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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 23, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IEIHBRIDGE HERAID Thursday, July 23, 1970 Anthony Weslell Going To The Fair? Don't miss the special exhibit at this year's version of Whoop-Up Days. That is advice which visitors and newcomers to southern Alberta especially would do well to heed. Water Wonderland is a particularly good introduction to the important industry of agriculture in the irri- gated areas. It not only demonstrates the mechanics of transporting and applying water to cropland but it illustrates the effects of irrigation on actual crops the typical ones grown. Those who are not familiar with this form of agriculture will find the exhibit most instructive and inter- esting. Others who live with it would also enjoy seeing the layout. They would doubtless appreciate most of all the planning and work that was expended on the project. The entire display has been well conceived and executed. Those re- sponsible deserve a great deal of credit for having added something that gives the Lethbridge Exhibition more class. It is to be hoped that something equally significant can be featured next year and in succeeding years. There are other things, of course, that make a visit to the Exhibition worthwhile. But if there is one single thing that provides the extra needed incentive to get there it is this fea- tured display on'a very important aspect of life in southern Alberta. The Answer Is No! When the Conservative party in- serted the pledge to sell arms to South Africa in its pre-election mani- festo, it could scarcely have been well briefed on the violent opposition such a change in policy would arouse among Commonwealth nations. Now it knows. Tentative plans to sell arms to white supremacist South Africa could well result in the breakup of the Commonwealth. The very sug- gestion has already resulted in a loss of respect for the moral prin- ciples of the Heath government. Sir Alec Douglas-Home, the British Foreign Secretary, claims that the sale of limited categories of arms lo South Africa is solely for maritime defence the sea routes around southern Africa. His opponents in Parliament and in the Common- wealth don't believe him. They ac- cuse the government of attempting to forego its principles by selling its soul to "Mammon. Such a policy will isolate Britain from the Commonwealth and its Western friends, including the United States if Sir Alec persists. As the London Observer remarks tersely, "the first positive act of his foreign policy would be an act of political recklessness. It is also unnecessary." Buy Pay The American Marines recently e pressed a strong desire to purchase a British-made aircraft, the, Hawker- Siddeley Harrier. Nothing the U.S. has developed can match its capa- bility for close support of ground troops. The Harrier is a jet, capable of vertical takeoff and landing and it has already been proven successful. But Congress, now firmly dedicated to a Buy American pitch, strongly opposed buying the completed air- craft from Britain. Instead, a plan has been worked put whereby for the present the Harriers will be assem- bled in the U.S., using parts imported from Britain. Over a five-year period, U.S. resp- sibility for manufacturing the entire aircraft will grow. Figures show that Congressional insistence on patroniz- ing home industry in this instance, will cost the U.S. an estimated ?110 million, more over the five years than it would if the aircraft had been manufactured in Britain and sold to the U.S. It's just one instance of what pro- tectionism can cost the American government, and to what lengths Congress is willing to go in its pres- ent isolationist economic policy. Problem Solved Last year discontent was rife among Canadians seeking passports. The Department of External Affairs seemed to be hopelessly bogged down in the mechanics of dealing with ap- plications. Members of Parliam e n t were frequently beseiged by their constituents to use their influence to get the coveted passports out in time for fast-approaching travel deadlines. Now the department seems to have solved the problem of issuing pass- ports quickly and efficiently. It has been able to do this in spite of com- plications resulting from the rotating postal strikes. In' the first .half of 1970, the de- partment issued passports to Canadians which is 12 per cent more than in the same period last year. The dep a r t m e n t has stated that where the applications were correct- ly completed, no passport took more than a week to issue. Two things helped bring about the change. A campaign to get people to send their applications early was suc- cessful. Twice as many applications were received in February