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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 20, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDCE HERAtB Thundoy, July 30, 1972--------- M-anrice Western G. Max Bell The Buchanan family, -which found- ed and bnill this nowspaper, sold part of it to Max Bell of Calgary in 1954 and the rest of it in 1959. He incor- porated it into a chain of eight Cana- dian daily newspapers, and remained its president. Although lie knew ninth about this community and had unbounded faith in it, he was not well known here. It may be appropriate to recall his attitude' to The Herald. lie expected il to stand on its own feet and pay its own way, so it could he independent of all outside forces and pressures. He believed passionately in a free press, in its heavy obligations in a free society, and acknowledged the deep responsibility of newspaper own- ership. He insisted on the integrity of the newsroom and editorial page. After assigning editorial responsibility and authority he refused to interfere with the operation no matter how much he may have disagreed with the news or editorial policies. The obligations of (he best principles and traditions of journalism weighed heavily on him. Old and useful A compassionate man is Health Minister John Munro who has taken notice of the elderly people in the nation, many of whom feel discarded and useless because a youth-oriented world no longer believes that the wisdom of age has any relevance to the problems ol modern living. By comparison with money given to the Opportunities for Youth pro- gram the ten million dollars allotted to New Horizons is small. But it is not intended to be an income-produc- ing program, although there doesn't seem lo be any reason why some bright ideas burning in the still active brains of elderly people might not bring in a cash reward eventually. After all, the knowledge that one can earn a little money with one's own ingenuity and work, is an incentive to get up and about and try. No one knows yet what a social program of this kind will bring forth, but it is safe to say that many elderly people are going to start thinking about it. Far too much talent, know- ledge and experience is being lost to the nation by society's disregard for those who have spent a lifetime contributing to its progress. Creativity is not the prerogative of youth. The elderly have an opportun- ity to show what they can do to help themselves out of the slough of des- pond and to contribute to community life in the process. It's a challenge to which we hope they will respond, for their own sakes and for ours. New American revolution Would the United States experience a new revolution if Democratic presi- dential candidate George McGovern won the November, election? Not very likely. Jacques Ellul, in his book Autopsy of Revolution, says that the concept has been so domesticated and de- based as to be virtually meaningless. All sorts of products are advertised as revolutionary when they are mere- ly slightly changed from previous models on the market; many pro- cesses likewise are described as rev- olutionary when they simply express development of technique. A Mc- Govern administration could undoub- tedly be classed as revolutionary similarly but that would not mean it was truly revolutionary. There would be some changes un- doubtedly, but the chances of them being very radical are rather slim. The system would not be scrapped; it would only be tinkered with. How extensive the tinkering would be is the big question. Unhappily for reformers and their supporters good intentions often encounter obstacles. Mr. Mc- Govern as president would have to contend with the Congress which could conceivably reject some of his proposals. He would also have to func- tion within the limits set by existing world conditions. Americans may not have paid much attention to what has happened in Canada in recent years and there- fore may not know that revolutionary change was supposed to follow the election of Pierre Trudeau as prime minister. If the U.S. electorate puts George McGovem into the presidency with the same expectancy, a similar disappointment may be in store for them as seems to have overtaken many Canadians. Lancaster Royal LOUIS BURKE T ANCASTER, England Lancaster Royal sounds beautiful. It is the name, not of one of the Queen's racehorses, but of a very good grammar school located on the side of a steep hill. Lancaster town, capitol of Lancashire. Like a great num- ber of grammar schools, it is soaked in history, some 400 years with references to a school going back to the eleventh cen- tury. None of the ancient buildings exist today. But what docs stand tells the story of a textile factory city with grime-covered walls, drafty corridors, and small, cell- like insufficiently lit classrooms. Buildings stand scattered on two sides of a hilly street called East Road. Distances from the central block stretch half a mile uphill and must be fun on peripatetic school teachers on wet, windy, winlry days, days. It Is an interesting fact lhat the head- master is housed renl-frec in a large jail- like structure sluck lo Ihe main Hock. Other teachers live in other houses close by at nominal rents. The school also boards some 200 .students from nearby Lancashire ullages. Tto lolal .school population is over WO all boys. Despite the physical handicaps of I ho plant itsolt Ihe tfym must be the world's pokiest ndiirnfion '.appears lo Ire high qualily, academic-stylo. The, student body represents