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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 24, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta y. JULY 24, 1920 THE DAILY TQ THE WftEfr THE FARM BLOWS AW AY Study Nature's Method of Anchoring the Soil in Place E. V. WILCOX, I. "The Cvuntryficntltman1 Two baa drought years In succes-' are IB themselves enough to try tho patience of Job. Add to that aa attempt of the ground squirrels, pock- et gophers'and to make away? with, the crops bad shr- And.'then wake up some morning- and find your farm and your neighbors' farms waltaing -briskly away with a forty-mile wild! This Is-not'a part of a scenario for a Wild-West i movie Bio. It-is merely a, tame, proty and Inadequate man- ner, ot hinting at the of the a tract hi Thomas-County, Biit, .these, farmers; did not" any unnecessary tear's over their tempor- ary hard luck. They rubbed the dust out ot their .eyea and began the fight their, farms. great cam- ;balgn started involving th'V: operation of business men 1 ;and It yiars cC-hard work'.to stop the clriWng of.the soil. Tb'ey ran lister fufjrbws quarter; ot the land .which %as sliding Jiwajr in the wind.'; ;They roughened-'the surface1 any. available implement ot cut :tlvation. They kept on'planting crops !to help hold the soil.' By" the fall of were air safely anchor-1 led "again. Then .Nature finished the Job' 'rains 'of 1915. -UM.rpro- ductlon of as. big crops Or in many, it: was farm on' th e job, the ori- ginal ground floor of the fartn having been plied up on a railroad cut or. la a pasture field In huge drifts, five to ten feet deep. of having the Great Plains soils wear themselves to powder by drifting back and forth across the country, and had securely anchored tjie soil by means of Such' wonderful soil binders were that the sod form- ed by the roots maile excellent struc- tural material.. Now, these same grasiet with thalr remarkable root development furnish- ed the'overcoat: which forced the winds to go oa about their business withobt the For the Great'Pliuu wtadT country. For enmnte, that jr news, items and stories written about "a whole county -Wowing my mind the i important result ot the big blow .overlooked. It fprc- upon ersjpj-Thomas County.iit tpgpljd over us placeVa the of dust ..i. 'it-is Tiowl.'rrremembered i m eijal y; as a Farm lag in Thomasi.Courity is-as-prosperous an 1 '.Playing With Dust Mulches The land; Is sell to dollars an acre, and the f agriculture of the county rests upon a better foundation than ever, for the reason that farm practices are now in the soil and climatic re- ii qulremerits. In other words, tha.far- mers-have learned 'how to operate 's. these farms successfully by iusing thelr.own brains and studying Thomas rather than by blindly following the. recqmmenda- tipns pt some th'eprlst'w'hb hid ij.wlth in a region where soil -Wowing ,'nerer occurs. .1. "The only'argumen't available with an east to put on your, over- says the philosopher. the only; good, use'1, against Is to keep a crop-over- coat oh your land. v J Nature; hssT'already, 10 Years of Eczema HI Sample Cured Her .'dvteg tbe six-year period 1M7-19U velocity of twenty an-hovT. In fact; during tbe-montiB of April. Mar and ,win4 a .speed ;of twenty mUei hoiir an average ct ulaeteeo timei a month and Eome- tlmes reached 'a Telocity 'of fifty-two theVearty r days ot eettlement horhestea'der blowed poly a eiaall part of his lind during any son. 