this year as compared to last year. Also the department opened up regional of- fices in Montreal, Toronto, and Van- couver. During June 40 per .cent of the passports were handled by these regional offices. It is encouraging to know that gov- ernment agencies can overcome prob- lems so as to serve the people effi- ciently. No Heart For Learning From The Hamilton.Spectator TJNIVERSITIES in recent years have been unwisely forced to expand their facilities to accommodate a flood of stu- dents, Dr. Wilder Penfield, the world- famous neurologist, told a meeting of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association. Dr. Penfield added that many of these students should go to trade schools or into the labor force because they have no heart for learn- ing. Expansion of higher education in recent years has taken a high proportion some people think, considering its observ- able results, too high a proportion of the national wealth. New universities have been built and old ones have been expand- ed faster than giant corporations. All this space has had to be filled, and all the time the megaphones have roared that "education" is the absolute essential for anyone who wants to "get anywhere" in the world of tomorrow. It is questionable whether we really know what we want our education system to produce. There are times when it looks as though universities serve the purpose of keeping young people off the labor market where there are probably not enough jobs for them or at least jobs that will measure up lo what they have been encouraged to Universities have become so big that most of the personality has been squeezed out of them. Is the purpose lo produce specialists, or "well-rounded No one seems to know. The big thing seems to be to get some education, what- ever it is, or at least the certificates that are supposedly talismans for a belter-paid job. There will be a reckoning day. There are two main compulsions. The first often comes from parents who avidly desire their offspring to go to universily because they themselves did not. This is human and understandable, but it can be hard on the children if they do not share the apirations, or if they cannot get the necessary 60 per cent. The second compulsion comes from the megaphones that everyhwere roar propa- ganda for higher education, stressing the future "inferior" status of those who do not get some of it. Many employers have un- consciously aided this nonsense by setting minimum education standards for routine jobs, such as Grade 12 for picking daisies in the park. In the meantime, Canada, following a general policy of education for the masses, has built universities to accommodate those who, if left alone to make up their own minds, would not go there. Far too many cannot write legibly or grammatic- ally, or even spell correctly. As Dr. Pen- field says, they have no heart for it, but they are the children of their times and they are thrust forward. Mass education of this kind is only superficially democratic. Certainly it en- ables Canada to say that it -has twice as many students undergoing higher educa- tion than some European countrief Tith twice its population. But European, coun- tries set higher standards as a rule which demand study disciplines, drive and achievement, with no sentimentality shown by superiors. that seems more riemcciciuc and certainly less hard on tax- payers. Black Paper To Answer White Paper PANADA'S moral objection to white supremacy in Africa has never been more boldly expressed than in the re- cent White Paper on foreign policy. The Portuguese territories are essentially a manifestation of outdated colonialism, it says in forthright reference to Mo- zambique, Guinea and Angola and continues: "South Africa is possessed by the cancer of apartheid, South West Africa and Rhodesia have elements of both." No one could ask for a clear- er statement of the Canadian attitude. But a few months ago, another government publica- tion put the Portuguese col- onies and indeed the whole of white-ruled southern Africa a rather different context. In 'its November issue, For- eign Trade, the glossy maga- zine put out by the Department of Industry, Trade and Com- merce, carried an enthusiastic review of the opportunities for Canadian businessmen in Africa. The m foot high Carbora Bassa Dam, .which will be larger tiian Egypt's Aswan Dam, should alter the face of Mozambique and open up min- eral, agricultural, industrial and other opportunities in what is almost virgin began one gushing item. South 'Africa has already agreed to buy some of the pow- er to be.generated by the dam, said the report, and other cus- tomers may include Rhodesia. The magazine urged Cana- dians who want a piece of the business action to hustle over to Portugal and appoint