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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 24, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 7RUDEAU PLEDGES 'BALANCED ECONOMY TO WEST PREMIERS CALGARY (CP) The fed- eral government is committed to a balanced and diversified western economy, Prime Min- ister Trudeau told the four western premiers today. In a prepared text for his opening remarks at the west- ern economic opportunities conference, the prime minister declared: "We must lessen the fright- ening human risks associated with single product communi- ties and dependence on shifting world commodity prices, while we work to widen the western economic base and provide our children with a greater choice of career opportunities within the region." Although giving no details, he indicated several federal proposals to be made during the three day conference: a program for further processing of resources before export; changes in the transport sys- tem to promote more balanced western economic growth; new measures to stabilize agricul- tural income; more aid to small business; methods to en- able westerners to develop re- gionally based financial insti- tutions; and greater opportun- ities for western input into fed- eral decision-making. Mr. Trudeau served notice that the "national policy" es- tablished a century ago by Sir John A. Macdonald no longer applies to Western Canada. This means the federal gov- ernment recognizes that the west no longer is a "hinter- designed merely to pro- vide raw materials to serve central Canada, he said. The prime minister agreed with the contention of the four western premiers that the old federal policy meant, western progress was unevenly spread and narrowly based. "This conference at Calgary signifies the Government of Canada's belief that, a century after the old National Policy, we can now together begin shaping a new national policy, a policy to strengthen Canada by achieving more balanced and diversified regional tli throughout the country." Mr. Trudeau said the old Na- tional Policy was valid in time. It made possible a west where Canadians could seek a "And the west, in turn, made politically possible a Canadian nation "from sea to an independent "dominion of the north." Mr. Trudeau listed four ob- jectives for western develop- ment: "A broader range of em- ployment opportunities." "Greater stability of in- come." "A stronger western voice in national decision-making." "Greater concern by all levels of government for the individual westerner." Several times during his speech, the prime minister paid tribute to westerners, call- ing them highly resourceful, proud of their individual flair and talents, people who "have always more than carried their weight as Canadians." He summed up the desires of westerners thusly: "What the west now asks of us, their governments, is not subsidies to survive. "It is not a charter in go its own way. of the na- tional good. "Rather, wl t (be west wants is a fair deal wider, choice and opportunity within the west and a fair chance to build a west which will be an integral part of a stronger and more progressive FRANCE IGNORES WORLD'S PROTEST REUTERS PARIS Foreign Minister Michel Jobert said today there will be further French nuclear test ex- plosions in the South Pacific. He said Peru's decision to break off diplomatic relations with France will not prevent the French government from pursuing the controversial tests. "There has been a nuclear test explosion these last few days, and others will he said in a rndio interview. Jobert said the international protests following France's explosion Saturday "will not prevent me from sleeping well at night." He said the protest campaign is rather belated. "This fuss is running out of breath and will die out in the face of France's determination to en. sure its own ensure it not with ridi- culous conventional armament but with adequate nuclear weapons." The minister, who recently dismissed the mounting protests in Australia, New Zealand and elsewhere in the world as said the great powers have developed a nuclear potential "and we are obliged to take this into considera- tion and shaU pursue our nuclear defence policy." Rail, port programs to be shared by Ottawa and Victoria By THE CANADIAN PRESS VANCOUVER A million plan for rail, port and resource development aimed at encouraging econ- omic growth in northwestern British Columbia has been revealed by the federal and provincial governments. Premier Dave Barrett and Transport Minister Jean Marchand officially signed an agreement at a news conference attended by B.C. Resources Minister Boh, Williams, federal Urban Affairs Minister Ron Bas- ford and Environment Minister Jack Davis. The two governments will share the cost of build- ing five railway lines in the northwest region of the province and in a large-scale development of port facilities at north-coastal Prince Rupert, recently des- ignated as a national harbor. In addition, tbo province will share with Ottawa the cost of contsruction of a 40-mile, million rail- way link between Asbcroft and Clinton. Premier Barrett said this link is a vital part of the development of secondary industry in the north. Mr. Basford said the link will provide the port of Van- couver with an essential connection to the Prairies in the event transportation through the Fraser River Val- ley is interrupted. Projected federal cost of the railway construction program is approximately million over a 10-year period. The province's share will be about mil- lion. Work on the project is to start immediately and it is hoped it will be completed by 1978. .Cost-sharing arrangements have yet to be com- pleted for the estimated million needed to improve easting port facilities at Prince Rupert. The two governments will share total capital costs on: The British Columbia railway line now under con- struction from Fort St. James to a connecting point Hear Groundhog: The BCR line north from Groundhog to Dease Lake: A new BCR line near Klappan to Telegraph Creek when a line is needed to support mineral in- dustry in the area; A new Canadian National