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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 20, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Tuesday, July 20, 1971 Maurice Western Weak spots in a good parade Monday's parade was a good one. The comment from most of the spec- tators was quite favorable. Many of the floats were excellent, and the number and quality of the bands was outstanding. Without reflecting on any of the others, the Magrath Cardston band must be mentioned. The throng of little kids on their decorated bikes was a sheer delight to the eye. By and large the parade was quite well organized and those responsible must be congratulated and thanked. Thanks, also, to those who took the trouble to participate. But neverthless a few critical com- ments are in order. Perhaps the parade was too long. Many felt there were too many horses, or entries based on no other appeal than the sight of live horses. It may be asked whether there were any standards for participation in the parade. Most of the associa- tion entries were of high quality, as were many of the commercial en- tries. Some of the commercial floats spoiled their visual effect by blaring high-pressure selling tactics into the ears of the spectators. And some of the commercial numbers were cheap, unimaginative, drab almost to the point of embarrassment. They con- tributed nothing whatever to the pa- rade All they did was give the spon- sor access to a captive audience. The bannered participation of polit- ical candidates might be questioned. However few people seemed to feel it was offensive. The pickets who surrounded the City of Lethbridge float added to the interest if not the decorum of the parade. One can support their cause without concurring in their judgment or manners. However the line should defintely have been drawn at the blatant sec- tarian evangelizing being done from a parade float. That is permissible in a Hyde Park or the fair midway or even a Lethbridge street-corner, but it is definitely unfair to inflict that on an audience assembled for other purposes. Still, it was a good parade. It is not too late (First of two editorials) It is imperative that City Council reconsider its plans for an ice arena. There are too many unknowns, too many unanswered questions. It has been discovered that the cost (for any given project, regard- less of size or style) will be much more than expected. The reasonable course is not automatically to com- mit the city to the larger sum, but to re-examine the wisdom of the whole course? Is it too late to reconsider? Surely not. Surely the aldermen did not com- mit themselves and the public to a project without knowing its cost. Per- haps certain preliminary expendi- tures must be met whether the pro- ject goes ahead or not, but it may be wiser and cheaper to pay them and turn back, rather than to keep going blindly ahead. One of the unanswered questions is how this fits into the city's capital needs, bearing in mind that a new library within the next couple of years is essential, and planning will start this fall on a major ice cen- ter separate from the one now in question. Another question: What will be the operating deficit of the project now being considered? What calculations have been made? Still another has to do with site, and with long-term city planning. The use being made of the open space be- tween the highway and the Japanese Garden (Sunday's band concert there was in a superb setting) should re- mind the authorities of the import- ance of preserving all the green space possible. Any discretionary new construction on space that other- wise would be preserved as park land is to be deplored. Even though it may appear unnecessary today, gen- erations ahead will bless the mem- ory of anyone who made the fullest provision "for future parks. Inching forward in Paris There is some definite evidence that the Paris peace talks are inching for- ward again. Some of it is due to Hanoi's new proposals which have been based on elements in the Ameri- can Congress and among the people of the U.S. who are agitating for troop withdrawal on almost any terms. These elements would be willing to accept Hanoi's terms immediately a definite date for pull-out with a guarantee of release of American prisoners of war. Hanoi claims that the discussions can be held apart from political issues. But is tihis possible? The U.S. goal in continuing the war presumably is to give the South Vietnamese freedom to choose their own form of government. If the U.S. withdraws is there any guaran- tee that any non-Communist govern- ment can survive, or is there even any assurance that free elections would ever be held? Not so far. The London Economist wisely points out that the military effective- ness