Internet Payments

Secure & Reliable

Your data is encrypted and secure with us.
VeraSafe Security Seal

Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

- Page 12

Join us for 7 days to view your results

Enter your details to get started

or Login

What will you discover?

  • 108,666,265 Obituaries
  • 86,129,063 Archives
  • Birth & Marriages
  • Arrests & legal notices
  • And so much more
Issue Date:
Pages Available: 18

Search All United States newspapers

Research your ancestors and family tree, historical events, famous people and so much more!

Browse U.S. Newspaper Archives

Select the state you are looking for from the map or the list below

OCR Text

Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 23, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 12 THE LETHBRIDCE HERALD Monday, July 23, 1973 Ancient urns may be from legendary Atlantis Atlantis found? Tracking lost cities By JOAN SINCLAIRE Christian Science Monitor ATHENS The man who discovered what may be "lest" Atlantis is reaching for another .equally glittering, ar- chaeological prize. Prof. Spyridon Marinatos, general director of antiquities and restoration in Greece, thinks he is within 500 met- ers, less than a mile, of an- other "lost" city. If found, it would be an archaeological treasure as fabulous as Pom- peii or Santorin, the island tentatively identified as the legendary Atlantis. It is a city dating to the Golden Age of Greece known as Helice. It sank beneath the sea in an earthquake. Ac- cording to ancient historians, not one inhabitant survived. Unlike Pompeii, buried be- neath volcanic ash, or San- torin, devastated when a vol- canic chamber exploded and collapsed, no one at Helice had the warning or the time to flee. Because of this, one of the greatest archaeological trea- sures yet found may be en- tombed at Helice. After a ten- year search Professor Marin- atos now says be is hopeful mat borings made this sum- mer will pinpoint the exact location of the lost city. Meanwhile, diggins are to resume under his supervision at the island complex of San- torin in July. Preserved with- in thick layers of volcanic ash on the island of Thera within the complex, archaeo- logilts already have found the dwellings and artifacts of the civilization that may nave been Atlantis. Plato's famed description of Atlantis fits the island com- plex as it was before the eruptioon. The civilization be- ing uncovered correlates with, but was independent of, that of ancient Crete. Entire buildings with much of their structure and fittings intact have been excavated. Paintings and other art trea- sures are well preserved. The recent excavat ions have uncovered some of the most beautiful frescoes yet found from that more breathtaking than those discovered on Crete. Although Professor Marinatos admits that it is often dangerous for a scholar to make predic- tions, he believes that, in the case of Tfaera, the best is yet to come. He says the digging could continue for a hundred years, mere is so much of value and beauty to be uncov- ered. But what relevance have such things to the nuclear age? Professor Marinatos says, "is the voice of the dead to teach the liv- ing. And now, with great, but really great surprise, science and I have seen that, al- though Santorin is a very tiny island only 60 miles distant from the idyllic and wonder- ful civilization we had in Crete, it developed a won- derful, supremely beautiful civilization which is neither J.Iincsn nor Mycenaean. It is just Theran, of the Island of Thera. In other words, we have the influence of both civilizations. But the whole island is deeply and purely independent. "Crete was a huge power with a powerful navy, com- mercial activity, and artistic superiority. On the other hand, at this time, Mycenae was a military world power, or began to be. But these tiny islands remained always independent. This means mat upon our poor planet it is quite possible for aU people and for all nations to live in- dependently and united only with collaboration in every- thing which constitutes the higher world of art, science, religion, and morals. This is the teaching from the okL And this is for the Professor Marinatos is a dedicated scholar who has devoted his career to the search for historic truth. He joined the Greek Archaeo- logical Service at the age of 17. Now he is approaching 60 years of extraordinary ac- complishment in archaeology- Asked what be would consid- er the crowning fruition of his life work, be responded with the loyalty, fervor, and tbe fierce pride for which the Greek people are famous. Freight rates and the west OTTAWA (CP) Prospects of higher truck and rail freight rate hang over the conference on Western Economic opportun- ttiM in Calgary. It is a historic issue and a po- litically sensitive one, gener- ating renewed debate that rep- resents deeply-felt regional feel- ings of economic discrimination in the Western and Atlantic provinces. Complaints that trans- portation rates are unfair to the national fringes are almost as old as Confederation. Few is- sues better illustrate the prob- lem of economic diversity and division in Canada. The four western premiers will be pointing to what thay re- gard as anomalies in'freight- race structures. Prime Minister Trudeau and his ministers are expected to present proposals that differ radically from that western view. Western leaders have been discussing recently a new