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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 23, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, July 23, 1971 Roland Huntford The end is in sight (The Alberta Election 1) The provincial election campaign has been under way for some time. The only doubt has been when it would end, Premier Strom has ended the public concern on that score. It will be strictly a two party affair. The NDP and Liberals will elect, at the most, one member each. However in a few other ridings they may siphon off enough votes to affect the outcome between the other two parties. Social Credit lias won nine suc- cessive elections and held office for 36 years. Only once was there any real doubt about the outcome. This time there is plenty of doubt. In- deed, the Progressive Conservat i v e party could be the betting favorites by election day. A Social Credit sweep is out of the question; a PC sweep is not. If one out of every four persons who voted Social Credit in 1967 switch- ed to the Conservatives this time, the Conservatives would lead in popular vote if not in elected candidates. If one out of three switched, it could mean a Conservative landslide. The two major unknowns are the group of younger votes now enfran- chised, and those who voted Liberal last time and will have a dearth of candidates this time and no one knows where they will turn. Too many accidents The distressing number of traffic accidents in Lethbridge and its en- virons lately gives rise to a couple of questions. Are vehicle operators, including motorcyclists, adhering to the rules of the road and the posted traffic signs? Are stop lights and signs and other directional aids of maximum efficiency in assisting the flow of traffic with the least pos- sible hazard? Certainly some operators do take unnecessary chances. They whizz along on the theory that there is no need to be cautious because the po- lice aren't around, and anyway noth- ing will happen; accidents only hap- pen to other people. In this category probably the worst offenders are mo- torcyclists. They seem to think they are not obliged to obey road laws and tempt trouble by weaving in and out of traffic, travelling at exces- sive speed. They are difficult for mo- torists and track drivers to sec and often they take unnecessary chances by not using hand signals. But not all accidents can be blamed on vehicle operators. There are still too many streets in the city posted only with Yield signs where traffic should come to a full stop. It's also a real challenge in rush hours to turn left onto Mayor Magrath Drive off 3rd Avenue, and to turn west off 13th Street onto 3rd Ave. Defensive driving courses do much to teach drivers safe driving mea- sures, but accidents will still happen if the streets in the city are not post- ed accurately. Hon. W. Ross Thatcher The sudden death today of Mr. Ross Thatcher, former premier of Sakatchewan, removes from the Ca- nadian political scene a man who has served his province for more than thirty years. Entering public life while still in his twenties, Mr. Thatcher's career was climaxed in 1959 when he was elected head of Saskatchewan's Lib- eral party. In 1964 he lead that party to victory and remained head of the government until his party was defeated in June of this year by the New Democratic Party. Mr. Thatcher was known as a keen politician who followed Cana- dian and international affairs close- ly; but he gave his most earnest at- tention to the problems of his prov- ince. He will be missed. ANDY RUSSELL Escape from a scalping party VEABS ago when 1 was a boy, this big country at the foot of the Rockies was young, and things were some rougher than they are now. We had a kind of wild- life around then that has since become pretty well extinct, but nobody, including the most ardent ecblogists, have been weep- ing tears. This was a thing called a grey- back. They were well known to wandering cowboys working the ranches, pesky little bugs that bit, and the bite was uncommon- ly itchy. Sometimes you would see a cow- boy off his horse kneeling on the ground vigorously pounding the seams of his shirt between two rocks to kill the greybacks. There was a rancher living not far from us. Butcher by name. He was an English remittance man and a bachelor. He was also highly educated and very fastidious, as well as having a somewhat sudden dis- position. He had a haying crew working for him one summer, when they discovered a new addition to the outfit was lousy. It was Sunday and everybody was loafing around taking it easy and in the humor for some action. So they grabbed this type and stripped him where he stood. Then they threw him into a pool in Drywood Creek right in front of the ranch house door. Two of the crew jumped in with him along with a big scrub brash and a bar of laun- dry soap. They pretty near peeled him in the process, but they got him real dean. Then they took him up into the house and lashed him to a kitchen chair, whereupon Butcher with his usual flare for the spec- tacular, took a pair of clippers and mowed the hair off him clear down to the hide. In the meantime they had burned his clothes, so some replacements were sup- plied, whereupon the patient was turned loose. Seeing as how Butcher was cutting hair, somebody else decided to have a trim. Butcher obliged sedately enough, but the excitement of the day got hold of him and he proceeded to cut a swath right over the top of this trusting soul's head. Noth- ing to do then, of course, but to even things up, and so another close clipped charac- ter was added to the line-up. Then somebody got the idea it would be