of the North Vietnamese army is no gauge of the righteousness of their cause a fact too often for- gotten by public and Congress alike. Further, if there is no guarantee that South Vietnam will not be overrun by the North as soon as the American umbrella is folded, what will happen to Ihe Laotians and the Cambodians, sucked unwillingly into the conflict? These complex questions have to have some satisfactory answers be- fore there can be a settlement, and it's going to require statesmanship of the highest order on both sides before the satisfactory answer is found. Meanwhile the dreadful debacle con- tinues. Faced with its cruelty some Americans would give up now, admit defeat and accept the shame. But the North Vietnamese people other than those in the front line, know nothing of the atrocities committed by their own troops which is one of the rea- sons for their obduracy. ERIC NICOL JJRITAIN should trade the Queen to the United States. Her majesty has asked for a raise from the U.S., one which those isles cannot af- ford. What is more reasonable than that she should be waived through the Cont- monwealth League and picked up by the country that really needs Stales? That the Americans hanker for a royal family has been evident since the Grace Kelly wedding. Having smacked their lips over that morsel of monarchy, the Yanks are ready for a full course of a return to the status they enjoyed before they mined their appetite with the Boston Tea Party. Evidence abounds that the U.S. needs the Crown more lhan Ihe British do. U.S. magazines continue lo run articles on members of the royal family, and these are greeted by fewer letters from readers complaining about loss of the spirit of The wedding of Presidcnl Nixon's daugh- ter has proved once again that a presi- dent's son-in-law may be a hero one year and the next, year a bum, if his wife's old man gets dumped at the polls. No contin- uity of circumstance, let alone pomp. For years Ihe average U.S. citizen has coveted n royal crcsl on his automobile, his fridge, his scotch. The heraldry depart- ment in Detroit is kept busy thinking up nrmorial devices to satisfy the American craving for the sovereign. The American has an obvious scions desire for a luxury car that goes back lo Edward the Confessor before il goes back to the finance company. He puts crowns on his gas pumps, coronets on his queens. He'd never admit it, but he would Rive anything to be a subject instead of an object. Lacking a royal family to pay homage to, the Americans must pledge allegiance to the flag. The Stars and Stripes is an attractive flag, but it simply is not as durable as flesh-and-blcad royalty. Young activists do unseemly things to flags, in- cluding the American flag. In Britain the Union Jack is used as the pattern for ladies' underpants, without the country going into shock, because Buckingham Pal- ace remains the same distance from Car- naby Street. A flag can't have a coronation, or kids, or even a fast game of polo. The Americans have at last understood something that Ihe French .the French in France thai known for several ledious centuries, namely that republican- ism is rather dull. Kings are fun. Now lhat Frank Sinatra has laid down the burden, the Americans are particularly susceptible to buying into British royalty. Faced with the imminent likelihood of be- coming a member of Ihe United Slates cif Kurcpe, Britain may do well to strengthen her sentimcnlal tics with North America, as forerunner to the United States of the World, God bless. The only hindrance lo the return of the prodigal Sam fo the royal fold is the be- lief held by many Americans lhat they will be clapped into stocks for failure to deliver a gaggle of geese in lithe to Her Majesty. No package deal, of course. The Com- monwealth retains full rights to Prince Philip, Prince Charles, Princess Anno and the resl of the royal team. If the Ameri- cans want in, they have lo expect lo spend some lime building like, about BOO years. (Vancouver Province Feature) White paper dead but won't lie down OTTAWA: The white paper on lax reform is officially dead, Mr. Benson having con- ducted the funeral service on June 18. It appears, however, that it will still have a dollars and cents impact on the na- tion's unsuspecting taxpayers and primarily on those who were most relieved when the minister delivered the funeral oration. Among those who thought ill of the white paper were many persons in the middle income brackets who feel that they are overburdened now and who would have contributed even more heavily if Mr. Benson's original proposals had been im- plemented. It is plain from last week's meeting of finance min- isters that they are still re- garded with unusual interest by ambitious governments. The build-up