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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 24, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 LETHBRIDQE HERALD July 1974 Trudeau government faults ironed out City council representation Three things need to be said about the city's present sewage problems. The first is that since the province has agreed to pay all the costs of upgrading the sewage treatment plant providing the city acts responsibly by limiting the sewage discharge of various it would appear provincial officials feel the city has not been firm enough in deal- ing with the problem of industrial sewage. In this they have the con- currence of many local residents. The second point is equally simple. If the city council has been persuaded by the various polluting industries that they cannot afford to treat their own sewage and still make a necessary it follows that they and a city council which accepts this whether it is valid or are asking the residents of Lethbridge to subsidize industry with their health or their taxes. No taxpayer in his right mind would agree to either proposition if it were put to him this bluntly. The third point arises from the unerr- ing sociological content of Alderman Vera Ferguson's remark that you're not part of that little group that plays golf or drinks beer you don't know what is going Circumstances control events to a far greater extent than is generally recognized. Without implying malicious intent on anyone's it should be pointed out that the attitudes of a given individual and the decisions he makes are conditioned largely by the milieu in which he moves and by the people with whom he associates. It is much more for for a person to accept the reasoning and the attitudes of his golfing or drinking whether they are salesmen or news than it is to believe a stranger who disagrees. There is nothing nefarious about it is just a sociological fact. Everyone is at least to the extent that he has a point of view. This is the reason for represen- tative so that every set of at- every point of every will be recognized or have the opportuni- ty for recognition. In regard to the first two the province's edict no will likely stiffen city council's resolve and lead industry to take steps to treat its own sewage. Already one in- dustry has begun to do this. As for the third it is painfully ap- parent that the present makeup of the city council is much too narrow in that it does not truly represent a cross-section of Lethbridge's attitudes and needs. A municipal election is approaching and it is to be hoped that the interest generated by the power plant sale and the insight into city affairs given by the current three-way struggle of the the city and industry to see who will pay for adequate sewage treat- ment will encourage candidates from outside the business community to enter this small political arena. If there is no residue left of the nobility of public service it has taken a beating then sheer self-interest should lead labor to field a should encourage the candidacy of qualified should catalyze action among low income groups or senior citizens who may feel they are under represented on the council. Councilmen with such recognized con- stituencies or combinations of con- even if they are would have a decided impact on the deliberations of the council and turn it into the heterogeneous body it should be. Reducing foreign aid Dreams of eventually closing the gap between the developed and developing worlds are fading fast. In the first the continuing population explosion has put such pressure on resources and created such a demand for services that economies have not grown as expected. Then the big jump in oil prices imposed by the Middle East producers last fall dealt a crippling blow to the already weak economies. In the face of this instead of bolstering their aid the largest contributors appear to be inclin- ed to withdraw from the field. The United the world's largest contributor to foreign gave the first signal of a reduction in assistance. Now West the fourth largest has followed suit with a cabinet decision to reduce aid over the next four years by million D-Marks. Aid programs have not really had enthusiastic support from the developed nations. Only Holland and Portugal have come up to the United Nations target of one per cent of gross national product. Stories of of bureaucratic ART BUCHWALD No more gamble WASHINGTON Safeway Stores has just announced a new pricing policy. It says it will only stamp one price on a box or can of food and will not change the price while it's on the shelves. While some people consider this a breakthrough in supermarket there are others who feel this will take the thrill out of grocery buying. My friend Milton Wallach was highly critical of the Safeway proposal. thing I liked about going to a supermarket is that it was like going to a casino in Las Vegas. The big gamble was to get out of the store before they changed the price on