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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 21, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UIHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, July 21, 1970 Carl Roivau, Modernizing Marxism Romanian Communist leader Nico- lae Ceausescu doesn't seem lo have learned the lesson the Russian lead- ers sought to impress upon their lackeys by tlie invasion of Czecho- slovakia and the deposition of Mr. Alexander Dubcek. His remarkable speed! following the signing of the Soviet-Romanian "friendship" treaty suggests as much. In his speech Mr. Ceausescu went beyond the simple assertion of na- tional independence. His new theme was the need for a world wide de- bate among Communists on modern- izing the Marxist Leninist ideology to bring it into accord with current realities. Mr. Ceausescu's proposal seems reasonable in Western eyes. Marx and Lenin have been dead a long time. Their ideas were developed in a different historical era before the emergence of the things, that have so radically altered human existence: nuclear weapons, television, the en- vironmental crisis, the end of West- ern colonialism. China had not gone Communist let alone become an- tagonistic to the U.S.S.R. in the days when the Marxist Leninist ideology was formulated. Some revision of ideas would seem to be inevitable. But the leaders in the Kremlin do not seem to be disposed to make a new assessment of the old ideology. Tomorrow Becomes Today J.J.-S.S. stands for revivalism in French politics. Some are predicting that those initials will one day mean to France and to the rest of the world what J. F. K. meant in the United States. They belong to Jean Jacques Ser- van-Schreiber who recently delivered a rope-sagging punch to the Pom- pidou government. The gaullists have been served notice that they had bet. ter come out for the next round with new tactics or lose the bout. True, the bout will be a long one. A French national election is a long way off and J.J.-S.S. merely won a byelection. But that win has brought the gaullists up short. J.J.- S.S. is trying, and has already suc- ceeded, in disturbing the even, tenor of gaullist ways. He could become'a potent third force in the months to come, a genuine threat to the estab- lishment. J.J.-S.S. had certain tilings going for Mm in the byelection. Nancy is in Lorraine, a border province, which has long felt neglected by the hier- archy in Paris. It is also more Euro- pean in outlook. It is fertile soil for J.J.-S.S. who wants industrial co-op- eration with other countries in Eur- ope, regional an end to gaullist indifference to provincial problems, a beginning of the prom- ised social and educational reforms. Servan-Schreiber's party is called the. Radical party, a somewhat meaningless name since it is not really radical. It is far to the left of entrenched gaullism, but dead set against Communism. It opposes ve- hemently the tendency to polarize French political life between the two. It looks outward rather than in- ward. In the immediate future the Nancy byelection will have little effect. But the Pompidou government has had its warning. Tomorrow is the catchword of the somnolent. A de- main becomes today. It could be J.J.-S.S. Day. There is not a single injustice in Northern Ireland that is worth the loss of a single British soldier, or a single Irish citizen either. Mr. James Callaghan, England. The Beach By Joyce Sasse ITOREA It is summer time. Summer it, and ROK Army time is holiday time. For the residents of the South .Korean Penninsula, it is going-to-the beach tune. For a goodly num- ber of mission families "The Beach" con- isits of five acres of rolling wooden slopes, fronted by half a mile of fine white sand and ground sea shells on the Yellow Sea. It is a great place to go with the family. Throughout the rest of the Republic, West- ern children, particularly if then- hair is blond and their eyes blue, are plagued by people wanting to touch them, eager to point them out to passers-by. But, here at The Beach, they are all foreigners to- gether. They learn to swim together. They compete to see who can make the largest shell collection. They consult star-charts, and thereby become familiar with the in- tricacies of the heavens. Meanwhile, their parents are left aghast at where the hours and days have gone. You know how it is clear up from breakfast. Give the ice box a quick mop- out before today's block is delivered. Send someone down to order a few hamburger buns from the bakery that has been set up for the summer. Maybe a couple of the children can run down to the commissary to pick up a can of margarine? They may as well bring back a small bucket of drinking water from the well. If any women come to the door selling summer squash, you had better get a couple Oh yes, and a few of those delicious peach- es as well. By this time dad has trimmed and filled the Aladin lamp so it will be ready for tonight. He's nailed a few loose boards on one of the shutters on the cottage, and is out talking to the trying to set up a tennis match. But first the affairs of the day have to be talked over. "Did you hear a couple of shots last Another North Korean agent must have been caught trying to make a landing. "Have you noticed how the defences have been reinforced these last few years? Why, two years ago there was hardly a soldier to be seen except at the missile base, of course. Lav year the whole