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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 24, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, July 24, Wi- I ini in; Cl' Ai la er th sc ei In tii it h: Bruce Hutchison The Alberta Election -2 Which party is fresher? In this provincial election there are no major issues of policy or politi- cal philosophy. A Conservative gov- ernment would not likely change the province's course the slightest. The best it can promise (and perhaps that is quite sufficient) is to main- tain the present direction with new hands and faces and names giving the leadership. Knowing that the people want an up to date government and Mr. Manning's record and legacy would not carry the party indefinitely, So- cial Credit has done much to give the new party impression. A good deal of deadwood has been pruned out. The voter will have to decide whether the pruning has been dras- tic enough. By and large the party has come up with a style and quality of candidate that does' not suggest it is a tired party, an old government. One of the government's handicaps is that it slipped too often into ruts of arrogance. The people want a strong government but they do not want a "we can do no wrong" govern- ment. The Social Credit administra- tion, being human, has made many mistakes, not all of them too serious, and it would stand higher in public esteem today if it had admitted more of its mistakes. Perhaps the best that can be said for the Strom government is that it has had the courage and strength to say no to questionable demands on the public treasury. It has behaved in the last year as if it would be re- elected even if it grew more stingy with public funds, as if it didn't have to buy the election, didn't need to fool the people, and therefore wouldn't have to launch an economy drive right after the election. This is a gamble, and perhaps the government will earn points with the voter for its frankness in insisting that there is a limit to the public treasury. Give them a chance Canada's highly respected expert on Chinese affairs, Mr. Chester Ron- ning, has stated that the question of Taiwan can be settled fay the Chi- nese themselves. This idea is in line with the opinion of many American pundits confronted with the extreme- ly difficult and complex question of how the U.S. can eventually extend diplomatic recognition to Peking in place of Nationalist China and sup- port Peking's representation on the Security Council and in the UN. In Mr. Nixon's terse announce- ment of his forthcoming visit to Pe- king he stated that "the meeting be- tween the leaders of China and the U.S. is to seek the normalization of relations between the two countries and also to exchange views on ques- tions of concern to two sides." Every- body knows by this time that Pe- king's basis for "normalization" is that Washington should recognize its claim to sovereignty over Taiwan. But President Nixon has said that his action in seeking a new relation- ship with the People's Republic will not he at the expense of "our old friends." One must assume that Mr. Nixon means that he will not aban- don the American treaty commit- ment to defend the Nationalist government against armed attack, or that the U.S. will physically hand over the island to the People's Republic. If this is what he means it sounds like palliative double talk. It is tantantmount to saying that if Peking walks in peacefully and takes over the island, it will be fine with the U.S. But if the Peking comes accompanied by guns, the U.S. will help the Nationalists fight back. This would be a sellout of the most bla- tant kind, for it would mean that the U.S. has indeed abandoned its friends, eighty per cent of whom have been looking forward for many years to being allowed a voice in their own future. Both Mr. Ronning and the U.S. sup- porters of "letting the Chinese find their own solution" know exactly what that means. It means that Tai- wan would become a province of the People's Republic, its opportunity for choice in its own affairs forever gone. It should have that choice. Pressure should be brought on the Nationalist government to give it to the people now by a free vote. Do they want to become the Republic of Taiwan or do they want to be a Chinese Commu- nist province, that is the question. But the way things look, these peo- ple have become pawns in the in- ternational game played by the great powers, and they probably will never have the chance to say aye, yes, or no. An unusual charge has been made by a member of the party of 25 Ca- nadians currently touring the Peo- ple's Republic of China. There are several radicals in the group, accord- ing to the Herald's correspondent in Peking, and one of them is reported to have told his Chinese guides that he is astounded that the Chinese have given Nixon a political boost by ac- ceding to his request to visit Peking. The Chinese Communists supporting the re election of President Nixon! It's the most novel idea of the decade. Weekend Meditation The life of the soul CIMONE WEILL was born in Paris in 1909 and died during the Second World War, a victim of its hardships. A1 teacher of philosophy, a visionary and idealist, she served with tlie Spanish Republican Army end knew the betrayal and cruelty of man. She wrote an internationally famous book, "The Need for and another "Wait- ing on God" which is one of the finest de- votional books extant. She learned to pray only late in life, but her prayer achieved a rare intensity. One summer working in the vineyards of southern France she formed tlie habit of repeating every day the "Our Father" in Greek. If her attention wandered to the slightest degree she would go over it until she gave it absolutely pure attention. At the sanre time she studied Sanskrit and