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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 20, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1918 THE LETHDniDGE DAILY HERALD PAGE THIRTEEN WHAT A RURAL SCHOOL CAN DO Tho following addrGiia was given recently betoro the United Farm Women of Alberta by B. M. Holmes, on  what a rural scbool can do. Madam President, United Farm Women. I found myself In a peculiar position when, at the reiiuosf of your executive, 1 tried to gather together ray Ideas on 'what a rjiral �chool can do. Be � THE VOCALION WILL; PLAY ALL MAKBS of. RECOROt. THE VOCAL|bN HAS THE QRBATEeT of ALL TONE CONTROL. .'TH|( ORAOUOL^T-WHICH ACTUALLV ALLOWS YOU t6 PLAY RECORDS YOURSELF-EACH NOTE.RWPONOS TO YOUR TOUCH, you may: SHkOC EACH PHRASE AS YOU  CHbOSf'vTHE USEOF THE QRAPUOLA IS OPTIONAL ^ - �, Wo^ liavp leoured the flscluslTe BKsi^lrrforj^'B wonderful, new ntui-Joa^MWtiruiient and we Invite you to '|,*,ccjmi:ii^'bear and pla^ the ri''^iVp^|l|5�iVTfeVon U you hava no thought Basa. PIANOCO. HV'cViC. SALMON, Mantstr Thiillb AVENUE SOUTH fact that the only available driok was nine and raislnii . Icy water, and 1 can safely say that,cream of pea sdup regardless of all laws of health, uot much water was consumed. Wbvi you remember that to get to �otiool In time, a child has to get up wlitla It Is dark, and in a good many �Me�, eat a hurried breakfast, not KSttlac n�arly enough for a growing child, then rush oft to school, this, together w'lth tho cold lunch, makes the situation serious. At least, the teacher of this achool Icmked at It this way, and she decided to change matters. After talking over her plan with your good secretary, Mrs. Barrett, who declared It feaelble, aho went to the school board with the request for a cupboard, a supply of cocoa, sugar, and enough cooking utensils to make cocoa. This school board, when roused to act-Ion, did things properly and built a cupboard that a good,many kitchens would be proud of. They also gave the teacher por-mlsslon to buy the required articles. Prevent Antagoniam. To avoid antagonism In the parents, she proceeded cautiously, buying only a tea kottJe, bowl, dishpan enough white oilcloth to cover the desks, a number of cans of cocoa, and a bag of sugar. Kach child brought a cup, saucer, and spoon and took thoir turn in bringing milk. The girls In grades 5, 6, 7 and 8 were taught to make cocoa, and at rooess each day, one girl using the back desk covered with oil cloth for u table, would prepare enough cocoa to provide a cupful for each pupil present. This, when it had to be boot�to chowder, ealt codfish chowder, rice and raisins, chocolate blanc mange, ai^ple and tapioca pudding and baked apples. There are many other things which can be served at no greater cost. The Soupt. The basis of the soups, such as corn, string bean, and pea .was usually the' same, ^e needed about 5Vi quart* or .twenty-two cups, and ao used 7% tablospoons of butter, one heaping tablespoon of flour, cooked together. To this was added the milk, usually two quarts and enough water to make, with the remaining ingired-ients the required amount of soup. There are two tablespoons of butter in an ounce, and 7% tablespoons are nearly U pound, so with butter at the fBtfi ot 46c per pound, tha' 7^ tablMpoons would cost lOV^c. It 'was found that \i poui^ of fat salt pork woul0 take tbe place of the butter, and make a palatable soup if cut Into small pieces and frie^ a delicate brown. It mltfht also have a trifle of fried onion in it, or water added to the fat and the -'tnlon boiled in the water, ttaeni tbe milk added and 'when scalded the m.'xture Is thickened vrith 6yif tablespoonB of flour that have been diluted with water until creamy, and the whole is boiled, about ten minutes, then the flavoring, perhaps a can of corn. Is added, also ealt and pepper. The soup is reheated, then served. To make �pllt pea soup, the peas were 6aked and boiled some the day previous to serving. The nest day with only a