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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 23, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 LETHBRIDOE HERALD July 1974 Subs in the Indian Ocean A recent UN report emphasizes an aspect of the arms race that is frequently that the deployment of nuclear-armed submarines. The prepared by Ira- nian and Indian experts and of the Indian Ocean as a Zone of predicts a strategic arms race in the Indian precipitated by the American move to upgrade its base on Diego Garcia into a major navy and air installation. It also states that elimination of great power rivalry in the area would be in the best interests of all the littoral and hinterland states. While the report was withdrawn for revision quite the ex- perts had not restricted themselves to a factual statement of the military presence of the great powers in the In- dian as had been requested by the General but had analyzed motives and reached as there was no questioning of the facts contained in the report. Those facts indicate that the U.S. will have superiority in deployment of missile-armed submarines if the base is upgraded. The move will make the northern Indian Ocean second only to the eastern Mediterranean in terms of Caution warranted Proliferation of nuclear reactors carries another worrisome possibility besides the multiplication of in the fashion of India. This is the danger of radiation poisoning resulting from faulty disposal of wastes. Swedish physicist Hannes president of the international scientists' movement for in a re- cent speech in Britain denounced the spreading use of nuclear power plants. He claimed that the problem of avoiding a world with radioactive poison and nuclear is the most acute of all world problems. Such a comment is apt to be dismissed as exaggerated since no major accidents have happened yet through the use of reactors to generate power. techni- ques for safe disposal of long-life radioactive waste have been developed that add to the lulling of fear. Professor Alfven cannot THE CASSEROLE Much has been made of the fact that an employee of Saskatchewan's minister of education posed as a newspaper reporter to elicit information from a candidate in the federal election. While it is true Saskatchewan's government is and the candidate a it seems a little odd that anyone would talk more freely to a whose business it is to spread infor- mation than to an employee of the local government. The United States government should love Hank the man who recently broke Babe Ruth's home run record. According to the U.S. postal service hs received over 000 fan letters last and at the U.S. letter rate of 10 that comes to over Add to that the income tax he pays on his six figure salary plus all the extras like personal and so and they just can't help turning a profit on Hank. ERIC NICOL Political garden party Cyprus peace depends on spirit of detente By Paul White Herald Washington commentator availability of Soviet targets to American Poseidon submarine missiles. With the current development and deployment of Soviet says the this would put the U.S.S.R. at a disadvantage. The UN experts foresee Russian attempts to gain a greater foothold in the Indian Ocean to offset the American presence and in their judgment a mutual- ly balanced Great Power presence would not be a satisfactory solution to the problem. It is their opinion that the in- stabilities inherent in the area would not permit a balance to be maintained successfully over a period of time and they foresee local conflicts escalating because of great power alignments. Since some of the littoral states of the ocean were among the countries ob- jecting to the it is doubtful that elimination of U.S. and U.S.S.R. influence in the area is universally accepted as a solution to peace and stability there. Be that as it the report does make one thing clear. If a strategic arms limitation treaty is ever agreed limiting nuclear the struggle for deployment of submarines is going to be the main option left open to military strategists and this will exacerbate local conflicts in many areas of the world. I'm not bitter. I'm just a little because during the recent federal election campaign nobody asked me to put a can- didate's sign on my front lawn. All around neighbor lawns bloomed with the bright red of Liberal the PCs a deep-water with an occasional pink runner. But at the garden party of political no one asked me to dance. Maybe I brood too much about these things. If my front garden is too untidy to provide a suitable background for the campaign poster of a self-respecting I should accept this. Instead of lapsing into a I may. welcome the fact that Mr. Trudeau's major- ity government gives me possibly five years in which to do something about my crabgrass. Unless the Liberals are forced out of office by some major political I have am- ple time in which to whip the cotoneaster into shape and create a nice poster plot among the forget-me-nots. But I suspect that my exclusion from being invited to lend my lawn to party signs has less to do with the weeds in my fescue than with the mildew on my image. Because it is widely known that my judg- ment in political matters rates with that of Daffy and therefore lacks the stability required by a candidate seeking the endorse- ment of the householder is this why an election sees my property with full frontal My alarm is warranted. Of the candidates who made house calls in my only one came to our very and before he his wearing dark checked the street to make sure that there was no witness to his departure from a tainted address The problem here is that with each election provincial or municipal the residential lawn sign becomes more prevalent. It- is tomorrow's way of standing up to be