hillside had fox holes dug into guards were posted along the beach at night Did you see that big gun up on the point this year? Looks as if they mean business." The pos- sibility of invasion is' a big topic this year. "One of those soldiers warned my son yes- terday that everyone had to stay off the beach after 'sunset. Their policy is shoot first, and ask questions later. Guess they can't afford to do otherwise." A couple of senior missionaries are sit- ting dn the porch of the lodge, looking out on the multitude of rocky islands that dot the shore line. "Remember how it was be- for the war? We learned to swim together at Wonsan Harbor 38 years ago. The sea was beautiful there like a mountain lake, the Sea of Japan is so clear." The second highest tide in the world churns the Yellow Sea murky. "When you came to Korea then, you were here for seven or eight years. People -couldn't dash off to Canada or the States every other summer, so our communities grew very close How the children grew from one summer to the next. Johnny Underwood was a real little go getter then. His mother was such a fine person and for the Communists to up and shoot her in front of the family! A real tragedy. For four generations, now, that family has been here Sometimes it takes the sighting of a sand-pan sail to remind me 'that I'm "not back in Watorton for tire weekend, or the discovery of a cluster of oyster shells that got caught in the retaining wall. We don't have the fragrance of the mimosa in southern Alberta, but I fnink of home when I see the wild roses. I can't identify all the birds that sing to the dawn, but the robin's announcement makes me feel very comfortable. Sometimes the accents of my acquaintances betrays that they are from Australia, or England, or the deep South, But then, too, Irene Davies is from Medi- cine Hat, the Clare Finlay's call High River home, and Kathy Filipowicz is look- ing forward to going back to Edmonton. So, you sec. though an ocean, two na- tions. a sea separate us down at The Beach, we can never really be luo far from home. Vietnam Quotes Bare Self-Deception That should have been abundantly apparent as a result of the crushing of tlw liberalization attempted in Czechoslovakia and the maintaining of a hardline position by Soviet party chief Leonid I. Brezhnev since that time. While it is realistic, then, not to expect an immediate revision of Marxism there may be room for en- tertaining the possibility of an event- tual updating. The New York Times has noted that "Mr. Ceausescu would hardly have dared advance such a heretical idea unless he knew he would get support from other Com- munist countries and parties, not all of whom believe that intellect u a 1 leadership in the Communist world must always necessarily belong to those who command the biggest bat- talions." Meanwhile, in Czechoslovakia the Communist party daily Rude Pravo recently carried a word edi- torial that covered one and a-half pages of that paper denouncing Alex- ander Dubcek as a traitor. In this attempt to smash a legend that "has penetrated deeply into the conscious- ness of our people" there is an unin- tended testimony to the continuing popularity of Mr. Dubcek and his lib- eralization program. Mr. Ceausescu may have his finger on the pulse of the people of eastern Europe after all. WASHINGTON We have all been alternately titil- lated and appalled in r e c e n t months by recitations of quota- tions about Vietnam that look ludicrous under the cruel mi- croscope of hindsight. The nation listens solemnly when Spiro Agnew says of the North Vietnamese on nation- wide television: "They have been in a war for years and years and they are quite debilitated and deci- mated, and I don't think they are capable with any kind of resistance of continuing this fight." Then some mean chap, surely lacking in recalls out loud that on March 20, 1954, Gen. Paul Ely, the French chief of staff, said: "If the Commun- ists continue to suffer the loss- es they have been taking, T don't know how they can stay in the battle." For alt who like to play this game of impaling politicians, diplomats, statesmen, and gen- erals on their own rhetoric, Random .House has just pub- lished a delightfully dismaying grab bag of "Quotations Viet- nam: 1945-1970." Whomever you dislike, Demo- crat or Republican, if he has been deeply involved in the Vietnam situation, you will find enough of Us words in this compilation by William G. Effros to make him look like (1) a fool, (2) a liar, or (3) a forked-tongue snake doctor who speaks out of three sides of his mouth. We get the sardonic humor of Lyndon Baines Johnson standing in the Senate in 1954, deploring "the dismal series of reversals and confusions and alarms and excursions" regard- ing Vietnam. "We will insist that we and the American people be treat- ed as adults that we have the facts without the sugar said Johnson, who 14 years later would find that Vietnam had become the trag- edy of his long career because the public felt he had sugar- coated a calamity. But this little book has value far beyond the embarrassment potential for politicians. It. says something about the way poli- tical and personal pressure in- duce the greatest of men to de- ceive themselves or to take ac- tions that their inner selves know to be foolhardy. Why, in June 1952, would Dwight D. Eisenhower say of Indochina, "I would never send troops and then in Feb- ruary, 1954, as P r c s i dent, acknowledge that "the United States has military missions in Why, after leaving the Presidency, would he pub- licly support Johnson's commit- ment of hundreds of thousands of American combat troops? This book tells us that the pressure of events may be far different from what a would-be leader expects, and the pres- sures of a President in office, like Johnson, pleading for unity may be so great that tomor- row's actions become just the opposite of yesterday's prom- ise. Or political loyalty in one year may produce a stance quite different from that of a later period when political op- position comes into play. Or perhaps there is a better explanation as to why the late Robert F. Kennedy, as Attor- ney General and confidant to his President brother, would say in Saigon in February 1962: Still in hot water and still providing his own fuel. "We are going to win In Viet- nam. We will remain here until we yet, after Johnson be- came P r e s i dent, Kennedy would become a harsh critic'of the war effort. Perhaps the answer is simply that Robert-F. Kennedy learn- ed from the passage of time. If so, that made him pretty unique, for according to Effros's devastating collection of quotations, few people learn- ed anything from recent his- tory. Take the issue of whether the President can wage war without its being declared by Congress. Way back in March 1954 Eisenhower said: "There is go- ing to be no involvement of America in war unless it is a result of the Constitutional pro- cess that is placed upon Con- gress to declare it. Now let us have that clear." Eight years and four days later John F. Kennedy said: "I' would go to Congress before committing combat troops." Sill, eight mn-e years later the Senate ties "self up for two months and the country is split into two angry camps over the question of whether President Nixon may again send troops into Cambodia without the con- sent of Congress. We put half a million U.S. troops into Indochina without a n y o n e's ever going to Con- gress the way Eisenhower and Kennedy said they would. How do such things happen? Maybe the answer lies in a remark by former Vice President Hubert Humphrey in Tokyo last Octo- ber: "We jumped into this area without knowing what we were jumping into." Many a reader of Effros's lit- tle book, which so meanly leaves politicians naked to the truth, will conclude that politi- cians and lovers should never permit anything to be reduced to writing. But there is more than that to this book. You read the quotations on "who's or the long line of predictions of massive Communist attacks that never occur, and you get the feeling that someone has been snow-jobbing you for 15 years. You might even vow to be less gullible next time around. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Roland Huntford Heyerdahl: Following Long Line Of Explorers In a museum by the shores of the Oslo Fjord, there lies a replica of the KON-TTKI raft, which car- ried Thor Heyerdahl, the Nor- wegian archaeologist, on his now legendary voyage across the Pacific from South Ameri- ca to Oceania. It will be joined by RA II, the papyrus boat on which he has just crossed the Atlantic from Morocco to Bar- bados, in the West Indies. It is no accident that Heyer- dahl is Norwegian, for Norway has produced some of the most Letter To The Edito-- original explorers of modern times. And the idea of repro- ducing the vessels of a past epoch in order to test histori- cal theories has a Norwegian origin. Heyerdahl set out on the KON-TIKI expedition in 1947 to prove that South American aboriginals could have crossed the Pacific on the craft they had available to populate Poly- nesia. His RA expedition was to show that the ancient Egyp- tians could have crossed the Atlantic with their vessels. In Concern Over Sunday I would like to express my concern about the possibility of increased Sunday sports and entertainment in our city. Peo- ple are entitled to their opinion, and if the required number of votes decide in favor of in- creased sports and entertain- ment on "The Lord's Day" then the rest of us will have to sub- .mit, according to the laws and bylaws of our country. My concern is from a clergy- man's point of view, but first let me say that we appreciate the "City of Lethbridge" and feel that its citizens as a whole are a peace-loving, law-abiding people. This does not mean that our city is free of wrong doing. I, for one. would like lo see the city continue to observe "The Lord's Day" Alliance Act as it is, and, if anything, to im- prove our way of living. These are days when there is much trouble and unrest hi the world and many of our own Cana- dian cilics are affegted. Many Ministers of the Gospel over the years have been proclaim- ing that such evil days would come. People may blind their eyes to the seriousness of the world's condition if they so de- sire, but their indifference will not hinder or stem' the flood of evil that will come to all peo- ple, once the flood gates are opened. Sunday is recognized as "The Lord's Day" let us be gra- cious enough to honor Him and worship with sincere gratitude for this wonderful land in which we live. We sing our National Anthem "0 Canada we stand on guard for if we let down the barriers and give more time for sports and enter- tainment, are we standing on guard for Canada? Don't for'get citizens, that the Sunday Schools and Churches are striv- ing with great effort to guard our -children and youth from vice, drugs, etc. Please don't tie our hands. I trust this letter does not re- veal any resentment on my part. It is the sincere express- ion and concern of my heart for "The Lord's Day" and all that it implies, and also my concern for you the citizens of Lethbridge. PASTOR W. J. GAMBLE. Lsthbridge. 