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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 25, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Saturday, July 25, 1970 Arnold Toynbee America And The Power Game In Asia Marching On To War When President Nasser says lie ac- cepts the United States proposals for Middle East peace negotiations, he is probably quite sincere. The crux of the situation is just what interpreta- tion is to be put on those proposals. The American plan calls for a stand- still ceasefire for at least 90 days in an agreed area. Both Egypt and Is- rael profess willingness to accept and cany out the Security Council reso- lutions of 1967 calling for an Israeli withdrawal from occupied territories. Designated representatives would meet with UN mediator Ambassador Jarring to discuss how a settlement based on the resolution could be put into effect. Israel would be forced to formally commit herself to "with- draw" from occupied lands, the Arabs would recognize and respect Israel's pre-1967 borders, thus acknowledging Israel's existence. But the Egyptians interpret "with- drawal" as meaning total withdrawal from conquered territory. The Amer- icans interpret it as meaning with- drawal from all conquered territory with the exception of nearly all of the Golan Heights, some adjust- ments on the West Bank in favor of Israel and special arrangements for the Old City of Jerusalem. The Am- ericans also favor the return of the Sinai, at least most of it, to Egypt. What the Israelis would deal for is not known simply because Israel's leaders do not speak with one voice. Public opinion, political opinion and military opinion are all different. In spite of Nasser's "acceptance" of the Rogers peace plan, and Mr. Rogers announcement that he is "en- in spite of Russian hopes that a political settlement is possible, peace seems as far away as ever. There is no plan to ease Israeli fears that a temporary cease fire will givt the Egyptians a golden oppor- tunity to increase the arms build-up in occupied territory. The Israelis simply do not trust the Arabs to keep to the terms of a cease-fire without strict policing by a neutral source. The conflict is escalating. The in- stallation of Sam 2 and Sam 3 mis- siles continues to endanger Israel's air superiority over Suez. Egypt is receiving Russian armored amphi- bious troop carriers which could be used in an attempt to reopen the canal, or even to invade Israel. The Americans are stepping up replace- ment deliveries of F-4 Phantom bombers even though they don't say so, and there are reports that the U.S. is supplying complex radar-jam- ming equipment to Israel to counter- act the Sam threat but the Ameri- cans are not acknowledging that eith- er. And the latest London Economist publishes a picture of an Israeli ship at dock in the U.S. The caption reads "somebody noticed tanks for Israel being loaded in Ohio." Beyond that, no comment. Comment is scarcely necessary. Egypt wants peace, Israel wants peace; so do the Russians, say the Russians. Likewise do the Americans. But the march towards war continues. Wrong Kind Of Defence Sale of arms to South Africa by Britain, it is argued, is ess_ential to her defence. Vital oil supplies from the Middle East must pass round South Africa. Shipping must be pro- tected against possible harassment from the Soviet naval expansion in the Indian Ocean and from the Chi- nese who now have bases in East Africa. If these threats are real it is amaz- ing that Britain has not sought to protect her interests in the region it- self rather than in South Africa. There are countries in East Africa with fairly close ties to Britain which might be interested in having the ben- efit of investment in the form of arms. Failure to pursue this possibility may be dictated by sound reasons but it gives rise to the suspicion that they are not moral ones. The chief reason is probably that in the case of South Africa the sale of arms would be lucrative to Britain where- as to place arms in some of the other countries would likely prove costly. But the suspicion is abroad that racism is involved. There is a feel- ing that Britain is turning into a ra- cist society largely due, no doubt, to the position taken by Mr. Enoch Powell and the support he has re- ceived. This makes the Afro Asians think that the disavowal of South Africa's apartheid policies on the part of the Heath government is insincere. The future could very well prove that seeking defence through sale of arms to South Africa is the wrong kind of defence. It is quite as the late British Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Iain Maclepd feared the real danger ahead lies in a confrontation with the forces of the Third World. Thus tactically as well as morally Britain could be making a terrible mistake in alien- ating the Afro-Asian bloc by seeming to support the white supremacist South African government. Weekend Meditation Recovering The Map Of Life EN John Banyan set Christian on his journey he put a book in his hand. The Christian pilgrim became tired, lay down, and in his sleep the book fell from his hand. As he resumed his journey with- out the book he fell into difficulties and would have found guidance in the book. Alas! He had left it behind and the only thing to do was to go back and get it. Otherwise he bad lost the way beyond any hope of finding it, and losing the way he bad lost joy and confidence. Most people are lost today. Sometimes they are wise enough to cry, not "0 that I knew but, like Job, "0 that I knew where I might find Him." Until a man finds God he never knows the way in anything or any place. Lostness is man's greatest curse today. At a campfire an ex- plorer commented on the honor enjoyed by a chief. The chief replied, "Yes, I