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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 22, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDOE HERALD ijlimlay, July 11, 1972 Maurice Western New hope in Pakistan Early this spring when President All Bhutto of Pakistan was asked where he intended to get the im- mense sums of money required to make a start on his rural develop- ment, health, education and housing schemes, he told a press conference that "money will come from the tree and if nothing else we will milk Uncle Sam." Money is coming from the tree and from Uncle Sam too. When Pakis- tan's economic adviser returned from a Paris meeting of the World Bank's Aid to Pakistan's consortium, he brought back tremendous concessions in rescheduling of debt payments by consortium member countries. Fresh loans pledged at Paris will also pro- vide Pakistan with commodities badly needed by industry and other sectors of the economy. The United States is extending about S60 million for this purpose, and the International Devel- opment Agency (IDA) another ?50 million. Canada contributes mil- lion of (he latter sum. Both the U.S. and Canada are extending food aid, mainly wheat, with Canada sending million worth of free wheat. Rus- sia and China have also extended as- sistance, mainly in rescheduling debts. Further brightening the picture, from Pakistan's point of view, is that the World Bank has promised that it will consider requests for further loans later on. This kind of generosity comes not only from an understanding that the people of Pakistan cannot be left to wallow in their own economic woes. There appears to be a realization that the new government of Pakistan is sincere in its determination to carry out the long-overdue refonns which will ensure internal political stability in the future. If this is done, the country will progress rapidly. Violence is no answer The rights of natives living in the Mackenzie delta where the gas pipe- line will be built should be deter- mined by negotiation, and if no agreement can be made in this way, the courts should decide. Pipeline re- presentatives and aboriginal repre- sentatives will have an opportunity to present individual cases and a fair decision can be arrived at using the the normal legal methods of the land. Fears that the developers of this im- mense project will ignore or deny the treaty rights of the Indians, may or may not be well founded. Un- doubtedly threats of violence will at- tract attention to the native cause. Such threats, however, will have tha opposite effect from that intended. The sympathy of Father Joseph Adam, a Roman Catholic missionary in the Arctic, for the Indians among whom he has worked for 20 years is wide and deep. It is unfortunate that he has suggested, and by infer- ence, condoned, a climate of incipient violence among them. By so doing, he has done their cause a great disser- vice. Hammar and sickle The newly concluded deal between the Los Angeles based Occidental Petroleum Co., and the U.S.S.R. boggles the imagination. Estimates are that it involves a contract in the neighborhood of three billion dollars dealing with oil and gas exploration, fertilizers and chemicals, metal treatment and plating, use of solid wastes, and hotels to be built in the U.S.S.R. It's the biggest contract ever signed by a U.S. corporation with the Russians. And who is the man largely res- ponsible for negotiating this immense deal between the biggest capitalist power on earth and its counterpart in the communist world and one time bitter political adversary? Why a friend of none other than V. I. Lenin, himself, a 73-year-old industrialist named Dr. Armand Hammar. The irony of it! Weekend Meditation The meaning oi history TF A man's religion is any good it enters everything he says or does. In the greatest of his writings, his letter to the church in Ephesus, Paul shows how (Ms is so. Paul begins by stating his theol- ogy, then he moves to the meaning of his- tory, next the significance of the church as the body of Christ, on to human nature and the Christian faith, then a description o! the Christian man, the relationship of love which should exist between men, finally setting forth the nature of a Christian fam- ily, the relations between masters and slaves admonitions which would de- stroy slavery and concludes with final exhortations for personal living. Paul believed that there was a cosmic battle between the powers of good and the powers of evil, and this conflict resulted in the disharmony and conflict of human life. Man at war with God was at war with his fellowmen. He is like the man whom Jesus found at Gadara, so possessed by demons that he said his name was tearing himself apart, separated from God and therefore from his fellowman, hut schizophrenic, separated in himself. Every- where there is disorder. Violence is in na- ture and in all social relations. Thus in his great study of Ephesians John Mackay of Princeton called it "Man's Disorder and God's Design." J. B. Phillips in the trans- lation of the key verses of the first chapter and verses 9-10, expressed the meaning, "For God has allowed us to know the sec- ret of His Plan, and it is this: He purposes in His