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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 21, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Fiidoy, July 21, 1972 Peter Desburals Guiding the government Public participation in the planning for the educational directions to be taken in the future in this province lias been implicit from the time the Worth Commission began its investi- gation. Therefore the government has rightly invited response to the report issued in June and has some justifi- cation for insisting that action will be determined by reactions received. Nevertheless a nagging uneasiness attends this approach to governing. Does it mean that quantity, rather than quality, of response will be the determining factor in deciding what will or will not be done about imple- the recommendations of the Worth report? If, instead, the re- sponse is to be evaluated and not s'mply enumerated will the Worth Commission or some body equally qualif.ed do the job' One would like to think that those v.'I'.o accept responsibility for govern- would take a more intelligent approach than that dictated by mere volume of response. Yet it is not al- wavs so. The Congress of the United States, for instance, has refused for yasrs to deal with the gun problem in that country because every time CM subject is mooted the member- r'a'i of ihe Rifle Association their elected representatives w.llf'mail. It is a response as auto- malic as Pavlov's dogs salivating at the sound of a bell but it is nonethe- less taken as an indication that the American people do not want changes in their gun laws. No government can afford to stray too far away from where the voting public is assessed or assumed to be in its attitudes. Nevertheless elected officials have a responsibility to make some decisions on their own or else a system of referenda by means of voting machines would suffice. There is need for those in positions of authority to sometimes take posi- tions somewhat in advance of the thinking of the majority. Probably Education Minister Lou Hynrlman's comments about the gov- ernment intending to act only on the basis of the response received were meant merely to spur the public into getting involved in the study of the Worth report. Any thought that the government has received all the response it is likely to get on this matter is surely wrong. A report like the Wortli report has to be studied and discussed. The summer may be a good time for the study of it but not the best time for meetings for the purpose of formulating responses. More response can undoubtedly be expected. Persuading Pompidou The timing recently of French nuc- lear testing in the atmosphere could hardly have taken place at a less auspicious time for its determined protagonists. The Stockholm confer- ence was in session, giving an oppor- tunity for a world gathering to con- solidate its opposition. Pacific na- tions added their opposition to those of the U.S., which had formerly been somewhat reluctant to speak out be- cause it was anxious to improve its relations with France. It is now nine years since the So- viets, the U.S. and Britain agreed that nuclear tests in the atmosphere would be discontinued. At the time, President John F. Kennedy offered to conduct underground tests for France, as well as for Britain, if France would agree not to conduct nuclear tests in the air. This was linked to a general proposal of nuc- lear co-operation, similar to that ex- tended to Britain, if France would re- sume co-operation with NATO. This has worked well for Britain, which has halted testing entirely without weakening its own deterrent capabil- ity. But General Charles de Gaulle, then in the seat of power in France, went his own way. Ardent nationalist that he was, he distrusted NATO. France would have its own force de frappe. Now, however, there is a new, and possibly more reasonable man in the Elysee. Further, there is mounting political opposition in France, partic- ularly in the powerful new commun- ist socialist front, which opposes French military isolationists. The time is ripe for renewed ef- forts to bring France back to the new interaational spirit of. co-operation. The New York Times suggests "an American effort to negotiate a simi- lar agreement on nuclear testing such as that prevailing between Britain, and France." It says that it could be done with less emphasis on NATO in- tegration and more on a French re- turn to disarmament talks. says the Times "would be of benefit to the U.S., to France and to the en- tire world." To which we can oruy add "amen." Debunking chess champs An American resident of Menton, France, has written an intriguing let- ter to the International Herald Tri- bune on the subject of chess tourna- ments. He relates that some years ago, he participated in one in his home town of Alameda, Calif. The tournament attracted 110 entrants. The writer says he was defeated in 12 