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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 22, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Solurdoy, July 11, THI HTHIRIDOI HDIAID 5 Shaun Jlerron Some memorable moments in the pulpit ONE lime I was great friends wilh a bishop. How this came aboul I do nol know. I mind well my life be- fore I knew the bishop. I mind it well after I knew the bishop. 1 have no recollection of get- ting to know him. I do nol now know why we became friends. He was a bishop, I was a stu- dent. He was only a very small bishop; small, in stature that is. His diocese was a good size for the place he was in. ft cov- ered Ulster, Munster, Leinsler and Connaught, or if you put it another way, the whole of Ire- land; entire. He was, to tell you a part of the whole truth, the Bishop of Ireland. For such as might think there's no such tiling, I'll tell you another thing: He was the Moravian Bishop of Ireland. A wee bishop for a wee church. You'd think it was arranged that way. He measured a little more than a fool for each church in his diocese, and he had four churches. His church I suppose il was his cathedral too was near the university in Belfast. It had a high skinny pulpit that could be reached from either side by skinny steep steps wilh no rail. I cannot lell you why I was amazed myself he asked me to preach for him. The service was, of course, liturgical. I was more than a foot-and-a-half taller than the bishop. He had a small box in the pulpit so that he could see over Ihe book-rest. 1 had to stand on this box and look down, stooped and scholarly, lo read the service book. I follow- ed Ihe book very carefully and therefore could not move. I soon forgot Ihe box. There was, of course, a ser- mon. This released me from my immobile caplivity. I could now stand straight up and look at the Moravians sprinkled among the pews. I wanned. Since I was young I must have been giving them authoritative hell, Harry. I stepped back. I had this airy airy feeling of vacancy behind me. In this vacuum I experi- enced a lilting feeling. The con- gregation must have had it too, They were tilting. I fell out of the skinny pulpit, down the skinny steps to the baldy carpet on the chancel steps. I heard voices and fear- ed for my mortal or imortal status. The voices said, and and and such things as angels might Bay to a gale crasher. Then I heard a strong, firm, archangelic voice, strong- er than the others, yet far way, detached, impersonal, but very loud. It said: "That's enought of Then laughler, like angels on H spree along a celestial shore. Then hands, kind hands, rais- ing me up. "From what the bishop told a male voice said, "we were afraid you'd Bay something entirely differ- ent" With llie kind of pomposity only Ihe young could command after falling out of a pulpit, I said, "That will be all. You will stand for the benediction." While they grinned like shin- Ing bp.boons, I blessed them. It is writlen in my book of etern- al life: He blesses the apes. The bishop never asked me again. Indeed, he never spoke to me again. I wenl next lo preach in the posh Congregational church in Brighton. As I left the vestry lo process to the pulpil, a deacon whispered lo me, "Don't let the bats bother you. They won't come near you." This left me in a stale of gig- gling mystification. There, I thought, while my mind reach- ed for higher levels, is a real Books in brief "What Makes Rpiro Kim" by Joseph AllirjRlil (Doild, .Mean and Co. Lid., S7.S5, 250 Ji'OR Spiro T. Agncw, success really began at forty. In 19G6 he was still a county exe- cutive. Later lhal year he be- came Ihe governor of Mary- land. Two years later he be- came Ihe vice presidenl of Ihe United Slates. From nowhere, Agncw has become a household name in America. A controversial fig- ure, be is both an advocate for his administration and a power- ful figure in his own right. This book tells us the life story of Afincw and why Nixon chose him as his running male. From Ihe story, il is evidcnl thai luck was denied him in his early life, hut for an in- telligent man, once the oppor- liinily came, he seized it. Sludonls of polilics will find Mnkcs Spiro Run Inter- esting (or vary (bw poople con'd become Ihe vice presi- t'cnl in only two years of na- tional politics. JOE MA social climber: Only old Angli- can churches have bats in their belfries. One hal. They may have had more in slock but only one ap- peared. II stayed, during what in Scotland are scandalously called The is, Ihe ordered worship of God by Ihe congregation before the sermon high up in tho church but doing some