am hon- ored, but my life is a lonely one, for the chief must go ahead and find the.pathway ahead of all others. He walks alone with- out companions." But does not every man Walk such a p a t h w a y? Sooner or later, there comes a time when every man walks alone. God help him if he has no guide, no map, no Great Companion who said, "Lo, I am with you even unto the end of the world." The church lives to proclaim the way of life. "This is the way, walk you in it." Did not Jesus say, "I am the Not all roads lead to heaven. Some roads lead to hell and many there be who walk in those roads of eternal death. Isaiah said of the blessed life, "A highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called the way of holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it shall be for those, the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein." A highway that leads home! "Thou wilt show me the path of says the Psalmist, "and lead me into the way everlasting." Were not early Christians called, "the people of the They tra- velled the King's Highway, a free way, a safe way, a way without the perils and pit- falls of the trails built by vagrant feet. The man on this road fears no quicksand, no ravenous beast, no robber. He walks safely and securely. It is the way of holi- ness; the way consecration, the way that leads to life eternal. Jesus sadly com- mented, "few there be that find it." The map of life needs to be recovered from the wastepaper basket. In the arro- gance of youth, or in the confidence that comes from belief in material things, one can easily throw it away, a thing of no ac- count. Every man is hopelessly lost with- out it. "We are strangers and sojoumers, as all our fathers were." What does the modern man know about life that was not known thousands of years ago? Import- ant things, that is. Does he know who he is, why he is here, where lie is going, and the way he must travel? Of course not. Modern man is entangled in cares and pleasures, achievements and disappoint- ments, homeless and lost. This sense of es- trangement is man's chief joy: "Blessed are the homesick, for they shall come at last to the Father's House." It is only the man who finds contentment (or is that pos- in the world's goods, that sinks into the slough of sensual enjoyment, who is lost and damned. The man who seeks for the path, having lost it, or holds to it hav- ing found it, is the man who is' destined beyond any doubt to reach the land of the heart's desire. This does nol mean that "earth's but a desert drear." It means that earth is a wil- derness to the man without a road map. But the man who knows where he is going finds the earth full of delight and meaning. He does not wail at the street corners; he does not become panic stricken in the gardens and forests. Loveliness lies about him and the stars give him direction. When you read the Bible did you ever reflect how many men were on a pilgrimage? Abra- ham, Jacob, Joseph, and the rest, like the Wise Men. They were all pilgrims, who fi- nally reached the Promised Land. PRAYER: Show me the path of life, 0 God, and enable me by the strength of the Holy Spirit to walk in the perfect way that leads to life. F. S. M. recent disturbances in Japan over the renewal o[ the Japanese American se- curity treaty are a portent for the world, as well as for Japan herself. We may guess that the servitudes, explicit and impli- cit, that the Japanese Ameri- can treaty imposes on Japan are as unwelcome to Prime Minister Sato as they are to his countrymen. But Mr. Sato is in a cleft stick. He has had to win concessions from the U n i ted States. The most valuable of these concessions has been the retro- cession to Japan of the admin- istration of Okinawa Island. But for this Japan has had to pay America's price, and the price that America has exacted is that Japan should play Amer- ica's game in East Asia. The unwisdom of this policy can be measured by the strength of the Japanese people's revulsion from it. This is all the sadder, con- sidering that, in the first phase after the end of the Second World War, America's policy towards Japan was notably statesmanlike. General MacAr- thur is a controversial figure, but his influence on his coun- .Iry's policy towards Japan at tliis first stage was great. He deserves personal credit for the moderation and the generosity with which the temporary mili- tary occupation of Japan was conducted'. The change in Am- erica's policy towards Japan was brought about by the out- break of the Korean War. Since then, America has been trying to make Japan serve her East Asian policy. Worst of all, America has pressed Japan to .re-arm. It is a policy that is bound to defeat it- self. America has wanted Japan to re-arm in order to make Ja- wat, GOOP MOMIM pan more useful to America. But it is certain that in so far as Japan does rearm she will use her armaments, not in Am- erica's interests, but in her own is, in Japan's supposed interests; for, the more lightly that Japan is armed, the less Handicapped she will b e in promoting her true interests in East Asia and in the South Pacific, which are not military or political, but economic. America's policy towards Ja- pan is part and parcel of her general policy towards East Asia, Australia and New Zea- land. America maintains that li'sr sole objective in this re- gion is an altruistic one. She declares that she is sac- rificing American blood and treasure here for the unselfish purpose of defending the so- called "Free World" (which in- cludes a number of countries that are groaning under oppres- sive regimes) against "monoli- thic world Communism" (an imaginary Possibly a majority of President Nixon's "silent Americans" still believe that their country is engaged in a righteous crusade. But any citizen