moves early in the tournament by a 14-year-old microcephalic imbecile named Buddy, who was never able to advance beyond the eighth grade. Buddy went on to win the tourna- ment and to be crowned Alameda's new chess champion. Denied en- trance to the local high school, Buddy was committed to a mental institu- tion shortly after the tournament took place. This may prove nothing, except to add credence to the remark made by a Texan at the Fischer Spassky match that all chess bugs are crazy or at best no more intelligent than the rest of us. on a pair of knit Louseis in the department store yesterday. It was a doi'ble knit but I stretched it to a triple. If the clerk had thrown me the right pitch I might have gone all the way home with it. Rut he told me the kmt took ten years off my seat. Much as I yearned to ba with it. in the sense of being contem- porary, I had io doubt him. I knew how to interpret those derisive giggles, the gut- Erd And that was before I even cut of tie ci'blcle. 1 would not have committed my lower to a knit except that I was looking lor a of pants that keep their shape while travelling abroad. With me in them, that is. From the clerk's whispered remark to his colleague I gathered that this would be no problem as I would not be allowed to leave the country. Their only real concern was to get me nut of the store without Ihcir being involved in an arrest for an obscene performance. I was disappointed by the knit panls be- in Ihe men's wear ads in the news- paper the models look neat anil comfort- able wearing them, whereas I hadn't been "rablifrd nnnir.d the legs so tightly since talking In ii usc-d-rar snlfsmrm. Surveying Li in tin: mirror I Io the clerk: ''Tlu-v1 components of ill election program. This much was frankly admitted last week by Jean Marchand, minis- ter ot regional economic expan- sion, during a taped conversa- tion which was devoted partly to his assessment of current po- litical preoccupations in Canada and the Immediate political out- look in Quebec. "The objectives today arc not (he same as those that we had in the said Mar- chand, in a reference to the clear social and national philos- ophy enunciated by Prime Min- is'ter Trudeau in 1968. Those objectives were cussed at that time in all social groups or politically aware groups in Canada. But now the questions are much more in the economic field and we are just well, we've been discussing very recently the question of where this country actually is going in all fields." "Not only in terms ot national unify, which was the main said Marchand, "but even if we make unity, unity for what? To what purpose? What are we going to "This is the main preoccupa- tion we're going to have, now. How do you translate that into a political When I suggested, at this stage in the conversation, that all he had done was raise ques- tions, Marchand agreed. "Yes, and without giving an- he said, "and this is what we are working on now, so I cannot give you an answer." But he did list some of the areas of concern which Trudeau and his colleagues have been discussing in their efforts to de- line objectives. At the top cf the list Marchand put "the whole area of our relationship with the United States." "And even our role In NATO and the NORAD he said, "from a military point of view, we'll surely have to revise all this and see what we're going to do." (Canada's North American Air Defence Agreement with the United States, signed in 1958, and extended for five years in 1968, expires next Next on Marchand's list was the development of an industrial strategy, an oil policy, an en- ergy policy, an examination of world wheat markets and a "Spassky now appears to be employing a classic Russian defence .1" long-range study of economic and social objectives In Western Canada. Even this partial list Indicated that the outcome of this review will be a new program of eco- nomic directives for Canada which will have to be ready (or presentation to voters if there is to be an October election, within a matter of weeks. The earlier the election, the more fragmentary and incom- plete this presentation will be. The new economic program will also have to co-exist with the government's record since 1968, particularly with its effort to reduce economic disparities between various regions. This was the key to the eco- nomic plank in the Liberals' 1968 program and was related directly to Trudeau's over-all policy on Quebec. Marchand him- self has said for years that the main problem in Quebec is an economic one. As minister of regional economic expansion, it has been his job to remedy it, but Hie results have been disap- pointing. Marchand's defence of tlu's as- pect of the government's record was cast in negative terms. "The only thing I can tell you is that if we didn't have those programs, probably the unem- ployment would he worse than it he said, "but that's al- most impossible to assess or prove." Marchand blamed