na- tional transportation policy. But federal Transport Minister Jean Marchand says freight rates can be attacked only as part of a broader economic picture and that no single policy will work. The Atlantic provinces are ahead. They reached agreement with Ottawa recenty to raise truck and rail subsidies on cer- tain products shipped westward. Details are still being decided. CONCERNED ABOUT WFST The minority Liberal govern- ment clearly hopes to demon- strate at the Calgary confer- ence its concern for the Prairies and British Columbia, where the Oct. 30 general elec- tion result chopped representa- tion to seven.of the four-prov- ince area's seats compared with 27 in 1968. Transportation costs will be a major subject. They involve the steady decline of rail facilities to service the grain-dependent Prairie communities, now shrinking or expiring as resi- dents shift to the cities, encour- aged by the economies of larger farm units. In an area built by railway- encouraged immigration by the CPR the First World War, it is also an emotional fac- tor, concerning four pragmatic premiers, none of them of Lib- eral party persuasion: WORRIED ABOUT RATES Western premiers are most concerned about rail rates be- cause these affect the vast bulk of their traffic. Tracks handle some high-value manufacturing goods. They say that it costs more to ship steel from Hamilton to Cal- gary, than to Vancouver. Live- stock costs 19 cents a 100 pounds live from Edmonton to Vancouver hut Edmonton-proc- essed frozen meat costs for the same amount. This works against develop- ment cl: secondary industry, critics say. Mr. Marchand says the rail- ways have a logical but com- pkx explanation that the public finds hard to understand. He has said be will try to con- vince them to eliminate the con- tradictions and inequalities. The railways say anomalies crop up in any competitive market system. Competition among rail, truck, air and wa- ter had benefitted the West with a decline in average railway revenue per ton-mile since 1967. Revenue per ton-mile refers to rail income from moving one ton of frdght one mite, to On- tario and Quebec. One western complaint al- ready has been faced. The Canadian transport com- mUsion federal regulatory agency recently ordered lower rail freight rates on rapeseed meal shipped from Thunder Bay, the Lakehead in western terms, to eastern points for beef and poultry users. It found no fault with rates on rapeseed oil. The current freight-rate sys- tem was set under the National Transporaation Act of 1967 and the railways caH it the best so- lution to transportation prob- lems. Truckers agree and so do some U.S. railwaymen fighting American regulations. BROKE WITH PRACTICE The transportation act was a break with previous Canadian practice. It followed suggestions made by the MacPberson royal commission on transportation, the latest in a series of national studies of rail problems launched in 1959. Basically, the commission, headed by Regina lawyer Murdo MacPherson, now dead, said that the era of rail mo- nopoly in transportation was long gone, despite the apparent assumption of federal regu- lations. Peter Lougheed OTTAWA (CP) _ Railway men love to tell the story of that mythical western farmer who, his wheat crop ruined by a sudden nail storm, shouted, en- raged: "Damn the The fictional Siory discloses something of the feelings of railway people about those long- standing western complaints against the freight rates charged for hauling crops to market and machinery, fuel and other needs to farmers. It also says something about the minority Liberal govern- ment's deep interest in doing something about freight rates when Prime Minister v Trudeau meets the four western pre- miers at Calgary July 24-26, Allan Blakeney Edward Schreyer David Barrett Solution to dilemma not easy to come by V OTTAWA (CP) The federal government appears to be offer- ing two remedies for the his- toric headache created by west- em and eastern complaints about rail freight rates. Prime Minister Trudeau and selected cabinet ministers, pre- ceded by considerable efforts by the minority Liberal govern- ment to attach importance to the event, are scheduled to con- fer -in Calgary tomorrow with the four western premiers. Sub- ject: general western economic topics. The traditional western issue of freight rates as a regional In- hibition on development is ex- pected to bring out a federal formula offering immediate so- lutions to alleged dis- crimination. Experts here suggest it would ccst no more than million annually to remove freight rate irritants but they rsfused to commit the government to more annual subsidies. They say the solution depends on talks with the premiers. The irritants are simple in theory: freight rates that favor central Canada the jobs that ern primary products. The second federal approach is to look for the premiers' views on long-term western eco- nomic and transportation needs. The federal government and AUJitic premiers already have used this two-pronged method on freight-rate issues. RAISED SUBSIDIES Ottawa agreed in April to raise freight-rate subsidies for certain goods shipped westward by rail and trucks. But federal and provincial leaders discussed truck and rail freight rates as part of a larger picture. They talked about ensuring that water transportation costs would not climb if the federal government reserves coastal shipping for domestic vessels. They also