the top 25 per cent of young people, ranging in ages from eleven to c'iqhlccn, rccmiled from HID Invm and sur- rounding counlryside. Lancaster Royal has a reputation for rugby, cricket and schol- arships to Oxford University, gaining fi- leen to twenty each year. Theoretically grammar schools are be- ing phased out. Comprehensive schools amalgamating all streams of education are supposed to replace them: the grammar schools being lagooned in the government's money stream where il is hoped they will stagnate and die. But lhat is a battle far from over. Very many grammar school teachers have no teacher training. They are degreed people with anything from BA's lo PhD's, and until this year, there was no regulation obliging them to seek teacher training, or courses in educalion. Lancaster Royal is no exception in this regard. OE course, that does not mean that the personnel does an inferior job. The rec- ords sland; bul students are the cream, highly motivated and well-disciplined. The same is true of the leaching force shoes polished, ties straight, jackets smart, trousers pressed to Ihe edge and all accountable to a mini-divine in Ihe person of the headmaster. Bul. Inngish hair is fashionable and neat. Lancaster Royal, a grammar school for boys, is one of a diminishing number. In Hie blueprints for Britain's tailor tomor- row grammar .schools HIT. due. In vanish in 3 'lecs'lr., a generation, a century. Win knows? Lancaster Royal still has prc-fab classrooms which wcro temporary immedi- ately after (lie First World War, Latest unemployment figures misleading He will be remembered best, how- ever, by (hose who worked with him, for his character and his personality. Although always shy, modest and in search of anonymity, he could not hide. He had the mind of a genius, and courage, enterprise and strength to match it. He loved life and revelled in adventure. Because he had special talents in business, he found much of his adventure there. But he also found it on the hockey rink and bad- minton court, at the race track and on his church board, and in hun- dreds upon hundreds of secret philan- thropies. He was passionately Canadian. He was uniquely aware of the opportuni- ties and blessings enjoyed by Can- ada, and felt it a betrayal of citizen- ship not to do everything one could to develop them. lie was obsessed with a sence of responsibility for using his talents (and later his wealthl to build. He felt greatly in debt to Can- ada, and his life was devoted to whit- tling away at that debt. He was an unspoken and reluctant inspiration to all who had the good fortune to work with him. CLEO MOWERS Unemployment, although serious enough in somo parts ol the country, is nn over-blown issue. The irony is tliat it been inflated not solely by Opposition politicians dawing absurd comparisons with the 1930s, but also partly by the Government itself. At June 17, 1972 Statistics Canada estimated the number of jobless at the season- ally adjusted rate at C.2 per cent. These are Hie figures most often cited as evidence that the country is in dire straits. The peculiarity of this unem- ployment is that it accompanies an obviously buoyant economy, generating over new jobs annually. Some contractors do have trouble in hiving a work force. The prevalence of strikes is not consistent with grim times; evidently a great many people nre free of harrowing fears Ural jobs will disappear In the course of industrial dis- putes. Again there is the fact, noted Ijy puzzled observers, that many determined job-seekers obtain placements with surprising ease. Some have apparent hand- icaps; having come from coun- tries whose educational institu- tions are considered less than adequate by our own authori- ties. No jobs in Ottawa? But only last a young lady, educated in India, came here in search of work. Within the space of two hours, she found one; then declined it because she had received a second, and better, offer. Both were In the private sector. At no point did she place any burden upon government be- cause she carefully avoided the manpower offices. For older Canadians unem- ployment and the 1930s are practically synonymous terms. But then it meant heads of fami- lies out of work and on relief for interminable months or young men riding the freights, begging at doors and living in jungles. The spectre of the 30s is gone. We do not have mass unemploy- ment in the old form and with the implications of those years. Of those out of work in May only about a third were heads of families. It Is sometimes argued, how- ever, that the problem is partic- ularly grave because the unem- ployment rale for persons under 21 is 10.7 (as compared lo the rate of 0.2 What does this statistic mean? The fact is that, of the total number in this group no less than are persons between the ages of 14 and 19. In other words some nf these unemployed have yet to reach school-leaving age! It would have occurred lo no one in the 1930s thai the stale had a re- sponsibility lo provide jobs for school age youngsters. Many would deny lhat it has such a responsibilily now. There are some other inter- esting statistics. Of the lolal un- 567, 999, employed, had been seeking work for less than one month; more for one to three months; were Inter- ested only in part lime work. Nor should the other side of the picture be Ignored. If there is unemployment, it is also a fact lhat persons In the 14-19 year group held jobs in mid-June 1972. Obviously the character of demand has changed. A vast army per- sons, who in former times would not