the "social and political climate in Quebec" for the province's economic problems and predicted that with any further increases in unemployment "we might be in serious trouble." Even a contin- uation of present economic trends, in his opinion, will lead to "some kind of political crisis or that Quebecers at one mo- ment will say, "We've had enough of all this and we're going to elect a strong govern- ment with a strong majority to show that this adventure with separatism is and to try to recreate an atmosphere which is palatable for Inves- tors." In Marchand's own estima- tion, this second possibility isn't an immediate prospect. His own forecast for Quebec's next elec- tion, expected within the next two years, was a Liberal vic- tory for Premier Bourassa but with Rene Levesque's Parti Quebecois m a i n t a i n i n g its present representation in the Quebec assembly and the Quebec wing of the Social Credit party picking up addi- tional seats. (Toronto Star Syndicate) u Dave Humphreys Emphasis on NATO's defensive role lessening BRUSSELS: Ross Campbell, ambassador to NATO who is credited here with salvaging whatever influence Canada re- tains in the alliance, is prepar- ing for his new post as ambas- sador to Japan. Mr. Campbell is unquestionably one of Can- ada's most experienced diplo- mats in European and alliance affairs. He has served in six NATO countries. He was in Denmark and Norway "at the creation" of NATO, persuading them to take their places in the alliance. He attended the first ministerial meeting at Ottawa in 1951, and most since then. He moved with NATO head- quarters from Paris after Gen- eral de Gaulle's marching ord- ers. He has seen Canada through the most sensitive per- iod of the cour..'Lry's member- ship, once a cornerstone of for- eign policy. Mr. Campbell's transfer to Tokyo comes as NATO itself approaches critical tests in the international quest for E a s t- West detente. It is proof of ex- ternal affairs' determination not to let world affairs stand in the way of a good reshuffle. Mr. Campbell has never set foot in Japan, to the surprise of some Japanese diplomats. His successor, Arthur F. Menzies, high commissioner to Australia, is a far-eastern specialist who has never set a working foot in Europe. Mr. Menzies nevertheless is not entirely new to NATO. He was on the defence liaison desk external headquarters in Ot- tawa from 1361 unlil 1065. Al- though that was before Trud- caumania came to external af- fairs, the experience doubtless will stand Mr. Mcnzics in good stoad for hi.s new In an interview, Mr. Campb- ell jpoke of the "tremendous challenge" to influence 14 col- leagues in Ihe regular working meetings of the permanent council and committees. He had found the post fascinating, tnx- Ing, satisfying. Most regular observers here believe Can- ada's Influence hns slipped a few notches .since the govern- ment halved Ihe military con- trilmlion in "The Canadians bavc bad U> run twice as fast since then to assert their accord- ing to one. The reductions might well have been more drastic but for Mr. Campbell flying back to Ottawa to argue vigorously against them. (Mr. Menzies will be like a player entering the semi-finals without the benefit of league play. He will be taking over as the alliance enters early stages of preparation for next year's conference on European secur- ity and co-operation. Canadian diplomacy has long been di- rected towards "lowering the level of confrontation in Eur- ope." It has supported the So- viet promoted conference 03 co-operation, linked to talks aimed at reducing forces in Europe on a balanced basis. NATO ministers in May agreed to the security and co-operation conference next year, without insisting on a Soviet commit- ment to undertake talks on force reductions. Talks in pro- gress here now are seeking to resolve outstanding doubts about how NATO should pro- ceed into these two sets of meetings.) It was true, Mr. Campbell said, that the Soviets would get their prize in the security con- ference first. There was no as- surance of talks or results in the related, mutual and bal- anced force reductions (MBFT) .sought by the U.S. administra- tion for urgent political reasons. He didn't think of the security conference as having anything to do with security that was a myth. Greater exchanges and co-operation could, how- ever, contribute to an casing of tension. Canada's interests were serv- ed by ensuring that the planned talks do not lead to any weak- ening of the security system. The well-being of every Cana- dian was affected by the secur- ity ot western Europe. There could also he n positive Inter- est for the country if the talks succeeded in building up tho already considerable relation- ships between Canada nnd some eastern Huropcnn countries. The risk in a "security conference" was not in the con- Itcelf but in UM poest- bility that it will obscure the continuing need for security. It might