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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 20, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta _ THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID Moivday, July 20, 1970 Tii ii Tray nor Tomorrows Leaders Tomorrow's leaders will act dis- appointingly like those of today iudgins by the behavior the dele- gate to the World Youth Assembly Some 600 representatives from 113 countries recently met in New Yo as part of the celebration of the 2bili anniversary of the founding of the United Nations Organization. The assembly was marked by ideological disputes, _ stereotyped speeches, procedural bickering and nearly chaotic conditions. At the meeting of the Peace Commission, S e chairman tried for ten minutes to give the floor to a South Korea speaker but whenever he tried to ta k he was drowned out by hoots, jeeis and table pounding. Later the chair- man of that same commission had to call the UN security guards to bodily remove an obstreperous member Max Harrelson, writing from the United Nations, said the sponsors had hoped that the younger genera- tion would offer fresh ideas for deal- ine with world problems. They also hoped that the young people would perhaps be able to discuss their ideas in a friendlier atmosphere than the official spokesmen of govern- ments usually encounter. Young people often say that ii they were given the chance they would, handle the affairs of the world dif- ferently and better than their elders. Sometimes older people sup- port them in this notion. But this ex- hibition at the World Youth Assem- bly tends to undermine such confi- dence. Realistically, young people are not likely to be much better or worse _ than their predecessors when they assume positions of leadership. Any notion about people getting better and wiser with the passage of time is fallacious and dangerous. It is dangerous because the usual precau- tions may not be taken against the possible misuse of power. Then man- kind might be worse off than at present. Some day not tomorrow to- day's young people will-be the lead- ers. By the time they become the leaders they may either have aban- doned their present ideas and ideals or become fixed in them. Neither possibility is necessarily a good thing. Only the condition of the world at the time will determine that. Meanwhile the rhetoric of both young and old who cherish positions of leadership must not be taken uncritically. Diplomacy In Pnom Penh The Chinese are gaining influence with Hanoi, says the American Secre- tary of State. Commenting on the ap- pointment of David K. E. Bruce as chief negotiator at the Paris peace talks, he said that although toe US remains serious and flexible about the talks, he could see no in- dication that the North Vietnamese will reciprocate. He believes that Russian influence with Hanoi has dim- inished and that the Chinese are bol- stering North Vietnamese hardliners, particularly since the American in- cursion into Cambodia. Interpreting Big Power politics is a risky business but the Secretary of State's remarks bolster the off-tne- scene conclusion that the Russians are growing wary of increased mili- tary involvement in Indocliinese af- Eairs. They have retained their am- bassador in Pnom Penh, have ig- nored the blandishments of Prince Sihanouk (who says he intends to make a trip to Moscow anyway) and are reported to be renewing their in- terest in an international conference on Indochina. The fact that the U.S. has named an ambassador to Cam- bodia after some weeks of hesitation encourages the belief that diplomatic lines are buzzing in Pnom Penh. Could it be that the U.S.S.R. and the U.S. are finding a mutual interest in deterring the Chinese influence in the area? Ambassador Rogers says he doesn t expect the Chinese, to become direct- ly involved although it serves their purpose to have the war continue. Hanoi is their "instrument for caus- ing trouble." For trouble read threat, a threat that could result in an accommodation! of mutual inter- ests between the U.S. and Russia in Southeast Asia. No Polio Deaths The National Communicable Dis- ease Centre in the United States has reported that in 1969 there were no deaths attributable to polio in that country. This is the first time the zero score has been reached since regular polio surveillance began in 1955. It is extremely unlikely that there was ever a year totally free of polio deaths before vaccines against infection were introduced in the mid- 1950s. ____ Dr. Jonas Salk, the man chiefly responsible for the discovery of the vaccine bringing about this amazing result, was recently in the news be- cause of-his marriage to a-former mistress of painter Pablo Picasso. It is worth remembering that were it not for his fame as a benefactor of mankind this recent "achievement" would not have been noted in the press.