Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 22, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, July 22, 1971 Carl Rowan What of the next ice arena? The Herald has already argued that City Council should not have done what it did Tuesday night give final approval of the ice arena project at the higher price. If the decision is irrevocable, which it seems to be, there is no point in per- sisting with criticism that it was ill- advised. The money required to build the arena _ both from voluntary sub- scription and from city taxes and the money required for operating it, make it imperative that funds be conserved everywhere else. How- ever it is lo be earnestly hoped that a few thousand dollars can be found to provide a major skating facility on Henderson Lake this winter and every winter. That leads to the major ice arena, to be built in a couple of years, prob- ably at a cost of a million dollars or more. Here City Council deserves a good scolding for brushing off the Exhibition Association in its plan- ning. The association made a presen- tation to the city when the first are- na (the one now being started) was being considered. Negotiations, even communications, broke down imme- diately, and the city seems to be proceeding on the assumption that the Exhibition Association doesn't ex- ist, and even if it does exist it is a small private group looking for a fast buck at the public's expense. The aldermen must be reminded that they are not the sole public agent in this community. They have cer- tain authority and responsibility, in- cluding the responsibility to work with other public agencies for the common good. The Exhibition Association is an in- strument the community has devel- oped over the last 75 years to man- age a certain community function. Most of its directors donate their time and talent because they enjoy it. City Council is also represented on the board. The association is non- profit. It operates at little expense to the taxpayer. All its surplus funds go into improving the property, and the property is all owned by the city. In most western cities the major ice arenas are operated by the ex- hibition associations, with fully as much public concern and perhaps greater economy, as if they were di- rectly City Hall operated. In Lethbridge it is only natural that the Exhibition Association be heavily involved in all this planning. It has an arena almost ready to have the ice applied. It has abundant parking. It has good location. It has good management, good maintenance staff. That is exactly the type of busi- ness it ought to be doing. But the present construction is go- ing ahead with a minimum of dis- cussion and no negotiation with the Exhibition Association. And it appears that the same aloof attitude will prevail in planning the next one. The box the city is working itself into is that a major ice arena at the Exhibition Grounds will be only a few blocks from the "minor" arena being built on Mayor Magrath Drive, and even closer to the outdoor fa- cility that ought to operate on Hen- d e r s o n Lake. However, distances from any part of the city will still be negligible. It should be understood right now, by the aldermen, the city manage- ment and the exhibition directors, that they are all working for the same people and the people expect the fullest, frankest and most con- structive and sympathetic negotia- tions, to give the people the best value for their money. Unfortunate- ly that has not been the case recent- ly. Better training needed Government programs dealing with the training of youth for employ- ment purposes are well meaning but often lack good direction. The Ecol- ogy Corps, organized to help ease unemployment in the youth ranks has been sharply criticized in many areas largely because the recruits involved have been in a d e q u a t e- ly trained. It was the intention of the provin- cial government to open 48 tourist information centres next summer, both inside and outside the province as well as along the border. These were to be manned by qualified young people trained for the job. Perhaps the unemployment situation encouraged the government to up- date the program as it was an- nounced earlier this year that the centres would be ready by August and the personnel recruited and trained in the late spring. At the invitation of Frank Smith, manager of the Tourist and Conven- tion Centre of Southern Alberta, a number of these young people were sent down from Edmonton to assist in the tourist huts in Lethbridge and Fort Macleod until such time as the other centres in the province were ready for them. Four boys were as- signed lo the Fort Macleod centres and are fulfilling their tasks satis- factorily. But the eight girls who manned the huts locally did not work out so well, and the board of direc- tors of the association, concerned with maintaining good public rela- tions with the clientele indicated it would be best for all concerned if the recruits returned to Edmonton. What went wrong? According to the personnel at the centres, the young people were willing but lack- ing in experience. They had been chosen holus bolus without regard to personality, patience and the abil- ity to meet the public comfortably; three important ingredients in deal- ing with tired tourists and visitors seeking information. They obviously had not been screened by employ- ment counsellors but had been select- ed on a first come first-served basis, an inefficient and unfair method both for the young people and the em- ployers. Government programs such as the Ecology Corps should be workable but they need capable directors to administer them properly. Education is By Jim EDUCATION is probably second only to love as the most important of human activities. It is more important than fighting pollu- tion, because only through sound education can we help people to understand emo- tionally what must be done to save our world for the future. It is more