high with the belongings of the uprooted 26-foot here is what's There are two main routes of exodus from one choked with refugees bound for the other burdened with those head- ed to California. Their common resolve is shown by the slogan Enterprise or scrawled on their grand pianos. Who are these unfortunate victims of class compared to other streams of you find relatively few peasants among them. If they have straw in their hair it is because they were a bit rushed moving their racehorse from the stable into the van. Actually the refugees from the socialist regime of Canada's west-coast province are made up equally of apartment-building mining company oil insurance un- iversity lumber barons and stock brokers. A motley crowd to be sure. But none the less pitiable for being upper income bracket. Many of the refugees from Barrett's Columbia are bitter because even the French nobles who fled the terror of the Thousand Days had more champions than today's prey of the revolution. is the Scarlet Pimpernel now that stopped beside the highway and weeping over his last bottle of Chateaneuf du Pape. day the tumbrils roll through the streets of carrying more thousands of stockholders' shares to the quillotine. Compared to the provincial the Place de la Concorde was You visitors to B.C. who are being jostled by wagon trains of entrepreneurs heading out of the province may be bewildered to learn that some were in such a hurry to leave that they didn't even put on their wigs. The moun- tain passes are clogged with men lugging their risk capital out of toils of state ownership. You are witnessing the exact reversal of the gold rush that opened up the province a century ago. saloon dancehall girls they're all pulling up stakes. Be careful whom you play cards with in your motel. It could be the head of the Chamber of Commerce. At the present rate of it is es- timated that by the end of August the last capitalist will have fled the people's republic of leaving the province entirely in the hands of persons who will take a chance with anything except money. This is expected to boost the birth rate in the with a reciprocal decline in other types of production. But do not be alarmed. The NDP govern- ment wishes to assure the tourist that he will not be arrested for offering aid and comfort to the refugees on the road. If you can lend them a little ice for their dry martinis What's that you You haven't noticed any refugees on the highways of British Traffic is moving with hardly a canopied bedstead to be Bless my soul. after all those letters want to report a NATO pact restored By James Res New York Times commentator WASHINGTON One ot the reassuring aspects of Greek-Turkish settlement of the Cyprus crisis has been the speed and unity of NATO diplomacy. Only a few short months officials were complain- ing that American leadership was crippled and that the European allies couldn't agree on but in the last few days they have demonstrated what can be done when consultation and trust are restored. Within two Secretary of State Kissinger and the other nine foreign ministers were able to talk to one another and agree on the wording of a sharp demarche to the Greek and Turkish governments. The result has been a transformation of the military and political situa- tion in the eastern Mediterranean. No doubt there will be sporadic fighting for a few and considerable political manoeuvring before a new order is firmly es- tablished in Athens and but the outlook is now infinitely better than it was before the fighting started. The U.S. government is par- ticularly pleased by the political developments in both Greece and Cyprus. Even who played a key role in the settlement and was optimistic from the start that a major Greek-Turkish war could be had not dared to hope that the military junta in Athens would summon former Greek Premier Constantine Caramanlis back from exile in Paris to form a civilian government of national union. Washington is also pleased that Glafkos speaker of the Cypriot House of Representatives under the regime of Archbishop has replaced Nikos Sampson as interim president of Cyprus. consultations are continuing between the United States and Britain over the future of Archbishop Makarios. For the the main thing is that the allies have rediscovered that they can be effective when they work together on common problems. In the latest war between Israel and the Arab the Europeans com- plained that Kissinger was not consulting them on military moves that might affect their vital interests. At the same Kissjnger was complaining publicly that the European members of the alliance were excluding the United States from their talks on the energy crisis and other matters and were confronting him with decisions whenever they were able to which wasn't often. Since the installation of new governments in Paris and there has been a new spirit of co- operation. Over the past Kissinger was not only in constant telephonic conversation with the other allied foreign but also with key allied am- bassadors here in Washington. Even the Russians were helpful in the not so much by what they did but for what they refrained from doing. Their opportunities for obstruction at the United Nations could have been but they went along with the efforts to arrange the cease-fire and kept their propaganda on a