you. You only had a half-hour to do it and the excitement for me was running down the aisles pushing my with a stockboy chasing after me trying to stamp my goods with a new price before I got to the checkout who has spent a lot of time in said that in recent months there have been so many prices on food packages you could hardly read the labels. would go into the store and ask the 'Where are the baked beans you advertised for 40 He would 'Oh those must be the ones we raised to 55 cents this mor- ning. They were marked down from 62 57 cents and 45 cents last week. You better get them right away because I think they're going up to 70 cents in 10 minutes.' In his observation Wallach discovered that in every supermarket the manager makes his own decision on what to charge for an item. was in one store and I saw a box of crackers with 65 cents stamped on them. manager happened to walk by and saw one of his clerks perspiring. 'Is it hot he asked the boy. 'It's 92 the clerk replied. the manager took out a rubber stamp and marked 92 cents on the crackers. another store the manager kept a rac- ing form at the counter. I had a package of meat in my basket marked He stamped it and I asked him why. 'That's what the winner in the 5th race at Aqueduct paid yesterday.' Every says has a different method of raising prices. send their stockboys down the aisles every 15 minutes stamping everything they can see. Others have their stampers waiting at key points and as soon as you pass they start stamping everything in your basket. A few get carried away. In one store I was wearing white shoes and one of the lads had stamped and on them. I complained to the manager who apologized and gave me a free can of white shoe cleaner which was marked 67 89 cents and Occasionally Wallach says there is a slip- up and he'll find a package that doesn't have a price on it at all. week I was in a supermarket and I found a box of blueberries that some price stamper had missed. I asked the man at the counter how much it was. He didn't know and sent me to the manager. The manager called up his broker and 'How much is IBM selling for The broker told him and so the manager stamped cents on the Wallach feels Safeway's new one-price policy will discourage people from going to the supermarket. food is the biggest numbers game in the he said. average American still gets his kicks from trying to guess what a can of tuna is going to cost him. If you can buy a can of tomato paste 15 minutes before the price goes up on your day is made. You may win some and you may lose but at least you had fun play- ing the game. Safeway takes the gamble out of grocery many of its customers may decide the hell with it and go back into the stock market By W. A. Montreal Star commentator OTTAWA-The fault of the first Trudeau with its strength in the House of was not that the prime minister occasionally swore in public or insulted people unnecessarily. It was that the government as a whole was occasionally immoderate and ex- but those occasions were serious. Through one of the transfer- ences that occur in politics now and the Liberal par- ty as a and Mr. Trudeau's close colleagues in managed to evade the real defects of that government. The post- mortems that followed the electoral reverses of 1972 were in large part essays in escapism. There had been some anti- French backlash in the rest of the country and this was seiz- ed on and magnified in the up- per levels of the Liberal party as an explanation of the set- back at Uie polls. As an it had unparalleled advan- It allowed men who had been near defeat to cast themselves in heroic roles. Their told themselves and the world- had come by fighting too hard on the side of virtue. A more ego-stroking explanation for a kick in the pants has rarely been even in politics. There was just enough truth in it that the exggerations did not attract too much atten- tion. The anti-French ex- did not quite cover the everyone could be allowed the heroic mold after 1972. Scapegoats were needed and they were found. Trudeau of the main one. His personality and his manners were if anything more bitterly inside the Liberal party than outside it. Bryce Mackasey became the No. 2 scapegoat. At that the Liberal ef- fort at self-examination stopped dead. The disap- pointing electoral results had been explained away and no one needed to look carefully at the real failures of that first Trudeau government. Its great and abiding from some of the conse- quences of which we still suf- was economic mis- policies carried to the point of unreasoning ex- tremism. The prime minister's role in the real fault of his first was large. He ig and of corruption in receiving nations can easily be found to lend sup- port to the position programs are futile. They are cause for sorrow but ought not to be used as an excuse for shirking responsibility toward the suffer- ing parts of the world. they should be a prod to devising better ways of meeting the challenge of giving help. The