impres- sive light turns under and over Ihe beams. Nol till the sermon, did this salanist swoop; down over the heads of the congregalion who sat like lumpen, hearing more of what 1 was saying than I could hear. I have oflen won- dered what my sermon was about, and have never liked lo ask. From tlie wide open spaces it sought the fjord of the chancel, like some daring British flyer tesling his skill in a high nar- row place againsl the confined security of German defences in Norway. With each sweep I heard a rustling like the move- ment of the sea on a shingle shore, as the choir dipped and swung, dipped and swung, dip- ped and swung under I h e swooping vampire. Sometimes, when I pass some young long-haired lout, 1 Ihink: So what else is new? I was a long-haired lout before you were born. I was one on this occasion and perhaps my mes- sage called at a particular mo- ment for a great triumphant shout, for that I am told is what I gave when the bat col- lided with the back of my head and swept my long hair straight up. It stayed up; straight up. Fleas and lice I thoughl, fleas and lice; vermin; and wenl on with what I was saying, what- ever il was. The only passion in my heart was to scratch and there is no greater lorment in a pulpit than a passion to scratch that cannot be in- dulged. In the vestry after the ser- vice the deacon said, "I am sorry. It has never happened before." In tho year Uial King Uz- ziah died (Isaiah 6, verse 1) or if he sounds more familiar, George Sixth, I was in Van- couver lo deliver some lectures at Union College, UBC. I was also preaching at St. Andrew's- Wesley. I was the preacher at the memorial service for the sovereign at that church. I had a dreadful cold and what is called, simply but suf- ficiently, a ninny nose. A gal- loper. I found myself in the pulpit, without prospect of re- treat. And without a handker- chief, which lay on the desk in the vestry. I do not think the sleeve of a Geneva gown is an adequate substitute for a fine white linen cloth. For one thing, it is slippery. It is also non-absorbent. It is also known not to be for wip- ing Ihe nose. And it is black. Who uses a black handerchief? One could of course pull out the fronl lails of one's shirt, bul they are buried under a cassock, which would have to be opened; they are also black; and to be seen lo be undress- ing in the pulpit would start stories. My noles, Ihen, as I dispens- ed with them, page by page? Lately, have you wiped your nose on good writing paper? Unfortunately, I had my nose and my moustache wilh me, and rny moustache was acting as a coffer-dam. There were also newspaper photographers in the front pews, looking, seeing, leering like the evil men Ihcy are, and grasping my problem Wilh my own eyes I saw Ihe pictures in the papers. Editors arc better-class human beings than press photographers the culliiies said of Ihe evidence glillering in the flash-light on my moustache, "Tears, for the Sovereign I have in the pulpil fell often as my once very small daugh- ler fell while I processed down Ihe aisle past the pew in which she was held prisoner by her molher. The child raised bolh arms and held Ihem oul in pa- Ihelic but determined appeal: "Daddy, daddy gel me oul of she cried lo hea- ven and Ihe whole congregal- galion. 'Herald Special Service) What's that ahead? Pholo by Phil Book Reviews Background to black movements "From the dead level. Mal- colm X and me" by Hakim A. Jamal (Random House of Canada Ltd., 272 pages, ALL PRAISE is due to Mal- colm X, according lo Hakim Jamal, who grew from a smelly Boston ghetto boy to a true believer of Malcolm X's teachings. A drug addict at fourteen years of age, he developed an admiration for the elegant neighborhood pusher and hus- tler Malcolm Little, later to be known as Malcolm X, the Mouthpiece of the Black Mus- lim movement under ils leader Elijah Muhammad. Growing up in a place, where "cats and dogs no longer run when Ihey hear a with a life style (hat included at- tempted murder, peddling, drug addiclion, lime in a mental in- slilulion and a dishonorable dis- charge from Ihe army, it is not surprising that his ideas should strike one as bizzare at first. When his wife asked him lo go and listen lo Elijah Mu- hammad at a rally, he met Malcolm again, who after sev- eral years in prison had be- come Malcolm X, minister of Ihe Black Muslim faith. Jama] didn't make immediate sense of Malcolm's teachings. He was many hallucinatory trips away from accepling a world in which black was good and beautiful and wliite ugly and evil. He had to absorb addition- al meetings to come to Ih3 conclusion thai while mau's