of a European ex colo- nial power can see that Amer- ica is actually engaged in fay- ing to build up in East Asia a colonial empire. Moreover, he can see that America is setting about the job by following the classic method of reducing al- lies to satellites, and satellites to subjects. However, the European obser- ver knows, from his own coun- try's experiences, that empire- building is out of date and that America's anachronistic repeti- tion of 19th century European practices will fail, partly be- cause the ex colonial peoples are now awake and dynamic po- litically, and partly because America, mighty though she is, is not the only super-power in the field. America is engaged in a com- petition for world power with the Soviet Union and with Chi- na, and it is beyond America's strength to deal a knock-out blow to these rivals without bringing destruction upon her- self in the act. For these rea- sons, America's present adven- ture in unavowed empire-build- ing will fail inevitably, sooner or later. Meanwhile, it is cost- ing East Asia dear, and it is embittering America's reluctant allies, as well as her open an- tagonists. For Japan (both the Japan- ese Government and its own Ja- panese opponents) the most ser- ious of the consequences of the renewal of the Japanese-Amer- ican treaty is the hostile Chi- nese reaction to this. When we look before and after, we can see that, for Japan, her rela- tions with China are more im- portant thaji her relations with the United States. Japan has been in conlact with China for at least years. China is the chief of the sources of Ja- panese civilization that are not indigenous to Japan herself. By contrast, Japan's relations with the United States are only 117 years old. And then when we peer into the future we have to discount the present balance of power between China and the United States. Today China is in apparent chaos, where the United States is apparently predominant in the world. But this is ephemer- al. China will always be there, and sooner or later she will re- cover that central position, in at least one half of the world, that she held continuously from the last millennium B.C. down to 1839 (the date of the begin- ning of the Opium On the other hand, America is a wound- ed titan, and her external wounds which she has invited and received in Vietnam are not the worst. Her intern a 1 wounds are grayer. On a long view America's future is doubt- ful while China's future is sure. Therefore, for Japan it is her relations with China, not her re- lations with America, that are going to decide her destiny. Ja- pan will try to become China's principal trading partner. But Japan will seek a partnership on equal terms, she will not be to become China's satel- lite nor 10 continue to be Am- erica's. Sooner or later America Is going to withdraw from contin- ental Asia, and let go her pres- ent lien on the adjacent is- lands; that is to say on Japan, the Philippines, Formosa, Aus- tralia and New Zealand. She is going to withdraw at least as far eastward as Guam, and probably as far as Hawaii. Ha- waii and Alaska are good enough outposts for the United States. She can safely draw in her horns as far as that. For the moment, however, East Asia continues to be the region in which the power game1 is being played. This game is dangerous, futile and perverse. Britain, France and the Nether- lands were wise to withdraw from it in tile nick of time. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Dev Murarka Russia Involved In The Green Revolution Also jyjOSCOW The outside world's common notion of Soviet agriculture is of semi- scientific methods, starved of investment and low in yield and quality. There used to be some justification for this view. Out- siders therefore may be slow to accept the extent .of change that has taken place since the Brezhnev Kosygin team came to power and under estimate the remedial measures taken. The fact seems to be that a green revolution is taking place in the Soviet Union and must be reckoned with in any assess- ment of the Soviet economy. At a party plenum at the beginning of July, Mr. Brezh- nev produced the next Five- Year Plan for agriculture which, for one, is feasible as well as ambitious. Indeed, some Letters To The Editor Western experts in Moscow claim that the plan may be overfulfilled and the target for grain production be too cau- tious. This optimistic view is in- spired by the background of developments of the last five years. During this time the Soviet gross harvest of grain has increased by 32 million tons per annum on an average. Understandably, Mr. Brezhnev was proud of this, and declared that it was "something we never achieved before." Be- tween 1956 and 1960 the average grain output was tons; between 1961 and 1965 it was tons; and be- tween 1966 and 1969 it was tons. These figures are sound bacldng for Mr. Brezhnev's claim that output of grain is acquiring stability. Last year the Soviet Union had one of the worst for bad weath- er, but the grain crop was equal to the average figure for the last four years. Most encouraging from the Soviet viewpoint is that the in- crease in grain production has been largely due to greater yield per hectare; the only hope lies i n improving the yield since there is no more virgin land to be brought under cultivation and land man ratio Is deteriorating. For many years yield per hectare was static, and that is why the Russians now talk of having broken a barrier. The average annual yield of sugar beet during the last four years has been tons Calling Wheat Board To Account May I draw attention to the failure of the Wheat Board to make any final payment on the 1968-69 crop to soft white spring wheat growers? As far as I can ascertain this wheat sold above the initial price and there was no deficit. The Board claims all wheat must be pool- ed but for various reasons has made a final payment to durum growers because if they had sold only their wheat there would have been a profit. The soft white spring wheat grow- ers also have a case. 1. Soft white spring wheat made a profit also. 2. This wheat is irrigated. So it costs more lo produce. Therefore (he grower will get less net returns if he gets the same payment as hard wheat growers. 