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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 20, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta July 1974 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD S People of the South By Chris Stewart Authentic records tell area history THE VOICE OF ONE Dr. Frank S. Morley It's at times filled with such as Magrath's 75th birthday this that historians like Mrs. Ena Nielson of Carmangay are appreciated. Mrs. Nielson's record keeping has enabled her to furnish valuable infor- mation for the Carmangay history and both information and photos of her the late George Baldwin earliest Magrath resident of whom photos are still for the Magrath history. Without an authentic record everyone would be guessing .about past events. There would be as many versions as there are people. When it comes to remembering the town's oldtimers like Rita Smith Smith Ackroyd or Norma Woolley Alston having events carefully recorded will avoid inaccuracies. Should there be any en- quirers can refer to the Magrath history soon to be published. The same holds true of the early events of Pot Hole original the whiskey the ditch digging Mormons equipped with merely ploughs and slipscrapers who inched the huge water trough east from St. Mary's the ear- ly settlers housekeeping in tents and dugouts and even the first recorded murderer Tom Purcell who gunned' down his partner Dave Acres. Residents will speculate they have done for as to the actual motive for the killing and study Tom's per- sonality for a possible clue but it will be purely speculative. Only the records carefully researched by J. A. Spencer and the accounts of those who remember Tom will tell the story. It's for this reason Mrs. Nielson values records and has done her best to preserve them. One person who knew Tom was Mrs. Nielson herself. Her early recollections have been an invaluable contribution in piecing together the events prior to and following the shooting. Tom babysat Mrs. Nielson on the homestead he shared with her father George Baldwin where the Blackfoot Trail meets the Little Bow River. She never thought of him as a only as a kindly man with a gruff voice who died from pneumonia in 1910 at age 81. Mrs. Nielson was merely four years old then but she remembers Tom was buried on a quiet hill on the .homestead with a fence erected to enclose the grave. George Baldwin had cared for Tom's stock when he rush- ed off to Lethbridge to turn himself in after the shooting. George had always found Tom his victim Dave for that to be an friend- ly liked by everyone. Following his sentence in 1904 served only 1V2 years of his three-year the ac- cused and George went into partnership on the Car- mangay homestead. Born in in 1829. the son of a Tom claimed he had rounded the and the Panama isthmus by mule before meeting Dave Acres in the California gold rush. He sub- sequently gained notoriety in Utah and Montana with his whiskey trading is said to have been in court 39 times not always as the before the duo tried their hand at ranching near Magrath. There Dave grew 40 acres of grain as early as 1888. They ran whiskey on the side before the RCMP reached Fort Whoop-Up but it was when they decided to trade Tom's share in a Magrath coal mine for Dave's cattle the fatal fued erupted. Dave learned the mine was unproductive and instituted several un- successful lawsuits against his friend straining the relationship to the point Where on December 1893 Tom shot him. A four-day trial ensued on February 1894 of the country's most with Tom sentenced to three years. Nielson's George who befriended the had come west to Medicine Hat in 1885 to join his widowed mother Anne and stayed on when his mother returned east. There was an election pending and to promote one of the Nicholas Flood the 'Hat businessmen had acquired an old printing hired a tramp printer and were ready to issue their paper when young Baldwin arrived in time to be named news reporter and printer's devil for the handsome salary of monthly. But the job was short-lived when the printer and his wife suddenly dis- appeared one night leaving Baldwin stranded and pen- niless. He rode for Jim Pierce on his Pot Hole ranch and lived throughout the winter in a shack he helped erect in 1892. As a teenager he had difficul- ty reaching up to yoke some of the oxen were 11 yoke to a string when he drove the bull-team from Fort Macleod to Fort Benton. For 10 years he rode for various ranches in Southern including Munsalls near Magrath and for Pat Burns when the railroad pushed its way through the Crowsnest Pass. He knew Charles John Ware and most of the ranchers and cowboys from High River to helped the late Walter Huckvale and Sid Hooper run cattle and drove a bunch east by Badwater Lake to Manyberries where the Huckvale ranch was located. In he and Ned Davis of his future almost drown- ed when whom they assigned to hold the rope while they entered a rowboat to cross the Little dropped the rope and ran off laughing sending them careening down the raging ri- ver with the boat spinning madly. Ned's brother Tom la- ter lost his life when this unpredictable homesteader decided to commit suicide by jumping overboard. Tom fell in when the boat tipped. George married his neighbor Lila daughter of former police sergeant William in 1905. The Baldwin's farm was a gather- ing place for neighbors who rode and broke broncs in preparation for the stampede- George helped organize both the annual stampede and the Chautauqua housed on