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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 25, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LfTHMIDGI HERAIO July 25, 1973 EDITORIALS Brand new fuse has been lit in Asia Feed grain policy Feed grain policy is likely to be the most difficult area of agreement for the federal government and the four western premiers at this week's conference in Calgary. The premiers propose that the pro- vinces assume authority for the move- ment and pricing of feed grains within a province, and the Wheat Board be involved only on trade be- tween provinces (except a province could delegate its authority to the Then there is this recommendation from the premiers: "that a national pricing structure should be introduc- ed which guarantees users of feed grains in all areas of Canada access to feed grains produced in Western Canada at prices comparable to the prices paid by users of feed grains in Western Canada, adjusted for transportation, handling and Wheat Board operating costs." What that means is that Eastern Canadian cattle (or poultry or hog) feeders shall pay the same price as Western feeders for Western grain, plus the normal costs of getting it East. In other words the government should not subsidize the Eastern feed- er by paying any of his extra costs. Western grain growers are split on this. Some say that they need help to get their feed into the Eastern market. But those with feeding inter- ests want the protection in the East- ern beef markets that the feed trans- portation costs afford them. .The East- ern feeders and Eastern consumers, of whom there are more than in the West, naturally favor anything that reduces their costs. One obvious solution to the quan- dary that the federal government and the Wheat Board face, as long as feed grains come under the board, is for complete responsibility for the board to be turned over to the West- ern (preferably the three on the prairies) provincial governments. Ot- tawa could do this, by consent with the provinces. Then the board could be operated as an instrument of the producers and only the producers, which is not necessarily always the case now. Keeping Canada Canadian Last week a bill was introduced in -the House of Commons designed to help keep Canada Canadian. It pro- poses that a majority of directors of any federally incorporated company be either citizens or prospective citi- .zens of this country. Will that satisfy those who are con- cerned about the extent of foreign and its supposedly sinister influence on the Canadian way of life? If it does their naivety is excessive. Unless this measure is part of some larger program designed to make corporations function in the economic interests of the country as a whole it is only window dressing. There is nothing in the proposal that guar- antees that Canada will benefit. No corporation should have much difficulty in appointing Canadian rectors who are essentially like-mind- ed with their U.S. counterparts. Cana- dian businessmen are not noticeably different in outlook to their peers south of the border. Appointments to boards of direct- ors of corporations are not generally made from the ranks of those who have any taint of radicalism or who espouse suspect causes. Usually only "safe" appointments are made. Thus the more vocal exponents of economic and cultural independence are not likely to be named to the boards of directors of the U.S. corpor- ations. The bill is not likely to cause any anxiety to corporation heads. It is sufficiently innocuous to be assured of speedy passage through the House. Emphasis on ethics A new concern about ethics may have been triggered as a result of the disclosure of unethical clearly illegal, in some instances behav- ior of principals in the Watergate affair. Among those engaged in soul- searching are members of the legal profession. Unhappily, for the lawyers, a dis- tressingly disproportionate number of those involved in the whole mess of Watergate and its aftermath have legal training. Although lawyers like to represent themselves grandly as "guardians of the they have a somewhat lesser reputation among fiie-genera1, public as reflected in literature and popular expressions through the ages. The disclosures in the Watergate hearings further tar- nish the image of the lawyer in the eyes of the critics. There should be no surprise over this implication of lawyers hi an un- savory situation. The interests of cli- ents, rather than the upholding of the law, has increasingly dominated in the lawyer's practice. For the public, generally, to be critical is hypocri- tical because this is precisely what clients seem to want. But the result- ing breeding of-cynicism is inevit- able. In the broadest sense the men who served in the Nixon administration were accountable to the American people. They, therefore, should have put the interests of. the state first. But they saw Mr. Nixon as a client and as they thought put his in- terests above all else. Some members of the legal profes- sion are already considering how re- form might be