____________________ Art Buchwald TTOLLYWOOD It is obvious the mo- tion picture companies in Hollywood ire hi trouble. The major studios are try- ing to outdo each! other making films about revolution, dope and sex in a des- perate effort to attract the two major groups who still go to the movies young people and dirty old men. Sampson P. TTuberry, head of MTA (Miserable Twentieth Arts) studios, told me, "The motion picture industry has come of age. We are now making adult pictures which tell it like it is. The days of 'Sound of Music' and 'Gone With the Wind' are over." Truberry continued, "When I took over this studio a year ago, we were losing million a month. I made three movies 'Motorcycle 'Key Club' and 'Molotov Cocktail' and now we're in the black. The studio is booming now. Come on, I'll take you around." We went to Stage 5. As we came on the set, there were a man and woman taking a bath. Truberry whispered to me, "This is one of our big Christmas pictures'. It's Chirstmas Eve, and they've just finished trimming the tree, so they've decided to take a bath together." "Are they I whispered back. Truberry shook his head. "They're broth- er and sister, dummy." "I should have known." Truberry said, "You see the director? He's the hottest thing in Hollywood. He used to make stag movies for fraternity houses; was arrested seven times; did six years in prison. Now he gels half a mil- lion dollars a picture, and we've got him signed for five." Someone yelled, "Quiet on the and we walked over to Stage When we opened the door, a din of rock music almost knocked us off our feet. This time Truberry had to shout, "This one's titled 'Beyond the Valley of Wood- stock.' Everyone's stoned in the movie from the beginning to end." "What's the I shouted back. "There's no story, he shout- ed. "Everyone does his own thing." The smoke from the pot was getting to me, so I went outside to get some fresh air. Truberry followed. "They never knew how to make pictures like this in the old he said. While we were standing there, we heard fire engines and saw a gigantic blaze pouring out of the administration building of the studio. We ran toward it and saw a wild young man screaming into a mega- phone: "Keep those fire trucks out of the way. We're shooting a Truberry ran up to him. "Jerry, what the tell are you "We're shooting the final scene of 'Down With Everything.' It's a helluva blaze, huh "There was nothing in the script about you burning down the administration build- ing." "We're improvising. Man, what a fin- An assistant director ran up. "Jerry, do you want to throw some dummy bodies on the "Are you kidding? There is nothing fake about this movie. Throw in Truberry here." Two grips picked up Truberry and start- ed carrying him toward the fire as he screamed. "Let's get it right on the first Jerry yelled into his megaphone. "We may not find anyone to do it again." (Toronto Telegram iS'cws Service) Militants Threaten Academic Freedom Wf A S H I N GTON The up- surge of student concern for the environment was eager- ly welcomed as a shift to posi- tivism which would ease the strain on hardpressed schools and universities. It is not turn- Ing out that way or at least not noticeably so. Incident fol- lows incident a fata! shoot- ing at the University of Cali- fornia at Santa Barbara, fire- bombings at the University .of Kansas, the stoning of the home of the president of Penn- sylvania State University, aiid on down the list from Stanford to Indiana State. In a somewhat symbolic epi- sodej Sen. Edward Kennedy ap- peared at an "Earth Day" rally and was confronted with de- mands that he speak out in sup- pert of Bobby Scale, (he Black Panther leader whose murder trial was taking place in New Haven, where the university is located. (Sen. Kennedy com- mented only that the violence did not bring change, only re- pression and suffering.) In the opinion of Yale Presi- dent Kingman Brewster, "t h e malaise, the disenchantment with life" is greater now than a year ago among most American students. There was, he said, a sense that no one in govern- ment was moved to "urgent, controversial and that leaders were using the alleged complacency of "middle Ameri- can" to evade challenges. Another factor was that "the dedication to racial equality is pushed back to the inner limits of constitutional necessity. Even this is grudgingly accept-. ed and narrowly Of tlw various issues involved in the university disturbances, none is more central than the accommodation of black mili- tant attitudes and demands. As at Yale, the misadventure.'; of black militants like Mr. Seals impinge on the universities, adding to already great pres- sures. On the one side there is a continuing campaign to make special provision for blacks and other minorities as compensa- tion for inferior opportunity, educational and otherwise. The basic demand is that the uni- versities allow free admission, regardless of qualification, or else establish quotas for hlacks and other minorities. Ranged against this develop- ment are strong opponents, in- cluding Vice-President Spiro Agnew. In another of his con- troversial speeches, he recently decried the "cluttering" of the universities with under quali- fied students as detrimental to academic standards and as "a major cause of campus in- efficiency and unrest." He spe- cifically criticized the Univer- sity of Michigan, which has re- cently accepted demands for a black quota of ten per cent of the student body by 1973. In Mr. Agnew's words, "any attempt to subordinate the great universities of this coun- try to social goals for which they are ill-designed and 111- "I still say the parade goes south on 13th St. to 3rd Ave., west to 5th St. S., south to 4th Ave. S. and then east to the Lethbridge Civic equipped can only result in tra- gic losses to both these institu- tions and the nation." Rejecting. the idea that everyone should have a four-year college educa- tion, he argued for special sub- university colleges to which tho under-qualified would be direct- ed Those with t'he ability of.an under-qualified student in uni- versity meant