sovereign will that all human his- tory shall be consummated in Christ, that everything that exists in heaven nr earth shall find its perfection and fulfilment in Him." This thought lies behind the writ- ings of de Chardin. "In Christ" is used re- peatedly in the book and the writer makes it clear that he considers Jesus to been God's special, unique agent in achiev- ing the unity of the entire universe, tha Messiah, the integrating power and living centre of all existence and history. Ephesians is a profound poem rather than a theological treatise. No matter how often one reads it, every reading brings out new meanings. Language is symbolic and there are things that break through language and escape. But Hiere are sim- ple, fundamental truths in Ephesians to which men should be recalled. The "broth- erhood of Man" depends upon "The Father- hood of God." History is not a weary suc- cession of meaningless events and is not a fatalistic succession of cycles, but a de- velopment in the purpose of a loving Cre- ator. A new world depends upon new men and only God can make new men. A good home depends upon a husband loving his wife as Christ loved the church saerifi- dally and eager for the highest develop- ment of the wife and a wife recognizing that such a husband should be In a place of authority. Children should honor their parents, but parents must be worthy of honor. Jesus Christ is the head of the church and the church is the body of Jesus where unity is achieved and the barriers of race and class break down. Jesus brought to men the the power, by which they might achieve the vir- tuous lite, the life of God and thus, finding a life of peace and happiness with their fel- lowmen. PRAYER: Grant me Thy life, 0 God, that I may live Thy life, speak Thy speech, and do Thy deeds. F.S.M. Sense of obligation By Dong Walker pEOPLE who have had the misfortune to play golf with me must ollen won- der why I don't give up the game. The scores I get certainly provide n o in- centive for continuance. I golf out of a sense of obligation a triple scnsa of ohllfintlon to bo exact. First, I hnvc a very fine set of clubs, baf! and cart presented lo me by Uic con- gregation of St. Maltbew'i United Church in Calgary. It would be a hclj-ayal of tha trust and friendship of those grand peopla not to put their gift lo use. Then, I have a membership and not play al least Its worth in games would be more than my prudent heart could bear. Lastly, with a wife who devotedly avoids pulling my health in jeopardy by keeping pies off the lahlc, I must do my purl by slugging my way around the greensward in piirsull ol the wee while bull. Government acts without authority QTTAWA Tills is the age of pragmatic government which appears to mean in prac- tice thai Ministers fly by the scats of their trousers. The advantages of pragma- tism are supposed to be self-evi- dent. Let's not worry about Ide- ological niceties or abstract principles; let's deal in a practi- cal, non-principled fasliion with difficulties as they arise. But there are also disadvan- tages. The effect of such flying on business is distinctly unset- tling. No one knows where gov- ernment will move next or why. Home Oil was an interesting case of pragmatism at work. The owner of certain shares proposed to sell them to an American concern, as he was perfectly entitled to do under the existing law of the land. No great emergency threatened since the transaction was com- paratively modest and would have effected no dramatic change in an industry already dominated overwhelmingly by oulsidc capital. In any case the Government had no policy at the lime relating to take-overs and to this day is without au- thority deriving from legislation in the field. Nonetheless, and without ex- planation worthy of the name, the Government Intervened. It employed pressure to secure an end which was not related to any statute or guidelines known at that time. In this adventure, it presumably relied on forces of articulate economic national- ism in the country to dull the spirit of criticism in Parlia- ment, The advent of a summer free of politics has apparently been a boon to pragmatic ministers who are venturing zestfully in all directions. Only the other day Jean-Pierre Cote, in his customarily quiet way, put the Post Office Into the retail busi- ness. Two of his colleagues, not to be outdone, have now inter- vened more dramatically in the business world. In neither case does any particular statute or principle appear to be in play. Late last week J e a n -L u c Pepin announced that the Gov- ernment had acquired a "sub- stantial majority" o[ the shares of Hadio Engineering Products, a high technology firm. By this arrangement, the company will regain certain securities which it deposited to cover a tax lia- bility. Corporations frequently fall behind on their taxes hut the consequence is not usually government ownership. The transaction, it is claimed saved 50 jobs. Tliis is gratify- ing. But business failures are not uncommon in a profit-and- loss economy. It has not, up to now, been government policy to acquire them in such circum- stances. If that had been the rule, the list of government en- terprises by this time would be truly awe-inspiring. Perhaps