counted. Like Christmas outdoor this manifestation of faith has a way of spreading from house to house. Indeed if Canada has a civil war it may well start with The Battle of the Lawn Signs. In the Wars of the Roses the house of Lancaster wore the badge of the red that of York the white rose. The knightly in such a are apt to be shredded. One of my neighbors had his lawn sign mortally maimed. For every lawn sign that falls in two more rise on shaky wooden to take its place. God only knows how they proliferate. Each large campaign billboard drops a litter of lawn maybe. they breed something fierce between elections. Nor is it only in the poorer parts of town and country that election lawn signs rival the dandelion in profusion. Many of the stately homes of Canada are wearing their political heart on their a complete reversal of the decent reticence of our who would as soon have told you their bank balance or the name of their mistress as advertise the name of the candidate they intended to vote for. I subscribe to this old-fashioned view. I believe that the democratic process suffers when armies of lawn signs march row on intimidating those whose front yard is non- committal. On the other nobody wants to be the last kid on the block to get a lawn sign. To be known as a person whose garden fur- niture is politically unaware it's mor- Hfvinff UNITED N. Y. While hopes for peace on Cyprus have focused on the actions of the UN Security there is resignation among diplomats here that success of their efforts awaits fundamental decisions in Moscow and Washington about the future of detente. Co-operation in defusing just such a crisis was envisag- ed two years ago when Presi- dent Nixon and General Secretary Brezhnev signed their much-publicized of for detente in Moscow. The high-sounding reasonableness of the ceasefire resolution approved Saturday by the security coun- is widely might have some practical effect if the two superpowers join in pressuring Greece and Turkey. But UN diplomats need only think back to last October and the provocative actions of Moscow during the Middle East War to recall the selectively pragmatic of detente among Soviet leaders. The Kremlin finally agreed to help defuse the Middle East but only after its military client Egypt appeared to. be losing its war with Israel. Short of an all-out war between Greece and western diplomats here concede that Moscow has lit- tle to lose and much to gain from the current crisis. The hostilities between Greece and both members of seriously weakened the southeastern flask of the defence alliance. In diplomats point out that even a peaceful resolution of the hostilities will leave a legacy of increas- ed bitterness and suspicion between the two NATO allies. The reported increase in domestic political uncertainty in Greece also play into Moscow's hand. Overthrow of the Athens military junta and its replacement by a left- leaning political regime is viewed as a distinct possibili- ty by some diplomats. It is a prospect that would further weaken the NATO while the traditionally un- stable political situation of Greece would be rife for be lightly dismissed. He makes the valid point that accidents do happen and with the multiplication of nuclear power plants the chances of dangerous happenings occurring increase. The care of the nuclear reactors almost inevitably passes to less skilled and less dedicated persons with the increase in their use. Instead of rushing into the production of nuclear power plants to meet the demands for Professor Alfven urges that greater efforts be made to reduce electricity consumption and to use fuel in general more efficiently. This is an approach that has not been pursued with nearly enough vigor. The danger in- volved in the production of nuclear power may not make this the world's greatest problem but it does provide warrant for proceeding cautiously. A lessening pf demand for power would ease some of the pressure for expansion in the nuclear field. been hanging around the house for days Henry why don't you go to or somewhere Impeachment vote seen unavoidable By Joseph syndicated commentator The guilty verdict returned against John Ehrlichman in the case of the White House plumbers demonstrates with special force why Watergate will not go away. The plumbers case not only shows how each development makes an indent for the next in a process which has now become ineluctable. It also identifies the illusion which has caused so many and that the presi- dent has turned the torner. As a result of the guilty ver- Ehrlichman now faces a jail sentence probably 18 months or judging by the 12 months minimum hand- ed out to Charles who copped a plea in the for his part in the burglary of Daniel Ellsberg's psy- chiatrist. Ehrlichman is presently under two other in- in for perjury growing out of the and here in Washington for his part in the main Watergate the alleged conspiracy to cover up the burglary at Democratic National Headquarters. If he is found guilty in the two pending Ehrlichman can expect that the sentences will be separate from not concurrent with the sentence due to be ad- ministered on his conviction last week. So if he wants to ease the now is the time for Ehrlichman to start coming clean with the special prosecutor. The pressure to talk is the greater because the verdict in the plumbers case simplifies enormously the prosecutor's task in the main conspiracy case. Most of the defendants in the conspiracy case have acknowledged that they played a role in raising and passing money for Howard Hunt and others directly im- plicated in the Watergate burglary. But they claim that the money given to Hunt and his associates was only for legitimate expenses connected with the legal defence. The theory of the prosecu- tion has always been that