an agent with close contacts in Mozambique. Is this a matter of one hand of government not knowing what the other is about? Of External Affairs condemning the white supremacists, while Trade and Commerce proposes to get in there and help ex- ploit the1 blacks? Not at all. The government is fully aware of the policy con- flict. Shortly before the White Pa- per appeared, two Canadian experts in African Cranford Pratt from the Uni- versity of Toronto and Doug- las Anglin from Carleton in Ot- tawa went to see External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp to explain that they and many of their colleagues were increasingly concerned at the gap between Canadian words and Canadian actions. While the government kept saying all the right things con- demning white supremacy in southern Africa, and voting with all tlie right people at the United Nations, it was also con- tinuing to encourage private in- vestment and development in ways likely to help the white rulers. Carbora Bassa Dam was one example. Another was in the territory of south west Africa, where Canada manages si- multaneously to oppose South African rule as illegal while encouraging Canadian mining "He'd better not get any wild ideas abput using his vote to run things in THIS house." companies to invest their de- velopment fluids. The academics were encotir- 'aged, of course, by the fact that Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau had recently express- ed his own distaste for the pol- icy of loudly condemning apart- heid while continuing to strengthen economic ties with South Africa. But Professors Pratt and An- glin came away from the pri- vate meeting with Sharp shak- ing their heads .rather sadly and saying that he really did not seem to be interested in the problem. The reason probably was that Sharp by the time had al- ready approved a section of his White Paper in which the ques- tion was squarely faced and then frankly evaded. Discussing the ambivalent policy toward southern Africa, the paper says with remark- able candor: "The Canadian government's attitude can be seen as reflecting two policy themes which are divergent in tliis context: (1) social justice and (2) economic growth." It goes on to explain: "Al- ternative policy lines consider- ed took two directions to- ward an enhancement of econ- omic relations with white southern Africa or toward an intensification of Canadian sup- port of the principle of free- dom. "Taken to the extreme, these would have involved either (A) pursuit of economic benefit without regard for the conse- quences for Canada's reputa- tion with the black African states and its position in the United Nations or (B) further- ing its support of the aspira- tions of Africans and of the fundamental human rights in- volved, without regard to Hie bleak prospect of early practi- cal results and without regard to the substantial economic cost of the severance of Cana- dian economic and political re- lations with the white regimes of southern Africa." Tn other words, it's nice to have morals, but dollars are important, loo. So the govern- ment proposes to continue the current policy, balancing as it puts it justice with econ- omics. But the matter is not going to end theve. Academic critics together w. h churchmen, jour- nalists and other Canadians with knowledge of African af- fairs, are drafting a Black Pa- per to answer the White Pa- per. The Black Paper will prob- ably point out that Sweden and Italy have both persuaded their businessmen not to participate in the Carbora Bassa dam pro- ject, and that the matter has become a political issue in Britain. One a r g u ment is that the dam will indirectly assist the illegal white regime in Rho- desia, offsetting the UN-or- ganized trade embargo. And it is claimed also that South Africa will have to protect its interest in the dam by extend- ing military support, when needed, to. the Portuguese col- onial government in Mozam- bique. Portugal is said to be spend- ing about 40 per cent of its budget on maintaining men in the African territories to fight a running war with black guerrillas. In Mozam- bique, the site of the dam pro- ject has become a major tar- get for the rebels a fact which Foreign Trade neglected to mention inves- tors. The Black Paper is likely to suggest that even if Canada does not want to go to the length of severing economic lies with southern Africa, the government could at least stop spending public money to en- courage trade, by way of tariff preferences, trade promotion and other devices. It will be fascinating to hear Trudeau's answer to that rea- sonable proposal and to learn just how far the government is prepared to go with its new emphasis on trade in the pack- age of foreign policies. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Richard Purser Prime Minister Waving Red Flag In Quebec MONTREAL Fallout con- tinues h'eavy in La Belle Province from Prime Minister Trudeau's July 13 television interview with the British Broadcasting Corporation, in which he blamed former French President de Gaulle and separatist "mouthpieces" in the Quebec news media for the separatist threat in Que- bec. These factors, he said, lent such credibility to an oth- erwise negligible movement that some Quebec women came to believe that if their David Humphreys husbands drank, their sons were out of. work or their plumbing leaked, solutions might be found by constitu- tional change. Parti Quebecois leader Rene Levesque, predictably enough, has joined the fray, and joined it angrily. In his daily column, Mr. Levesque accused Mr. Trudeau of delivering his best, slyest anti-Quebec remarks in English, and as faraway as pos- sible at that. Far from begin- ning seriously with Gen. De Gaulle's 1967 "vive le' Quebec libre" speech here, the eignty movement was in fact just concluding a mass rally as he appeared on the balcony. If anything, his speech retarded the movement. It didn't want outside intervention, however prestigious, Mr. Levesque said. Blasting Mr. Trudeau for his remark, also on the BBC pro- gram, that Quebec received much from Ottawa-from 1960 to 1966 and must now be satis- fied, Mr. Levesque commented, that "along with his princely arrogance, there is in this The Bay Explodes A Myth T ONDON Not every com- pany can celebrate its 300th anniversary by exploding a myth. But then, not every company can celebrate a 300th anniver- sary, period. The Bay, or the Hudson's Bay Company, as it is still known here, has opened a public ex- hibition at its Beaver House London headquarters. First visitors were the Queen and Prince Philip, appropriate- ly, because the Queen's ances- tor, Charles II, gave the com- pany Its royal charter. At one point the exhibit in- cludes the original charter, safe- ly behind glass, with the com- ment that it gave "enormous imperial power to what was, after all a purely commercial undertaking." The total effect cf this exhibit is both to enhance its colorful history and to put the com- pany's modem operations into proper perspective. Judging by one English chap, the history greatly overshadows the present. Not having seen the last and present day sec- tion of the exhibit, he comment- ed that "those huge trading stores must be out of place to- day in Canada." He had in mind a .string of fur emporiums and he t o o k- some convincing that the Bay and fur. while they may be syn- onymous here, are not the Ca- nadian image. The history is all there with documents from the company's 50 tons cf archives. And they are shown .off, with helpful nar- ratives, sound effects, taped di- alogue, ultra yiolet light, mir- rors, animated maps. The Bay has combined the past and present in its own lit- tle Expo. The effect is that the visitor's interest is engaged by the living history. He d w c 11 s on the original charter, the reproductions of fur sales by the ancient method of lighting a candle and the last bid before it flickered out got the furs. He shivers at the three dimensional reproduction of the bleak, lonely and cold setting of the first traders' camp on the Rupert River. He strokes the mink, beaver, fox, adorning one wall and if he isn't careful one will come off in his hands and the atten- dant will have to send for the tacks. And he leaks in the windows of an authentic northern Bay trading post, circa 1930, filled with provisions, clothing and supplies. Sorry, says the atten- dant, early closing today, mean- ing you can tok but not touch here. Along the way there is a rec- ord of history from the London of the Great Plague and the Great Fire, just before the Cour- eurs de bois Radisson and 'Gros- eillers engaged the interest of tha court cf Charles H to that 1930 trading post. And one of the 130 graphic panels is given over to an 1884 'Crazy Capers' My fault! I should have warned you there was a tree in the middle of this field. map of Winnipeg, with pictures of some of the leading buildings of the day. Remembering that here in London buildings of that vintage are not even considered old it is interesting to reflect how many of these buildings are standing today. Two perhaps? The Episcopal Palace of St. Boniface and the old Manitoba College building. There is such a panorama of history on display to interest any visitor, be he Canadian or English, The in the last section where eight composite screens tell the story cf The Bay today. As you leave the 1930 trading post, the exhibit appears to end. Nothing more but a dark hall out. But on one wall an inscrin- tion in big white letters reminds you of the profound changes that have taken place