the displacement of a qualified student, he assert- ed. He spoke of a traditionally black Washington high school which, through lowering of stan- dards, had been "sacrificed by the levellers and the ideologists on the altar of educational legali t a nanism." The aim should be to advance the "nat- ural aristocracy" through the rigorous demands of intellec- tual competition, he said. Proponents of freer black ac- cess to universities were out- raged, but there is a growing recognition that Mr. Agnew's altitude is in harmony with con- servative tendencies among uni- versity teaclu'ng staffs, to say nothing of the public at large. Preliminary results of a re- cently published survey spon- sored by the Carnegie Commis- sion on Higher Education indi- cate a pronounced lack of sym- pathy with student militants and many of their causes, among university staff mem- bers. On the specific issue of preterred treatment for minori- ties, less than half of the individuals questioned felt that mure minority-group members should be admitted to colleges if it meant relaxing normal aca- demic standards. Three quar- ters of the sample disagreed that requirements should be re- laxed in the hiring of faculty members from minority groups. While those questioned were generally more liberal than the population at large, they tended to be opposed to such ideas as student control over faculty appointments and the abolition of grades, though there was a tendency to agree that course work should be more relevant to contemporary life and prob- lems. Over half of the respondents disapproved of student acti- vism in general, and more than 80 per cent held that campus demonstrations by militant stu- dents "are a threat to academic freedom." More than 75 per cent agreed, either strongly or with reservations, that students who disrupt the functioning of a college should be expelled or suspended. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Robert Stephens Putting The Clock Back In Persian Gulf Area T ONDON One of the areas of the world in which the new Conservative Government in Britain will review the pol- icy of its Labor predecessor is the Persian Gulf. At the beginning of 1968 the Labor Government announced that it would withdraw all. Brit- ish forces from the Gulf by the end of 1971. These consist at present of two battalions of troops stationed in Sharjah and on the island of Bahrain, to- gether with a few small war- ships and aircraft based on Bahrain. There is also a Royal Air Force base and staging post on the island of Masira in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Muscat and Oman. These British forces were in- tended to back up British po- 1 i t i c a 1 commitments to the States in the Persian Gulf area which produce a large part of the oil supplies of Britain and Western Europe. Britain's main direct commitments are to Ku- wait, now an independent sov- ereign State and a member of the United Nations and the Arab League, and to the other Brit- ish-- protected oil sheikhdoms of the Gulf. These are Bahrain, Qatar and the seven Trucial Coast States Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm el Quwain, Ras al Khaimah and Fujairah, aU on the Arabian coast of the Gulf. Under its agreement with Bri- tain, Kuwait can call on British military help if it feels threat- ened. With Saudi Arabia, the Letter To The Hazardous Well as most people know those tests with explosives at Suffield aren't very popular. I don't blame those protesters. You'd think that the scientific minds of our country would try to use and test the explosive energy for the good of man- kind, instead of the destruction it does. The blasts leave pollu- tion in the atmosphere. Maybe the pollution isn't considered dangerous or in dangerous amounts. A few years1 ago D.D.T., mercurial wastes, spill- ed treated grain and raw sow- age were rot considered haz- ardous. u. HUMPHREYS haymond. biggest Arab State on the Gulf shore, Britain has no treaty but has friendly relations. With Iran, which controls the opno- site side of the Gulf, Britain is a partner in the multilateral regional alliance of the Cen- tral Treaty Organization (OSN- TO) together with Turkey and Pakistan. The United States is a member of CENTO in every- thing but name. The main pur- pose of CENTO was to defend the "Northern Tier" of the Mid- dle East against Russia and Communist subversion. But in recent years the local CENTO Powers, Iran, Turkey and Pak- istan, have all begun to im- prove their relations with Rus- sia. Iran has even bought sub- stantial quantities of Rus s i a n arms. Iraq, the other Arab State with access to. the Gulf, has a Baathist (left wing Arab na- tionalist) Government which buys arms from Russia and at the same time allows the West- ern, predominantly British, Iraq Petroleum Company to continue its oil operatioas. Iraq once had a claim against Kuwait but has renounced it. But the present Iraqi regime is strongly op- posed to a continued British military presence in the Gulf or to an increased influence in the area for neighboring Iran.. Britain's decision to with- draw her military forces from the Gulf hastened steps to cre- ate a more stable long term political system in the area. The basis of this system was intended to be a general un- derstanding between Saudi Ara- bia and Iran, and the welding together of the nine small hith- erto protected States, Bahrain, Qatar and the seven Tru c i a 1 States, into a federal or con- federal union able to stand on its own