fun to clip Butcher, so they roped him and tied him to the chair, and proceeded to shear him off in various places until he didn't have enough hair left to even men- tion. About the time Butcher was turned loose, I came innocently on the scene with some mail for him. I knocked on the door and when somebody said to come hi, I opened it and stood froze in my tracks, not a little bit amazed at what I saw. Then Butcher said, "Grab and I came to life. Throwing the bundle of mail at the first man that moved, I was flying in one jump across the veranda heading for my horse. A big cowboy called Jerry was right be- hind me with a lariat and I could hear him shaking out a loop. My horse was trained to come and put her head through a loop when it was held up in front of her. When she saw me jump- ing the yard gate with somebody swinging a rope right behind me, she came on the run. I just grabbed the reins with one hand and the saddle horn with the other to vault into the saddle in the same mo- tion. Flattening out along her neck, I felt, the loop drop over me, but before Jerry could take up the slack, I grabbed the rope and dallied it fast around the saddle horn. Then my horse was heading out of there on the dead run. At the top of the nearest lull, I looked back. Jerry was standing in the middle of the yard looking sadly at his rope burned hands. I rode home, after hanging the lariat on a fence post, feeling mighty comfortable under my hair. rain By Doug Walker HPHE EXHIBITION board really ought to consider the advisability of paying me not to patronize Whoop-Up Days another year at least on the second night. For the second year in a row now I have man- aged to draw a downpour on my only outing at the fair. On both occasions I have had to spend a good deal of time in the Youh-a-rama build- tag. There is some nice stuff In Some of the boutiques this year but after awhile even the charms of AIM, Chris and Judl in Aardvark Incorporated begin to pall be- sides, I can look at Ihem every day at The Herald. Iceland threatens to upset NATO COPENHAGEN NATO has sustained setbacks on both flanks. In the south, the position of Malta has been put in doubt by Uie advent of Mr. Dora Mintbff and Us Labor government; on the northern flank a more serious situation has been caused by the ad- vent of a left wing coalition in Iceland that has already de- manded the closure of an Am- erican base there. Coupled rath the document- ed advance of Soviet naval power in the North Atlantic, this suggests a contraction of the Western, and a correspond- ing extension of the Russian, sphere of influence. Tlie strategic significance of Iceland is out of all proportion to its size. By its position, south east of Greenland, it dominates the western ap- proaches to northern Europe. Looked at in another way, it is a sentinel of the eastern ap- proach to North American wa- ters. And it is a small, inhospi- table volcanic island inhabited by pertinacious fann- ers and fishermen who, since (he country was first settled by Uie Vikings in the eighth cen- tury, have managed to cling to this rocky outpost on the mar- gins of the habitable world. Iceland used to be a Danish colony. It secured independence in 1943 during the Second World War, while Denmark was un- der Nazi occupation. Since 1941, the Western Allies have had bases on Iceland hi one form or another. During the Second World War Iceland was a vi- tal staging post for ferrying Off in All Directions aircraft across the Atlan- tic, and a more than useful base for fighting the German submarines. Since the forma- tion of NATO in 1949, tire coun- try has had its place in the ob- servation of Soviet movements in the North Atlantic, and in dominating the gap formed by itself, the Faroes and the Brit- ish Isles that is the gateway to the American eastern sea- board. Since 1959, Iceland has been ruled by a middle-of-the-road coalition of the Independence Party and the Social Demo- crats. It has been Western-ori- entated and has tolerated the presence of a large American air base at Keflavik, near Rey- kjavik, the capital. "Tolerated" is the operative word. Kefla- vik is manned by about U.S. serviceman, and has been responsible for the spread of American influence. Oversim- plifying slightly, the Keflavik base brought the modern world to Iceland. Nationalism means much in Icelandic politics, and doubt- less explains the result of the general election in June, when the ruling Independence Party- Social Democratic coalition was defeated. In its place a three- party coalition of Uie Left and Centre was returned to power. The participants are the Pro- gressive Party (a non Social- ist grouping of the the Peoples Alliance, or Moscow Communists, and the newly- created Liberal Left Party, which appears to hover on the frontiers of the New Left. The strong nationalist strain in the new government may in the long run be of more signifi- cance than the demands for the closure of the Keflavik base. The electoral platform of the government included a prom- ise to extend the fishery limit from 12 to 50 nautical miles. And the fisheries minister, Mr. Ludvig Hosephsson, is the man who, at the end of the fif- ties, held the same post and caused the so called "cod war" with Britain when he ex- tended the existing limit to ]2 miles. That deprived British fisher- men ot waters to which they had enjoyed access for almost six centuries. It caused con- siderable strain between Uw two counties, which it took years to smooth. The new ex- tension, if put into effect, is almost bound to have even worse effects, because it will inevitably mean a clash not only with British, but most Western European