'Most families .came from where' diversified farm- Ing was tie established practice and brought coirs' and logs with then. But jwheal fanning 'rapidly increased [n popularity. Tile homesteaders be- gan 'plowing more and inore laud. Jnat.before tractors had1 gained great Tqjrtte ja Thomas County. They made it to jilow-np all th'j land In sightN.'Moet of the land had-alresdy been .-.planted' to wheat continaondy for. twenty; yesra. It was plowed only, once In three and then. only three to; five inches deep'. The rest 'pi it was disked; everlastingly disked. Anita____ ,1 the'wertl i! rtr- thck Ute. Qw, Writ, ber if 700 dnin. or oo tbe Trafted'ouTtllintlr doctm. A t In UK Wort tor ikia Oxttt bu kttm An aad cadortewat from Bouir the DoDMoi, nnlr il it the 00.1 lorvnl ii Jort trr Mttte of D.D. D. oa oaf Mtttve nawrttt. tiMabMUa, Tn D.O D. [fatal for Shin Disease J. p. Hlginbotham Co., Ltd, drug- -fititi Retired fPHE monejr yoa spend daring the long Vfari of toil will not help you ficnt "T" from too mwb land at for jot u they'had the land nicely leveled and before they OM14 the wind blew toetr ton and piled it up In another place. Tv.tt8 they learned the fecsoB at -Ifir -t a little time and getting that jjjchorwl before proceeding with the removal of the aacebruih from 4ore land. "plants of whatnw hM, coro, wheat or to extent u wtadcnaka. other.traak left be- hind Itt.harreating farm crova ara alae Of some rain for MW ptvwe. Thli material, including crop roots when cultivated Into tae toil and be- fore -posvidete decay, acta u a soil bfcdef.; or decomposed No-attempt'was made, .tpip'ut humus back into the soil." -Even', the straw And all'these years a _ terrl flc o ar- rage of dust-mutbh.propaganda was laid the Great Plains. Tha farmers were frantically urged to keep the disk harrow, the smoothing harrow and-the'jlank drag going all the timeix The. joil-surface must be kept pulverized into a fine dust. This was the whole fiecret'0f..dry farming. By this method you could keep the soil moisture from escaping and raise crops whether, jt rained or not. And the farmers supposed 'thit these ex- perts oh dry "what thej> were talking about, so they scratched and disked and harrowed.the top of their .farm into a sort, of talcum powder. Then canie "the big blow and the to a depth of six inches, .or as .deep as it had evor been .-stirred with' plow." or. narrow, blew.awayt. "Than the began to wonder who. had been'throwing the most dust in their; said G. 11. Kinkel, Colby, a pioneer In this re- gion, in giving me. -a of :tie affair, "we had oily inches of rain, 1911 -was .'only; 1054i There was no vege- tation' to; hold tSe soil in 1910. A -late In March.rlaii, coyer- Ipg the. ground Ltwo feet-deep. But all this snow melted.in :two days in a Chinook wind.'The. BOH was very loose. It had been'cultivated as deep as the. plow snow'Packed the whole top'six inches, Cold wea- ther followed the melting of the snow, freezing solid.' the cultivated' layer of six Inches. .Mil cracked, out. -Then the, the-last of Mairch'-and -.cohtllued.till May.-By that time all the cultivated soil was blown off and.heaped up.in various places. Soil from bare elds 'my 'pas- except foi1 a'small patch; "An area forty, mile's'.wide and one hundred miles Kinkel 'went on. i died down -now and but-.dust storms occurred .every j had rented ray I' every tenant save what could: he'saved: But in 19111 in spite offdrts, the .wind-blew out all the winter .wheat arid covered the spring' crops; with soil. Yes, th'e ,il0w.' wa repeated -In 1912 arid 1913.. fButj an', effort was made, to .'A' Hills of Nebraska-and Colorado in. Western Texas, Eastern :New Mexico, Columbia River Basin, and elsewhere. One ot the worst features ol plows IB that-' one' careless m'ay setf. the'.'whole country bio ing sand, from a field with a tmqctu pulverized surface will soon'plane etapoth at the surface of. a neighbor's field been' left prevent SOU blowing.