important than politics, be- cause only through education can we learn to elect leaders who are capable of posi- tive action as well as of silver talk. It is also more important than politics because our world has become so complex that it takes something of a jack-of-all- knowledge to be different and effective as a decision-maker. Education is more important than the money we spend on it, no matter how much, because only through education can we continue to grow, and continue to live per- sonally rewarding lives, with today's increas- ing leisure time and rapid change in so many day-to-day realities. It is more important than drug contro- versies, because only through education can we learn to turn on with ideas and avoca- tion, instead of with dope. It is more important than morality or war, because only education can make us recognize the need for formulating a way of life in which we can all live fruitful and harmonious lives. But there is good education and bad ed- ucation, and unfortunately the traditional way which is the easiest and takes the least ingenuity is often bad education, when it does not enter the future with those it teaches. Bad education attempts to put students into moulds which shape them all the same way, so they can be slipped into the mass- produced pigeon-holes of modern business and status-oriented society. And if they don't fit the moulds or the Wilson pigeon-holes, bad education calls them fail- ures: uniqueness is not permitted because moulded students must become "refills" for the pigeon-holes vacated through pro- motion or death. Bad education halts creativity, stifles in- dividuality and perpetuates the I-know- best-because-I-anr-the-adult-teacher myth. Bad education, in today's classrooms, fos- ters dropouts and rebellions, and courts so- cial disaster and destruction. Bad educators say they are really good, because after all, the system of the past worked we'd enough to produce them, didn't it? Bad education refuses to acknowledge that, just as perfection is relative, so is what constitutes "good" education. There is more trun one "best" way, just as there is more than one student, and more than one teacher. Bad education is in every school, i n every city, and one of its most obvious carriers is the a.m. to p.m. teacher who cries a lot and won't under- take self-improvement programs and re- fuses to befeve that other people, in other jobs, have their problems and their home- work too. Bad education stems from every school board in which trustees are more con- cerned about nroney, voters and taxpayers than they are about students and the rec- ommendations of experienced educators as to what is best for the students. Bad education occurs where trustees at- tempt to tell professional administrators how to administer, and where administra- tors attempt to tell professional teachers how to teach. Bad education mangles and destroys the minds of children, and its often inflexible attitudes and lack ol recognition of an in- dividual student's (to him) insurmountable problems, too often leads to tragedy. Nixon's China coup big political asset WASHINGTON With his startling achievements relative to Communist China, President Nixon has pretty well staked out his claim as the peace candidate for 1972. If the China warmup con- tinues (and diplomatic recog- nition could be a reality, or close to it, by autumn of next Mi'. Nixon will need only a major breakthrough in Indo- china to campaign on the fol- lowing boasts: He ended the dying of thousands of American boys in the hopeless attempt to "con- tain China" by military forays into the jungles and paddies of Southeast Asia. He extricated GIs from In- dochina under conditions where Asians need not fear being overrun by Communist China, because he brought Peking into the family of nations where she henceforth will have little rea- son to act as the international bad boy. By ending a quarter cen- tury of hostile relations with the most populous country in the world, he further' weakened what was once a Giant Moscow- Peking monolith- Yet, he did it without incurring the enmity of the Soviet Union; on the con- trary, even at the same time he was reaching agreements with the Russians on strategic arms and other matters vital to world peace. These claims will seem so valid and convincing to most of the American public that the Democrats will be reduced to bemoaning their ironic fate: they struggled so hard to get out from under Republican charges that they are "soft on Communism" that they waded into a quagmire and enabled Republicans to once again call them "the party of war." Therte is, of course, bitter irony in the fact that Richard Milhous Nixon, who made his early reputation as a Commu- nist hunter, should now bask in bouquets extended to the man wise and courageous enough to put the U.S. back on speaking terms with 800 million Chinese. John F. Kennedy, and Lyndon B. Johnson made the first moves to end the lunacy of try- ing to isolate a quarter of hu- manity. But they moved timid- ly, largely because of fear of Nixon's political soul brothers (e.g., former Minnesota Con- gressman Walter Judd. former California Senator William Knowland, and the late pub- lisher of Time-Life, Henry Luce) who fought doggedly to lock the United States into ob- durate, eternal hated of Pe- king. Mr. Nixon is today the lucky beneficiary of two factors; he is promoting a powerful idea that has met its day the idea that world peace requires the normalization of relations with the People's Republic of China; he can take the bold in- itiatives in the certainty that while Judd may writhe in un- happiness and anger, he and the Committee of One Million will not hurl "pro-Communist" charges at Nixon the way they would have assailed Kennedy or Johnson. This is a remarkable achieve- ment for Mr. Nixon, whether viewed in the context of its na- tional security implications or its domestic political impact. We shall be able to ascertain