proper- ty later owned by Homer Wentworth. the Baldwin's eldest daughter still values the excellent training received from Fred teacher at the one-room Bow Valley married Walter one of. Joseph Nielson's 13 in 1928 in St. Augustine's Lethbridge. Rev. Cecil Swanson officiated. Walter was noted for his ability to break horses in the days when steeds supplied both transportation and power. He became director of the fair and stampede and served on the hall board for 17 years. He was the first man to use the mouldboard plow with a small seeder as a attached behind it. When dances were forbidden in the local school the Nielson granary and sometimes the barn loft housed the country dances with music provided by Art Art Vosbergh or Mackie violinists. Both Walter and his wife Ena were actively involved in preserving the area's history prior to his death in 1969. Joseph who raised beautiful Belgian and Percheron horses and registered Shorthorn cattle had come to Salt Lake City from Denmark in 1860. He married Elizabeth Butler in Idaho in came to Canada alone in 1907 to acquire Car- mangay land on the north side of the Little Bow and returned with his family that winter. as a boy in assisted his father and J. F. equipped with steam move Carmangay from its original location on Highway 23 to a site approx- imately one mile east prior to the coming oi the railway. The town has originated from a store owned by Charles E. Summers and his father-in- Jerry Rosenberger before Charles arriv- ing from Chicago in bought up acres along the Little Bow for per acre and started one of Alber- ta's largest wheat farms on the site of the present town. The town is named after Mr. Carman and his Gertrude Gay. it Ena Nielson saw history in- the making as farmers con- verted from rigs to steam and later to gas. She remembers many of the area's early events as related by her father but it wasn't until the Washington School was sold and was being moved that she was alerted to the importance of valuing records. The fact the school was the first Cana- dian school her husband had attended plus the fact it had occupied a corner of their property made her particular- ly sad about its demise but when she saw the registers and library books being tossed out onto the trash heap she became particularly in- dignant. was being thrown she said. rushed over to salvage the books and registers and managed to save a Those very registers provided invaluable information for the compilation of both the Car- mangay and Champion histories. list of names and addresses may seem in- she if they're the names of original pupils who attended a school being closed they suddenly become very While Ena Nielson plugs for the area's future im- provements as ad- ditional picnic facilities at the southern end of Little Bow the damming of the Lit- tle Bow River adjacent to Highway 23 to provide in- creased boating and swimm- ing increased Greyhound bus service from Carmangay to Lethbridge and the utilization of Carmangay classrooms rather than buss- ing local high school students to she is carefully recording past events. She keeps a copious scrapbook of newspaper clippings dating back to 1937. She believes it's the only way posterity will have the facts about the early history of such towns as Carmangay and Magrath and characters like Tom Purcell what he was really like. The inhumanity of man MRS. ENA NIELSON Groenen Brief book reviews First London by Edward Lucie- Smith 219 Described a and a celebration of London this fascinating book is certain to excite and inspire the devoted shopper. Over 300 specialist shops are listed complete with phone and hours of business. For each shop the author has written a paragraph in which he describes the special ser- vices offered to clients. The First London has an index and black and white illustrations of items for sale with prices in sterling and dollars. If you're planning a visit to London buy this inexpensive book and have a wonderful shopping spree. TERRY MORRIS The Evolutionary by Sandra Djwa Clark 160 The author traces the development of evolutionary and theological themes in E. J. Pratt's .poetry. Her arguments are quite convinc- ing and are buttressed by an abundances of not a few of which are super- fluous. At times I wished that Djwa would develop her arguments more interspersed with so many they seemed sketchy and capable of greater extrapolation. However this wish was countered by Djwa's academic which is as lively as embalming and whichv effectively snuffs out any traces of enthusiasm on her part and on the reader's. JOHN BELL Country by Michael Harwood and Mary Mead and 245 Why would two established writers with good editorial jobs leave the glamor of New York City to live in a small country As we read their journal of yearly events we understand why. Mike Harwood and his wife Mary take us with the spring thaw to a lake of migrating mallards. Through the year we visit habitats of watch the antics of attend a local auc- a choir and become aware of the seasonal changes. The authors become real and likeable people as we share their frustrations a broken furnace in and delights the arrival of the first bluebird. This book seeped in bird lore will have special appeal to naturalists and bird lovers. ELSIE MORRIS Doesn't Live Here by Judy Sullivan Fields 243 distributed by This is essentially a story about a married woman who finds herself unable to con- tinue living a comfortable life with her husband of 15 and a young so she leaves them both for what she now considers