of expensive and not very well integrated pro- grams, obviously owes a great deal to the competition of par- ties. Mr. Trudeau in 1968 de- parted radically from custom by his emnhasis on costs and his refusal to promise specific new programs, especially of across-the-board character. But in the past year there has been a marked change; unemploy- ment insurance has been trans- formed' into a program with strong welfare and income-re- distributive features and family allowances, once regarded as conspiciously w a s t e ful, are being remodelled at great addi- tional cost to the treasury. This new thrust is partly a response to pressure from the opposition parties although it will not prevent them, in the usual course of politics, from seeking to outbid the Liberals at the next election. But the white paper created another sort of competition, which also becomes more ap- parent in election seasons. It was, in effect, a challenge to the provinces, most of which disliked Mr. Benson's scheme or at least many aspects of it. Thus the paper gave bull] to counter proposals and al- though the original'project has been interred the counter-pro- posals are still alive and some at least appear to be in a fair way to realization. Thus Ontario, according to its treasurer, Darcy McKeough, is developing a scheme of proper- ly and sales tax rebates for pen- sioners and persons of low in- come. Credits would be avail- able where the sum of these exceeded provincial income tax paid. They could be built into the system cf federal income lax collection and are repre- sented as a first step towards a guaranteed income plan. This may be an advantage politically since the Ontario Conservative government is preparing to seek a new mandate from the people. It is, however, by no means a new idea and it was not de- veloped in a pre-election but in a white paper context. As ori- ginally projected, il was to be a substitute for the horizontal in- creases in personal exemptions favored in Ottawa. The proposal is described as follows by Char- les MacNaughton, then the pro- vincial treasurer, in the pamph- let, Ontario Proposals for Tax Reform in Canada, published in June, 1970: "The Ontario government commends the objectives of re- ducing the income tax burden on low-income taxpayers and from the lax rolls Ihose individuals and families who should nol be paying in- come laxes at all. However, we do not believe thai an across- the-board increase in personal exemptions is the best and fair- est means of achieving this ob- jective. Increased personal ex- emptions are costly in terms of revenue loss, which must be re- couped by significantly higher rates as the white paper dem- onstrates. For this reason, ex- emption levels tend to become frozen once established, and quickly lose their lax relief value in succeeding years. Moreo v e r, increased exemp- tions are of no value al all to the millions of Canadians whose incomes fall below Ihe existing level of exemptions. For these Canadians in greatest need the "You're always talking about getting back fo hmt about mowing the "Hold it, mom, Jon'l dig that an my special Cannabis sativo real burden of taxes arises from property taxes, health insur- ance premiums and sales laxes The Ontario government strongly rages that relief of the provincial municipal lax bur- den on the lowest income Cana- dians be accorded the highest priority in comprehensive tax reform." The Ontario paper went to argue that "revenues from in- come taxation should be used to offset provincial municipal taxes, which are not related to individuals' ability to pay, in order to achieve adequate re- distribution of total tax bur- dens." Since budget night, Mr. Mc- Keough has modified the proposal to fit the new situa- tion. Other provinces have sim- ilar aspirations; he told Ottawa reporters that six had com- mented (presumably unfavor- ably) on the absence of tax credits from the reform propos- als. It can be taken as certain thai the lex shifts in prospect_ will be at the expense of the middle income group. The same tax- payer supports all three levels of government He has escaped Mr. Benson only to be marked down by Ihe provincials. For some weeks the demise of the white paper has been cited as convincing evidence of the value of participatory democracy but, in light of the conference of fi- nance ministers, rejoicing may be premalure. The bill, it ap- pears, has yel lo be presented. Mr. Benson has remarked agreeably lhat the provinces can be accommodated. They must, of course, present specific proposals and Hie credits will offsel provincial, nol federal, tnxes. He observes lhat the scheme will he highly complex in design and from the stand- point of administration. One of the objects of the ori- ginal exercise was to develop a relatively simple lax system, Ihe present forms being so com- plicated lhal Ihe failure rate among those lo whom they are addressed is distressingly high. It is beginning to appear, how- ever, that simplicity is another casualty of participatory dem- ocracy. Every man will need his own lax experl for full en- joymenl of the brave new world. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Chester Ronning Who will succeed Mao Tse-tung as Since returning from my recent visit to China, I am frequently asked: "After Mao, and "After Mao, Chairman Mao has undoubted- ly been more responsible than any other single factor in de- veloping Ihe unique, strictly Chinese interpretation of Marx- ism Leninism which is trans- forming China today. Mao's teachings were calculated to change Ihe thinking of Ihe pres- ent masses cf China- How suc- cessful China has been in real- izing that objective will deter- mine more than anything else what will happen in China after Mao- Mao Tse-tung, the son of Hu- nan peasants, was the first rev- olutionary in China to insist that since China had no industrial workers there could be no rev- olution until there was an up- rising of peasants. Mao therefore withdrew to a mountainous, relatively secure rural area to cultivate peasant followers. There he began to work out pragmatic ideas to deal with the most basic prob- lem of China the problem of the rural villages. Mao Tse-tung was a primary school teacher in his native province before be'became a revolutionary'. He desires to be remembered only as a "teach- er." The primary schoolteacher would not have been raised to (he heights of the "great teach- er Confucius" except for the tal- ents in organization and admin- istration of another great Chin- ese genius Premier Chou En-Iai. Chou recognized very early lhat Mao was potentially more capable than any of China's revolutionaries to lay the prag- matic, philosophic foundation upon which a new, modern and greater civilization could built out of the ashes and ruins of the ancient and great civili- zation of China's past. To understand the signili- cancc, magnitude and quality n( revolution in China today, it is essential to remember lhal Chi- na's ancient civilization, evolved by the gradual refinement of an ancient social organization, was wholly dependent upon primi- tive agriculture. It is often assumed Hint Chi- nil's survivil Is explained by its encirclement by mountains, seas and cleserls. China's natural, geographic isolation, however, did not prevent the invasion and occupation of China by outsid- ers. II was China's superior sys- tem of government which al- ways succeeded in regaining power. China's government, economic and social systems were based on an unwritten understanding between China's two most im- portant classes peasants and scholars. China was ruled by an aristocracy of the intelligentsia Letters to the editor and motivated by a. pragmatic ideology which was accepted without question by the masses of industrious peasants. As long as there was harmony between them, China prospered China is still basically an ag- ricultural nation. Chou En-lai said to me when we were dis- cussing the revolutionary ch a n g e s which were taking place in the thinking of the CM- German band in Calgary The youg German Band, marching in Monday's Calgary Stampede, w a s impressive. Their impact was perhaps even more enhanced by the fact that they had come all the way from West Germany, did nol under- stand a word of English and yel managed lo achieve full integ- ration in a traditionally Cana- dian celebration. Perhaps I am one of Ihe few old enough lo remember past generations of German school children and young enough to believe in ghosts. What struck me most forcefully in this band's performance was not so much their beautifully neat uni- forms or their perfect military rhythm which, after all, is inherent in the average Ger- man youth but the rousing march they were playing in the midst of the Calgary Parade, r.-layed over television channels to all points North, East, South and West This march was known in my school days in Berlin as one of the mosl daring anti-French songs of the early Hitler era, its title and beginning of each verse: "Deutsch ist die Saar, immerdar." "German is Ihe Saar, German forever." II did nol come off Ihe near lop of the Nazi Mil. Parade until the day Hitler drove into this hotly disputed territory, adjoin- ing "France, Germany and then part of the Elsace, lo receive i'uquct of flowers from mis- guided toddlers. Was il pure coincidence that the German band played the one march which once aroused such hostile feelings against Ihe French all over Germany? Did they play il because Ihey liked the melody, as ignorant of Ca- nadian politics as of Ihe Eng- lish