the political benefits in 1972. It will take a bit longer to deter- mine what it means in terms of stability in Southeast Asia and U.S. interests there. Mr- Nixon seems to have de- just thinking! Since we're buying Turkey's opium production, maybe with a good teal estate agent, we couH bought North "Never mini oil that missing top-secret stuff. When ihe newsoaoers print it, we con file cided long ago that Vietnam taught us the bitter lesson that we simply do not have the con- ventional military strength to protect all of Asia from insur- gencies, Communist-led or oth- erwise. He apparently con- cluded later that if Communist China cannot be "contained by pur Sixth Fleet and the Mar- ines, it might be contained by civility and friendship." Mr. Nixon must wonder like most of us whether the China thaw will soon reflect itself in pressures on Hanoi to move to- ward a diplomatic ending of the Indochina conflict. Will China slow down or halt her contri- butions to Communist-led insur- rections in Thailand and Mal- aysia? Then, there are a hundred questions about what Mr. Nix- on's trip to Peking will mean in terms of the future of Chiang Kai-shek's Taiwan, or National- ist China. The president has said that his new steps toward Peking are not at the expense of any nation. But they are in- evitably at the expense of Tai- wan. It is inconceivable that the United States can follow the same aggressive "block Pe- king" policies at the United Na- tions this fall with the president planning a trip to mainland China before next May. What- ever the U.S. does at the UN to sustain the Peking warmup is bound to erode the world posi- tion of the Chiang government. Huge advance teams of diplo- mats, technicians, communica- tions experts, protocol officials, and others must precede and accompany Mr. Nixon on his China journey. After this trip, the establishment of formal diplomatic relations will be just a formality. That will be most obvious to Chiang who, until now, has broken relations with every country that recog- nized the Peking government. Yes, Richard Nixon has shaken up the domestic politi- cal outlook by adding an in- triguing new element to the turbulent arena of world af- fairs. (Field Enterprise, Inc.) Tense Pakistan situation threatens world peace By Flora Lewis, in The Winnipeg Free Press WASHINGTON: The warning signals are overwhelm- ing. Massacre and destruction continue in East Pakistan, where nobody knows how many have died but the estimates now run over Over six million people, equal to the to- tal population of Chicago, De- troit and Houston combined, have deluged India. Guerilla fighting is develop- ing in a context of internation- al tensions which threaten the eruption of war between India and Pakistan, the possible breakup of India and perhaps the establishment of an enor- mous pro-Peking state on the Indian Ocean, combining the Pakistani and Indian parts of Bengal. This is undeniably a threat to world peace, more serious even than the nervous Middle East, as well as a human tra- gedy so vast it is imcompre- hensible. The United States, however, has refused to join other mem- bers of the World Bank consor- tium in saying no new econom- ic aid will be granted Pakistan until it makes the political moves necessary to ease the situation. Further, the United States is the only non-Commu- nist country continuing to de- liver military goods to West Pakistan, whose army has oc- cupied and devastated East Pakistan, miles away, to supress the demands for some autonomy and self-government. Although there were assur- ances to Congress that deliver- ies would be stopped, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Christopher Van Houten told a Senate subcommittee that all military sales already licensed would continue to be sent so that Pakistan would not turn to "other sources of supply." That means to Peking, and it is startlingly disingenuous because China is already Pakistan's major source of arms. The United States also isn't withholding aid, on which Pak- istan depends to avoid bank- ruptcy, becausn that "would he seen as sanctions and intrusion in internal Mr. Van Houten said. The sanctimonious decision for "nonintervention" by con- tinuing support to the Pakistan military regime comes espe- cially strangely from Ihe Nixon administration which has warn- ed us often against "nco-isoh- lionism." And, of course, prime repugnance againsl. affecting a. foreign country's "internal af- fairs" is not the real reason for America's standby policy to Pakistan. It is because Pakistan is at the hub of a tug-of-war involv- ing Russia, China and the United States. Twenty years of intricate big power games have produced a situation now so explosive that all are virtually paralyzed. In the 1950s, the United States drew Pakistan into the anti- Soviet alliances with which the late John Foster Dulles sought to contain Russia and China. Mr. Dulles considered neu- tralism immoral in the crusade against communism, and India under Nehru was determinedly Democracy in the U.S. By C. P. Snow in the New York Times T ONDON Prom across the Atlantic, the first thing that hits one about the Pent- agon disclosures is that noth- ing like them could have hap- pened here. Our legal processes would have strangled them be- fore birth. Let me hasten to say that I'm not suggesting that this is a point to us. All systems of your kind or what we call parliamentary democracies have some method of extracting informa- tion out of the executive and keeping it in check. Our meth- od fc by making the execu- tive directly responsible to Par- liament. Yours is in the last resort the press. Each of these methods has its disadvantages. I don't think that in our system so many hidden decisions behind the Vietnam policy could have re- mained so hidden for so many years: we shouldn't have known the whole truth, but we should have known part of it. On the other hand, our method can sup- press the whole truth almost forever. For