agreed to finance jointly a consulting service which will advise shippers on distribution of goods. .That in- volves handling, 'packaging, warehousing and transportation. Transport Minister Jean Marchand said in an interview recently that the same solutios may not be applied in the Went because needs there are differ- ent. Ottawa may hava a much tougher time reaching agree- ment at Calgary and e'sewhere with the western premiers. There has been less con- sultation with western provin- cial governments. None is Lib- eral. Three are NDP and Al- berta is Conservative. Political sparring in issues has bsen evident, as has federal Liberal ambition to increase its share of the 67 western seats from seven. The Atlantic premiers have for a long time had a regional transportation commission with the federal government a regu- lar member. The western pro- vinces have only recently estab- ished a similar body with Ot- tawa playing a less direct role as a consultant. HAVE STRONG OPINIONS The western premiers also have strong opinions on freight rate issues, shared here. The four western premiers, in a brief prepared for the confer- e n c e, proposed wholesale changes .in. the national trans- portation policy, including pub- lic ownership of tb.2 railway roadbeds. They asked that the National Transportation.Act be restated "tc clearly place regional ec> nomic development as one of the basic objectives of national transportation policy." The brief. said the federal government should acquire rail- way roadbeds and rights-of-way to allow for more competitipa, with different railways using the same tracks. Manitoba Premier Ed Schre- yer said recently before his re- election that the four western premiers agree the federal gov- ernment should take over all fixed rail-fine installations. He said public ownership would relieve the railways of heavy costs and prevent rate in- creases. FROWN ON INDIA Federal government sources say public ownership would not deal with the basic freight rate issue or solve questions about rates that would help develop the western economy. They say they are concerned that the western premiers have stressed the rail rate issue so much because railways are only one means of transportatioa and freight rates are only one factor in the western economy. The wester premiers say they want the federal govern- ment to swallow its national transportation policy and 'start afresh. They are dissatisfied, they say, with results flowing from approval of the 1967 National Transportation Act, designed to encourage competition among air, water, truck and rail trans- port. DOMINATE TRAFFIC The premiers say that rail ways dominate western freight traffic. The fact that trucks do not provide railways with tougher competition can be blamed partly on the provinces in the view of some people. Conflicting licensing and maximum weight laws between provinces ssem to discourage long-haul trucking. But the federal government may be asked for help in im- provkg the Trans-Canada High- way to handle larger trucks. The likelihood of a truck-rail freight-rate increase soon is an- other factor in the federal-pro- vincial talks. Truckers say the federal gov- ernment has effectively frozen all freight rates by advising the railways it would be inadvisable to raise tariffs at this time. But Ottawa appears unlikely to resort to the federal- action in 1959 rolling back and freezing freight rates for years. That vras an action by western-con- scious John Diefenbaker when he was prime minister. Another lengthy freeze would likely mean a return to the ex- pensive system of blanket sub- sidies which saw federal pay- ments rise to more than million annually in 1967 from milion in 1959. Both railway and trucking sources say blanket subsidies discourage efficiency. A freeze also would under- mine the current government philosophy of encouraging com- petition. seeking to do better In the area where it has only seven of the 67 Commons seats. The Canadian Pacific and Ca- nadian. National Railways have been building a veil-docu- mented case to back argument that the freight rate system works well and should not be tampered with. They talked to the four Atlan- tic provinces premiers before the premiers met the federal gowrnment in April. That meeting here yielded an agree- ment to raise the federal sub- sidies on selected products ship- ped west to central and Western Canada. But the subsidies formula hasn't been decided yet. The railways would prefer govern- ment assistance directly to the producers. They say payments to the railway and trucking firms complicate tbe rate sys- tem. Ibe railways argue that crit- ics frequently confuse national transportation policy with na- tional economic policy. They see a difference. CITES REASONS For example, N.J. MacMil- lan, CNR president, said in a recent speech in Jasper, Alta., that a sound transportation pol- icy demands an efficient, eco- nomic and competitive trans- portation system. But national policy might re- quire movement of people or goods at less than cost. This- should not be at the expense of tire company, he said. Tbe reasoning is that a trans- portation company operating at a loss is no longer efficient and economic. Mr. MacMillan and A. F. Joplin, a CP Rail vice-presi- dent, have both said that tbe competitive transportation sys- tem has benefitted the country end, in particular, the West. They say the average cost to shippers of moving