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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 22, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, July 22, 1970---------- David Humphreys Protectionist War The United States is becoming in- volved in a new war. This one will not involve human lives, but it will deeply affect the livelihood of mil- lions of Americans and their friend- ly world trading partners. President Nixon is opposed to it, but his Con- gress seems dead set on it. Most Am- erican businessmen are opposed to it, but the House Ways and Means Committee has already voted to move the U.S. towards a full scale trade war with the rest of the world. The committee has voted to retain ASP, the American selling price sys- tem which is used for figuring im- port duties on benzenoid chemicals. Under this system duties are based on "similar U.S.-made items, not on the products actually involved." ASP brings the U.S. in direct opposition to Common Market countries, with Great Britain, Canada and Japan, all of whom have become aroused at the prospect of its revival. But ASP is only the beginning. The committee has voted to impose com- pulsory quotas on textiles and shoes, and -has paved the way for introduc- tion of quotas on other products, which in its belief could work hard- ship on American producers. Canada has already felt the pinch. The oil quotas have hit hard at Canadian pro- ducers resulting in bitterness that the U.S. cannot afford to ignore. In a hard-hitting editorial denounc- ing U.S. protectionism, the Wall Street Journal says that such a pol- Poll Surprises The much-publicized revolt against the establishment may be exagger- ated. A nationwide poll of high school students in the United States to de- termine the ten most popular Ameri- cans produced this surprise possib- ility. Not a single representative of the under 30 generation or of the anti- establishment group got into the top ten. The biggest surprise were two write-in choices: parents in second place and teachers in sixth. Out of 300 names provided, the fol- lowing people were selected in order of preference: Richard M. Nixon, Bob Hope, Neil Armstrong, Edward M. Kennedy, Billy Graham, Spiro Agnew and Bill Cosby. In seventh place, after teachers, was another write-in: No choice. This appeared frequently enough that it had to be included in the list. Here is at least a hint that rejoicing over the apparent vote of confidence in the establishment might be prema- ture. It is obviously expressive of the mood of disillusionment behind much of the rejection of the establishment. The survey conducted among students was done by the Electronic Computer Programming Institute and can be assumed to have been done scientifically; But the results, aside from the three write ins, might only be a reflection of who has had most exposure in fhe press and on television. Nevertheless, the poll can be wel- comed as a healthy antidote to the foolish notion that all young people are to be assumed to be radically disoriented to the society in which they live. Some are, many aren't Unemployment High In Hat From The Medicine Hat News UEDICINE HAT is feeling the pinch of the economic squeeze that has hit most other sectors of the country during ihe past year. Rumors of impending lay-offs and plant shutdowns, although often inaccurate or highly exaggerated, are buzzing around town and have resulted in a general un- easiness among wage earners. At the end of May, 6.9 per cent of the local labor force was unemployed, com- pared with 4.6 per cent a year ago. The national average at the end of May was 6.1 per cent, compared with 4.7 per cent in May, 1969. Perhaps the greatest indication of a itowed economy locally is the fact that welfare rolls have doubled since June, 1969. Assistance given by the department of social development in June is the most ever given at the local 'office. Dale Merchant, administrator, estimated 40 per cent of those receiving assistance were employable. Normally the office has a small caseload of employables, he said. He cited high unemployment as the rea- son for the increase. Assistance given to employables usually starts in the fall and hits its peak in Januray, then starts to go down. This year it just kept rising. "Seasonal unemployment insurance benefits ran but in February or March and there was no Mr. Merchant said. The amount of assistance given here has gradually increased over the pwst year and one-half and is now three times as great su that given two years ago. High inventories recently caused one major local industry to shut down for an undetermined period. Another laid off al- most half its staff and a third reduced its staff by 25 per cent Northwest Nitro-Chemicals shut down its plant June 29 for its three-week vacation period and officials announced it would re- main shut down for an undetermined pe- riod following tlie vacation. Increased com- petition and a drop in fertilizer sales were given as reasons for the shutdown, which affects more than 100 employees. Gordon Sissons, general manager of Medicine Hat Brick and Tile, said his com- pany is facing an economic situation that is "a