the Bhagavat-Gila. All things that she touches in her writings are given new meaning and brighter significance. When she speaks of affliction, for example, she points out the difference between it and suffering and how affliction can either steal the soul or bring one nailed to the centre of the universe which centre is God. Affliction tends to poison all life, to make us despise our- selves ,-ir.d others to despise us. This is no mere Christian insight. The Greeks saw this from Thucydidcs to I he trage- dians, as did the Hebrew writers, es- pecially in the book of Job. Even as in a barnyard hens will attack a hurt lien, so the animal man attacks his afflicted fcl- lowman. Affliction Is both the great destroyer and the great creator. Van Wyck Brooks says that when Henry James wrote In his na- tive America it irritated him so much he wrote strongly, but when he escaped to the serenity of Knglnnd he lost his power find became fatuous, ft is the cose that all great novelists have written out of their frustrations and afflictions, even in the de- rision of Ibcir fellows. Affliction draws us Irnm HIP. centre of self, which is damna- tion, to Uie centre which is God, but it may intensify the centredness in self, which is hell. A great many pious things are said of affliction. Those who speak thus lightly have led a soft life. There is an old saying that man flies fastest home on a broken wing. Some- limes. Other times he never flies again when a wing is broken. One tiling cer- tain is that the man who has never known affliction has never known sympathy, em- pathy, or creative compassion. When his own son was drowned in Northern Ontario a certain Toronto minister visited all the families who had lost a child during his ministry. For the first time he understood. Yet a profound sensitivity is a mark of a civilized man, and the man who lacks it is deformed, a baser, earthworm sort of crea- ture. In one of his short stories Galsworthy tells of two men who met one day and got into conversation. One told of his blindness and how he passed through the dark night of despair as it settled on him. As the other man spoke the blind man ran his hand over his face. This man had been a doctor who had been, imprisoned for a professional crime and now was rejected by society. The blind man said as his fingers read the doctor's features, "same with you touched bottom." The Book of Tlie Revelation describes the victorious saints as "These arc they which came out of great nnd their white robes are the symbols of purity and triumph. Blessed saints! Their number is small and no wonder. Yet, since they emerged victoriously only with God's help, Hie same way of final triumph is open to all. PRAYER: Give us the willingness, O God, to receive whatever life brings with perfect renunciation, so that the death of self may become our spiritual birthday. F.S.M. Idea deserves fair chance of success IT WILL BE a great loss (o Canada if the idea behind tlie Opportunities for Youth program is discredited because the government has botched it in execution. For the idea is ex- celent. Indeed, it is essential. A nation which fails to give its youth a chance of summer em- ployment, self-respect and a baptism of real iife will pay a price -for its failure a little later on, a price far larger than tlie immediate waste of money. It is always difficult, or im- possible for older people to see things through youthful eyes but those eyes will not be youthful for long. Life goes on. Within a few years the kids hitch-hiking by the road, and others like them, Till be running Hie coun- try. When you give a lift to some boy he is, per- haps, a potential prime minis- ter, an unlikely Trudeau in blue jeans, in hope or in despair. At any rate, he is a future voter. and his attitude toward our so- ciety, with that of his contem- poraries, will decide its future as veil. This fact is so obvious that one apologizes for mentioning it but, like most obvious facts, it is usually overlooked. What mainly interests the public to- day is the current loss of its money on foolish youth projects which are easily understood and rightly criticized, but the gov- ernment is wasting much more on thousands of other things in- even to Parlia- ment.. In politics, you might almost say, it is the little absurd things that ruin governments. This is why Secretary of State Gerard Pelletier has become such a political liability to Prime Minister Trudeau. His mis- takes are shouted in black head- lines. The bigger mistakes are buried in the fine print of the budget pages that hardly any- one ever reads. The fate of Mr. Pellriier and the government is a small mat- ter. What happens to the next generation is supremely impor- tant but of course neither the young nor the old can foresee it. You might suppose, from tlie complaints of the young, that our society was ruined already, that youth had no opportunities at all when most of it is doing fine. You might suppose, from the complaints of the old, that youth was debauched and drug- ged beyond recovery when most of it probably is just as sen- sible as its elders. However that may be, youth is wrong if it imagines that the world owes it an easy living without labor, at someone else's cost, and age is wrong if it ima- gines that the good old days ol its own youth will ever return. Some of us remember another time when we cut fire wood for a dollar a cord, or worked on a farm to clear maybe for the whole summer and thought we were lucky. That experience, we tell ourselves, was good for us. It bred a strong, self-reliant .generation and built a good soimd society. Did it? The cur- rent young are unlikely to think so. They see, instead, a world which, in half a century, has produced two great wars, with a great depression between them, and now, in an atmo- sphere