the answer is to he found in the term, "high tech- nology" and the economic sig- nificance attached to it. But why government purchase (which is what it amounts "It's a nice place to visit but I wouldn't want to live Why not the Canada Develop- ment Corporation? It may bo objected that the CDC is supposed to make a profit and not to buy back Can- ada. Bui the Government ex- pects Radio Engineering Prod- ucts to be a good thing, It will offer Ihe slock for resale "when the company is in a more stable financial position." Mr. Pepin will simply be a male nurse during the intervening period. But again, on what prlncipla Is the Government acting? In what White Paper will we find an exposition of its nursing role? Why do other industries or businesses go unnursed? And if Mr. Pepin is wrong (which Heaven forbid) will the Govern- ment find thai it has acquired another white elephant compa- rable to those which have been fed and sheltered by taxpayers, for decnde after decade? According to the Toronto Star, Jean Marcliand also has a plan to appeal to the prime minister but not to less prag- matic, possibly more old-fash- ioned ministers. The trouble with the regional development program is said to be that firms subsidized to venture in slow- growth areas invest their profits in high-growth areas. This being considered anti-social (although what law it offends is far from Mr. Marchand is spon- soring a government ifax-Dartmouth which is to make consumer product for sale in the Man- times. By this means accumu- lating profits, if any, will be kept in the region. Whatever principle may be in- volved here, it is certainly not free enterprise. The Govern- ment, in its wisdom, has eman- cipated itself from older restric- tions. It directs business in one case; it takes over business in another case; it competes with business in a third case. Ailing business is comforted with gov- ernment hot water bottles. IE business seems healthy but diso- bedient, government sells the hot water bottles to puzzled con- sumers. There Is a firm view in gov- ernment that business, at any time, should look with confi- dence to the future. Confronted with the new pragmatism, how- ever, the rational businessman puts a perfectly reasonable question. Where, he asks, will government venture next? To this there is no answer for the obvious reason that principle has been discarded in favor of ministerial twitches, which are not predictable. The unfortunate result is that the business com- munity radiates insufficient con- fidence to justify the faith of Ministers. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Dave Humphreys Jove Humphreys Patience may soon reach limit in Irish situation ONDON There is a close shown every sign of spoiling parliament and a guarantee of bad leaders. Nationalism Is the leadership since the direct nil T ONDON There is a close link between two conven- tional wisdoms on the Irish tra- gedy. One is that Ireland can only be understood by the Irish, born and bred. Corre- spondents and politicians thus fall into traps by mistaking Irish theological discussions for political dialogue. The second, gaining ground In Britain since the breakdown of the ceasefire in the North, is to leave the Irish to beat each other's brains out. This is clear- !y a cause and effect situation. In increasing numbers includ- ing some close to Whitehall, the British are in effect agreeing with the former thesis. They are disgusted that Brit- ain should have to finance soldiers on the streets of Northern Ireland so that grown men in Orange sashes may go through their annual marching rituals that recall a sectarian victory three centuries ago. Again this 12th ot July, the vast panoply of security was spe- cially strengthened, not so Northern Ireland could cele- brate a national day but so pro- vocative sectarianism could be flaunted. Now comes the informed re- sponse from the Irish. Such a comment they will say betrays a "short foreknowledge" of the Irish character. One does not understand the meaning of these marches. And wait a min- ute mister foreigner, what about those provocative Repub- lican Easter parades? They too require vast numbers of sol- diers and, what's more they are DISLOYAL. It is quile true that the mystique knows no re- ligious bounds. All the more reason, the ar- gument goes, why the British should set limit for withdraw- ing their forces. Why should British lives be sacrificed al- most daily to two private Irish inniet, both o[ which shown every sign of spoiling for a good fight? The answer is the British historic responsibility to their so-called loyalists. During long years of republican agitation, these people remained loyal to the Crown. In return half a century ago they got their own Letter to the editor Finding help Corkie was a tourist from Vancouver, visiting friends in Lethbridge. Corkie is a very gentle Welsh Corgie- One even- ing he decided to go sight-see- ing around the neighborhood, but, when it was time to go back to his friends, he could not find a single familiar land- mark to guide him. Perhaps the Humane Society could help. He tried a home along the way and good luck was with him. For- tunately his owner had had the foresignt to attach a