little tough" because of a substantial decrease in construction. The company laid off 42 of its 99 em- ployees early in June and the workers are expected to be off for at least a couple of months, or until the construction situa- tion improves. No more lay-offs are ex- pected. Two of the company's three local plants will shut down for a three-week holiday later in the summber, but this is not ab- normal, Mr. Sissons said. The third will work through its regular holiday period. "We're feeling the pinch, too. But we're not forecasting any more difficult situation than we have now. As far as we're con- cerned there is no reason to Mr. Sissons said. Business at A and C Knight a mobile home manufacturing concern with two plants here, is down 25 per cent from last year and 25 per cent of the firm's staff has been laid off. Klaus Schmidt, manager, blamed strikes and lockouts in B.C. for the slowdown. The firm sells most of its mobile homes in that province. But Mr. Schmidt is anticipating no more lay-offs and expects the situation to im- prove in the next 30 days. In fact, the company is considering expanding its op- eration to manufacture furniture and drap- eries which it now purchases outside the city for its trailers. There are other bright spots on the local economic scene as well. For the first time since 1961 Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company will work through its summer vacation period this year. The tire plant shut down March 30 for one week because of high inventory, but business has picked up and the company has hired 20 employees in the past six weeks. Dick Skidmore, plant said most of tte new employees were required for1 summer replacement but some were needed to put one of the plant's units into greater production. He said he does not anticipate at present any change in the plant's level of produc- tion. Business' at Dominion Glass in Redcliff is "surprisingly according to Win. J. SeHhorn, manager. No lay-offs of any consequences are expected although im- proved equipment will cause the laying-off of four to six employees, a small fraction of the company's staff of 550. Rumors of impending lay-offs at Hycroft China were denied by the firm's owner Mayor Harry Veiner. The mayor said the company hadn't had any lay-offs in 10 years and wasn't plan- ning any now. Triumph For The Moderates In Ireland icy will result in a substantial dis- ruption in world trade. "Any protec- it says, "who think the trade picture can be improved by curbing imports are kidding themselves." The United States, after all, still exports more than it imports. Pro- tectionism is bound to result in re- taliatory action which could do im- mense harm to the American econ- omy. It won't cure domestic infla- tion either since it is bound to result in less competition and higher prices. Even worse are the results which would follow in loss of good will and faith in American business integrity. Protectionism as a general policy and ASP in particular violate the rules of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade Its mem- bers, who will meet at the end of this month in Geneva, will hardly be in a conciliatory mood for discussion with its most influential member. That member is now proposing something in flagrant violation of international trading rules laid down by GATT. How will the U.S. reply? That re- mains to be seen American rep- resentatives may find themselves tongue tied. As the International Her- ald Tribune remarks, "how can the Nixon administration representatives speak for the U.S. when it is Con- gress that writes the trade Already commentators are talking about a Presidential veto if Congress passes such a protectionist bill that appears to be in the making now. BELFAST The Glorious Twelfth passed happily, peacefully. Relief seltled over Northern Ireland as the an- nual Orange order celebra- tions faded into the darkness. Protestants and Roman Calholies congratulated them- selves and each other on their good sense. Fears of trouble, well found- ed on the bloodshed of recent weeks failed to materialize. Once again people dared to contemplate a happier future, The army talked cautiously about removing troops drafted for the July parade. What did not happen on the Glorious Twelfth was more significant than what did hap- pen. The Orange parades, more subdued than usual in their flaunting of Protestant supremacy, did not pass through the most sensitive Catholic streets. The Orange assemblies did not pass the traditional resolutions of loy- alty to the Unionist govern- ment. The Unionist prime minister, James Chichsster- Clarfc, to his credit, did not inarch in the Orange parade. Bars were not open at any- time during the day. There is now strong circum- stantial evidence that the com- bination of closed bars and re- routed parades avoids trouble. One or the other has worked before and together they arc a small price to pay foi" peace. With only a few exceptions the Orangemen to their credit vol- untarily altered routes, thus removing the possibility of provocation. Where they did not co-operate the government to its credit ordered alteration. P e r h a p s Mr. Chichester