poisoned by its econ- omic success, seems unable to solve even such a simple prob- lem as unemployment com- bined with inflation. In youthful eyes the old have botched ev- erything as badly as Mr. Pelle- tier has botched his summer program. The young will find, in due time, that these things are not as simple as they look, or the old as stupid and wicked. Mean- "How come we're taking it all with us if we're supposed to get away from it while it is ridiculous to say that the nation cannot provide sum- mer jobs for youngsters who cannot get them otherwise and are prepared to work for their pay. It is equally ridiculous to say that they should be paid inflated union wages lest they break down our standard ol living when, in fact, they will improve it if their work is properly chos- en and directed. More import- antly, they will improve them- selves the true object of the exercise. And if they cannot get work, at reasonable wages that private employers or the tax- payers can afford to pay, then their discontent and desperation will be expressed in more costly fashion, once they have taken control of society not long from now. Our difficulty here, as throughout society, is to keep things in proportion, to remem- ber that the vast majority of the young is not in trouble, that most older Canadians are still prosperous, that Canadian so- ciety, on the whole, is the most fortunate in tlie world and that the problem of summer employ- ment for the small minority is quite manageable, if we have lick of common sense. The government was right in recognizing the immediate need of temporary summer jobs, as distinguished from long-term economic problems. But it was very late in this decision, threw together a problem in sudden panic and put i'. into the wrong hands- Now we are witnessing the results. Some of the most deserving young get no help. Some who deserve no help are receiving it. Some of the local projects most useful to society are neglected. Some of the most idiotic are financed by the tax- payers. Naturally the taxpayers are outraged (though they have much stronger reasons for out- The young are disap- pointed. The government is los- ing votes. Much worse, the na- tion is losing confidence in an idea which deserved a fair chance of success and didn't get it. Peiliaps we have learned something in this first bungled experiment and next year may manage it more sensibly. We had better. Above all, we had belter understand that we are not dealing here with a merely economic problem, a table of statistics. We are dealing with a complex psychological prob- lem, with young human beings, and with the future state of tlie nation's mind. (Herald Special Service) Communists help Nixon! Arnold Britain in the EEC: a turning point in history T ONDON The shape of human affairs has changed so rapidly and so radically within our lifetime that it has now brought us to one of the great turning-points in history. Before 1914, Europe domin- ated the world, and the local "powers" among which Europe was divided could indulge in fratricidal warfare with im- punity. Since 1945, Europe has not only lost her former world- wide supremacy; she has fallen under the shadow of two non- Eur'opean super powers whose respective spheres of influence or control have bisected Europe between two competing non- European camps. The third revolutionary change has been the construc- tive reaction of the two princi- pal continental European coun- tries to the dramatic turn for the worse in Europe's position. France and Germany have put behind them their ancient feud and have joined with foul- neighbors in laying the founda- tions for a voluntary European union. Nothing like this has happened in Europe since tlie fall of the Roman Empire- There have been many at- tempts to unite Europe by con- quest, and all these have been foiled by the European people's abhorrence of being coerced. In the European Economic Com- munity union without coercion or subjection has now been achieved for the first time in Giuopean history. The two major continental European countries, France and Germany, have taken the initiative. The third major Eur- opean country, Britain, is now facing the most fateful decision in British history since the crea- tion of the United Kingdom. We now have it in our power to give Britain new lease on life by turning over a new leaf. The external obstacles have been overcome. Are we going to be "betrayed by what is false By playing party politics with our national future? By taking loo short views ahead, and loo long views retrospectively? Will our decision be determined by fore- casts of the price of butter over the new few months, and by the late Hugh Gaitskell's nostalgia for "a thousand years of his- Those thousand years are dead. Woe betide us if they are not also done with. If we now try to shape our future on the pattern of a past that has be- come irrelevant, we shall be bringing on ourselves the doom of Lot's wife. If you want to see what it is like to petrify oneself into a pillar of salt, look at present-day Spain and Portugal. It would indeed be a tragedy for Britain if she were wantonly to drop out of her race with national nun just one yard short of reaching the tape, with ruin at her heels. It would be formidable for even a united Europe to hold its own between the Soviet Union and the United States, as Pompidou demonstra- ted on a wall map the other day. The EEC would survive, even if Britain were to make the grand rifiuto. But Britain would then find herself squeezed between three ice- bergs a united continental Western Europe besides the two super powers. Her continental fellow Europeans would suffer, but Britain's self-inflicted suf- fering would be incomparably more severe. The crisis confronting Britain and (lie rest of Europe today has at