track record for giving nations has not been all that anyway. Too often the aid has taken the form of dumping of excess goods or has had strings attached. Sometimes the objective has been sabotaged by unwise trade and immigra- tion policies. A recent study by the secretariat of the UN Conference on Trade and Development for says that the brain drain from developing countries to the developed ones is continuing. It asserts that this is often a financial benefit to the developed nation worth more than the official aid given. of nations following the examples of the United States and West Germany in cutting back on development aid there should be an attempt to im- prove the effectiveness of present aid. M Rumor mongers in the Balkan tinderbox By C. L. New York Times commentator PARIS President Tito of Yugoslavia was recently in Bucharest conferring with Nicolae Ceausescu. His Rumanian and although as un- orthodox and highly independent-minded leaders they are always interested in each this time they have more than usual to discuss. The main burden of their What to do in a time of Curiously ominous signs have cropped up this spring. First a rumor appeared in Vienna that the Soviet led Warsaw Pact was contemplating an invasion of Yugoslavia when the 82-year-old Tito call- ed This rumor foresaw an attack by Czechoslovakian and Soviet heading southward across whose territory would be violated. To me this sounds like bla- tant nonsense because at the very least it would smother East West to which Brezhnev is and at the probable worst it could touch off the Third World War. Marshal Yakubovsky and General Russian numbers one and two of the Warsaw have been circling eastern Europe in a series of conferences with local com- manders and defence ministers. Most important perhaps was an unadvertised visit to Bucharest by Yakubovsky. Following this the Rumanians are themselves no slouches at rumor put out the report that Moscow was demanding extra territorial rights to a corridor leading through the Rumanian Dobrudja province on the Black connecting the Soviet Ukraine with Bulgaria. All this talk has touched off speculation that the Russians want to move troops into Bulgaria they have Todor the Sofia referred last March to an old but refrigerated idea of incor- porating Bulgaria into the U.S.S.R. Nowadays one knows es- pecially in the traditional Balkan tinderbox that it is not always necessary that where there's smoke there's fire. Yet silly as they one should not dismiss such rumors offhand. To begin Moscow still smarts at the memory of Tito's brave starting in when he rejected Soviet hegemony. Many Russian leaders wish to regain control of Yugoslavia especially since the loss of Egyp- tian naval facilities. That makes Belgrade's Adriatic bases even more valuable to a weakened Soviet Mediterra- nean fleet. the West has assumed for a long time that when the redoubtable Tito Moscow will seek in one or another to corral his heretical Communist nation back to orthodoxy and the Warsaw Pact. This assump- tion gained credence in 1968 after the Russians forcibly seized Czechoslovakia. the most prevalent worry is not that the Kremlin would sponsor an outright invasion despite the fact that it pretends to this privilege under the Brezhnev doctrine permitting interference within the U.S.S.R.'s allies. A more Letters The West insisting on rights Secede is a very old battle often effective. B.C. used it to get the CPR through and it helped all Canada. Gerald Baldwin's Peace River country has used it against Alberta and B.C. to get railways and roads. As long as it is to the advantage of the country as a whole it can be used providing the boys are quite will- ing to do all they can to make union work. The trouble is that too often merciless murderers take who cheerfully murder loyal citizens who have no other and cut down innocent women and children with bombs. Oh they get their fingers on the loot if they win. I don't want any of them. We have too much to and I'd be in line for any dirt they have. On the larger scene we face the fact that at the end of the the Commonwealth and the U.S. had a three to one edge on the Communists. Russia has won everything since without getting into the fighting herself just talk. Our whole policy has been to do everything we can to build up Communist to make sure that there is absolutely no strength left in the Common- Rodeo coverage We would like to comment on the excellent coverage of the 1974 rodeo. The pictures were excellent especially Near July and Whoa gitty up July 12. I feel we are more appreciative of The Herald since our trip through the enabling us to see a newspaper put together. P. SCOTTER AND JUNE Lethbridge BROOKS and give as much as possible into Soviet or Chinese hands and and make sure that the U.S. gets no help whatever not even a whole Canada if it can be helped. five to one odds against the U.S. and no help anywhere. I do not believe in the innocent inten- tions of nor China in spite of Chester