Intriguing study of chimpanzees "In The Shadow of Man" bhy Jane Van Lawick-Goodall (Collins, S9.95, 256 rpHANKS lo Ihe National Geographic Society publi- calions and TV productions most people today are familiar lo some degree wilh Lhe sludy made by Jane Goodall of chimpanzees near Lake Tan- ganyika in Tanzania during Ihe sixties. Now Ihose who have had Iheir appelites whetted for more information aboul Ihe chimpanzees can read Ihe rec- ord in considerable delail. In 1060 Jane Goodall, an En- glish girl, had the good fortune to m e e I up wilh Louis B. Leakey, the famed African an- thropologist. Untrained ns sho was, Leakey recognized in Jane Goodall a likely candidate for doing a much-needed study of the chimpanzees nnd arranged for her lo camp on the shores of Lake Tanganyika. A passion- ale intercsl in animals and a desire lo study Ihem in Ihcir hnbilat thus came lo fulfilment for Miss Goodall. Palienlly nnd persistently Ihe observer sUilkcd her subjects unlil Ihcy eventually came lo tolcrnlo her presence no that she was able to make all sorts of remarkable discoveries about the chimpanzees. Miss Goodall describes the cliimpan- zee ability lo solve quite com- plex problems; lo make and use tools for a variety of pur- poses; lo develop social struc- lures and methods of communi- cations; Lo demonstrate Ihe be- ginnings of self-awareness. As a result of her study Miss Goodall has concluded that while man overshadows the chimpanzee, I h e chimpanzee overshadows all other animals and is Lhus a crealure of im- mense significance (o Lhe under- standing of man. For Ihis rea- son she expresses regret at the way in which man is endanger- ing Ihis species. In prolcin- shorl Africa the chimpanzees are hunted for food. The chimps found In the Western world are (requenlly Ihe babies who survive Ihe hunting cxpe- dilions and for every one of them an average of six others have lost their lives. Miss Goodnll also deplores (lie con- elillons under which many chimps live in zoos. Two other people figure In this elory of Uio chimpanzees. The first is Miss Goodall's mother who camped with her daughter and receives de- served praise for making Lhe early days tolerable. The olher is Hugo Van Lawick who came lo photograph the animals and became a helpful husband lo Jane. Probably marriage help- ed make Miss Goodall more perceptive in some areas. She look note, for instance, of Ihe failure of Ihe male chimpan- zees lo be much concerned wilh Ihe young and saw n par- allel between them and many own husband except- cd. One of her finest comments perhaps a reflection of her marriage experience can IK seen in il is that "chimp- anzees usually show a lack of consideration for end] other's feelings which, in some ways, may represent the deepest part of Ihe gulf between them and us." The book is highly readable and thoroughly enjoyable as well as being very inslniclive. It is enhanced by 60 pages of excellent photographs lakcn by Hugo Van Liuvick. DOUG WALKER "F-BrE-E-D-0-M was black man's F-R-E-E-D-U-M-B." He evenlually gave up dope, and inspired by the tremen- dous personality of Malcolm X (not of Elijah Muhammad, whom he always Ihought and still does Ihink of as a became a believer of Lhe Black Muslim failh. Only when Malcolm X was expelled from Ihe Black Mus- lims (allegedly caused by a rude remark when asked about an opinion over the dealh of J. F. Kennedy) did he and many of Ihe faith, including Mr. Jamal, switch from uncon- structive hate to, what he calls "intelligenl hate." In his last days, before his assassinalion in 19G5, Malcolm X slressed again Ibis "inlelligenl instead of hating blindly, and regretted having led people away from the true Islam, where ALL people in Allah are brothers. The author admired Malcolm X, a man who was certainly one of the mosl dynamic per- sonalities of the decade prior to his death. When his teachings changed the slrcels of America and when more and more champs emerged of black color, Ihen one can hardly over- look Ihe imposing figure of Liu's man. It would be preposterous to assume this movement to be the answer to Lhe problems of Ihe American negro. Yel, it has caused many lo Ihink and still more to be spurred Lo aclion violenl. olhers peaceful. History moslly lacks simple logic. Only after certain evcnls have passed, can they be prop- erly assessed and liphl shine where once there cxislcd dark- ness. The book is not wrillcn in pleasing style and is frequently repulsive. At Ihe end, one feels exasperated, and, in a sense, almost ready to return the com- pliment of hate. Neverthe- less I would suggest it should rend by everyone who wanls