feet. Kuwait was con- sidered sufficiently developed and wealthy to continue as an independent Arab State relying for its security on its ability to buy the good will of other Arab States and On the bal- ance of power between them, rather than on British military protection. There have been three main obstacles to this plan. The first was the dispute of Iran with the Arab States and JMtain over the status of Bahrain. The sec- ond was the difficulty of getting the nine smaller States to agree on more than a rough outline of a Union of Arab Emirates. And the third was the uncer- tain situation in the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, where the conservative Sultan was reluc- tant to initiate any moderniza- tion schemes after oil was struck in the' State. Two local rebellions have been smoulder- ing in the Sultanate for years, one in the interior of Oman on the S'audi Arabian border and the other, an extreme left-wing nationalist guerrilla movement, in Dhofar on the borders South Yemen. The first obstacle was remov- ed earlier this year when Iran and Britain settled the Bahrain dispute through the good offices of the United Nations Secretary- General. Iran has now re- nounced her century long claim to Bahrain, and accept- ed that, in accordance with the wishes of most the island should be an independent Arab State free to join up with other States if it chooses. This opens the door to Bahrain's full participation in the Union of Arab Emirates. But the consol- idation 'of this Union, already established in principle, is de- layed by disagreement on such vital matters as the constitu- tion and especially the degree of independence to be enjoyed by each State in such matters as currency, defence and con- trol of the budget. Bahrain is by far the biggest and most ad- vanced of the nine States, with a population of 200.000. but it is not as rich as some of the smaller oil States, such as Abu Dhabi, which with a population claimed to be last year 'Crazy Capers' earned million from oil royalties. Bahrain naturally theref ore wants a stronger central gov- ernment controlling the budget, while Abu Dhabi wants to keep more say in how it spends its money. The British have been encouraging the Union to form a federal mib'tary force which could take over external secur- ity duties from the British for- ces when they '.leave. The fed- eral force, with British officers seconded to serve with it, would be formed from the nucleus of the present British officered Trucial Scouts and the separate personal army of the Ruler of Abu Dhabi, also trained and commanded by a B r i t i s h of- ficer. British officers are also serving on a contract basis with the Sultan of Muscat's Army. v Another problem which was once acute and is now dormant but might be revived is the dis- pute between Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia over ownership of the Buraimi oasis on the bor- der between the two countries and Oman. The arguments of the Con- servatives in Britain for main- taining the British military presence in the Gulf are that the local rulers want the Brit- ish to stay and that if they withdrew they would leave a chaotic situation behind which could be exploited by the Rus- sians and by left wing Arab nationalists hostile to Western oil interests. But in fact the Iranian Gov- ernment has slated bluntly that it wants the British to go. Sim- ilarly, although the ruler of Bahrain and possibly some of the other smaller Arab States might at an earlier stage have liked the British to stay, an at- tempt to put the clock back now would probablybe less wel- come. It would botli expose the rulers to attack from Arab na- tionalists for accepting con- tinued "Imperialist" bases, and also damage the present at- tempts to form a federal union. "This is particularly so since the settlement of the Bahrain dis- pute, because it can no longer be claimed .that the British presence helps to protect Bah- rain from an Iranian take-over. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Soil that has drifted from farmers' fields in a cut be- tween Nobleford and Kipp is be- ing removed by the CPR and used as fill at the Lethbridge viaduct at the east end. About 500 cars have been removed. 18.10 Six more "Kiwanis Mothers" and six kiddies went to the Kiwanis "fresh air" camp at Waterton, with the mothers and children who spent the first week being brought home. of the things Hitler did not mention in his speech to the Reichtag was the fantastic plan to offer Canada to the United States which Foreign Minister Ribbentrop conceived and is having circulated hi Washington. 1950 King Leopold was voted back to his throne by the Belgian government. He has been in exile in Swilzerland since the war. The question split Belgium badly for months, mlh the Socialists bitterly opposed to his. return. mercury in Leth- bridge thermometer's wiggled its way into new territory July 19, an all time high of 102.4. Which gets the quick- est results the cheap- est? The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mai) Registration Number 0012 Member of Thfl Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Publishers' Association and (he Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor IUK) publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS. Gcnertl Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM WAY Managing Editpr Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKBt Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;