language and as innocent as Ihe babies of my generation who handed flowers to a dema- gogue? Or was il their way of say! "Vive la Quebec libre" in reverse? This question may never be answered and might strike our children as rhetorical and superfluous. They have never known the horrors of concentra- tion camps where I spenl Ihe besl years of my teenage life. They reckon perhaps rightly that their problems today are ir.uch more complicated than our mere struggle for sur- vival in a world 01 rubble rous- crs whose methods included Ihe very powerful weapon of songs to hatred. MISS. KVA Apprcdatcd Iwspitality nese people that China had by no means thrown overboard all of the ancient concepts only those which were detrimental to progress in a rapidly changing world. Harmony is as Important in modern as it was in ancient China. Today, however, har- mony is maintained by all the people of China working to- gether in close co-operalion for the benefit of all. To keep in touch with the people, intellec- tuals spend part time in doing manual labour, which was most undiginified lo Ihe scholars of Ihe past. Rural and factory workers participate with teach- ers in educational institutions. On the staff of the school which is a continuation of Ihe school in Fancheng where I once was a teacher, the most colorful member of Ihe staff was a fac- tory worker- Chairman Mao's ideology is now firmly entrenched in the minds of the people of China. That is the answer to the ques- tion, "After Mao, Present trends in China will continue. Chou Gn-lai informed me that China desires good re- lations with all nations. II may be lhal China is especially de- Looking Tlirongh the Herald Several huge swarms of bees swooped down on Ihe business section of Bozeman, Monlana today and disrupted traffic for over an hour. 1931 Martial law was de- clared in Peiping and Tietsin, a rigid censorship imposed and Ihe Manchurian authorities are commandeering military sup- plies with the intention of mov- ing against the generals in Ilonan. 1941 Delegates of the Al- sirous of heller' relations with the United States. In my opin- ion from conversations with many Chinese, the Americans could again become the most popular foreigners in China. The Government of the United Stales will have lo drastically change its present China Policy before good relations with China are possible. The United States will have to (a) withdraw the military encirclement of China, (b) end the war in Indochina and (c) leave the problem of Taiwan to the Chinese them- selves to settle withoul foreign interference. China desires lo participate in Ihe United Nations from which one fourth of the world's inabitants have been excluded by the leadership of Western powers headed by the United States. China realizes lhat in a world which has been reduced in size by science and technol- ogy, there is room for only one human community. China still believes in Ihe old concept: 'Tien Hsia I Under Heaven One Family. As lo Hie question of who will succeed Mao Tse-tung as chair- man, the person who is most frequently mentioned is Lin Piao. backward bcrta senior amateiT hockey league announced today that Red Deer will be officially ac- cepted into the circuit immedi- ately following the posting of a 1951 About 500 irate women, all government employees, en- tered the British House of Com- mons last night, demanding pay equal to their male colleagues. ISIil Cccilc Dionnc Lang- lois, one of the four surviving Dionnc quintuplets gave birth to twin hoys, the first multiple birth for the famous sisters. May I, through your medium, express lo Ihe people of Lcth- bridge and area our apprecia- tion for a job well done at last weeks AIC convention. A special thanks should go lo Alex Johnston, General Chairman nnd Mina Andrews, chairman of the ladies com- millec. There are scores of olh- er people whom 1 would hesi- tate lo start miming who also deserve credit for their contri- bution. The people of the Cily of Lclhbridgc should be mighty proud of their clean, well kept City, the parks, and of course, the hundreds of friendly peo- ple. I realize lhal. it is taxing for a Cily of population to accommodate n 1500 person convention but you did it, and you did it well. Congratu- lations! R. 10. KOH.HKS, Agrologist President. Brandon. The Lethbrukje Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lelhbridgc, Albcrla LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Rpnlstration No 001: Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Dureau of circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mananrr JOE fiALlA WILLIAM HAY Mc-mnolno Editor AMocialo Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advsrtlslng Manafler Udltorlal Pago Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;