Clark has realized, as some Stormont ministers have not, that the Twelfth cannot truly be a national celebration. It al- ways 'has been and always will be perhaps more so in the future a narrow sectarian celebration. Public identifica- tion with an organization bos- tile to one-third of the popula- tion does not help a prime min- ister or a government to win respect from that minority. But it is understandable as long as the Orange ordar is built into the structure of the Unionist party by sending dele- gates to the parly's ruling coun- cil. But you would never know that from this year's Twelfth celebrations. They were not simply a confrontation of si- lence. Phrases like "gutless government, needless appease- ment, connivance of govern- rang from Orange plat- forms. To Orangemen there was no such thing as a moderate Unionist. Either you were for the union or against it, over- looking the possibility that you might be for the Union but against Protestant supremacy in government. The party and the order are at crossroads and they may move off in opposite directions. The beginning of non-section rule is here. The Unionist party met a few days before the Twelfth to take stock. The prime minister was firm that the party must have no track with Paisleyism; there must be no holding back on reform and full British standard of government must, prevail. .Some reports 'de- scribed the meeting as a tri- umph for Mr. Chichester-Clark, others called it inconclusive. If Mr. Chichester Clark should lose this struggle, the party would probably slide to the right, going the Way of the Orange, looking to the past. If he should win, he must appeal to Protestant not exclusively Orange, and Catholics not ex- clusively Republican, on a plat- form of moderate Unionism. The relief of the govern- ment here has been matched in Dublin. Trouble would have renewed pressure against Premier Jack Lynch's policy of modernization. Mr. Lj'nch's stature rose greatly here and in London after hi eloquent television address on the eve of the Twelfth. He appealed to Northern Catholics not to interfere with the parades and" to Irish- men to settle their quarrel honorably and peacefully. this appeal is seen as a contributing factor to the suc- cess of the weekend, welcomed by Stormont ministers. The irony is that in a weekend of marching by hardliners the moderates have triumphed. They badly needed the triumph and it could not have come at a better time with the world watching tte' province as never before. Their morale is bol- stered for the difficult task of defeating the hard core of troublemakers and rebuilding trust and confidence among a shaken citizenry. (Herald London Bureau) Richard Purser Montreal Bombing Being Watched By Business TyrONTREAL The local citizenry is having a quiet shudder over three headlines that mercifully never appear- ed in the paper after a particu- lar jittery weekend recently: Bank of Montreal Blown Up. Royal Bank of Canada Blown Up. Wawanesa Insurance Blown Up. The expertise of the Montreal police bomb disposal unit can be credited .for the absence of the fatal headlines. But the police never had a chance to make it to, a fourth bomb, which blew up in his car an Underworld figure want- ed by the police and appar- ently by. others besides in the murder of another victim of Montreal's recurring crime war. The fear is that if the wave of attempted terrorism con- tinues at this rate, one of the attempts is going to succeed, with spectacular results. Mon- treal lives on its reputation and with the knowledge that it is constantly being watched by the economic powers that be, powers that have the capacity to take flight if trouble be-. comes excessive. As Montreal goes, so goes the province of Quebec and so ultimately goes Canada, or such is the local line of reasoning, and it prob- ably is not too exaggerated. One really bad headline could undo the economic gains now being made. While Montrealers take ter- rorism in their stride and wish to heaven that outsiders would talk about something they claim with -some justifica- tion Lhat Montreal is safer in a personal sense than almost any U.S. city there is no doubt of the seriousness of the week- end's near-misses. The Bank of Montreal bomb, placed in a lane behind the bank's head office and in- geniously wired to a Volks- wagen's electrical system, con- sisted of 150 pounds of dyna- mite and was believed by po- lice to be the largest terrorist bomb ever dismantled in North America. It was disman- tled less than two hours before it was set to go off. It was said to have been big enough to have levelled the bank. The Boyal Bank bomb, placed in a lane behind the bank only a block away from the Bank of Montreal, was a 40-pounder and was dismantled only minutes before its sched- uled explosion. The 10-pound bomb at tlie Wawanesa build- ing was intercepted with six minutes to spare. All the bombing attempts are assumed to be the work of the Front de Liberation Que- becois, although the FLQ has not, at the moment of writing, sent its usual letter to a. local newspaper claiming credit for the incidents. Several of its members are in court on ter- rorist-connected