the president and his aides felt obliged to contribute to the Watergate defence because Hunt and company were in a position to spill the beans about the operation against Ellsberg's psychiatrist. Now the criminal nature of that operation is not in doubt. The accor- is in good position to show that Ehrlichman and other White House aides had a strong interest in covering up the Watergate because it led back to the Ellsberg burglary. In these even the payment of legal fees to Hunt and his crew is not an innocent act. The main defence of those in- dicted for conspiracy in the cover-up turns out to be no defence at all But you never would have known the prosecution was on the verge of such a breakthrough when the case went to the jury. The prosecution staff members tried to second- guess public opinion. They became convinced that the jury would be conned or lack the attention span necessary to render what they themselves believed to be the right judgment. So they began to have doubts about what they knew in their hearts was a strong case. The mistakes of judgment by the staff only recapitulate in miniature a mistake that is constantly being made about Watergate. Highly informed people notice that the public has a short attention does not concentrate on and wants to have done with Watergate.They also see that the president has just done something in the Middle East or Russia. They then note the weakness of Congress. So they conclude that Mr Nixon has somehow turned the and is on the way to making a comeback. in generalized public opinion has no influence on the outcome of Watergate. What is now involved is a series of specific acts being judged by well-defined legal procedures which have a momentum of their own. Clever lawyers and public relations men may delay the process. But the wheels are and in one way or matters are going to carry through to an impeach- ment vote. The only way to spare the country months more of long drawn-out agony would be for the president to step down. dangerous inroads by Moscow. The big question mark for diplomats here during the past few days has been Soviet intentions in the current crisis. where will Moscow decide to draw the line as it did during the Mid- dle East War and press for At what point will it decide that the crisis no longer serves its strategic and that continued fighting might flare into a larger confrontation between the two The lines for such a confron- tation have already been drawn. The U.S. Sixth Fleet is cruising in waters near while seven Soviet airborne divisions have been placed on alert. Moscow has pledged its support for the while the United States despite its belated criticism of Greece in the Security Council Saturday has its position in favor of the Athens regime. There was speculation that the Soviets might hold out for an understanding that1 Archbishop Makarios be rein- stated as president of Cyprus. Such a prospect is obviously distasteful to where statements of support for the deposed leader have been noticeably absent. is Moscow demanding participa- tion by its troops or those of one of its eastern European allies in the Warsaw Pact on an expanded UN peacekeeping force. Diplomats note that a desire to participate in UN peacekeeping on Cyprus was likely a factor in the strong support of the Soviet delegate for a ceasefire when the Security Council met last Tuesday. The council failed to call for a ceasefire until following the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. Even few diplomats speaking private- ly deluded themselves into believing their action alone would have much effect on the fighting. council had to pass some sort of resolution to save face. The UN would have look- ed pretty bad if it couldn't come up with remarked one western diplomat. While passage of a resolu- tion which few diplomats ex- pected to be observed pointed up the cynicism not un- common in the diplomatic the pragmatically minded can view the action of the Security Council as a positive development is agreement on the need for a ceasefire. The council has worked out the wording of a said one noting that coun- cil members would probably not have to go through that lengthy procedure a second time. s Letters Lethbridge Playgoers complimented On behalf of the hundreds who enjoyed in the Hobby Village at Whoop-Up I would like to thank the Playgoers of Lethbridge for the vast amount of pleasure they have given us this past week. It is impossible to mention for all were a dedicated to giving us pleasure. But the choice of play was perfect for the setting in the where heavy drama would have been out of the costumes were superb Priscilla showed just Suf- ficient nf thnqp evnuUitp nan. taloons to tittilate even a sep- But the final accolade came from the from the muffled cheers and hisses as each player came on for the second it was obvious that the spectators were in the play just as much as the players. No better tribute could have been given. the careful atten- tion to detail can be lacking in amateur brought realism to a light no easy feat. Where has this talent been We hope that they will enter a much wider area of but maintain their gift of comedy. H. G. PECK Lethbridge 1974 by NEA. Inc I I'll cut out the mumbo-jumbo. The reason we can't give you bank credit is because you're only a Congratulations TheletWiridge HcraU Congratulations to all who organized and took part in the Whoop-Up parade. It was cer- tainly one of the best the bands were outstanding and the floats excellent. The alteration from morn-v ing to afternoon proved by the number of people who attend- ed and their enthusiasm that this was a good move. JULIETTE LACEY Lethbridge 504 7th St. S. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors end Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;