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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 21, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TH1 UTHMIDGI HERAID Saturday, July 21, 1973 EDITOltlALS Let's all get on the gravy train By Anthony Westell, Toronto Star commentator Western sanctuaries What does the West really want? Part of the answer given at last weekend's Liberal soul searching at Vancouver and part of the an- swer at the forthcoming meeting of the prime minister with the western premiers is that the We'at wants more industry. But it is not an unqualified request. While industry is a ready solution for some problems, it is the cause of others. More and more Westerners are wondering if the industrial age is not already passing. Perhaps the good life for the West lies in refining but not surrendering the relative under population, the open spaces and clean air, the pastoral country' side. As the Canadian population con- tinues to crowd into the cities, it is important to retain sanctuaries for escape. Perhaps the best- service Western Canada can render the U.S. and Eastern Canada is to concen- trate on the tourist and recreation industry, which will command so much more of the public's time and money in the years ahead. At the very least, the West should be quite selective in its aspirations for more industry. Surrender of sovereignty Unless the dangerousness of trib- alism regionalism, nationalism, and other related phenomena is soon recognized man may be doomed. It isn't that this disease itself is fatal; the problem is that narrow loyalties and stubborn insistence on sovereignty prevents attacking effec- tively the things that threaten to de- stroy. Most of the vexing concerns today transcend local bounds so that at- tempts to solve them by isolated ac- tions are futile. Sometimes the inde- pendent attack on a problem only serves to exacerbate it because a compensatory reaction or adjustment elsewhere escalates the trouble. Inflation is one of the problems that defies solution in a piecemeal fa- shion. It is such a serious prob- lem that unless something is done to check it there could be a collapse of the whole elaborate economic system with disastrous consequences every- where. External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp says consideration is being given to convening an international conference on inflation. This is an important proposal and should be acted upon as soon as possible. International conferences on the management of the environment, the law of the sea, and others demon- strate a growing awareness of the need to reverse the fragmented ap- proach to living in the world. Per- haps the recognition of the impera- tive of surrendering sovereignty to a world governing body will yet dawn in tune to save man from destruc- tion. Good planning The unique landscaping on the U of L campus, utilizing shrubs, plants, trees and grass native to Southern Alberta (reputed to be the first of its kind in the west) promises to trans- form the coulee edge into a showplace within the next 10 years and could initiate a landscaping trend in this area. The bold plan, envisaged by archi- tect Arthur Erickson, and "imple- mented by U of L groundsman Larry Clay, utilizing grey shrubs of 20 different varieties transplanted from their natural habitat, was implement- ed to both blend with the cement uni- versity complex and to complement the prairie environment. None of the bluegrade foliage in the 32 planters edging the complex will be flowering (apart from the portulaci The cream-edged dogwood shrubs, artermsia silvermound and sagebrush are spiked by dwarfed Swiss mugho pines. Sodar wheat grass, a drought- resistant variety, which never re- quires watering, has been sown on the coulee slopes between the Oldman river and the university building. The trees, including pine, spruce Weekend Meditation and a variety of deciduous trees such as Russian olive and poplar, started in a nursery just south of the univer- sity, will be transplanted to the cam- pus as soon as their height war- rants it with 2000 poplar trees to be planted along the university drive this fall. The choice of native plants and dwarfed shrubs requiring a minimum of care and watering was sensible. The strong westerly winds (with their rapid drying quality) plus the ex- treme heat and cold prevailing on the university campus would make con- ventional landscaping (with mani- cured lawns and multiple flower beds) impractical. Watering floral borders at this location would be a colossal undertaking. The 400 acre university campus promises to be different a beau- tiful site, shaded, quiet and restful, away from city noise and overlook- ing the riverbottom bathed in green foliage in early summer and ablaze with red hues in the fall. It will be a showplace of which Lethbridge can justly be proud. The fruit of suffering A man suffering in tragic cfacumstances was visited by an old friend who advised him, "Don't let your suffering go until it blesses yon." That is not