-': l" BOOQ surface SB smooth, away 8 goes the soil." -l! J "What can we do about it 1 Inquired. "Cultivate ES little as Mr. Cole continued. tbe first place, get rid of your disk harrow, smooth- ing barrow and.plank drag. They are ip; good "'In kind of country. listers ara.'good implementB; in fact, any Implement which will leave the soil surface routh on in clods and ridges can-be recom- mended. But 'don't 'use even'Hh'es.e implements unless you have to .do BO for some specific. .In the less cultivation th'e better. Even that advice hai to be'taken irlUi''re- serve. 'A strictly uncultivated S flelji may start'blowing away.if the soiiace is smoothu ..-Thus may smooth, for winter and may therefore suffer from drifting. If so, you have to break it up and leave clods on the surface. "In any situation con- stantly chan ges the.' amo unt: of rainfall.. Bad blowfl are not oE fre- ijuent pocurrence." The blow of >1911- 1913 .only one-bf any.conse- quence near Colby for the last thirty- five years." Mr. Kinkel condensed his long prat tical experience with blow, a few short sentences: "You.simply must break the surface if it come smooth. Even a weighted" disk harrow will ilo "if no better implement is bandy. List all fields, evehSp'as- tures. Deep plowing is only porary help. Plow at once hurt Everybody. took a campaign. We'de- cidcd-.that. we, would 'anchor rlgh't it wa's and. kee p ih e -farms Thomas Connly.'i And Ve '.did if J In the fall d! :I 'sowed" winter wheat on my farm'as. 19H harvested .to {he acre, '.The "injured: In the least- by the4 topib'il .bloSrlng' away.' serial one ''fy. When ypn; lake olt the next, otie belovf it This.'.exp'e'rlence In -Thomas County, even .if we, hid other to guide us, would hinlch ;h-lp'discredit the dust- regions.' subject' to Thtis E. Hazen, _ eiperlehce at Haya, Kansas, said: "iThere hns been much written to explain how to establish j soil rauldv.but so far there Is Jifde Information as.to how to keep it. A dust mulch will check evaporation, but tho first stiff wind wm blow the mulch Just how fnst'does a'wlnd bava to blow to cany away! the. soil That depends, of course, upon the fineness ol -we.ion cover as well as on'the.'method cultivation. "Some get and- run away very as oho farmer, put II. Uui winds of than a.twenty-mile velo- city do little .soil erosion except un- der unusual conditions. Mr. ll.izen miiile a numlitr of obXervallons on adjacent patches of ground free from vegetation., but. cultivated In different wa'ys. The first patch was not culti- vated, Ihe'secbnd roilg'n rmrrowe'd nnil lett the third'.rough-harrow- cil .but the toiirlh alBd rdufh'hcffmvcd and laid smooth. HmHhe WHK'a nne level mulcti ifiirfate.' Hazcn noted Inn cirnct of. Vcloci- of groun'd1 "With a tho flflh vest, July fflfte'enth to August fifteenth. cession "of; .troughs will thus cWl the loosened wind, ana prevent the movement becoming general or cpntlnuouiV ter i wheat is the; best pjotectipii against soil blowing. Sometimes ft may bp advlsablp to leave, the. stubble standing as .long'as must get the wheat started in the fail so as to cover the ground." In ;sves.tern.. Kansas and.'Ne.braelia damage from soil blowing "inost fre- quently occurs on summer fallow, iri cprn-stnbhle fields, and other fielda that have been eultivatedf.so; much that-the fine and 'dry.'1 Pfanting' across the wind h'as beenSfpund a quite: 'of drift Thne' :cbrn or sorghum mas' alternate