'Crazy Capers' Well. I declare! both cases, he carried out his enterprise because he believed the cultures on both shores of each ocean were sufficiently similar to suggest a connec- tion. In doing so he was follow-" ing in the footsteps of a fellow- countryman who set out to prove that the Vikings could have crossed the Atlantic in their ships. In 1890 a southern Norwegian merchant captain, Magnus "An- dersen, decided that the ap- proaching quatercentenary of Christopher Columbus' landing in America in 1492 had to be balanced by dramatic proof that, not only could the Vikings have got there 500 years before, but that their ships were far superior. For decades he had studied the sagas relating the Norsemen's discovery of North America, and the academic discussions that raged about them. He saw that most of the controversy centred round one point: that the Vikings' ships were not seaworthy enough. He decided to put all the theories to the test. At the time, the only two Vik- ing ships to be recovered in- tact had been excavated near Oslo. These now lie in a mu- seum not far from the KON- TIKI. Andersen had an exact replica made of one of them, the so called Gokstad ship. Everything was copied faith- fully, from the short, stubby mast to the clinker built hull, and a keel made of a single oak. He used the same rig as the Vikings, a single square sail, and a steering oar on the quarter instead of the modern rudder at the stern post. The VIKING, as she was called, set sail in 1891 from Bergen on the Norwegian west coast, heading fcr New York via the Newfoundland Banks, in order to keep as nearly as possible to the North Atlantic route of the Vikings, as described in the sagas. The critics and the experts prophe- sied doom for anyone who tried an Atlantic crossing hi an open boat. In the event, the VIKING did the journey in three weeks, at an average speed of knots, and a top speed of 14 knots. From that moment onwards, nobody de- nied lhat the Vikings could have crossed the 'Atlantic. And eventually, another Norwegian, Helge Ingstad, uncovered a Norse site in Newfoundland, in 1963. Fridjof Nansen, the Polar ex- plorer, was anotJier of Heyer- dahl's celebrated precursors. From a piece of driftwood picked up off the east coast of Greenland, Nansen deduced that the Polar ice cap was hi continual movement, and that a ship frozen into an ice floe .could be induced to move across the Arctic with the cur- rents and wind, and possibly reach the North Pole (which had not yet been He had a special ship, the FHAM, .constructed, and in 1892, she was sailed into the ice off the coast of Eastern Siberia. Three and a half years later, she sail- ed free near Spitzbergsn in the Western Arctic. Along the course, Nansen set off with a single companion to reach the Pole (the ship passed about 100 miles away) but their attempt failed. But they managed to reach Franz Josef's Land and return to civilization. The voy- age of the FRAM introduced the system, used by many sub- sequent expeditions, of estab- lishing exploration bases on ice floes in order to move across the Arctic with the Polar drift. The FRAM also lies in a mu- seum in Oslo, near the KON- TIKI and the Viking steps. They will make singularly ap- propriate companions for RA II. The Vikings were, after all, the first of the modem ex- plorers. They Crossed the At- lantic, colonized Greenland, and explored the Arctic far along the Siberian coast at a time when most of medieval Europe had a somewhat con- stricted and distorted of geography. Doubtless Heyer- dahl believes and it is hard to gainsay him that he has forced today's historians and archaeologists to widen their own horizons. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD new sugar price has been set by the government at 26 cents a pound. The sale of this commodity at higher than 26 cents plus freight will be held by the board to have been made at1 a price which includes an unfair profit. iron road marking signs have been erected on the main gravelled highways in the south, with the exception of the stretch between Pincher Creek and Waterlon, where gravelling is not yet complete. in 5 elementary flying school opened today with 24 members of the RCAF as the first students steady rise in the meat prices during the last several months is hitting the housewife's budget. The in- crease in most cities is about 20 cents a pound for the better cuts of beef, which has caused a drop in consumption. major campaign is scheduled for this fall in an all out attempt to get a civic ice centre in North Lethbridge, ac- cording to Peter Chumik, presi- dent of the North Lethbridge Businessmen's Association: The Letlibtidjje Herald 504 7th 51. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisheri Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second class Mat! Rcfistratlon Number 0012 Member a The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newmapef Publishers Association and the Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manaccr JOE BALLA' WILLIAM HAY Mnnacing Editor Associate Editor BOY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WAI.KEI Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;