3. Soft while wheat sells on contract to a market where the supply is limited to Hie de- mand just what the govern- ment is now advocating. It docs not sell on the same mar- ket as hard wheat. It has not been paid at the same rale as hard wheat: tire price has not been pooled before, when it sold for more, so why do it now? 4. The Wheat Board claims the money for the extra durum payment came as a gift from the federal treasury. It ac- tually did nothing of the sort. It merely replaced the growers money which the Board has used for other purposes than paying them. 5. If the soft white wheat grower is not paid then he will receive less net returns than any farmer and will be called on to pay substantially more than anybody else in Canada to make up the deficit on hard wheat. (His tax plus the pay- ment he ought to have Isn't tht. risk of frost, hail, grasshoppers and rust enough without adding the govern- ment? There is still some chance the Board may recon- sider but if all concerned voice their opinion as soon as pos- silbe it may help. J. A. SPENCER. Magrath. as against tons for the years 1956 1960. Sunflower prod u c t i o n, an important source for cooking oil in the Soviet Union, has almost doubled. But there have also been failures in raw cotton, potatoes and vegatables. Pro- duction of these items has eith- er remained static or increased very little. Production of meat, milk and eggs has increased, but has not kept pact with growing de- mand. In his report Mr. Brezh- nev admitted that "as we all know, the demand of the popu- lation for livestock produce, and especially for meat, is not being satisfied by far." From the Brezhnev report it is also clear that envisaged capital investments had not been fully made, and enough agricultural implements were not available in time. The manufacture and distribution of mineral fertilizers had not kept pace with demand, but for the past year Soviet planners have been implementing a crash pro- gram for production and de- vising more efficient distribu- tion methods. Mr. Brezhnev referred to "stories invented by anti- Sovieteers" and went on to as- sert that the difficulties of Soviet agriculture were now those of growth and not of method. The food grains target for the next Five Year Plan period (1971 to 1976) is to make it fi- nancially attractive for the State as well as collective farms to increase then1 produc- tion of livestock and dairy foods. If intentions are fulfilled Soviet agriculture may pull out of the trough into which it fell during the Stalin period. Tins, of course, has political implica- itons. The success of agricul- ture will contribute to the con- tinuation of the present leader- ship rather than invite any major changes. In this sense grain production for this year could have a crucial bearing on politics. The production figures will become known in October- about the same time as the 24th Congress of the Sloviet Com- munist Party. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD Where Were Being a newcomer lo Leth- bridge, I was looking forward to my first Whoop-Up Days parade. I must admit, it was a good parade, WHAT I SAW OF IT. Unfortunately, I missed most of it because I was too busy helping out a couple of youngsters who succumbed to the heat during their inarch. From what these kids had to sny, there were several others in the same predicament. BUT, WHERE WERE the St. John's Am- bulance or any first aid crew for that matter, I mean, who, by rights, should have been marching with {he parade so they could look after these youngsters. They were pretty conspic- uous by their absence. What would have happened if the people along the parade route who did help these kids out, decided that the parade was more important. Sure, the police were there, but they can only do so much, especially with onlookers trying to run back and forth across the pa- rade route. Maybe, next time, instead of worrying about floats, etc., the parade offficials might give a little consideration and concern for the people making up their parade. S. McKINNON. Lcthbridge, THROUGH THE HEHALD 1020 The Standard Bank will start soon to erect a brick block in Coaldale. The building will be two-storeys with all up- to-date conveniences. 1930 The first S. S'. Kresge store in Alberta and the 25th in Canada will open in the city tomorrow. 1MO The United States has agreed to supply Great Britain with planes a month. Bri- tain has already purchased 115 airplane engines from the U.S. since the beginning of the war. 1050 Britain, Australia and New Zealand boosted the roster of United Nations forces pledged to help United States troops in Korea with offers of ground forces. iSfiO Eyes of many resi- dents in the Crowsnest Pass were directed to Turtle Moun- tain as the top of the mountain appeared to be belching smoke or dust. flic Lethkidge Herald 604 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration Number 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and thn Canadian Daily N'cwfpi Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau or Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Genera) Manaeer WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor JOE BALLA Managlns Editor HOY P, MII.E9 Advertising Manager DmiOLAS K WAUCKf Editorial EdUtr "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;