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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 20, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TH1 UTHBRIDGB HERALD Friday, July 20, 1973 EDITORIALS Free nations must stop dollar crisis Laundering a dream Ironside, Mission Impossible and the whole bag of television crime stories will look pallid and stodgy now that the American (and Cana- dian) public have sat with the U.S. Senate committee through; the Wa- tergate hearings. But sometimes the high drama ob- scures the essential significance of it all, and everyone concerned with democracy should remind himself now and again of the point of the exercise. The investigation is not pleasant. The hearings are not harmless. There is a danger of the American people saying "now we've had our fun, so let's forget it all and get back to business." The many crimes being exposed by the hearings all bear on the root malady, which is not easily defined but which is something like this: let- ting the lust for power subvert dem- ocracy and justice and morality; being so sure of Nixon's divine right to rule that any measures were jus- tified (anything the king does is right because he is The United States was built on a dream, on grand principles of free- dom and justice, and while that dream is often forgotten or becloud- ed, the American people have al- ways counted on the White House to keep reminding them of it. Instead, they are discovering that Nixon's White House had only contempt for the American dream, for the prin- ciples of self-government by a free people. So the Watergate ordeal drags on, as it must. The American nation must purge itself, however painfully. The American dream must be laun- dered. Moving into the sun age All that it would take to solve the energy crisis talked about so much these days would be a massive injec- tion of money into research in har- nessing the sun's rays. Six hundred scientists gathered in Paris recently under the auspices of the United Na- tions Educational, Scientific and Cul- tural Organization, were agreed on that point. The fact is that ways of tapping this source of energy are already known but the costs involved have not made it competitive with other forms of energy. Electricity generat- ed directly from the sun by means of a solar-cell, for instance, now costs a thousand times more than that generated by conventional meth- ods. Perhaps the indicator of the real- ness of the flap about a shortage of energy will be found in watching how quickly governments move to vote money for this kind of research.' If the threat of running out of oil is ser- ious large sums of money might be expected immediately for solar re- search. After all, it has required only a speculative threat to national sec- urity to persuade most governments to pour huge sums of money into weapons research. Yet the possibility of running out of oil may be real and money still be withheld from solar research be- cause of the belief that vast coal reserves have yet to be exploited. A good deal of investment has also been made in producing nuclear energy with a commitment in that direction which is still very active even among research scientists. Mankind may move into the sun age as a last resort, then. As na- tions eling to the use of petroleum products their increasing scarcity will result in higher and higjher prices until they meet the cost of solar energy. Without having to invest money in solar research a transition to the new age will take place. But there may be pressures on the eco- nomy and exactions .on individuals along the way that will prove intoler- able before this state is reached. Going to the dogs WASHINGTON Just before we get used to digesting the energy crisis, we are in- formed that we face a food crisis because of the recent price freeze. The food producers say they can't sell food at the prices the government wants them to without losing money. Before we an starve to death, I think it's about time someone said something about a subject that has been taboo in this coun- try for more than 10 years. And that is the large amount of food that is going to dogs and cats in this nation rather than to hu- man beings H you watch television at all, yon wfll realize that almost every other TV com- mercial is devoted to dog or cat food. And if you believe the message these commer- cials are sending out, the various dog and cat food companies are providing the best beef, the tastiest chicken and the most delicious fish in their products to satisfy the gourmet taste of the pet population of America. The food they advertise looks so good that my -mouth starts salivating ev- ery time I see a dog or cat digging into a plate of his favorite name-brand dish. When this country had enough food to go around, tlsere was no reason to object to all the fancy pet foods filling up the shelves of our supermarkets. But if we are to believe the food doomsayers, then we're going to have to take the food away from tiie dogs and cats in order to survive. A generation ago, before the dogs and cats got sucked into convenience foods, Am- ericans fed their pets leftovers and scraps from the tebie. The dogs and cats were part of the family, waiting patiently for whatever we would toss them. They were good dogs and they were good cats aid weren't spoiled as they are to- day. When you gave a dog a bone, he was grateful and would b'ck your hand. When you put a fish bead on a cat's plate, he meowed with glee. These dogs and cats grew up healthy, strong and filled with the American ethic that you can't get some- thing for nothing. You were proud to can them your pets and they were grateful to caU you masters. But since the advent of canned dog food, frozen dog burgers, instant chow and the rest, the pet population in tins country has changed. They're spoiled rotten by the af- fluent society. They eat the costly pack- aged foods and then growl at you after- wards. They are careless in their toilet habits and walk around with long hair. They think the world owes them a living. They don't know what it is to beg for a dog biscuit or an almost-spoiled can of sardines. The dogs and cats of