with strips of grain or grass" or .alfalfa. This is particuiariy.'ser- vlceable blowing ..exlends'.'far into the summer, as iii parts of Colo- rado. One of the shining .examples of wind-blown soil dejioslts the Pa- Ifiuse .country ol Washington Idaho. This whole region Is just one big rounded hill after another. -Those wonderfully fertile hills are merely SeSp's of'soil gradually carried over by-the strong west .winds from Pasco Umatilla, Walla Walla, and other dry regioM farther west. The hills are" a50 to 200. feet'high; "the northeast slope being steepest, Byron Blunter, Moscov, Idaho, has .made, study of the bioir- soil' problem': of: the Coiumbia and Snake .River; bislns of .Wa'shinglbii; Oregon and. Idaho. Soil drifting Iii thls.reglpri Is.a serious mailer Iii many Sum.merfa'jIowfnB Is'a gen- qnc-lialCof the crop''.land .bare and ''exposed to wind way of haudl- ing-these says sisU In leaving the traah ,on 'or tho, soli, makipg tojcover tho sur- face of and rubbing and pnlverlilng.'thp. soils-: jifs't little as Irjjthe past-blow.i'splls'have beon summenallowed' very much the for light soil8.that do hot blow. ,this has frequently resu'llci.Mn'-dtsaster." Plowing .with ed and directly.. harvest will leave the stubble and, wcefls ,on the surface and thus help to prevent soil drifting. As soon as tho frost is out of tho ground in the early spring and while the sol! la still wet z, cold mulch may be marie with tho spring-tooth har- row. The ground by this inethod, is stirred about fivo inches deep. .-If weeds slart up in the spring they niay ha controlled with the. rod weeder, the rod passing just below the mulch To protect winter wheat from toll blowing -Hunter recommends harrow- Ing the wheat In the spring when the soil Is wet, or, it there Is a light stand of wheal, covering n with manure or straw, flye planted'in the sluhblo In the fal! and used as pasluwthe next spring and. summer will also 'help to holt! .the soil: But It to nol the drylamlers alptift mo suffer from soil blowing. Dust storms, .and crcisfori occur over all the' great stretches of somlarhl range country.. Similar, experisiicca might-be rt. late'.d.fro.ip. Calffornfa. areas Ihnt scmnllnai duffer from wiiij PAGE NINE Uble incorporated in the struc- ture of (he soil it commonly supposed is is '.acJa! in tte same direction, for tiM raawa that tt increases the water- iudllac powqr ol the' soil and Sends to flocculate the ioU lato coaner gran- uiea. On this-.polk I talked wHh C. F, MarbuV of Soil Survey Investlga- Uonj. aa4 J. 3. Cole, Dry laud Ajri- culture Both the matter doubtful. up tbe effect of a nke .that ot 1911-1513 in Thomu Couaty, Kansas? Well, silos and dairy cows are increaiing in num- ber and Thomu County [5 more pros- perous than The blx wind made it necessary to grow otter crops ai well M farmers have foucd that a combination 0( crops and tana ia more prodtablo than wlrtat aloiw, better for the Boll, better tor fertility of .It ti aa Bl wlad that blows no OM gooi Tke We wind ot 1911- and llmOar vinds in other parts HELP THE; CHILD TO HELP HIMSELF K la dtfnourt Tor m uMIU to of hint of a >ook. Tlw Account 'win tHatit depoav H will the of THE HABIT, or TTifitirr QPEN AN ACCOUNT. FOR EAOH CHILD IN THE ROYAL BANK CANADA (CAPJTA.L AND RESERVES 35.000000 Branch B'ranchee Alto it Magrith, Cartirto'h and Taber. E. E. MacKay, Manager McGormick Binders SECOND TO NONE by World-wide Service. SOLD BY OXLANE) J 1 L H. C. AGENT SECOND AVENUE SOUTH DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOR ALBERTA iThe dep'artnwnt of Agriculture for Alberti it dlitrlbutl'ng J VOFEED GRAIN ,tp, who have atiffered, from loss of crops by blowing or by the ravages of cirtworrrn. Relief Is limited to unorganlHd APPLY TO A. W. MURPHY, BOARD OF TRADE OFFICE LBTHBRID.GE, ALBERTA. SENDING MONEY ABROAD If -you wish to send money abroad pur- draft from the Canadiin Rank of Commerce. It is the safest nietkid and the cost is small. Should the money be required at once we shall be pleased ti arrange the matter by cable. MA THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH-K. .W. Rcikic, The Young Man's Best Recomineadalion A Savings Account is more than a start towards financial is a' mark of character. One of the strongest recommendations in the world of business that a young: man can present, is allerchaiitaBankPaes-Book, sfrecord of consistent A Savings Account may ba opened with ?1.QO, which ihows how highly we regard t _ 'the accounts of who desira to sava MCRCHANTS BANK OF R. 1 DINNING, of the Bemiarla country, blew good to every permanent Improvc- meut in faming tnethoda. An aeroDlaae Hrvice' It about to be started between Port Stanley and Toronto. When 200 pigs being driven throu; the stretts of Wltaingtcn, Ml., went on a rampage, they Invaded a emu- The body of Coitn ing since Jnlv 9, found the River St. Clalr near Courtrfght. EVERY MAN RECOGNIZES- the duty he owes to hit wife' and other members ot his fatally to lhat each one ot them provided for after his deceue as well as before, but In many Instacces omits to' make 'such arrangements u will ensure his and their being properly managed after ha demise. The appointment .of Company and under your Will, will aWeguird and relieve them of duties irhleh might prove tbeo. interviews and correspondence invited.' The British Canadian Trust Co. .31S.P'FIK STREET SOUTH LETHiRlDCE, ALBERTA -V PHONE FINANCIALY IRRESPONSIBLE TRUSTEES Are responsible for vast losses in the administration Estates. Your private Executor may be quite respon- sible now, but syill he be so after your to the selettlon of this company ae your Biecutor you are iararad against sueh losses' by a subacribed capita! and surplus of over- Total assau over TRUSTS and GUARANTEE Company, Limited ALBERTA. Provincial Schopl of Agriculture AT RAYMOND Qffers Courses in Agriculture and Domestic Science AQRONOMY ANIMAL HUSBANDRY i VETERINARY SCIENCE DAIRYING POULTRY FARM MANAGEMENT HORTICULTURE V- ECONOMICS SCIENCE CONSISTING OF (AGRICULTURE) (DOMESTIC SCIENCE) COOKING SEWING LAUNDRY HOME NURSING 'ENGLISH arid HOUSEHOLD, MANAGEMENT SANITATION DAIRYING- POULTRY PHYSIpAL CULTURE NO TUJTION ENTRANCE EXAMINATION: 'COURSES EXTEND .OVER TWO .WINTER SESSIONS OF FIVE MONTHS EACH, COMMENCING OCT. 29TH AND CLOS- ING MARCH 26TH. OPEN TO BOYS AND GIRLS WHO HAVE REACHED SIXTEEN YEARS OF AGE. Calendar of 'studies and application for admittance forma ob- tainable from: Principal, School of Agriculture, Raymond MARSHALL, Minister of Agriculture, HQinTnton1 MEYER, oj Agricultural Schools and Derflon- Panns, Edmontijn THRESHERS AND TRACTORS Mny is tlie liHie to Place your flftferi Before the M Wo handlo ihs most popular Ifnes because WE GIVE SATISFACTION AND SERVICE NEW WIN C1TT ALLSTEEL THRESHERS 32-42; 28-48; 36-60 Geiser and Reeves 15 bar 28-48; 30-53; 33.56; 36-60; 40-63 a size to suit everybody The Reliable Dust-Proof Lausons With Latest Equipments 15 30 and 15-25 h. p. 12-20 and h.p. TWIN CITY TRACTORS In (lie follovrlnK Sizes: 12-20; [tint CALL AND iNVESTIOATe OUR 'pRICES AND TERMS. IT WILL PAY WE HAVE SOME SPECIAL BARGAINS AT PRESENT. ANY OF THE ABOVE IF1 ORDERED NOW, IMME- DIATE DELIVERY CAN BE. GIVEN, McCLENAGHAN TAYLOR OINNOT LETHBRiofeE1, ;