introduced. James Kirby, dean of the Ohio University Law School, for instance, thinks that greater emphasis needs to be given, to the teaching of ethics during the training of lawyers. Instilling some old-fashioned idealism about serving society to counteract the prevailing notion of making big money would help, too. Sign language, anyone? President Nixon taped his phone calls. He could afford to do mis because be was backed by the financial resources of the United States and, anyhow, his family didn't use the office phone all that much. la contrast, recording the phone calls made to and from the Nicol house would severely test the production capacity of the manufacturers of magnetic tape. Hitachi would need to put another thou- sand girls on the assembly line, furiously winding reels, and at Akai there would be tears because the shipping department couldn't meet the demand from the ad- dress in Canada. If the phone calls at our bouse were tapeo, only a fraction of the tapes would record conversations involving my voice. Represented lineally, the tapes of calls by my wife and teenage daughters would equal three round trips to the moon for every six inches of me on tape. in decreasing vohnne of ribbon, the voices wouW be those of (a) daughters, (b) wife, (c) son, (d) the cats, (e) Eta-Ben- man, (f) Haldeman, Cg) Daddy. Some fathers use their phone to make a booking for the golf dub. I use.a golf club to make a booking for the phone. "I get to use the blower next Thursday morning at seven-thirty I family, brandishing my No. 2 iron, "or else" Although President Nixon probably enjnved a higher priority making phone calls from the White House, be has been criticized on the grounds that it is not ethical to tape a conversation without first informing the otter party that be is being pre-recorded for release at a more con- venient time. Some senators have gone so far as to say that it is indecent. The problem how- ever is: How to inform a caller, or callee, that the phon? conversation is being taped, without creating a bit of tension at the other end of the line? "Hi, Pierre? Dick bere. It's great to hear your voice. How are you and Margaret and Justin? Wonderful! By the way, this phone call is being taped The effect of so apprising people would, I think, be to reduce greatly the number and duration of phone calls. In our bouse the phone would become an extension of a leper colony. My daughters would as Kef communicate with their friends by smoke signal. As Watergate has proved, you don't have to communicate by carrier pigeon to be crapped on from a great height. It has also shown that, with the blessing of the president of the United States, the tape recorder has become the last word in sneaky. Unless it is made illegal to tape one's own phone calls, henceforth all phone conversations are suspect. A blight is on the Ameche. The splendid instrument invented by a fine, decent Canadian, A. Graham Bell, may no longer be trusted with the simple joys of swett talk, gossip, secrets. Nixon has put his big executive foot right into our entre nous. A classic demonstration, this, of one technological marvel cancelling out the usefulness of another. The irony may be if th? Indian again comes into his own with sign language, but believe me my Jamily wn't going to like it. By C. Lu Snlzbcfger, New York Times commentator NEW YORK Last week's coup d'etat in Afghanistan might well change the ultimate power balance in south and southwest Asia. The Soviet po- sition is certainly convenienced even if there is no known evi- dence that Moscow played any role in the ouster of King hammed Zahir Shah and the creation of the first Afghan re- public by his cousin, Prince Mohammed Daud. Under both czars and com- missars Russian authority has been lurching gradually south- ward toward the Indian ocean for a century. It has clearly aimed at weakening Afghani- stan's neighbor, Pakistan, since that state was formed in 1947 when the Indian subcontinent was partitioned. Long before Moscow and New Delhi became formal allies an arrangement that helped India smash Pakistan in the Bangladesh war they were conducting parallel policies in Afghanistan which encouraged the Patban tribes of Pakistan's northwest frontier province to secede and Kabul happily play- ed along. In the first interview ever granted by any Afghan monarch, Zahir 'Shah told me in April, 1950 (after stifling an earlier "Russir, is happily watching the Pakistan-Afghan- istan dispute and would cer- tainly intervene when it con- siders the right moment has ccme." Is that moment now? There has been no suggestion that Prince Daud's putsch against his king (absent in Italy) was more directly connected with international affairs than the putsch by George Papadopoulos against Greece's King Con- stantine (also absent in Italy, if not by In 1937 I had a long talk with Daud, then prime minister and an acknowledged strong'man. He said (when .discussing Rus- "I can assure you Afghan- istan will be the very last coun- "For once I hope he IS lying Inevitable business decline looming By Brace Whitestone, syndicated