lo undcrsinnd liio black move- ments of loclny. HANS SCHAUFL Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND TV or not TV? rTHE PEOPLE in charge of the univer- sity's continuing education operation recently released details of the 1972-73 fall off-campus program to be prc- scnled at 15 locations throughout southern Alberta. It has been the business of the university to try lo involve itself exten- sively Ihroughout this area and this con- cern has oflen been evidenced by Ihe in- formal title sometimes attached to this in- stitution that of the University of South- ern Alberta. Indeed the 15 off-campus pro- grams represenl a greater number of such offerings lhan Ihe lotal of similar programs presented by the University of Alberta and the University of Calgary combined but a very new era is becoming evident and a good deal of sludy has been End will conlinue lo be given lo the role of televi- sion in this aspect of the continuing educa- tion process. A visit last year to Memorial University in St. John's, Newfoundland, brought this lelevision business lo my attenlion and tho factors lhal have made Ihcir TV-leaching programs so effective will definitely enter into discussions about implementation of certain TV methods here. Basically, and because of the excessive, barren mileages williin the Newfoundland- Labrador boundaries, Memorial embarked on an ambitious program that would en- able credil inslruclion in Ihe remole com- munities of northern Labrador, some S3 many as miles from Ihe campus. Video-taped lectures are prepared in the excellent Memorial University studios and these are sent to the 26 localions through- oul lhal province where courses are of- fered. Each location has malching play- back equipment and trained personnel usually persons associated with llie local educallon syslem and Ihe "leclures" are presented (o classes on a regular basis. In a similar way examinations are given and ultimately the students are exposed to the course content and graded accordingly. The entire operation is most impressive. Not only does such an enterprise greatly expand the "catch-basin" of the university but il allows a very economical means of presenting these programs at distant loca- tions. In addition, the mailing o{ video- tapes and supplies Is seldom hindered by abrupt changes In weather, often the nem- esis of "travelling professors" who pre- sent off-campus lectures. Off-campus programs presented by the University of Lethbridge are a firmly es- lablished part of Iho operalion and the personal approach of the travelling inslruc- tors is a very desirable conlinuance of Ihe concern for Ihe individual expressed in Ihis university's philosophy. To some the use of TV media teaching methods will be a threat to this personal- ization bul il should obvious lhat Ihe addition of these kinds of offerings will serve lo effectively complement existing operations. To specify, occasions will arise when off- campus courses can not be offered econo- mically because enrolments less than eight persons may lead to cancellation. It has been proven that a series of off-campus video-tape leclures can be presented on a break-even basis, special fees, lo groups as small as three This would cer- lainly avoid Ihe unfortunate siluation thai could conceiveably arise when five or six inlerestcd persons are deprived of a learn- ing opportunity simply because of econ- mics. It will take a great deal of thought to arrive at the besl combination of "in per- son" program offerings and video-tape presentations. Certainly whatever conclu- sion is reached it will further enhance the already impressive academic presentations of the university outside the boundaries of the cily of Lethbridge. The Commission on Ihe Geography of Arid Lands will presenl a conference on arid lands on campus Augusl 3-3. The con- ference is part of the 22nd International Geographical Congress and will include a number of geographers from Canada and the United Stales as well as contingents from Australia and the U.S.S.R. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY The causes of war rpHE CAUSES of war are neither single nor simple consequently there is no single answer lo world peace. II is now common lo blame over-population and under-production as Ihe major dangers. Undoubtedly bolh are important. Over- population decreases the level of innate intelligence and imreases Ihe pressure on food supplies and ruv materials. Nevertheless the United States is en- gaged in the bloodiest war of her liistory wherein these factors are not involved. Partially it is ideological, Eisenhower hav- ing sent money and then Marines lo res- cue the Christians fleeing from the Com- munists in Ihe north. Partly il is national pride. Mostly the war is a resull of Lhe philosophy of Admiral Mahan lhat the U.S. must pursue its Manifest Destiny of expan- sion across the Pacific and thai when the U.S. ceased to be expansionist she would deteriorate as a great power. The self-righteousness of communism and the self-righleousness of capitalism is certainly a factor in the war menace, bul the tensions between Russia and Ihe U.S. would erisl whatever their national ideolo- gies. Fear and the desire for security play a dominant role, thus it has been fre- quently mentioned in recent years that in an emergency, if her security were threa- tened, Ihe U.S. would not hesitate lo take over Canada. The conflict between China and Russia cannot be explained on the basis of ideology, but on the historical struggle between those two countries and the bitler tension over borders. A war over this border queslion is sure if no solulion can be found. Nationalism and racialism have been major forces in war. 11 would be unwisa lo under-rale Ihe Asiatic hostilily lo the West. Nationalism and racialism were dominant factors in the rise of Mussolini'j Italy, Hitler's Germany, and Hlrohilo's Japan. II is very doubtful indeed to con- tend as some writers do lhat had Germany been, given colonies and "living room" she would not have launched on two world wars. Unless national sovereignty can ba abridged in a system of internalional Inter- dependence, there is little chance for peace. Thomas Hobbes claimed thai violence was natural to man and the normal con- dilion of society and many olhers have fol- lowed him in Ihe belief that war is a nat- ural consequence of human nature. Clear- ly education will not eradicate war, since the most diabolical wars in history have been waged by the most highly educated nations. In the Irish war, frustration and the projection of neurolic personalilies are strongly evident. War is, as Clausewitz claimed, Ihe conlinualion of economic pol- icy by olher means. This is the reason why Ihe American nationalist economic policy as enunciated by John Connally Is so ter- ribly dangerous. The national arrogance displayed by several speakers at Ihe Demo- cratic Convention is not a hopeful sign. Unless a rule of world law can be es- tablished and the sovereignty of Ihe nation- slate be subordinated to a world organiza- lion and Ihe rule of law, '.here can be no hope for peace. The great powers appear unwilling lo make such commilmcn: and unlil they do another world war will be inevitable. A big hand for a little lady of "IN the current Ircnd labor demands on one hand and a growing backlash from a public thai feels pul-upon on Ihe other, any move away from Ihe traditional adversary approach belween labor and managcmenl is wel- come. Thai's why it's refreshing to hear the new president of the Canadian Union of Public Employees' Ontario division reject Ihe dogmatic attitude thai anylhing an em- ployee does is aulomalically righl nnd any- lhing a boss does is aulomalically wrong. Shirley Carr of Niagara Falls, who had jusl been elected bend of 50.000 of Onlario's 60.000 CUPE members, says. "All things being equal, you owe management a good day's work for Ihe money your'rc receiv- ing. "I will fight for my men but I can't fight for anyone who's deliberately crealing problems." That's not to say lhat labor leaders haven't felt thai way in Lhe pasl. Bul un- like Mrs. Carr, many of them would never havo admitted it publicly. Mm Carr goes on lo say that organized The Hamilton Sncclalor more militant labor should take a broader intcrosl in the community inslcad of focussing all ils in- teresl on plain trade unionism. She would like lo see members put more social service including participalion in cil- izen groups and on Ihe boards of social agencies. If Ihe rank-and-file, not just in CUPE but In olher organized labor groups listens Lo Mrs. Carr, Ihe whole mood of public feeling could be changed. And Ihe image of labor could be reversed from Ihe "gimme gimme" il has unfortu- nately picked up in recent months. On its side, more members of the man- agement group might admit lhat union workers are cnlillcd lo a deccnl wage, safe working condilions, reasonable health and insurance benefits and a guarantee as much as is possible that the job won't dis- appear overnight. The vasl majority of em- ployers believe this now but nevertheless in the negolintions game, Inbor often has lo drag oul cnch bcnclil liko a fishcrmnn landing n deep-sea salmon. When the atmosphere is one of deepening billemess, nobody ;