have appeared on the labor market (or in nothing like such numbers) now expect to find employment. Possibly higher educational costs have contributed to this. Perhaps also there is more In- volved than need; it is the fash- ion to work in summer (and with some lo jobs mean in-group prestige. Registration also has a certain significance; it can lead to unemployment In- surance under the new and more generous scheme. The Government, having greatly extended the concept of unemployment, has 'endea- vored to meet it through the manpower service and in other ways. Whatever its olher merils and demerils, Ihe service seems lo have had one unfortunate re- sult. It lends to create the im- pression that there is a stand- ard method of obtaining em- ployment. If manpower has nothing to offer, the conclusion is is no work. (Since things tend to be regu- lated according to prescribed patterns within the school sys- tem, this is an understandable notion.) But work there may well bo for those who ignore prescribed patterns and go out to seek it. In any dynamic economy, there will always be a certain amount of unemployment. There is too much at present but the excess is not nearly as large as statistics suggest. What apparently has happened is that the Government, in recent years, has blown up its own re- sponsibility for the provision of jobs or their equivalent beyond what could sensibly be ex- pected. It hates to admit that it has created exaggerated expec- tations although it would proba- bly be wise to do so. For alter- natively it will be clubbed over the head with its own mislead- ing statistics or condemned by critics drawing grotesque analo- gies with the hungry 30s. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Dave Humphreys Canada gives support to black African revolution TONDOJJ Under an agree- ment with the Common- wealth secretariat, Canada is investing modestly in the Black African revolution against the illegal white rulers of Rhode- sia. There is no olher logical conclusion lo be drawn from the recent announcement here of the annual contribu- tion Ottawa will make lo tha education and training of Rho- desian refugees. The breakdown of the British government's initiative to set- tle Its independence dispute with the rebellious colony has left a large question mark over the future of many thousands of refugees. Many are in neigh- boring African countries, whero the Canadian aid is to go: Others, perhaps are in Britain by virtue of their Brit- ish passports. Represenlalives of Ihe Zim- babwe African People's Union and the African National Union Letters to the editor here may not speak exactly for their brothers in Africa. They regard themselves as be- ing in preparation for the re- turn home. They said in a meeting with me, "It depends on how fast the revolution goes we are all in the revolu- tion." Canadian social and edu- cational aid would be most welcome if given in the right spirit, they said. Leave the slruggle to us to handle in our own way and in our own time. Not that there was ever any suggestion of anything else. However, nobody can do mora than guess at how long tha struggle will take or, indeed, what its consequences will be for Africa and world race re- lations. Africans here regard Canada as having placed itself more firmly on their side, add- ing a little money to sympathy. Since Rhodesia's declaration of independence, Britain, wilh its responsibility to the African Water export undesirable Hopefully The Herald's editor will remain a prophet without honor in his own country with regard lo water development policy. I find his logic more questionable than Mr. Yurko's. Whether or not there is a sur- plus, by whatever definilion, is practically irrelevant. The bas- ic issue, as I see il, is that ad- equate supplies of water can at- tract industry, jobs and tour- ists. Why must we always think in terms of exporting raw ma- terials south of the border and them lura around and import expensive finished products? Has our collective free enter- prise mentality reached such a low ebb lhat we can no longer initiate any projects of our own? If we continue exporting all our trump cards such as gas, oil, coal and possibly wat- er we may as well resign our- selves lo the fact thai our young people will have lo fol- low the trail soiilh if Hicy want If Ihe were knoun we might find dial many know- lodgcahle experts in Ihe U.S. abhor Ihe of imporlinK Canadian water. They havn pirnl.y nf Ilirir own water, but InrKcly polluted. Tha claim is luarto. Mini if waler were Imported Ihen there would no great impetus lo clean up the present mess. Carrying the metaphor of the trump card just a little further it would appear that Mr. Yur- ko is opting for a full house here at home while the logical edilor of The Herald is opting for a straight flush. The issue that really hits the nub of the mailer is the fact lhat once water is supplied it is very had lo lurn off Ihe tap. We have already discovered thus fact in Ihe case of Ontario hydro. Water export would lead to a further erosion of Canadian independence. IE this is the best we can do with our nalural resources Ihen it's time we shuffled the deck and got a new deal for people. B. HELMUT HOFFMAN Lelhbridge. 