instance, there was much foolishness and wick- edness behind the Suez adven- ture, as much as behind Viet- nam, and also perpetrated by decent, honorable and intelli- gent men. But, though we can guess, we shan't really know what went on until a lot of us are dead. On balance, your method probably has the greater vir- tues. It certainly puts a major premium on honesty. For that you pay a price. The chief price, it seems from over here, is a heavy strain upon society. It will need a lot of self-con- trol and stoicism for people to keep their heads: and for Am- ericans to keep their heads is desperately important for us- all. I was, 1 confess, a little sur- prised that tho news came as .so traumatic 9 shock. For any- one who lias ever Iwen within touching distance of secret de- cisions, or who has even read the history of the last war, it couldn't have been. In the last war we solemnly denounced the Germans for bombing civ- ilian targets, shouting out loud that this was an unthinkable outrage: so unthinkable that we had been determined to do it, on the largest scale in em- power, from long before the war. Why did we build heavy bombers? (which, incidentally, neither the Germans nor the Russians I haven't had the chance to read all the documents, but what is surprising to me is not the language or deception (that is an occupational disease of but the extent of self- deception among, as I said be- fore, decent, honorable and in- telligent men. Somehow two pressures, converging together, seem to have driven out real- ism. One was the ideological pressure, which meant that the abstract called "Communism" in a negative sense took charge: and the other was the intoxication of technological power. The latter was, and is, most deluding. This isn't hind- sight: I said it in America in the early sixties and then, be- cause I hadn't anything more useful to say, kept quiet. if one puts aside moral or world political sense, that Viet- nam war was never on. Surely, the essential thing now, though, is for Americans to keep their heads. Guilt, rec- riminations, will get us all no- where. The lessons can be as- similated. American society is ous side of America finds ils much tougher, and fundamen- tally stabler, than some of my American friends seem to think. The whole world will look brighter when tho most gener- alise. There is a cause right in front of us. Overpopulation, and all it will bring, is flooding on us every day. Unless that is coped with, all these troubles of IftTI will seem like a remold footnote lo a comparatively placid and luxurious age. nonaligned. Pakistan was ex- pected to be reliably anti-Com- munist. But from the start Pakistan has been more anti-Indian than anything else. So when the United States cut off military supplies to both sides in the India-Pakistani war, the Pakis- tanis turned to Peking for back- ing. The Russians, as their rela- tions with China sharpened, in- creased support for India. The United States tried to play it down the middle, fearful that offending either Pakistan or In- dia too much would drive either one into the arms of its major Communist friend. That remains the basic pol- icy, but the situation has raced far beyond that effort to keep a balance. Now America's ma- jor allies, who are suspending further aid to Pakistan, say privately that they expect the regime of President Yahya Khan to collapse in economic breakdown within two to three months. That is their quiet hope, as the only visible way to end the risk of a terrible ex- plosion in Asia drawing in all the big powers. But the United States secret- ly fears that, if President Yahya is pushed to the brink, he will turn to full dependence on Peking rather than let go. The point has come where that kind of cold strategic thinking, oblivious to the hu- man castratrophe, is also the most dangerous strategy for the United States. Nor is there any evidence that China would seek to dominate Pakistan, des- pite its expression of support for Yahya. The agony of Vietnam has turned American attention away from the real threats to world peace and national se- curity. Pretending there is no- thing the United States can or should do about Pakistan is an extraordinary combination of both neo-isolationsim and cold- war manoeuvring, especially when America's major allies and the World Bank-seek joint action. U.S. refusal to join the international effort to stop President Yahya from terroriz- ing East Pakistan's 45 million comes near to condoning a pot icy which has created grave in- ternational menance. 11 counts disaster not only for India and Pakistan. And it is more likely to wind up with a spread of Communist control into truly strategic areas than would the collapse of South Vietnam. For once grand strategy, national interest and urgent humane needs are on the same side. Why isn't the United States on that side with its main allies? Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 One of the most spec- tacular gold discoveries in Northern Ontario was made today in the township of Benot. The find lies on a farm owned by A. 0. Anderson. 1931 Walter Uagen defeated Percy Alliss, British profession- al by one stroke today to win the Canadian Open Golf Tour- nament in Toronto. 1911 The German News Agency said Russian women constitute one third of a Soviet regiment which was annihilated in an attempt to break through a ring formed by the Nazi army northeast of Smolensk. 1951 Red China's two ar- mistice negotiators took the leading role from the North Koreans and obtained a recess until July 25. 1961 The provincial depart- ment of agriculture unveiled an extensive program for aid of drought stricken farmers in Alberta. Included in the pro- gram is aid in transportation, of fodder, haying equipment, moving cattle and sheep to pas- ture and payments for harvest- ed cereal grains. The Letltbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. 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