commentator The comments emanating from both Ottawa and Wash- ington revolve neatly around the present consensus of gov- ernment and independent com- placency about present trends in the economy. In essence, they express the belief that the key to sustained rapid growth had been discovered in the government's policy of heed- less expansion. It is acknowledged that the current rate of high activity cannot continue forever and a day. What is challenged is the view that the North American economy is suffering from wild inflation and should be hit on the head hard. Obviously, business reces- sions are unpopular and predic- i Letters to the editor lions that they are pending are not welcomed. Periods of pros- perity are widely assumed to be normal, while recessions tend to be regarded as abnorm- al. While the very long-term trend is upward to be sure, this trend is the result of continu- ous upswings and downswings. Since the end of the Second World War, notwithstanding the application of modern eeono- omic theories, we have bad re- cessions in 1948, 1955, 1957 and 1968. Neither government spending and taxing policies nor changing the rate of expan- sion in money supply has been able to prevent every post-war business boom from deteriorat- ing into a recession. Deflation, an unpopular word, Unabashed exploiters I would like to commend The Herald's investigative re- porting of the Thomas Shows which recently visited our town during Whoop-Up Days. Mr. Warren Caragata's critical per- spective on the Midway's activ- ities was especially well done. 'Hie Lord knows such honest and intelligent journalism is all too rarely found on The Herald pages devoted to local news. Mr. Caragata's reportings ex- posed the Midway for what it really is a hardened assem- blage of exploiters who care nothing for the community They come here once a year, rip off thousands of dollars, laugh at our bucolic honesty and contribute absolutely noth- ing to our city in terms of tax- es or community service. The only positive thing they bring to town is stimulation and excitement Why couldn't we (or the exhibition board or city council) organize a stimu- lating and exciting festival without them? Local people and organizations cou9d rent or make the necessary equipment and run the whole show. Profits would remain in this area and a much-healthier atmosphere would prevail throughout Whoop-Up Days. Side shows, now filled with depravity, freaks and cheap sexuality, could be made far more re- presentative of local talent, his- tory and interests. Community spirit would prosper and an au- thentic cultural heritage creat- ed. Once such an annual festival got off the ground it would be far more attractive to both re- gional people (because it would be their festival, their celebra- tion of life) and to tourists (be- cause it would be truly unique and not just a poor man's The exhibition board does -a real disservice to this commun- ity each year when it allows its grounds to be irresponsibly used by a roving band of un- abashed exploiters. "LAW ABIDING CITIZEN" Lethbridge Possible solution We are being told that a lit- tle dab of paint and powder will help remove the unpleasant sit- uation existing on Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth streets. Who cares, anyway? The Indians are told to come to Lelhbridge and drink. When they get drunk they are push- ed around. We teach tlie In- dians our way of life but then deny them the privilege of practising what Ihcy have learned. The solution to the for the liquor control board to allow drink facilities on the reserves along with their ora police station, their own court, councils and jail as well as do- ing their own policing. This would keep the Indians at borne white enjoying tee same priv- ileges as the Whites. I think we are being narrow-minded and bigcrtted in maintaining our pre- sent policies. _______ DICK FISHER is the mirror Image of inflation. Historically, every period of in- flation has been followed by a period of price deflation. The widespread view now, however, is that governments will not "permit" deflation to develop, that they will print more money and-or spend more money to prevent the usual his- torical sequence from develop- ing. Governments in the past have tried vainly to avoid paying the price of previous excesses; his- tory abounds with examples, such as France at the end of the 18th Century, Germany in the 1920's and many Latin Am- erican countries today. When the public becomes convinced that inflationary trends will persist, savings and investment fall off as many de- cide to spend now rather than postpone outlays because pric- es will be much higher later on. As savings and investment de- cline, unemployment rises and governments then belatedly re- alize that something must be done to check inflation. Since the amount of under- lying strength In the economy can never be determined pre- cisely, government efforts to slow the pace of inflation through cutting back on govern- ment spending and curbing the growth in money supply al- ways run the risk of starting a period