Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 20, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
28-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD July 20. 1974 Future of peace force hangs in balance UNITED NATIONS The deepening crisis over Cyprus focuses attention on the future of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force which has been on the island for the last decade. The force is made up of troops drawn from seven countries and includes a Cana- dian contingent of 42 officers and 444 most of them members of the Airborne Regiment of Edmonton. UN diplomats regard the Cyprus situation as tense and with the armies of both Greece and Turkey in a state of mobilization and Tur- kish troop-carrying landing craft reported to have put to sea from ports only 45 miles from the island. The question that now arises is what will happen to the UN Peacekeeping Force if the Turkish army attempts to land on the island and restore the government of Archbishop toppled by the Greek led Cyprus National Guard on Monday. The UN force was set up by the Security Council in 1964 to keep the peace between the who make up Music recital at university richer Roger commissioner-general for the 1976 Olympic presents a cheque to Jim MacLean and his wife Madonna at their winnings in the Olympic in Montreal Friday. The Dulcet Players of Lethbridge will present a public recital of Renaissance and Baroque music for recorders in the University of Lethbridge lecture theatre. Room E next Wednesday at p.m. The group will perform compositions by Crecquillan and Handel. The program will be an informal lecture and recital combination. Admis- sion is free. four-fifths of the island's 000 and the Turkish minority. The two groups had been at each other's throats for years over the Greek-Cypriot dream of eventual union with mainland Greece. The mandate given the force by the Security Council limits it to keep the Greek-and Turkish-Cypriots apart. It is not empowered to act in matters beyond Uie mandate and Monday's plus any subsequent Turkish military are outside of its province. The Turkish-Cypriots live in their own enclaves on the island and are separated from their Greek-Cypriot neighbors by a so-called which is patrolled by members of the UN force. Since the the Turks have been reported reinforc- ing those enclaves with machine guns and artillery and setting up defence posts. UN military headquarters here long has had contingency plans to withdraw the UN force from the island if that ever became necessary but diplomats feel that the military staff would recom- mend that step only under the most extreme circumstances. One diplomat suggested the force probably would be told to stay in place keep your heads Any final decision on evac- uation of the force would be up to the Security Council since the Council brought it into be- ing in 1964. The likelihood is in the event of any outside attempt to overthrow the new revolu- tionary the Security Council would call upon the warring sides to observe a ceasefire. The Council then probably would debate the possibility of providing the UN force with a new or amended mandate which would permit it to deal with the new military situation. It would continue as a peacekeeping design- ed to act as a buffer between warring but in a new set of circumstances. Informed UN sources say that up to now any contacts between the UN military com- manders and the Cyprus National Guard commanders who overthrew the Makarios regime have been strictly on the military level and design- ed to facilitate the day-to-day work of the force in manning roadblocks and' patrolling the green line. None of the com- munications has been on the political level. Try Bifora You Buy UP TO 30-DAY TRIAL ON YOUR DOCTOR'S RECOMMENDATION MAI CO SMITH-JONES AID SERVICE RIPLEY OPTICAL 6183rdAve. S. Phone 328-5447 Air fares rise starts Sunday on many routes OTTAWA Air fares are going 9.5 per cent on many national and regional air routes following a Canadian transport commission ruling Friday. Most of the increases go into effect this Sunday. Air Canada and CP Air have asked for increases of 9.5 per cent while Eastern Provincial Airways and Pacific Western Airlines have asked for similar raises on competitive routes in southern Canada. The Nordair increase takes effect Aug. 1 while the others are effective Sunday. CP Air and Air Canada obtained increases of 10.5 per cent in their first fare boosts on domestic routes in three years. The other airlines also received increases. The commission said it will issue detailed reasons for its rul- ing next week. At the commission hearings this week the airlines cited sky- rocketing fuel and other costs as major reasons for the ticket- price increases. It was the commission's first public inquiry on air fares. The hearing was requested by the Consumers' Association of Canada which questioned the need for the-rate in- -creases. The CAC suggested the increases are inflationary and may be against the public interest. The consumers' group also said that the fares seemed to be the result of joint consultation among the which might be contrary to government policy on com- bines. The commission was told by Air Canada that the publicly- owned airline expects a deficit of million this year even with the proposed domestic fare boost. That compares with profits of million in 1972 and million in 1973. CP Air said it would break even with the ticket price increase and lose about million this vear without it. R. M. executive vice-president of Winnipeg-based Transair. said airlines are running out of technical innovations to improve productivity and cut costs. Mr. Morrison and CP Air counsel John Hamilton said that with costs rising so rapidly the airlines are likely to be back within months for another domestic fare increase. unions tackle key issues OTTAWA Railway company and union negotiators will tackle in the next two weeks a couple of un- resolved key issues that have haunted the industry since 1972 contract talks. The job security for non-operating workers and the size of freight train will be debated beginning Monday before Emmett the retired Supreme Court of Canada judge appointed ar- bitrator after Parliament end- ed the 1973 national rail strike. Both questions were major stumbling blocks to agree- ment then and Mr. Justice when reporting his ar- bitration award last said the parties should spend more time trying to resolve the issues. after months of dis- cussions on job security and trial runs in various parts of the country with freight crews reduced to two from the tradi- tional Mr. Justice Hall will hear views of the parties and decide the steps to be taken. The job security issue com- es up first Monday with the crewsize question expected to be broached July 30. Final hearings on the two tricky subjects come barely three months before the onset of negotiations for the next working contracts for nearly railway workers. Cur- rent which were based on the January arbitral- expire Dec. 1974. A settlement satisfactory to the parties might eliminate the issues from the upcoming negotiations. Fearful of drastic reduc- tions in the number of railway workers in the last 15 the non-operating unions representing employees argued in the last negotiations for a job security plan that would assure work for those with four years seniority. That request led to inclusion in the arbitrator's terms of reference of a section calling for examination of a job security plan based on attrition. Jobs of those with a certain level of seniority would only disappear if there were retire- ments or deaths under an attrition plan. Railway officials and union leaders have met several times since to discuss job security. Their conclusions will be argued before Mr. Justice who has final authority. When Mr. Justice Hall re- leased his arbitration he suggested tentatively that job security might be provid- ed to all employees with eight years seniority. The railways have argued that it would be extremely- difficult and costly to bring in a job security plan. Mr. Justice Hall agreed in principle with the railways' request for elimination of the rear brakeman from freight crews. Reductions similar to the one proposed have been made in the United States. But he added that safety must be a major con- sideration. The three-man crew on freights has consisted of two brakemen and a con- ductor.