'Not righ? We fepprcciale Mr. Rickard's voporl, on the Titatan people. Two I lungs that he said are not cxaclly right. I. We think that more than Iwn Tilwlans have decent jobs. He said many men arc un- employed, sickly, and Idle, AH of 1.1m Tihclan men are employ- ed full time and none sre sick- ly. T. 1'IIUNTSOK KAKIIO Tuber K. TSBEINO peoples, has contributed nearly SI million toward their educa- tion and training. Canada, as a third country, has contri- buted In both cases the aid was bilateral only. Afri- cans were given aid to take courses at Canadian or British institutions. The new contribution is a de- parture from this policy. Can- ada is committed to give annually for three years renewable to be administered through the Commonwealth secretariat here to Africans in Africa and possibly for some training in India and Cyprus as well. No other country, Including Britain, has yet agreed to join in the new multilateral pro- gram. The secretariat has cir- culated the announcement of Canada's gesture, inviting oth- ers to follow the example. Canada is the acknowledged leader in multilateral aid through the Commonwealth. Ottawa gives more even than Britain to the institution to be administered as its staff sees lit. The financing of peoples in rebellion is, however, not a case of straight aid to devel- oping countries like other Com- monwealth programs. Black African Commonwealth coun- tries are not abstaining out of lack of sympathy but be- cause even to provide places at their crowded institutions is a slrain. To administer the Canadian funds a special com- mittee is being formed at Ihe secretariat here with member- ship to include a rcpresenlative of Ihe Canadian High Commis- sion and the director of the Commonwealth's educalion di- vision, a Trinidadian wilh African experience. The com- mittee will act on applications channelled through host coun- tries. The purpose of this piece is not lo call inlo question the competence of the common- Wealth instilulion. Ralhcr it is lo cmphasbx! that the "ref- ugee" problem has Increased wilh each passing year since 1D6C. Aid began on Ihe assumption lhat Rhodesian independence be a short-term Ihinp, to be ended, us Harold Wilson once snid, in weeks rather than months. Instead, with passing years, the chances of any peaceful settlement receded. If il: comes lo violence, Common- wealth1 countries and the insti- tution will be facing decisions more grave than the dispersal of a few scholarships. Apart from that, there is the problem of demand far out- stripping available funds. For a time it was useful to have as educated Zimbabwe elite, proving empty tlie Smith re- gime's claims that the Africans were simply not capable of governing. That stage has long since passed. Commonwealth officials, agree there are now several times as many Rhodesian Afri- cans with degrees than there were natives with degrees in other Commonwealth countries when they achieved dence. One estimate was ten times as many. There are 200 in Britain alone. Surplus Afri- can intellectual talent is build- ing up outside Rhodesia for which the funding countries should bear some responsi- bility. Whether some, after several years, will take a liking to London or Ottawa and aban- don any hope of returning to the motherland in peace or in turmoil is another mailer. One of Ihe basic criteria for dispensing the Canadian funds will be whether Ihe proposed Iraining will be likely lo equip the applicant for work in a developing country. There can be no guarantee. Zimbabwe represen I a- tives here say no fewer than Africans are leaving Rhodesian schools annually and are unable to take jobs. Of these want lo leave tha country to take higher educa- tion. They complain the secre- tariat funds only degree peo- ple, leaving open a vast field in basic education. "If you haven't got university entranca no one is one said. The secretariat agrees there is a terrific demand at high school level but insists it will Jiue close to the practical train- ing line. Where will this experi- ment end? In its settlement proposals Britain agreed to pro- vide about million over ten years, matched by the Rhodesian government, on a development program to in- crease educational and job op- porluniifcs for Africans. That presumably is indica- tive of the size of the task. It is obviously a national task that can only be done properly in Rhodesia. There will he no settlement exporting the un- happy country's talent and encouraging it to look lo agen- cies with a few thousand dol- lars t-j spend. (Herald London bureau) Looking backward Through Ilic Herald 11122 The Canada Land and Irrigation Co. is having suc- cess raising canteloupe at their home ranch easl of Vauxhall. 1932 A number of Leth- bridge tennis players are en- tered in the Southern Alberta Tennis Tournament and sever- al local players are slill in the running for titles and consider- able interest is now centering on the finals. 1M2 Hundreds of men. women and children thronged the city's beauly spot, Hender- son Lake, this week with swim- ming and boaling being par- ticularly popular. 1952 The president of the Republic of Finland, before rain-soaked spcclalors, yesterday declared open Ihe 15th modern Olympic Games, the biggest in history and the first to be attended by Soviet Russia. The LetHbridge Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lcthbridge, Alberla LETHBfirDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 3M.J-1B54, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member nf Th? C.inndlan find ihp Daily Newspnntr Piilill'licr'.' nnci Ihu Audll Dmr.iu (.irculalloni CLEO W. MOWERS, Edilor Puhlhbrr THOMAS II. ADAMS, General Manancr DON PIULI1JO WILLIAM Managing Anodats Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advirllfllng Mnnngor Editorlni Pnno Edilor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;