Ronning. Past history says no. Yes the West is going to in- sist on its rights and get them. Right now we have to weld Ontario and the West into a unit enough to gain power. We need each other for we can't either of us do the job alone. Trudeau used the oil situation neatly enough. But next elec- tion is thanks in a large measure to the Alberta MPs. Sorry we haven't more of yet. J. A. SPENCER Magrath usual theory is that carefully planted agents might stir the ashes of nationalism among the various Yugoslav peoples and then request Russian intervention to Tito has carefully sought to dampen any such thoughts in Moscow and has even cultivated an intermittent flir- tation with Brezhnev. But this has been interspersed with other periods of mistrust. Yugoslavia has avoided Soviet military protection and Soviet interpretation of Marxism. Yet the U.S.S.R. certainly would like to reaffirm its dominance over thus gaining Adriatic a military border with NATO Italy in the midst of outflank neutral Austria and pro Chinese Albania. were Yugoslavia to return to the Soviet that would mean an end to any independence of view in Rumania which would then be totally surrounded. Washington is fully alert to the problem and in no un- certain terms has cautioned Moscow to lay warning that pressure would promptly produce with the U.S. The question will the Kremlin wholly believe After the only western response to the 1968 rape of Czechoslovakia was a not too loud on The very least the West should given the new sniff of Balkan danger given the certainty although historically im- Tito is physically mortal is to draw up allied contingency responses in case of trouble. took personal charge of economic policy and his com- mitment to the dominant stream of advice he was receiving became close to total. Others in or near took pains to see that Trudeau was exposed to contrary economic advice from intellectually respec- table sources. He listened and rejected. The more one probes the de- tails of that because of its abiding importance as an exercise of the more one is struck by one or two extraneous factors. The brilliance of Robert then deputy minister of had been over-laid by the deep fatigue that comes with years of overwork. Where a few years earlier his great capacity would have been a corrective to the tendency towards economic it did not work that way in 1969. His stature was so high that associates who should have been recognizing honestly that his fatigue had become a factor in government were still pretending that it did not ex- although admit it freely enough now. The prime a very inex- perienced man at became the vic- tim of his own tendency towards rigidity and there were men who were assiduously encouraging that trait in him at the time. Now we have the same man at the head of a majority gov- ernment and we are in a period of still more serious economic difficulties. To anyone who was appalled by the economic policies of 1969- that superficially does not seem to be a particularly happy combination. The are enormous and it seemed to me throughout the election cam- paign that it would be far better to have this govern- ment back rather than be ex- posed to the experiment the Tories were offering. The greatest of the is the fact that the head of the government is now a very experienced in contrast to that earlier period. Six years is a long period when a man has the respon- sibilities of leading a govern- ment and no one has seriously questioned this prime minister's capacity to learn. He sometimes does it the hard of but that is his problem. There are other differences. The minister of John is a much tougher and more serious politician than Edgar Benson ever was. Assuming that the prime minister keeps him in his pre- sent he is unlikely to let anyone preempt his func- tions. Robert Bryce remains a greatly respected figure in Ot- tawa and his services to this country justify that standing. He a brilliant one-man show who never saw the need to build in-depth backup organizations behind himself. The finance ministry was viewed as a governmental problem when he went there after his service as cabinet secretary under the Diefen- baker government. It was still regarded as a bit of a problem when he left. Simon Reisman was sent in as his successor in part because of his reputation as a team a leader who could bring groups of ex- tremely able men together and work well with him. Turner has developed a warm regard for his deputy. Reisman himself is con- both warmly ad- mired and roughly criticized. He has gone to the mat with enough ministers in com- mittee meetings to have made some enemies along the way. There wide agree- ment on his ability and on the present quality of the upper levels of the finance department. It is possible to over- estimate the economic dangers ahead. It seems to that the govern- ment is in much better shape to deal with them than it was with those of 1969-70. The LcthbruUie Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;