fishermen as well, because it would be u> trading into the North Atlantic herring and cod waters. As Latin American experi- ence suggests, the fisheries lim- it in industrially poor countries is of tremendous emotional in> portance. It is a symbol of na- tional pride and an expression of nationalistic fervor. In the case of Iceland it may be ta- ken as a warning signal of ris- ing xenophobia and isolation- ism. Doubtless the Russians will know how to profit by this trend. Over the years, they have given hints that they sup- port the more nationalistic of Icelandic feelings. If the Soviet Union managed to exploit this it might have the effect of push- ing Iceland into the camps of the neutralist countries. A t all events, the extension of the fishery limit and the proposed rejection of outside capital sug- gests a rebuff to the West, and at least a halt in cautious Ice- landic approaches to Western European economic integration. Meanwhile, there remains Uie immediate threat of closing the Keflavik base. Prime Minister Johannesson's government has said that Iceland will remain in NATO, but that there is no call for a base on Icelandic soil in peacetime. This must be cold comfort for the NATO high command. If and when the Kef- lavik base is closed it will leave an uncomfortable vacuum in the North Atlantic. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Maurice Western Chretien hoping to achieve parks expansion QTTAWA Shortly after he became minister of north- ern development, Jean Chre- tien set a target of 40 to 60 new national parks by 1985. Considering the record and the situation in 1968, it was easier to admire the minister's enthu- siasm than to take his forecast seriously. But Mr. Chretien was seri- ous and he has never stopped talking in these terms. In fact he has talked to some purpose for new parks have been open- ed in the interval. Last week he re-enunciated his objectives in somewhat more detail and in the light of .--cent events, they seem a good deal less vision- ary. In 1966 there were 19 nation- al parks hi Canada. Mr. Chre- tien's goal had in fact been anticipated hy Arthur Laing but. except in the Maritimes, Letters to the editor progress was very slow, owing to the resistance or indiffer- ence of the provinces. In Que- bec, the largest province of confederation, there was not a single national park. In On- tario nothing had been contri- buted to the national system since 1929 and the three frag- ments dedicated up to that time totalled about 12 square miles. The half dozen parks in Al- berta (one of them partly in the territories) embraced, in contrast, nearly square miles. Mr. Chretien now has at least three reasons for optim- ism. The number of parks has now increased to 25. Quebec, abandoning its former attitude of jealous isolationism, has en- tered the system. Finally, there has teen a change in Ontario demonstrated by this week's announcement that agreement has been reached to convert a 725 square mile area on the ragged north shore of Lake Su- perior into a national park to be known as Pukaskwa. There is, without doubt, a fourth consideration. The new park announcements reflect a developing public opinion in fa- vor of preserving unspoiled areas for the present and fu- ture generations. This opinion, it may be assumed, will con- tinue to influence provincial governments which possess ti- tle fo the lands (except in the Territories) and must make them available before Ottawa can take any action going be- yond persuasion and exhorta- tion. At one time it was easy to find parkland. The action be- gan in Alberta when the fed- eral government still disposed Uninformed on German folk music It is quite obvious to me that the author of the letter in the July 20th issue was not very well informed about the subject of German folk music, other- wise she would have refrained from making accusations and insinuations about the band, it's type of music and it's type of dress. After all they were not the only band in the parade that was marching and wearing uniforms. Now let me straighten her out about the one song that she so violently objected to; this song is called (and I use the German title) Glueck Auf, Glucck Auf, Der Steiger Kommt. Now to the background of this song: It was composed in the year 1838 by some un- known miners in Westphalia. The members of the band whose average age is 21 years came to us from Westphalia, the part of Germany where this song originated. I myself, was part- ly responsible for bringing this band to the people of Leth- bridge and disrtict. Nothing was further from my mind and ev- eryone else's in bringing (he band over here than to arouse hatred and opening up o'd wounds. I also was born in Berlin and I was raised under Hie fascist tyranny of HiUer and his Irench- men. But my memories are mostly of night.1; spent in nir raid shelters, war, and depriva- tion. Maybe I was not old enough to remember all the songs that had been rewritten by the Fncists. If we objected to this particular song, then we might just as well object to Wagner's Wedding March, which is used in every church, since Hitler took quite a fancy to the music of Richard Wag- ner. There is loo much preju- dice, hatred and suspicion in this world already and if we paid heed to everybody's per- sonal like or dislike, this world would be an impossible olace to live in. If we censor music, which is the universal language of the world, we might just as well forget all the other aspects of democratic freedom. One thing comes back to my mind us I write this letter. When I took my Oath of Allegi- ance, (he judge of the Citizen- ship impressed on me that among my many duties