years a rewarding life. As the cover this wholesale change of life is not unusual for a but is almost unheard of for a woman. It's a different kind of one that is depressing in the familiar frustrations and yet stimulating in the knowledge of the absolute change this woman made. While reading the returned again and again to the picture of Judy on the back perhaps to convince myself that she looked like ordinary woman. Is Judy Sullivan an excep- tionally courageous woman who will be better for her or is she a mis- guided selfish human who will live to bitterly regret this The reader will have to decide. JOANNE GROVER of 325 Evangelical fiction rarely succeeds as good reading. This volume is another wipe- out. The book is about some fic- titious people in a fictitious mission shaped and shattered by the consequences of a colli- sion between high ideals and human fraility. It is a pity Mr. who' writes couldn't devote his energy at the typewriter on genuine missionary biographies. The novel is a waste of an insult to Christian readers and -bewildering to the un- converted. Why hypothesize about missionary work when so much true experience remains NOEL BUCHANAN by Peter Cookson 302 As the title this novel is about .Henderson's or to be more about what's going wrong inside it. Chris a successful is plagued by fantasies. When his wife leaves him he embarks on a bizarre journey in an effort to regain his creative and sexual potency. The only humorous part in this intense story is when Henderson is interviewed by a midget psychiatrist who is as weird as most of the other characters in the book. TERRY MORRIS It is impossible for the average person who has not read the evidence to conceive of the cruelty perpetrated on the Indian and Negro by the North American white. The torture of Negros is so revolting that it is unreadable. The Sand Creek massacre in 1868 brought the following report from a Congressional com- scarcely has its parallel in the records of Indian barbarity fleeing women and infants were tortured and mutilated in a way which would have put to shame the savages of interior As -the white man drove the Indian off his hunting grounds and destroyed the land the atrocities committed against these people became numberless. Of like the Negro after the Indian was considered to have no soul. One man watching the slaughter of Indians trapped by a river and desperately trying to escape to safety by relates that he could not help feeling a twinge of pity for the women and children as they cried for they were but poor The Digger Indians of California were peaceful but pie miners killed them ruthlessly since only good Indian was a dead The bestial savagery with which the blacks were treated kept the whites in constant fear of the slaves revolting. During the days of slavery the master could punish them in any inhuman way without the slightest legal restraint. The Constitutional Court of South Carolina in 1847 slave can in- voke neither Magna Carta nor common law. In the very nature of things he is subject to The Ku Klux committed the foulest atrocities against Negros in which merely hanging or otherwise killing them was an act of so diabolical were the torturings. Thousands were lynched after 1865. A doctor reported after one lynching that even Count de Sade could not have invented anything so terrible as the tortures inflicted on one victim in a lynching attended by people. Professor William DuBois of the Negro University of aghast at the complete impunity with which black men could be murdered on the we and mad with the madness of a mobbed and mocked and murdered people. We bow our heads and barken soft to the sobbing of women and little children. We beseech Thee to hear good Our voices sink in silence and night. Hear good In 0 of a godless Du Bois warned that the holocaust of the First World War would be to com- pare with that fight for freedom which black and brown and yellow men must and will make unless their oppression and humiliation and insult at the hands .of the white world But the awful brutality with which Indian and Negro were treated was only part of the total inhumanity of man to man. There was the savagery between labor and their employers as attempts to form unions were suppressed and sadistic rioting broke out. Nothing could be more menacing than the Mafia whose 24 national bosses exercise an incredible control not only in the U.S. but penetrating up into Canada. Mayor Eliott Roosevelt said of Miami mob doesn't run this owns Harold Konigsberg admitted involvement in 29 Mafia gang murders.. Four witnesses who gave evidence to the Miami police were murdered and dumped into water.' More than two million Americans took part in demonstrations or riots from 1963 to 1968 resulting in casualties. Since 1900 a million Americans have been killed by privately owned guns. There is no accurate record of the but it must be much greater. For all of the U.S. ranks 24th among the nations in total magnitude of strife and 27th in the pervasiveness of strife. When one considers the violence and es- pecially of the police who are presumed to protect order and law. in and other Latin American one realizes that cruelty and sadism are rooted in human nature. Certain factors such as violence on training and culture but cruelty comes naturally to man. One can see scores of inhuman acts in the life of an ordinary if one keeps his eyes open. Did you see a newsman on election night ask Mr. Stanfield if he had thoughts about the effects of the election on his Down