easy. Suffering more frequently embitters rather than en- cobles life. Sorrow is indeed hard to bear. Pain leads many a man to curse the cre- ator. There are few St Pauls; there are many Omar Khayyams. Both were tent- makers and both were sufferers, but there the similarity ends. Paul took suffering and used it for his soul's growth. He tells us mat lie was "more than conqueror." '1 have learned in whatsoever state I am therewith to be content" He urged his congregations and friends to give thanks in every condition and event "We must through much tribulation en- ter into the kingdom of God." Yes, into every kingdom the doorway is suffering. Men who have painless, easy fives tend al- most inevitably to degeneration. There is a fellowship only possible to sufferers. Gals- worthy tefis a story of two men sitting in a park. One was blind and the other was a doctor who bad been sent to prison. The bund nan ran Ms band over the doc- tor's foce. "Same as be said, "touch- ed bottom." God does not deliver us from trouble, but He leads us through trouble. The way to safety leads right through the rtorm, not around it Indeed the greatest saints have always been the greatest suf- ferers. They were stoned, were sawn asun- der destitute, afflicted, t o T m CTI t ed. They wandered in deserts, and in moun- tains, and in dens and caves of the earth. How unfair the world seems! It has been said that Jesus Christ did not cone to roakt life comfortable, he came to make men great But comfort is the dominant desire of not only tins age, but all ages. The Israelites hated Moses for leading them from the fleshpots of Egypt into the discomforts of the wilderness. Na- tions will sell their freedom for food and security. Out of the world's anguish an good things are born. The lives of great artists are epics of pain. He who has not suffered knows nothing. I walked a mile with pleasure, She chattered all the way; But left me none the wiser For all she had to say. I walked a mile with sorrow, And ne'er a word spake she; But 0 the things I learned from her When sorrow walked with me. Be kind to your fetiowman; you never know what suffering be is going through. Often in your own suffering you become selfish thinking that you are the only suf- ferer. The sorrow in this worid is beyond measurement Do not be deceived by the courage of your companions. You see only their placid faces and quiet eyes. Thoreau was right Most men do live lives of quiet desperation. Most of as, could life be lived over, would be kinder, knowing the enor- mous suffering there is in the world. Wounded dogs are apt to snarl and bite; this applies to men and women too. Peo- ple who are hurt dreadfully are often dan- gerous, but they need careful, tender han- dling. If you have from your suffering ac- quired humility, insight, fortitude, courage, and a sense of the true values of Itfe, be very grateful and be generous. Not every- one has such fruit from suffering. You are one of the few. PRAYER: 0 Jesus Christ. Who dj d for the world, help me to bear my cross F. S. M. OTTAWA New Democratic Party leader David Lewis raised a storm during last fall's election campaign by claiming that federal tax con- cessions and grants to busi- ness corporations were ripping off the taxpayer to the tune of a couple of billion dollars a year. It was a debatable charge because the policies were in- tended to stimulate growth which would produce wages and profits yielding even more billions in new taxes. But at least Mr. Lewis' attack, and the defence offered by govern- ment and business, brought fundamental issues of econom- ic policy to public attention. Now a much larger and more questionable ripoff may be de- veloping and hardly anyone is paying attention because it is part of an economic process which have come to accept as natural law. The ripoff is simply this: The federal government and the provinces have licensed cor- porations to exploit natural re- sources. The corporations have staked out claims to billions of dollars worth of oil, gas, metals and other raw resources. They have, of course, paid royalties end other fees to the govern- ments, and after they develop resources and make a profit, they pay corporation tax. But their financial arrange- ments with governments have been based on the value of re- sources at the time of explora- tion and discovery. Now the value of energy resources is soaring, and as the world be- comes shorter of other raw ma. terials, the value of these also will climb. Corporations which have claims to resources sufficient to last 30, 40 or SO years are sitting on a bonanza. Without lifting a finger or risking a dol- lar, they can expect the value of their assets to double, triple, even quadruple. Governments, of course, al- ready are seeking to revise the deals they have made with de- velopers. The Alberta govern- ment wants a bigger share of oil and gas revenues. British Columbia is eyeing the raw material industries within its territories. The federal govern- ment is talking of a new and better deal