this generation have never had to work for a meal in lives. If you ask them to mind the house while you're away, they become surly and slink off to a corner. If you ask them to fetch the paper or a ball, they ignore you as if you didn't exist AJU they want to know is "What did you bring me from the supermarket? Well, the tune has come to face up to reality. We cannot supply canned and fro- zen food for both our pets and ourselves. Eliminate the packaged dog and cat foods in America and you will have enough meat and fish to feed the world. Let's put our pets back on scraps and leftovers, soopbones and old cornflakes. Give them the back-to-tbe-pioneer spirit that once made the American dog and cat the any of tbe Free World. They may protest at first, but after a they will be grateful to us for giv- ing tfaam the strength to face tbe challenges of tomorrow. In tins hour of food crisis, tbe dogs and cals of America must ask themselves not what tbe country can feed them, but what they can feed the counlry. Look icho's talking By Dong Walker Harry Neufeld, a young man who tarns "Does your mother like your long op at our place even when Jwfi isn't at _. No.'1 replied Harrv home, was talking about fas mother Js lnere ANYTHriG jour roother day- about ondely inquired Paul. By C. L. Sulzberger, New York Time: commentator PARIS The latest dollar crisis which may or may not be tranquilized by recent meas- ures certainly must be set. tied if the world is to avert an abrupt and unsupportable finan- cial collapse. And such a col- lapse, while differing in nature from the 1929 crash, could con- ceivably have repercussions quite as dangerous. This appears to be the view of French president Georges Pompidou, as reflected in his country's policies and state- ments. Pompidou is not only an unusually powerful executive because of constitutional au- thority granted under the Fifth republic; he also happens to be the best money expert among contemporary chiefs of govern- ment, even including Britain's on-and-off banker Edward Heath. The Frenchman was with the famous House of Roths- child before entering active pol- itics. While he is just as concerned about the currency mess as any of his peers, he has a more solid understanding of what it means and how it was pro- duced. And be seemingly dossn't think the world can climb out of the chasm no matter what temporary pallia- tives are produced so long as two different dollars exist. One dollar is purely inter- nal for the United States and continues to support a func- tioning economy at home. Even when its foreign image loses value, it helps the national eco- nomy to improve. Increased for- eign exports result from a bet- ter competitive position on inter- national markets. The second dollar is that held abroad in the accounts of banks, businesses and speculat- ors who can shift their funds and gamble against other cur- rencies, suddenly switching in- vestments in order to profiteer. There are estimates here that overseas holdings of huge transnational companies, head- quartered in the U.S., total as high as This is one of the greatest factors in the recent series of worsening crises. The French president and government know the U.S. gov- ernment alone cannot effective- ly settle the dollar question. It challenges the assembled finan- cial interests of all the princi- pal western nations com- bined. This matter was dis- Public won't push president out By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator Pose a truly complicated question to American public opinion and the unknown god will usually and quite sen- sibly respond with murnbo- jumbo. So ft is with Watergate. The polls offer no dear guide as to the eventual outcome of the scandal. But they do indi- cate that the issue win probab- ly drag on and on and on. The main evidence about the importance of Watergate is supplied by polls on the presi- dent's culpability. The public as a whole does not swallow the story that Watergate was something done from beginning to end by subordinate officials without Mr. Nixon's knowledge. According to the gallup poll, 71 per cent of the people be- lieve the president had some knowledge of either the cover- up or the break-in itself. Sus- picion of the president runs so strong that more than a third of those questioned by Dr. Gallup believe something that is probably net true namely, that the president knew about the Watergate bugging in ad- vance. Another sign of the enduring quality of Watergate lies in the recognition factor. Big changes in opinion almost always flow from the dawning of conscious- ness. George McGovern could go from 2 per cent m the polls to about 40 per cent in a mat- ter of 18 months just because people got to know his name. But Watergate has already Letters to the editor Misleading the public I think that if The Herald is going to publish news in any form, there is a responsibility to see that what is published is true and accurate. Beading the article in The Chinook (July 10) about Willow Creek Provin- cial Park and knowing what is right I would be inclined, when reading about something I didn't know, to question the accuracy of it might be. In this article it was stated that Willow Creek Park is about 20 miles west of Stavely. WeU, the fact is that it is eight miles south west of Stavely, even using the word 20 miles is still too far off the truth. There is no excuse for this kind of misleading state- ment. Why not find out before publishing and not mislead the public? I for one want to be able to believe what I read in tbe newspaper, but when I see things like this published it makes me wonder just now much we read in a newspaper there is that we can believe. EARL SERGEANT Claresholm. Unfair comparison Recently a letter appeared in The Herald from, I judge, a rather irate reader who referred to tbe sounds emanating from Lethbridge ra- dio stations as "coyote music." As an admires of the coyote I am rather perturbed by the comparison. An coyote music is meaningful and is never guilty of tbe inanities produced by not only our LetMnidge disc jock- ey but by other area stations as well. Tbe coyote has done nothing but try to adapt to living