as a citizen of this great country of ours, would bo the preserva- tion of my cultural background, which I. along with thousands of other people of European ori- gin arc trying to do. We all are trying to help build a greater Canadian na- tion and letters that are so full of bias do nothing but help cre- ate bad relationships. So let's not try and speculate as to what the and girls of this band meant when they played that old miner's song. The band came to Lethbridge, it was very well r< ceived by evcrbyody and it left with words of praise about our fair city and it's peo- ple. L t us all work together a better Canada and in clos- ing may I use Ihis beautiful slogan: Canada Stand Togeth- er, Understand Together. BODO MAGDEBURG Lelhbridge. of western natural resources (as it does today, north of In the second period, which ended with the decade of the 20s, land beyond the farming belt such as that incorpor- ated in Prince Albert and Rid- ing Mountain parks was lit- tle regarded from the stand- point of economic development. But it is otherwise now, as evi- denced by tire slow progress of many years and in this sense, time is not on the side of the park builders. On the other hand, as Mr. Chretien emphasized at his press conference, there is a sense of urgency now which for a long period seemed almost totally lacking. This is largely due to the extreme pressures which have developed in the existing parks.. Better roads and greater affluence obvious- ly have a good deal to do with this. But it is probably due also to the mass claustrophobia which develops as more and more Canadians find them- selves compelled for economic reasons to live in a few large cities. Despite recent changes, pro- gress still seems too slow. Mr. Chretien has made a beginning in the Territories but more should be done tJiere, especial- ly in tlie Yukon, before the best prospects are alienated in the course of mining developments. Also not much has been heard lately about national recrea- tional areas which were to be located closer to the great pop- ulation centres and which, ac- cording to the arguments of two or three years ago, were to take some of the pressure off the national parks. This pro- ject seems to have been side- tracked din-tag the last period of financial stringency; that period has passed but new, and sometimes doubtful priorities, seem to have developed. In addition, it would be pleas- ant to hear something about the new parks planned for Man- itoba and Saskatchewan which have somehow vanished from public discussion. But Mr. Chretien, arguing that new parks create a de- mand for parks, is hopeful of adding another four to the sys- tem in the next year and 10 in his term of office (evidently embracing the next Parlia- The balance of 40 will, he insists, be needed by 1980. This clearly is a most ambi- tious program1, but the drive for more national parks does now, with Uie renewed inter- est on the park of Ontario, pear to be gaining considerable momentum. If public opinion is strong enough to move the prov i n c i a 1 governments. Mr. Chretien's targets may yet be achievable. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Words are meaningless The letter submitted by Mrs. Eva Brewster of Coutts made me wonder, and I can't help thinking that she is trying to bring up problems that don't exist. As far as mentioning "Vive la Quebec llhrc" possibly being said in reverse by the march tune words "Dcutsch ist die Saar. Dculsch is the Sanr, German it is inconceivable anyone could think these words have any hearing on the Cana- dian problems of unity or dis- unity. These young musicians from West Germany arc of a genera- tion that doesn't remember Mrs. Brcwster's concentration camp experiences. I, too, have sad memories of the war but I don't intend to twist things in such a way as to cloud a happy occasion. The march Mrs. Brewster is objecting to was merely played for the tune and words of that march don't mean anything to any Gorman alive, with the pos- sible exception of a few who will never change anyway. These young people paid their way to come here and if they leave this country with happy memories let's not stir up any- thing that would spoil it for many people concerned. Their visit was purely and simply a "postcard from home" for most Canadians of German origin living hero. 11. RICKARD. Lelhbridgc. Through the Herald 1921 General Jan Smuts, the South African premier is expected to leave London for Ireland as mediator for tlie Irish peace proposals between Eamonn de Valera and S i r James Craig. 1931 The seven power world conference concluded today after reaching two deci- sions. It was proposed that (lie central bank credit of 000 granted to Uie Rcichbank be renewed for a period of three months and that measures be taken in different countries with a view to maintain tire volume of credits they have already extended to Germany. 1941 The Duke of Kent, brother of King George VI will visit Canada for a brief visit in the near future. 1951 _ Marshal] Henri PW- lippe Petain, 95, the hero of Verdun during the First World War, died today on lie D'yeu, where he was serving a life sentence for treason in the Sec- ond World War. ISM Appointment of Louis Rasminksy as the new gover- nor of the Bank of Canada was made known by the central bank board today. Mr. Rasmin- sky succeeds James Coyne. The lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -195-1, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Malt Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association (He Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALI.A WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;