charges, and an FLQ plot to kidnap the U.S. Ghana's Creditors By Colin Legum T ONDON Talks between Ghana and 11 W e s t e r n creditor nations, ended at Mail- borough House, London, recent- ly without any final agreement over the financial terms the Ghanaians say they need to en- able them to overcome their economic difficulties. The Ghana Government says the difficulties result from the million of debts it inher- ited from President Nkrumah when he was ousted by the Army in 1966. A further conference is now expected to be held before mid- 1972. At the start of the talks Ghana's creditors offered a 23 per cent relief on their' debt payments over the next two years. After a week of hard bargaining the offer has now been raised to 50 per cent re- lief and a 10-year deferment of the balance. This concession amounts to about million a year for the next two years. But these terms are regarded by Ghana's Minister of Fi- nance, Mr. J. H. Mensah, as totally inadequate to enable his Government To restore the eco- nomy. Nobody Is more keenly inter- ested in the outcome of the London talks than Dr. Nkru- mah, now in exile in Guinea. He relies heavily on Ghana's economic difficulties to produce a public reaction against Pro- f e s s o r Busia's Government which might favour his return. Already, Ghana's mood has turned to discontent over the Busia Government's failure so far to produce the economic re- covery it promised when elect- ed in 1968. Employment, which fell by 9 per cent between 1965 and 1968, shows no signs of recovery. The per capita annual income has declined since 1965 Nknunah's last full year of power from to in 1969. And annual expenditure on development shrank from about million to only million between 1963 and 1968. Britain, the largest creditor with about million owing to it, tried (with the help of the Americans who arc owed only about to get a more conciliatory attitude from the other creditors, notably Hol- land, Italy, West Germany, Belgium, France and Japan. There is a strong fear that Professor Busia's attempts to rebuild Ghana's economy on the basis of democratic institu- tions might be wrecked unless substantial improvements are effected in the country's growth rate. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) So They Say If you really care about cities, if you really care about individual people, don't join the Peace Corps or VISTA. Be- come a policeman. Durk, New York City police sergeant, to a group of Harvard students. consul-general has been un- earthed. The official, Harrison Burgess, was to have been held for ransom in gold in- gots and the release (to Cuba) of 13 Quebec "political prison- ers." The bombing attempts have police and private security those work- ing for so-called "Anglo-Saxon constant alert for suspicious cars and pack- ages, and are becoming an al- most daily risk to the city po- lice bomb specialist, Sgt. Rob- ert Cote, who does all the dis- mantlings and is becoming something of a local folk hero. There is some police specula- tion that the FLQ may have hoped the bombs Would be in- tercepted, being more interest- ed in displaying their capacity for mischief than in actual de- struction. The Volkswagen car- rying the Bank of Montreal bomb, for example, was park- ed behind the bank in the mid- dle of the night with its lights detail that could not have escaped the notice of bank guards. But it is a risky busi- ness, especially as the latest wave of bomb-plantings was not accompanied by the tele- phoned tips that have preceded some previous attempts. The successful bombing was a purely gangland affair, un- related to separatist terrorism but coming at a bad time effect on the overall cli- mate. It took the life of gang- ster Danny Pelansky, 31, four days after the sensational ex- ecution of Mafia enforcer Gia- como Pocetti. It was sensa- sational because he had sur- vived two previous shootings this year. Police now expect an all-out vendetta between Montreal's warring gangs. But eve r-optimislic Mon- trealers point out that there hasn't been a major public riot since late last year. (Herald Quebec Bureau) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 A new method for getting booze across the line to tte United States has been dis- covered. Ten cases of whisky were discovered buried in the coal on a train when it was searched at the international border at Waldo near Fernie. men were drown- ed in Henderson Lake when their boat overturned near Bat- tery Point. Scores of picnickers were eye witnesses to the trag- edy. 1940 Viscount Halifax, for- eign secretary, answered Hit- ler's peace offer with a declar- ation that Britain will "not stop fighting until freedom for our- selves and others is secure." shot to a new Ca- nadian record price of per hundredweight at the Pinch- er Station auction which gross- ed I960 The world's first wo- man prime minister, Sirimavo Bandaranaike, was sworn in at Ceylon. The Uthbtulge Herald _____ 504 7th St. S., Leflihridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clasi Mai) Registration Number 001! Mtmtwr rf Tilt. Canadian Frew and the- Canadian Daily NewspipM Publishers' tnoclatlon and Audit Bureau