one ton of freight one mile has actually declined since 1967, the year the National Transportation Act was introduced. This coat is called revenue per tonmile. Tb3 act was billed as encour- aging competition between vari- ous forms of transportation within certain limits, protecting (he public interest and shippers who could only use one method of transportation. There also is a ban on pricing below cost to eliminate competition. The act left the railways rea- sonably free to set their own rates. The rail companies say this has ted to better rates and a more competitive rail system. Mr. Joplin said recently that stiff regulation in the 1950s failed to stop rail freight reve- nue per tonmile from rising na- tionally to 1-79 cents in 1969 from 1.12 cents in 1949. LED TO SUBSIDIES A rate roll-back' and sub- sequent freeze had ted to heavy government subsidies before the 1967 transportation act dumped I railways into the market place 'to compete with trucks, ships and aircraft. Revenue per tonmile has dropped nationally to 1.36 cents in 1971 from 1.54 cents in 1967 tbe railway says. Adding that there has been an even more significant decrease in tbe West. Revenue there had declined to 122 cents per tonmile from 1.66 cents in the 1967-71 period. If movement of grain was in- cluded, the average revenue was even lower because grain is carried by law at a rate of a half cent per tonmile, under the historic and controversial Crow- nest Pass rates formula nego- tiated with the CPR in 1807. About 90 per cent of western rail traffic is confined to the re- gion. For the remaining 10 psr cent moving eastward, revenue per tonmile sank to 1.53 cents in 1971 from 1.58 cents in 1967, rail spokesman say. UNIT 34 A.N.A.F. BINGO EVERY TUESDAY-8 P.M. IN THE ClUBROOMS JACKPOT (CAME 14) IN 50 NUMBERS OK (IBS) SI00 EXTRA WiTH GREEN CARD NO WINNER DOUBLED WITH GREEN CARD Increases S10 and 1 Number Weekly Unrtl Won 12 GAMES IN 7 NUMBERS OR LESS THEN DROPS TO Till WON. Door Cord (woodgrain) each Blue or Brown cordi 50t coeh. Green key cord card may pur- ebesed if o ployer hoi a deer cord ond at least 4 other bfve or brown AU BINGOS CAliro ON A GREEN CARD -MONEY IS DOUBLED IN REGULAR OR 4 CORNERS MEMBERS AND INVITED GUESTS ONIY Peak of drought crisis in parched Niger over OUALLAM, Niger Republic (Reuier) Ahmadou's donkey collapsed under him and lay quivering vdth exhaustion on the burning desert sand. After half an hour the animal vas raised to its fed. Ah- madou. eight years old. and his family are among the thousands of Touareg herdsmen who have fled south to escape the advanc- ing Sahara Desert. They had been travelling for many days. Ite landscape around them was dotted with the carcases of catte and other tims of the worst drought for 60 years in Africa's Sahel zone on the southern fringe of the Sa- hara. Bat Ahmadou's docker wfll not die. Already the rainy sea- son has began. Grazing land is turning green again and rivers and water holes are beginning to fill up. In another day tbe boy and his family reached the encamp- ment near Niamey, the Niger capital, where several thousand Touaregs have gathered over the last three months. Many of these nomadic herds- men, who have trekked hun- dreds of miles from neighboring Mali, have lost their cniire {herds, sometimes more than 100 'head. i SITUATION CRITICAL I But they are interlopers ag- gravating an already critical in 19 er when fix authorities have to feed hun- dreds of thousands of its in- digenous population, hit by the drought Aid organizations arc making efforts to distribute grain and milk powder to tbe Touaregs. Although most aid officials in the Sahel Mauritania. Mali. Upper Volta, Niger and few people have dird as a result of the drought, the Touaregs here ssy that women and children perished on their forced march from the Gao region of Mali. The Touaregs are among the worst victims of the Sahel dis- aster that built up over the last five years. rafcaBv the rains bring little relief to them. Thev do not cultivate the land like the set- tled farming popualion and hare no animals left to benefit from tha renewal of tbe desert life cycle. Large numbers of their people also are among the OOC crowded into ibe desert town of Agadez 400 miles north. Each day there tons of food arc being flown in aboard Canadian and Belgian military aircraft, some of which fly tat> mind trips a day from the Ni- gerian caoJial of Lagos, where part of tbe international aid shipments are arriving. NEED MORE GRAIN It is dear that tbe Niger au- thorities underestimated tbe needs of Agadez. Although the official cereal shortfall for tbe country was put at 100.000 tons, tbe real figure is expected to be nearer tons. Officials in Niamey, say the relief c-perafem will have to continue beyond the envis- aged cut-off date at the end of September. AlUwugh this year's crops will be harvested by then, tbe country cannot rely on its own resources to cope with tbe needs of centres like Agadez. Already tbe government has asked the United States, largest supplier of aid to Niger, for an extra tons of sor- ghum after the present pro- gram is completed. In Agadez, thousands of refu- gees gather every morning as Ibe aircraft are cleared of their 15-ton cargo in 15 minutes. BINGO RAINBOW HAIL ,401 N. TUESDAY, JUIY 23rd at p.m. first Jackpot in Jackpot in 57 Not. FrM Carcb-Cerat ana Owes, 25t per Cord, 5 Coras 3 Fret Gomes Door efcflaron Unaar Spensorod by A.U.UX. ;