least one pertinent his- torical precedent. Greece faced a similar crisis on the eve of Home's conquest of the Medi- terranean basis. The Greeks tried to anticipate the onset of "the cloud from the west" by uniting voluntarily with each other. They saw that, in order to survive, they must join hands, like people who have to ford a rushing river. The Greeks missed their objective by yards. If we miss now, it will be by inches, and this would be pecul- iarly inept. Wo in present-day Europo have already surmounted a number of obstacles to volun- tary union which the Greeks failed to surmount in the third century B.C. In Greece I h c move lor voluntary union was initiated by states that were not inhibited by the incubus of a brilliant past. The Aetolians and Achaeans two relatively un- distinguished Greek peoples took the lead. Athens held aloof, and Sparta was a saboteur. In the EEC the lead has been taken by France, the oldest and grandest of all our modem European national states. In Greece, the Aetolian union and the Achaean union failed to coalesce with each other; in- stead, they frustrated the whole Greek unification movement by becoming bitter rivals. Modern Europe's fission into EEC and EFT A (European Free Trade Association) has now been transcended. Britain and France are no longer working against each other. Like France and Germany, France and Bri- tain have overcome the mutual hostility that had been accum- mulated by past conflicts. Franco British reconcilia- tion is an even finer feat of statesmanship than the Franco- German reconciliation; for the Franco-British conflict started earlier and lasted longer. Tlie Hundred Years War; Britain versus Louis XtV; the Franco- British competition for North America and India; Britain ver- sus Napoleon; the entente that ceased to be cordial in the First World War and that to exist in the Second World War: all these searing memor- ies have now been relegated, in the minds of both peoples, to a mental lumber room. Tims, present-day Europe is in far better shape to face the inter- national ordeals that await her than Greece was when she was sucked into the world war between Home and Carthage. If now, when we are on the verge of success, the move for the expansion of EEC fails, tho fault will be Britain's, not France's, and the ignominy of having blundered so grossly will be on Britain's head. De Gaulle foretold that he would not live to sec Brilain join EEC. Tlie dead nr'o quit of responsi- bility for what is done by the living. If Britain fails to join now, the namo thnt will be coupled forever with this tragic exhibi- tion of policial ineptitude will not be de Gaulle's; it will be the name of some British politician. Europe has made herself a byword for her centuries of fratricidal domestic warfare. The two most recent of these chronic European wars swelled into world wide calamities. The world's indictment of Eur- ope is justly severe; yet, though Europe has inflicted grave damage on the world, she has also brought gifts, and she has more gifts stiU to bring gifts that will be unaccompanied by damage if, from now, we Euro- peans succeed in living in peace and unity with each olhcr. Europe's potential future gifts to the world cover the whole field of human activity- spiritual, artistic, intellectual, technological. A voluntarily uni- ted Europe will be able to give these gifts at first hand. If Europe were to remain dis- united and if she were conse- quently to be overwhelmed by the giants who are closing in round her, our European civili- zation would not be obliterated, but for the future it would be transmitted, not by us Euro- peans ourselves, but at second hand by the Americans and Russians and Japanese, as, af- ter the subjection of Greece to Rome, Greek civilization was transmitted to our barbarian forefathers by the Romans, and not by the Greeks themselves' This parallel between Eur- ope's situation today and Greece's situation in the third century B.C. gives us a mea- sure of what is now at stake for us. We need not bring tha Greeks' fate upon ourselves. We have it in our power to take a wiser and happier course. But in any case our course will bring us to the bank of that rushing river, and we shall have to plunge in. This is an ordeal that we cannot avoid. If we breast the current arm-in- arm, we may reach the farther shore. Floundering singly, we are likely (o drown, and the fool- hardy deserve no tears. (Written for The Herald and Tlic Observer, London) Looking backward Through the Herald Negroes stcncd buses and set fire to a garbage truck tday in protest against a pro- posed new constitution for Southern Rhodesia. 1851 The United Kingdom will purchase bu- shels of wheat from Canada under the terms of the Inter- national Wheat Agreement. IWl The United States strongly denounced Japan today as the aggressor in French Indo-China and declared the move there menaced American security and endangered Amer- ican territory and interest in the Far East. 1.W1 Notice of a resolution to enable the government to ex- tend relief because of unemploy- ment and crop failure in the west was given in the House of Commons today by Premier R. B. Bennett. No definite sum was fixed for this expenditure. The Lethbndge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRTDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published ions -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN L Second Class Mall Registration No. 0015 Member of The Canadian Press and Iho Canadian Dally Newspnw Publishers' Association And tho Audit Bureau of Clrculntloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mananrr JOE DALLA WILLIAM HAY Mnnaqinn Editor As-oclale Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager tutorial Pane Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;