produce paper guaran- tees about the renunciation of force. It might leave the Sovi- ets free to regard eastern Eur- ope as their sphere of influ- ence. Basically, Mr. Campbell sees the European security issue today in these terms: Greater European independence of the United States is inherent in the whole concept of European in- tegration as typified by the French view (and President Pompidou is behaving like the sergeant-major of Europe these This drive towards European independence has exacerbated economic problems and created rivalry between the Europeans and the Americans. The rivalry is fundamentally incompatible with a healthy alliance for sec- urity, attempting to pursue id- entical political aims. There is contradiction between trade and economic rivalry and ade- quate security. In seeking a balance between the super pow- ers there is no alternative to the Atlantic alliance for Uie foreseeable future. NATO was conceived as a political and economic as well as a military alliance. Prob- lems arose when the pol- itical and economic ends were hived off from the mili- tary function and treated i n separate forums. No matter how many declarations between east and west might be signed, real detente would remain illu- sory unless a tangible confir- mation of a better atmosphere could be demonstrated by the regulation, retreat and ulti- mately reduction of forces. Rcflccling on his years in Brussels, Mr. Campbell said: "We have had a dramatic shift mvay from being a military al- liance in an adversary situa- tion to become a western workshop for our relations with eastern He thought there had been a tendency to regard the last four years as a haphazard collection of events. In fact, the major break- SALT Inlks, tlid German lieaUfcl, Berlin set- been carefully or- chestrated through NATO. The alliance had been emphasizing political initiatives while main- taining a holding operation on military strength. The aim had been negative, of attempting to prevent deterioration in forces rather than in building them up. Mr. Campbell strongly de- fended NATO's decision to take up the environment against any suggestion that it was a red herring diverting attention from the real purposes of the alli- ance. NATO members were among the world's worst pol- luters. The permanent council here always followed a problem through to solution once it land- ed on the agenda. Thus, while other international forums had been studying, NATO had con- crete accomplishment agree- ment within six months among 15 members to combat oil pol- lution at sea and to curb bunk- er cleansing. Besides, the Com- munist strategy was surely to exploit every disaffection with life in the western world. I suggested this accomplish- ment was little known, and while NATO may have been in full orchestration, Willy Brandt took all the credit for the treat- ies and the Berlin settlement, the Americans and the Soviets for SALT, leaving precious lit- tle for NATO. Mr. Campbell did not know why governments didn't do more to publicize the positive successes of the alliance as a whole. The Canadian reduction had certainly stimulated the European members to greater efforts themselves. Although' the French had withdrawn from military participation earlier, French forces had in fact re- mained operative in Europe. The Canadians had returned to Canada, leaving a far more dangerous crack in the struc- ture, the Europeans believed, and a dangerous example for some U.S. politicians with a will to fol'ow. (Herald London Bureau) Looking backward Through the Herald 1022 Harvesters for tha rye crop are now In demand. Stookers are being paid at the rate of per day. Stackers in the field are getting S3 per day while ordinary farm labor is getting and board. 1332 Broadcast of the opening of the Imperial Econo- mic conference at Ottawa about 8 a.m. by the Lethbridge radio station CJOC on Friday is reported to have been the clearest ever made in this city when the program has been carried by wire from the East. 1D1S 1942 Budget gives every member of the family a chance to fight on the Home Front around the clock, 'day after day, Mr. and Mrs. Tai- pnyer do their share. 1952 At least nine persons died today a s California's strongest earthquake in nearly a half-century hit with sudden violence in sparsely settled mountains north of Los An- geles. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lelhbridgc, Alberta LETIIBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by lion. W, A. BUCHANAN Second Class Moll Renlitratlon No. 0012 Member of Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Dally Niwspaptf Publishers' Association and tht Audit Bureau of CLEO w. MOWERS. Edllor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLINO Managing Edllor ROY F. MILES MvtrtMng Manager -THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH' WILLIAM HAY Asiodate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER hdltorlal Editor ;