this cen- tury in Canada. The company 1 had to either stagnate or make fundamental changes to sur- vive. Did it succeed? For the bensfit of any Eng- lishmen engrossed in history, the answer comes through from 16 projectors and a modern beat Of course it succeeded, in living co.'cr, with eight major department stores, your friend- ly neighborhood delivery man, Canada's bustling cities, the petroleum industry, northern transportation. It may be a jolt from the subdued lights cf the history walk lo modern commerce but it's all mere. And, just in case any English journalists were impressed by the monopoly .of the earlier years, our host pointed out that like most monopolies, theirs was short-lived. That final im- pression was correct, he want- ed all to realize. Today The Bay was a competitive organization in Canada, and getting livelier with age. (Herald London Biirran) another permanent character- istic of his personality: a se- rene deformation of the facts." More than de Gaulle, "it is Trudeau who, in pushing to the limit the staleness and the stupid sterility of the regime, does the most in helping us to leave it." Mr. Levesque's views are to be expected; what is more im- portant is that in his conclusion ite joins those who, unlike him- self, oppose separatism. The view that Mr. Trudeau is sep- aratism's best friend is spread- ing among moderates at an alarming rate. True separatists are downright gleeful at the Trudeau interview especial- ly the insults about the mental discernment of Quebec women. The prime minister's ex- planation of why many'people voted PQ on April 29 here is regarded as flippant, superfi- cial and contemptuous. (Seri- ous studies, such as one done in part by noted political schol- ar Peter Regenstreif, suggest rather that PQ voters tended to be motivated by nationalist opinions, belief in the political significance of Quebec and in the primacy, for French Cana- dians, of the State of Quebec.) Claude Ryan of Le Devoir sums up his view of such a study: "It leaves us at least suspecting that the major fac- tor explaining the rise of the sovereignty movement in Que- bec is the sentiment, very legitimate and very positive, felt by. a great number of French Canadians to form i distinct nation." One senses the beginnings of a drift in Mr. Ryan's own views. If such moderate na- tionalists as this leading opin- ion-maker really .begin to drift, the euphoria of the April 29 election cannot last. And Pre- mier Bourassa will not be blamed. The danger sign can be read in one moderate a word meaning "federalist" in Que- bec who has completed his drift. Louis Bernard, brilliant 32-year-old, assistant deputy -minister of intergovernmental affairs, educated at the London School of Economics, has quit his government job to become) executive assistant to Dr. Ca- mille Laurin, National Assem- bly spokesman for the Parti Quebecois (Mr. having lost his seat on April Once an avid federalist, he became disillusioned under Mr. Trudeau. His new path was not deterred by Mr. Bourassa's election. He feels that Ottawa's stubbornness is dooming the constitutional revision process and that only a Quebec break- away can free it from tradi- tional structures which other- wise seem unlikely to be changed. The Quebec bull may have been dozing since the election, but the signs are that it won't doze for much longer if Mr. Trudeau keeps waving the red flag in front of it. LOOKING BACKWARD TIIKOUGII THE HERALD 1920 Government survey- el's are busy making plans for a huge dam on the Oldman River, thirty miles north of Lundbreck. The purpose of the dam is to make a huge lake with water 100 feet deep for power purposes. 1930 The German battle cruiser Hindenburg was the last of the 29 ships scuttled in the Scapa Flow in 1911 to be brought to the surface recent- ly. 10411 Capt. "Jock" Palmer, pioneer Letlibridge pilot, is a member- of the staff of pilot in- structors at Kenyon Field. 1850 Former prime minis- ter William Lyon King died in Ottawa at the age of 75. tiWO Northern Affairs Min- ister Alvin Hamilton says too friendly h cars in National Parks will be removed to re- mote area and will have their posteriors painted red. The Lethbridge Herald m 7th SI. S.. Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LID., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Retistration Nnmber 0012 Ufntttr of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newfptpv Publishers' Association and Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor ind Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS. General Man.-IRcr JOE BAI.LA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor HOY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WALKKI Advertising Manager Editorial Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;