the street an old man pain- fully planted some attractive shrubs and plants about his house. The next night they were dug up and stolen. After man is the only animal who tortures. A cat may play with a but not torture it. Man is the only truly cruel animal. SATURDAY TALK Norman Smith The N.W.T. and the Yukon As they sing about is bustin1 out all in Canada's western North and Arctic. It is the spring of in the Northwest Territories and the Yukon. Not but socially and politically they feel they have nowhere to go but up. One thing the two territories are not fixin' on at all is to join forces. The economically and racially compact unit of Yukon's square with only Indians and no Eskimos in its wants to go it and they don't mean go for broke. Yukoners want to be no part of the N.W.T. and still less of British Columbia The Northwest its vast and varied square miles a third of the size of has but people of whom are Eskimo and are but of the remaining have In- dian blood. Far the greater in almost every are in the sprawling N.W.T. They are not crying uncle but revell- ing in the challenge to beat the Yukon to provincehood. When I was attending a council meeting in the N.W.T. recently Commissioner Stuart Hodgson gave me a message to give Yukon Commissioner James Smith when I would see him in Whitehorse a few days later. It wish you but not too Smith laughed at the barb and remarked quickly can understand his Perhaps the only thing the two com- the two councils and the two territories have in common is a healthy suspi- cion and scunner against damn They want more and more to be independent of Ottawa. If they live in the bush or by an ice floe in hard and lonely circumstances they feel they know more what they need than Ot- tawa. If they live in Whitehorse or Yellowknife or other developed communities they feel civilized and competent enough to run their own administration without nosey parkers from Ottawa's bureaucracy shouting the plays from miles away. With scarce a pause for breath the plea for greater independence is followed by demands for more federal money. But it is done with no guilty for there are 10 provinces doing the same thing with much less reason. The people in the two northern territories are building Canada for all. of us and in a hard and long-dark land. That the region where mountains are nameless and the rivers run God knows pays 66 per cent of its own way would amaze Robert Service. That the the biggest and cruelest piece of Canada with two-thirds of its population still pretty pays 22 per cent of its own way is not sponging but sur- prising. The total cost to us in silly word in this is less than one per cent of the federal budget. So as the fellow let's hear it for the I was a member of the Northwest Territories Council from 1959 to 1963 but attending a centenary meeting of council in Fort Smith June 21 saw how things had Everything had pop- school hospitals and levels of health. Only the liquor problem has gone from bad to worse. I had not been in the Yukon before but in the eight days I spent there I got the same supported by that the Yukon Territory is marching along in earned and in fact having to run to keep apace of the flood of tourism which has grown 18 per cent each year since 1970. This mostly in three summer visitors will spend an average of nine days in its towns and mountains and wilds which is 15 times its total Both territory councils are about to die. Yukon Council of seven will be replaced December 9 with an elected council of and next year will see the end of the N.W.T. coun- cil being composed of elected and appointed all 15 will be elected. argued 11 years ago that the big N.W.T. should be divided into two giving separate entity to the Eskimo Eastern and to the largely In- dian and commercially developed Mackenzie River region. I think it an unnatural alliance but few share A territory dependent upon a lot of outside aid cannot be autonomous. The constitution gives them a council but the federal power in major matters is retained in the person of the minister in Ottawa in some degree in the commissioner in the territorial capital. Sometimes when the commissioner says to council he says it on his own. Sometimes he says it for Ottawa. My guess is that both commissioners are 'good though quite unlike. Stuart Hodgson is a rangy.horizon searching a kind of developer risk taking a bit of a visionary. James Smith is short and a self- made businessman with a shrewd eye to what is practical and possible. He is democratic by nature and in his and folks trust him. They each have insoluble problems to start with that are worsened by natives being led and misled by leaders demanding too much in grants and rights. This in turn angers specially in the who feel they and not the natives built the country. Some whites are not above firing up a with the contest as uneven as to Responsi- ble men on both sides have told me real trou- ble could that at best the feud will drag on and injuring everything it touches. Commissioner Smith looks ahead philosophically. must not now about becoming a he said to me quietly. us deal slowly with the evolutionary so that gradually Ot- tawa will see that we can handle more and more of our own financially and politically. At that time the right political solution will present itself. The important now and is the impact of a national policy for not who is the current I think Stuart Hodgson has much the same ideal for the though perhaps ir. more tormented for his anxieties are deeper and more urgent. ;