of severe deflation. Most of those who acknow- ledge that there is a possibil- ity of recessionary tendencies in business iate this year or early next year profess to be- lieve that any setback will be moderate and comparatively shortlived, citing our experienc- es' with mild slumps over the past twenty-five years. In any event, the expectation of a ma- jor cyclical downturn in North America is not widely held. However, the profile of the economy today reveals toe most serious problems that we have experienced in the past twenty-five years. Monetary policy, in accord- ance with the doctrine that any land of credit restraint could be politically dangerous, particu- larly in Canada, appears to have been geared Jo accommo- dation of all credit demands, with money supply increasing 15-20 per cent annually. Meanwhile, tax relief is granted to individual taxpay- ers and manufacturers and family allowances are more than doubled. All of this con- fection for continuing expansion pe-jlkapb could be appropriate if inflation wen on the wane or if we had international mone- tary stability. Unfortunately, neither precondition prevails and inflation is running at rates literally uprecedented in mod- ern peacetime history. The seeds of the next reces- sion ar planted in every econ- omic expansion and the excess- es that have already occured have to be corrected. The only way that they can be ad- justed is by a painful process of denying credit to borrowers and curbing inflationary spending. There is every reason to be- lieve that history is in the pro- cess of repeating itself and that a business decline is both in- evitable and imminent. Per- haps we should not be question- ing if the present cyclical ex- pansion wul be followed by a cyclical contraction, but rather attempting to determine the land of recession which win oc- .cur in view of the prevailing economic problems. try In the world to become Communist." That may con- ceivably be true but ideology is no longer the answer. Nowadays the superpowers prefer to move quietly and in- directly when improving their positions. Yet a man has taken over in Kabul whose devotion tc a policy of weakening Pak- istan and removing from its authority the northwest fron- tier tribesmen cannot fail to please Moscow (and New Del- This in itself Is not immoral. The Pathans have been ing for a new deal ever since the British Raj. They never joy- fully accepted the status of be- ing glued into Pakistan when London decided on Hindu-ver- sus-Mostem partition of India. Nor could any Kabul govern- ment oppose their desire. Af- ghanistan's establishment, in- cluding both the king and the nan who bounced him, speak- exactly tee same Pushtu lang- uage as the northwest men. But Moscow, hand in band with New Delhi, had been encouraging Pakistan's amputa- tion even before that ill-con- ceived sectarian state was chopped apart in 1971. Unlike the United which blithely became involv- ed in the area when it fathered the Baghdad Pact, tin Soviet Union has had a cogent, patient policy in south and southwest Asia. Sixteen years ago the Afghan foreign minister, Sardar Mo- hammed Na'im (incidentally Daud's brother) complained to me that Washington had turned down a modest Afghan military shopping list when everybody else wes being served in the Pentagon cafeteria. Moreover, the U.S. wouldn't even admit that Afghanistan qualified for vague guarantees under the evanescent Eisenhower doc- bine. As a result In 1955 Kabul had turned to Moscow for arms and help. Na'im made no bones about the risk. He acknowledg- ed: "Not one land in the Mid- dle East can erect a defence against a big modern power. This is particularly true of Af- ghanistan. He recalled that when Russia absorbed that central Asian buffer state, the empirate of Bokhara, in 1924, Kabul bad protested. But, he added: "Objections from a small country such as Afghan- istan don't count much." Afghanistan was no democ- racy under King Zahir nor will it be under president Daud. What concerns the outer world is how the Afghan coup could change the Asian power bal- ance. The answer is that prob- ably fiie new dictator (which is what be surely backed by a Soviet-trained and Soviet- equipped army, may be expect- ed to do an in his power to dis- mantle what's left of Pakistan. This would suit India and Russia. It would scare the day- lights out of the Chinese (Pak- istan's ally) who are already a'armed by the Soviet-Indian alliance. It wpuld infuriate the Shah of Iran who is determined, if necessary, to use his enor- mous, American-armed forces to keep rump Pakistan alive. Whether this will be appreci- ated in Watergate-sodden Wash- ington with an Asian profile lower than a worm's beuy is unpredictable. But a brand new global fuse has just been lit. of course, If have lobster tfrnrwr, wtW fo cut our vacation short The Lethbridge Herald 5W 7th a. S., leOtorMge, Alberta LBIHBRID6E HERALD CO. LTD, Proprietors and PofalMMV PtittMbcd 1M6-1SM, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Prat ant canadim CUEO...... THOMAS H. eew nu.iHO HOT F. CtfFMv ADAMS, wwwpcr ;