with corporations operating in the Northwest Ter- ritories. But in the main the govern- ments are seeking to share in the increased prosperity of the companies. The basic fact re- mains that the companies are apparently going to make a huge windfall out of resources which originally belonged to the Canadian people. Similarly, we are so accus- tomed to respect the rights of private property that few peo- ple seriously question the pro- fits which land speculators make in our large cities. There is occasionally a demand for a full SO per cent capital gains tax on these profits, but even that would leave the developers a windfall which they have nothing to earn an in- crease in the value of their as- sets brought about by public policy which develops the cities "All very well but whofve you done about the cost of Trans-Alaska pipeline wins approval By Paul WUfelaw, Herald Washington commentator WASHINGTON It was a day of partial victory and mixed emotions for Henry "Scoop" Jackson, the 61-year- old veteran senator from Wash- ington state. His long fight for Senate ap- proval of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline the objections of senators from, oil- starved midwestern states, eco- logists and the Canadian gov- overwhelming approval Tuesday by a vote of 77 to 20. Yet, the National Envi- ronmental Policy Act which Senator Jackson drafted and steered through the Senate in 1970, was dealt a severe set- back. By adopting the Jackson biH, the Senate cleared away the last remaining technical objec- tion to building the pipeline from Alaska's North Slope oil fields across the state to the port of Valdez, The bill author- izes a wider right-of-way on ei- ther side of TAPS, necessitated by modern construction tech- niques, than currently allowed under the 1920 U.S. Mineral Leasing Act However, only an hour before passing the bill, the Senate also approved a controversial amendment proposed by Alaska Senator Mike GraveL The amendment, passed by a close vote of 50 to 49, would free the pipeline from further delays be- cause of reviews under terms of the 19TO National Environmen- tal Policy act 'Tm certain there will be other requests in the future to evade the National Environ- mental Policy Senator Jackson told reporters. "The whole purpose of the act is to subject all projects where there is a federal involvement to environmental review. If we make an exception for the pipe- line, we will be asked to make an exception for nuclear power reactors and other he added. Oil In commercially ex- ploitable quantities was dis- covered in 1968. and the oil companies say they were pre- pared to start construction of TAPS as early as 1970. Yet, none of the Alaskan oil has been shipped to markets in the 'lower 48 stales' the Senate give a green light Tuesday to the Alaska Pipeline, construction of the route is still unlikely to commence for a year or more. Environmentalists, who strongly opposed the Jackson bill, can be expected to mount a challenge through the courts on the environmental advisability of TAPS. So far, the courts have ruled only on a limited technical legality of the 1920 Mineral Leasing Act which has been bypassed by the Jackson bin. In addition, the Gravel would rule out further review under terms of the National Environmental Policy likely have its constitutionality questioned in the courts. Although the Senate can usu- ally exemot its bills from exist- ing federal statutues, the Na- tional Environmental Act spe- cifically excludes this possi- bility. There could also be further delays in TAPS construction when the House of Representa- tives considers the pipeline is- sue, although congressional in- siders confidently predict even- tual approval The outcome of the seven-day Senate pipeline debate actually became largely assured last Friday, when an amendment calling for the state of negotia- tions with Canada on the ftasi- biUty of a Mackenzie Valley pipeline was defeated. Sponsored by Senator Walter Mondale of Minnesota, this amendment received the strong backing of other mid western senators who would prefer a route that would deliver oil to their own region rather than the west coast Oil shortages have been more severe in the Mid- west than other parts of the United States. However, the de- feat of the Mondale amend- ment, by a vote of 61 to 29, showed that few senators out- side the Midwest were willing to take up the cause. Now that the Senate has ap- proved the controversial trans- Alaska route, several important questions remain unanswered for Canadians. The first of these is whether the U S. would be wiffing to co- operate with Canada on build- ing a second route down the Mackenzie Valley at some fu- ture time. Such a line wouJd carry both Alaskan crude and Canadian Arctic oiL Canada informed the state de- partment earlier this month that if TAPS were built, a sec- ond line would be highly un- likely. It would be more eco- nomical, the argument went, for America! oil interests to "loop" a second line alongside TAPS if future Alaskan