Railways line from Terrance to the Grounding connection on the BCR Dease Lake line: A future extension of the BCR line from Dease Lake to Lower Post, just south of the Yukon border. The CNR will be able to run trains across BCR trackage from the point where its line joins the BCR to Dease Lake. On completion of the BCR line to Lower Post the CNR will have access to the Yukon. In return, the BCR can operate trains over CN trackage from the junction to Terrance and Prince Rupert. "Both railways will have equal traffic rights for southbound traffic on the BCR line from Lower Post to Dease Lake. Inside Classified 12-H Comics..........15 Comment District 3 Family..........u Local News Markets jfi Sports 6.7 TV.............. Weather z LOW TONIGHT HIGH WEW. Sfl: MOSTLY SUNNY The LetHbrldae Herald VOL. LXVI No. 189 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, JULY 24, 1973 THREE SECTIONS-32 PAGES Nixon battles to hold tapes Ehrlichman receives oath from Watergate chairman Sam Ervin WASHINGTON (AP) Presi- dent Nixon battled today in a legal no-man's-land to withhold Watergate evidence he admits cant prove his innocence. He refused Monday to pro- duce the Watergate-related tape recordings and documents vol- untarily, and was served with subpoenas from the senate Wa- tergate committee and special prosecutor Archibald Cox. The next step in the unfolding constitutional confrontation was scheduled for today, when Cox has promised to make public the wording of his subpoena by filing it in court. Nixon has until Thursday to respond to the subpoenas, which he appears determined not to answer. Deputy press secretary Gerald.Warren said the presi- dent has taken "a very firm po- sition" of the material, either publicly or to a grand jury. Nixon might ignore the sub- poenas, risking moves that could find nun in contempt Congress or the courts. Or he might fight them directly with legal motions asking a judge to quash them. Either way, the fight appears destined for ulti- mate resolution in the Supreme Court, which, has never ruled clearly on -whether a-president may withhold evidence in a criminal case. The White House refused to give the material either to the committee or to Cox, who are seeking it for different pur- poses. Nixon said he has listened to some of the tapes, and stated that they would not settle whether ousted White House counsel John Dean was telling the truth when he accused Nixon of participating in the Watergate cover-up plot. Dean said Nixon discussed hush money and clemency offers in. the Oval Office. 'John Dean lied9 ex-advisor says WASHINGTON (AP) John D. Ehrlichman today told the Senate. Watergate committee that John W. Dean lied. Ehrlichman, once the chief domestic adviser to Presrdent Nixon, said he and others uvthe White House relied on Dean for information about the gaie wiretapping affair. Ehrlichman said in prepared testimony that ousted White House counsel Dean's story that the Watergate affair was the centre of attention at the Whffe He-use is "falser than other falsehoods" Dean gave the Senate "I that we were all just -too busy to -have no- Ehrlichman said. "We did notice, and we kept in- formed through John Dean on the assumption that be was giv- ing us complete and accurate' information." For his own part, Ehrichman said, "I sincerely do not believe- I, am guilty any." i, wrongdoing." Ehrlichman also quoted pres- ident Nixon as saying in March thai the 1971 Ellsberg break-ins was "a vital national security inquiry" well within his constitutional poweis and obligations. Nixon said last May 22 that he didnt authorize the break- in, didn't know about it until recently, and would have dis- approved it if brought to his at- tention. V.S. senators deny Canadian charges Pipeline position 6not distorted' GERALD BALDWIN Veteran to quit PC post Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Veteran Parlia- mentarian Gerald Baldwin in- tends to quit his job as Pro- gressive Conservative House leader and as Robert Stan- field's second-in-command. Mr. Baldwin, MP for Peace River since the John Diefenba- fcer sweep of 1958. will tell Mr. Slanfield of his "irrevocaWe" decision to give up the'position he has held for the past five yeare sometime this week. The 66-year-old AJbertan had intended to resign the post last October but felt he had to slay on in view of the unsettled sit- uation following extra security guards at the entrance to deuc- es held in the same building Friday and Saturday night "They didn't worry about people in the back at he said. Told losses were their own re- sponsibility, the display mer- chants were not allocated stor- age rooms overnight Mr. Shifjahiro eventually got one because be insisted. "A very poor deal'' was. Mr. Shigebiro's analysis of the Pavilion organization which put displays of electronics and clothing next to livestock pens. "We felt TO should hare been in with the art display. The least we could have had was Disgusted exhibitors met Wednesday he said, and threat- ened to pull cot of the exhibi- tion. The only response. Mr. Shigehiro claims, was to bo told "Dnn'l plan on coming back next Fred Pritchard. president of the exhibition board, said the Pavilion can be locked, and that tibe commercial display area needed only one guard. Storage rooms are never al- located to merchants who ex- hibit in the Pavilion. "We haven't that kind of be said. He said the merchant's wish to store products away from his display is like a business- man who wants to keep his merchandise in the bank over- night "We're an agricultural fair and don't fool around with com. inertia! Andy An- drews, exhibition manager said today in response to Mr. Shige- biro's complaint. "Commercial displays are responsible for their own secur- Asked if there was ope guard for the commercial dis- play area, Mr. Andrews re- plied. "I wouldn't think so." However, be declined to say bow many security men were assigned to tie Pavilion. ond About town BUSINESSMAN Blake Kartell breathing a sigh of relief that The Herald's series on 5th Street has cluded lifeguard Janice Anderson riding her friend's bicycle into Henderson Lake Pool, ;