lower key than usual. Washington is now eager to see a political transformation in Athens that will restore liberty to that country while retaining allied co-operation in the Greek bases on the mainland and in Crete. This is regarded at the Pen- tagon as fundamental to the lines of communication between Europe and the Mid- dle and the restoration of a civilian government would relieve the Nixon ad- ministration of charges that it was putting its strategic interests ahead of the freedom of the Greek people. What Secretary Kissinger hopes to do now is to expand the allied co-operation into the economic and par- ticularly to move forward to a better understanding on monetary trade and energy. His argument has been that the problems of and defence are linked and cannot be eased without greater consultation and co- operation not only between Europe and the United States but also with Japan. These are more difficult questions than avoiding a war between two of the but there is a little more con- fidence here as a result of the last week's diplomacy that the alliance is back on a stronger foundation. Lang looks at abortion laws By W. A. Montreal Star commentator OTTAWA Otto Lang suf- fers the misfortune of being able to convey too easily the impression that he views the return to Liberal majority government much as a colonial governor in a different era would have look- ed on the return of the gun- boats after a period of deplorable administrative lax- ity. The minister of justice is confident that he knows the mood of the country on the question of abortion but he should remind himself of two important facts. There was nothing in the election just completed which could be construed as a popular judg- either on the ques- tion of abortion. The Canadian people pronounced themselves on this with some although not in the way in which the minister of justice would prefer. The proposed omnibus bill of criminal code which he had introduced in the Commons a bit was an issue in Prime Minister Trudeau's first appeal to the Canadian people in 1968. The clarification of the law on abortion and the proposals to liberalize some laws on sexual matters were the basis of a and at times very dis- campaign against Mr. Trudeau both personally and as leader of the Liberal party. By electing a party headed by the public quite obviously was approving the legal changes with which he was so closely associated at that time. That remains the last electoral word on the sub- ject of abortion. When the time for further action the Trudeau government took the most rnnqprvativp rnnrvp nnpn tn it leaving to medical com- mittees in hospitals the deci- sion on applications for abor- tions. The reason for the choice was obvious the medical establishments of the hospitals are usually dominated by older when the hospital itself is not dominated by religious orders. Hospital committees could be counted on to interpret the new law conser- vatively. The alternatives to have left the decision to a woman and her doctor or to a committee of doctors dis- associated from hospitals would have been more liberal. The government leave the decision to medical committees and Lang is pleading when he argues that only the narrowest interpretations of the word were intended by Parliament. There were ministers at the time who in- to critics of the narrowness of the that the committees would in fact come to interpret health very including its mental and social as well as its physical implications. It is this which the minister of jus- tice now opposes so fervently. Both the prime who originally sponsored the and John who as justice minister carried it through the House of are Catholics. I think it is fair to say that the attitude of each of them on this which is difficult for them because of the posi- tion of the was simply that abortion is forbidden to but that the Catholic position cannot be forced on the rest of the pop- ulation. No one wishes to be unfair to a minister on matters of but the present minister of justice has on occasions left the impres- sion that it is his religious feelings that dominate his view of appropriate law on this subject. More often than not in re- cent times the minister of jus- tice has been a although there does not seem to have been any policy in- volved. It is bound to be a sen- sitive spot for a Catholic who takes his religion seriously because the Church insists on a variety of positions that are not accepted by non-Catholics or for that by all Catholics. The only appropriate position to be taken in the is the one adopted by the present minister's Messrs. Turner and Trudeau. There is another aspect to this problem. Not all young girls who become pregnant fall into the hands of a hospital committee or a Dr. Morgen- taler. There is still a knitting needle trade at work in this field and neither Turner nor Lang has ever shown much concern about it or the tragedies it can still cause. The minister of justice maintains that he will have some legal reforms to present to Parliament. That may be so. But the fact is that so although he has carried forward one project which was too far advanced and too well-publicized to Otto Lang has no track record as a reformer of the law. He has initiated no changes to carry on the work that Messrs. Trudeau and Turner got so well under way. One may have an