dis- coveries require additional pipe- line capacity. However, Senator Jackson la- belled this argument "simply a bargaining ploy" during the de- One of the important reasons not' is Senator Jackson, although The Times article neg- lected to consider both Ms power and interests as the sea- ior senator from Washington state. However, Senator Jackson said the possibility of having tankers bypass Cherry Point, in return for importing an eqiriv- itent level of Canadian oil, might solve the problem. He conceded that a Mack- enzie Valley pipeline would be more costly than "looping" an existing bans-Alaska route. However, fee senator acted "it would not be more expensive than "looping" TAPS, plus add- ing new tankers to the west coast, plus building a pipeline from the U.S. west coast to the Midwest." In addition, the recent infor- mation supplied to the state de- partment by Canada noted that Canadian interest in a second pipeline would increase when commercially exploitable re- serves of oil are discovered in the Mackenzie Delta. The second important ques- tion still unanswered for Cana- dians is whether anything can still be done to reduce-or elimi- nate the threat of tanker spills in the Strait of Juan de Fuca off the British Columbia coast Canada had objected to TAPS on the grounds that spills from tankers carrying ofl from Val- dez to refineries at Cherry Point, could rain the lower B.C. coastline. Any settlement of this con- tentious issue is still far in the future. "There are certainly no talks going on about this matter with the state department" a Cana- dian embassy official stated Tuesday. However, several possible so- lutions might eventually be worked out One alternative, suggested editorially by the prestigeous New York Times, would simply have tankers bypass Cherry Point for ports in California. Less than 10 per cent of the Alaskan oil output, according to the newspaper, is to be proc- essed at Cherry why not by pays it entirely? and creates a demand for Jand. One of the few people who has questioned the right of companies to any part of the natural increase in the value of the resources they control is Eric Kierans. Now an econo- mist at McGffl University, Mr. Kierans resigned from the fed- eral cabinet two years ago to argue against tax policies. Once the darling of big busi- ness when be ted the fight against former Finance Minis- ter Walter Gordon's nationalist budget in 1963, Mr. Kierans now is something of a villain because he backed the NDP in its 'attack last year on tax con- cessions to business and be- cause he has recommended to the Manitoba government feat it should set up a Crown com- pany to go mining on its own account. But Mr. Kierans is is no way a radical There is much about him, as he smilingly admits of the old-fashioned liberal free-trader who opposes special tax concessions because they distort the workings of the lav of supply and demand. In his report to the Manitoba govern- ment, he cited not New Left or far left economic theorists, but John Stuart Mill, who wrote in his classic book, Principles of Political Economy, in 1848. "The ordinary progress of a society which increases in wealth is at all times tending to augment the incomes of landlords; to give them both a greater amount and a greater proportion of the wealth of the community, independently of any trouble or outlay incurred by themselves. They grow richer, as it were, in their sleep, without working, risking, or economizing. What claim have they, on the general prin- ciple of social justice, to this accession of riches? In what would they have been wronged if society had, from the begin- ning, reserved the right of tax- ing the spontaneous increase of rent, to the highest amount re- quired by financial exigen- Mr. Kierans applies the argu- ment to the case of resource companies who sit upon re- serves which are increasing in value through no effort of theirs. Why should not the pub- lic, who cnce owned the re- sources, enjoy the windfall pro- fits instead of the corporations? Why indeed? No doubt the businessman can think of many reasons, so can land specula- tors and the property owners. The tax lawyers and the ac- countants can probably pro- duce rafts of figures showing that private owners do not do as well as Mr. seems to suggest. But there is room here for a fascinating debate, a debate which goes beyond the Question of current tax policy to the fundamentals of how we define and share private and public wealth in Canada. If there is a corporate ripoff, it probably lies in the growing value of privately owned re- sources rather than in capital cost allowances and regional development grants. mfcfcf wty to St Tropu The Utftbridge Herald SM 7ft St S, MUbrMge, Alberta UTHBR1DGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and PoUWMW PtibUsbed 1WS-1S64, by Boa. W. A. BUCHANAN teand CUM MM Mtgwrvnon No. CwMUn Pnw md Itw Cmaffim Din yonaan' aM AWW mrwo or BON CLEO W MOWERS, and PUMUM THOMAS M. ADAMS, OMTM toy F. MILCS WILLIAM HAT Associate titter POUjrLAt K, WfttKM ;