little plas- tic cylinder, bearing his name and address, to his collar. The Humane Society member phon- ed a local radio station, his friends did the same and within the hour Corkie's hostess pick- ed him up a very relieved hostess and a very happy Cork- ie. Six long weeks ago, Hum- phrey, a much loved black cat strayed from his home in a local trailer park. The farther he travelled the more unfamil- iar the scene appeared. He was hopelessly lost. One morning he stopped at a house and ask- ed for help. Strange as It may seem. It was the home where Corkic had found help. An ad- vertisement was placed in the local paper and a short time later Humphrey was home with his happy family. HUMANE SOCIHTY SUPPORTER Ltthbridgd parliament and a guarantee of remaining in the United King- dom. Since then they have thrown up some mighty good soldiers for the British cause in war. And they have failed spectacularly to come to terms with their minority community. The Irish as a whole have failed to achieve the spirit of the British act which half a century ago envisaged the Irish people living civilly and, if not in unity, in the framework of wholehearted co-operation. I expressed surprise in Bel- fast the other day when a Van- guard leader told me the Brit- ish determination to maintain Ulster appeared to be slipping. Oh, he wasn't thinking of con- temporary developments, he said, but rather of a couple of centuries ago when Ulster was a jewel of Empire. If you couldn't hold Ulster what hope was there for the Empire? Some of these people have overlooked the arrival of the 20th century. Some critics claim the British haven't ar- rived either but they are light years ahead of the more ex- treme loyalists. Which brings us to the question of leadership. Some people insist that of course Unionist leaders had been one joke after another and the loyalists knew that. That wasn't the point, the point was that the alternative was worse. Whose fault is it that Ulster has failed lo throw up any serious national leaders? Not the British. The civilized moderate majority, if it ex- ists, has allowed sectional and shortsighted leadens to flour- ish. The British connection lies been pcrverled by extreme loy- nllsts. Tho Queen's picture and the Union Jack have been used as symbols of a culture com- plexly forelp to British values of tolerance, civil rights, fnlr piny. It is no longer Just n ques- tion of "the alternative" (i.e. the Republic) being worst than bad leaders. Nationalism Is the sum of its parts. And the larg- est sum of the United Kingdom U on this side of the Irish sea. The Britsh people will not in- definitely continue to tolerate physical and verbal abuse from a people to whom they have given every understanding for years. Of course British politi- cians, including Willie White- law, have made great mistakes in Ireland but those mistakes are far from supporting the loyalist cause. Mr. Whitelaw vowed he would "soldier on" with his reconcili- ation policy after the ceasefire broke down. AH the way he has loyalists biting at his feet like a pack of hunting dogs. Brian Faulker is praised, this last of the sectional leaders whose leadership since the direct rule has consisted in seeking lowest common denominator. The reader should not as- sume that a British withdrawal is imminent. Such a simplistic solution might be Irish but it is not British. Mr. Whitelaw will "soldier on" in his thankless and not entirely hopeless task. Patience is wearing. The argu- ment is not simply manufacfSr- ed by correspondents. To use sne of several examples, form- er Labor minister Alun Chal- font writes: "These people should be aware that there is a limit to the patience of the gov- ernment and the people of this country and tliat limit may be reached quite soon." (Herald London Bureau) Looking backward Through Uic Herald M22 Supl. Sevan and guide Foster of Walerlon Camp, as- sisted personally In the choice of a site for Hie "Y" Camp at the lake. 1932 A day ol prayer for the success of Ihe Imperial Economic Conference has been set aside by the Canadian gov- ernment. All churches are re- quested to set aside next Sun- day, July 23, as a day of pray- er and divine intercession. 1M2 The members of Bri- tain's most exclusive help-lo- win-the-war unit have recently been augmented by a number of famous American They have come over to joiA Ihe women's section of the Air Transport Auxiliary better known as the Atagirls. 195Z A transcontinental flight through Lethbridge may be justified by the fall of 1951 when Trans-Canada Airlines expects lo re-arrange its roules, TC President Gordon McGregor told The Herald in an interview at Uie Marquis Hotel. The Lethbridge Herald KM 7lh SI. S., Lclhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDG7J HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1005 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0019 Member ot Tho Canadian Presi and Ihe Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and Ihe Audll Bureau ot cVculalloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Edllor Associate Editor ROY f. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Mwtlilng Menaner tdllorlal Page Editor THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;