condi- tions in spite cf tbe efforts that nan has made to destroy every other thing that dares to strag- gle for its simple existence as nature ordained it should. Coyotes have been accused of various crimes but unlike man have never gone out of their way to destroy needlessly and left to themselves are one of the best agents in preserving tbe balance of nature, and can- not be replaced by any man made contrivance in this re- gard. I am certain, however, that the previous correspondent did not realize tbe injustice be was doing the coyote when be com- pared their music with ibe odd sounds which tone deaf disc jockeys persist in sending over the ether. G. D. LEE Milk Raver. saturated public conscious- ness. The latest Gallup PoD shows that 98 per cent of the public is aware of the scandaL Thus the biggest field for shifts of opinion has been closed off. Television ratings reinforce the point. Sam Ervin and John Mitchell may not be as funny as Rowan and Martin, but they attract a huge audience. In- deed, the rating show that the Watergate telecasts are draw- ing more viewers than requir- ed to sustain daytime programs on a commercial basis. tn keeping with this interest, the president's personal popu- larity has fallen way off. Ac- cording to the Gallup Poll, his approval rating is at an all- time low. Several polls show bun running .far worse against George McGovern than be did in the election last fall- But while taking distances from Mr. Nixon, the country is not moving clearly in any other direction. In particular, there is resistance to the idea Ol Perhaps the best indication of that resistance is a poll conducted by the Opinion Re- search Corp. of Princeton, N.J., for CBS. One of the questions loaded the dice heavily against the president The question rested on the presumption of proof that Mr. Nixon knew in advance about both tbe gate break-in and tbe subse- quent cover-up. It asked if, in that hypothetical case, the res- pondent would favor impeach- ment proceedings. R distin- guished clearly between the proceedings themselves, which ere an indictment, and the forcing out of tbe president. Even in those extremely com- promising circumstances, there was considerable hesitation. Only 50 per cent of the sample favored impeachment proceed- ings. More than a third were against impeachment, and 14 per cent were undecided. The Gallup Poll finds a simi- lar sentiment, fire same poll which discovered that 71 per cent of tbe sample believed the president knew about either the break-in or the cover-up, show- ed that only 18 per cent believ- ed he should be forced out as president. A similar non-result slbows up In UK various rematches of Mr. Nixon against the leading can- didates of 1372. The poll done for CBS found Nixon with 43 per cent, way ahead of McGov- ern with 30 per cent, and the rest of the sample undecided or refusing to vote. Sen. Edmund Muskie polled 33 per cent 41 per cent for tbe presi- dent. Sen. Hubert Humphrey polled 37 per cent against 41 per cent for the president. What all this says to me is that tbe national jury is hang- ing back from ultimate judg- ment. There seems to be little positive support for President Nixon and it is hard to spot a way for him to make a come- back. If he resigned, there might well be an enormous sigh of relief. But when it comes to pushing him out, public opin- ion, in the fullness of its wis- dom, is leaving the issue up to the country's elected repre- sentatives. mm WORLD cussed between presidents Pom- pidou and Nixon when they met in Iceland last spring, before the problem had attained its subsequently catastrophic level. Pompidou apparently feels the dollar has been pummeled far below any logical exchange rate. The U.S. economy works well and inflation has been less erosive than in Europe. Therefore it is absurd that the real (rather than theoretical) devaluation of. the dollar had been permitted to reach about 33 per cent within two years. France feels the dollar should be restored to a value prob- ably approximating that achiev- ed five months ago when the bank exchange rate was around 4.6 francs. Perhaps it could be allowed to descend some two or three per cent below that rate; this would not be difficult to handle. But the emergency crisis mustn't be allowed to continue for long or to worsen. The world cannot live with the kind of situation produced by a dol- lar collapse. France's leader- ship never forgets that, although the pre-conditions for the 1929 disaster not prevalent today, that famous crash began when securities were at their absolute peak. It is obvious to Paris that settlement of these problems must be found among the free world's major trading nations. The Russians, despite their im- mense power, are in no position to give major help on money or trade. As France and West Germany had already discov- ered before the Nixon Brezh- nev deals, Moscow can't offer important commercial markets despite its desire to facilitate detente. The yawning dollar gap needs healing before any long-term international monetary reform. That has been much bruited but will take a long time before it is negotiated. Yet, for Pompidou, the ultimate lesson of both long- term and short-term adjust- ment is the same: if the West has no monetary policy it can- not have otter policies. And if the malady represent- ed by this month's dollar crisis is not finally cured, all trading countries will turn toward pro- tectionism. That would break up the west. Paris already discerns hints of a suicidal mood on both sides of the Atlantic: Some Americans say an undervalued dollar helps U.S. trade without hurting the national economy, and the rest of the world be damned; some Europeans say leave America to its own prob- lems and protect our European markets. As for Pompidou, who recog- nizes both existing problems and future dangers: it is clear he wants these matters settled within a normal, stable frame- work and feels the free nations must together handle the fright- ening affair. a ffctof lo wftsre wont 10 AMT vtyQOng The Lethbridge Herald _____ 3w 7th St S., fceftbrtfge, Alberta LETOBRXDGfi HERAU> CO. 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