open hand about his promise but he cannot ask in be taken on faith Letters Thoughtless animal care I would like to draw the public's attention to the inhuman things that some very thoughtless people do don't to poor caged animals and I am referring especially to the Kiddie's Zoo at the Lethbridge and District Exhibition this year. I had the opportunity to spend four days at the and on two that I know the poultry in this zoo were without water. The small dish which was extend- ed from a barrel of water was empty and not so the thirsty birds jumped to the top of the barrel was to get a fell in and almost drowned. I took this matter to the ad- ministration office who could only slough off the matter by saying they didn't know who was responsible for this zoo. Upon my return to the zoo the man who was in charge of these animals was looking about unconcerned. All he could say was they're only He didn't give a damn. I think this inconsiderate human you can call him a human should be locked up under the same hot and dry What gives him the right to play God to these The kiddie's zoo is supposed to display the animals to the public in at least a decent manner. Is this the example for children to see and com- ment Several people came to me with complaints on this zoo. lam most disappointed with the exhibition board for allow- ing such inexcusable in- competence. I certainly hope that next if there is a it will be attended by somebody who has a little feeling for animals. BETTY O'DONNELL Milk River BNA act sets limits L. K. Fowler's July is so full of hatred for Trudeau that he has not taken care to judge fairly. One statement is worthy of com- ment. He Lougheed is one man he will not push around because he has Peter Lougheed is an ex- cellent administrator with great leadership abilities and I am sure that he would be the first to say that neither he nor any of the provincial premiers can be pushed around because they have separate jurisdic- tions from those in Ottawa. The BNA Act defines the powers of each so it's impossi- ble to push anyone around within that constitutional authority. Nor can the federal government be intimidated for the same reason. The letter by Gerald Baldwin. July is controver- sial. While some of his statements are conflicting he seems to favor separatism for the West. But how this is to be accomplished he does not say. Civil war is one possibility but the chances of winning are nil. Getting changes in the BNA Act are also nil because he would need the consent of all the the federal government and the British Parliament. No matter how much the distinguished member for Peace River wishes a separate state for the he had better believe that we are stuck with federalism and Trudeau for at least four years. The people of Canada have spoken. ART MATSON Lethbridge Henderson campground to friendly sunny Phooey. After hav- ing the displeasure of spending July 1st weekend at Henderson Lake camp- it will be a long time before we grace these premises again. Since when has it been a crime for children to pick up empty bottles from around the Lethbridge's Mr. had our 9-year-old in tears by the time his tongue stopped lashing. We were told to pack up and get out and that of all people should know Because we were from out of town or because the family we were with was visiting from Camp Stubbornness made us hold our ground and nothing more was said about this matter. Our children's weekend was spoiled as they found it very hard to enjoy anything with around The Go to sunny British Columbia. We did and had a wonderfully carefree holiday. MRS. JOAN GARROW Calgary CANS A VE grant The 10th year of The Cana- dian Save The Children in has been a great climaxed by the an- nouncement from the govern- ment of Alberta of a grant. The government's program of matching grants to international agencies in Alberta shows co-operation of the highest order. The money will be allocated to the national organization's commitment to the day care and community centre being built in Turkey. The centre will serve families liv- ing in misery in a deprived where shelter con- sists of dilapidated houses and mud shacks Living is characterized by insufficient hygiene and medical aid. Lack of schools and vocational training result in child exploitation. The new centre means hope for the here and and for the future. There will be play areas and kitchens and gardens. Train- ing in child care and nutrition and environmental sanitation will be provided by a professional staff drawn from another CANSAVE supported in keeping with the policy of using indigenous per- sonnel. the of the who founded the Turkish Children's Day and The Turkish Child Welfare in the same year that CANSAVE was would be happy about this demonstration of international understanding by the Alberta government The centre is also being sup- ported by the Danish Save the Children Fund and the govern- ment of which makes the project a truly in- ternational endeavor If particularly those in smaller would like to work with Dr. George chairman of the Alberta would be very happy to hear from them. Calgary MARILYN MILLER The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBHIDGE HERALD CO. LTD Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mall Registration No. 001 if CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;