little cooking, it is ready for uie. To show you how the work is ar. ranged, I shall read the receipts used: Cod Fish Chowdsr. One pound salt cod fisb soaked until soft enough to- break Into Wts, usually over night; 10 cups of potatoes cut Into ?4 Inch cubes; 2 large onions; V* pound salt piork; ^ -tea spoon of pepper; a quart* of milk. yrhen tho rncelpt was first used, the work was done by the girls under tbe teacher's supervision. Afterwards, one girl would take charge and direct her hi^lpers. The oil oloth was placed on the desks, the required ingredients were takep from the cupboard, {he oil' stoye lighted, and the work begun. Twoiglrla would get the potatges ready, pne the onions, another the pork; than the pork would b� fried and the remaining i^igred-lents added, and the work would be doneJvat �8 m^tbodioslly as in your kltchon; because each Jiwt knew Mibit she ,li�>J. to do apd (flli}, it. Any attention the 6howder required while �ook-lUK fra^.givQU it by t,bo glrlht charge tor that day. At noon the cups were tlll�d and two boys carried them to, the deiska. Ttie'cost was: Codfish 17Wc, pork 7Hc, a fotal of 25c, or 1 3-220 per pupil. This price Is j;lie actual amount it l^.necewary to nliy. The vegetables caii all be raised lij the school garden and the nillk brought from home, I have maije,' � list of tli* cost per .pupil of the other dishes inentlwad. I They are as IqIIows: BpHt-pea 8QUP gj^gjq 9Mn^ bfan goup ..Qi 5.53, 8-llc ...01 fi-22c cup (sugar e.22c l-2c l-2c l-3c l-3c 14c maybe several would ho willing to teach the girls, and rtomostlc science may be correlated wllli school lunches. I have proven to my satisfaction that there is auiplo tlmn for hucIi things without noglcrtini; any of the subjects, and, beat of .all, you lose Ihe old grind which was alwaye ao notlce-ablo. Sewing Classes. I might tell you how wo started sewing. All tho larger girls were put In ana class regardless of grades. Then we made a work \mg. pin cushion and needle case, in making the work bag, all the common stitches were used-uneven and even basting, running stitch, combination halt back, back stitch and overcasting. For trimming wo used feather, chain, or Cocoa-Less thah two cups to a supply.) Corn soup.................01 Cream of tomato ........01 Tomato soup ..............01 Vegetable soup ........... Cream of cabbage .......... Baked apples.............. Apple and tapioca ..........01 The apples baked wore brought by the pupils, wiped and cored and the cavities filled with Hugar and cinnamon taken from tho scliool cupboard. The VsgetsblBs. To go back to the vegetablea; tho school of which I havfj hcon speaking to planning to raise enough vfigetables next year to supply ihom the following winter for their lunches, and this �is where the women of tho district can give great assistance. Tho pupils and teacher can start tho garden and care for it until vntatlon when tho pupils can care for it. themselves. It is during vacation that pnas and beans 'arc ready to can, and some energetic woman can render twofold service by having the -glrle at lior home anil leaching them how 10 can these vegetables. Then they aro. to be stored away, maybe in a nearby cellar and carried to school as ihny are needed. Some peas and beans could be allowed to ripen, picked and packed away by the children after school opens. Then, In a short time, tho corn Is ready, and It can bo canned, too, and after that the roots are ready to be dug, and It there is not some one near the school who would be willing to loan a comer of hl.s cellar for them, why couldn't prgvlslon be made for storing them at tho echool house? There Is much more to bo gained by the use of a plan �nch as I have outlined than you � would imagine. A school garden has a definite aim; seeds are planted* and the plants are taken care of with moro enthusiasm on the part of the pupils. Everything raised Is saved to bo wseA during the winter, thereby leseenlng the amount of canned goods consumed, and there we have an excoJIeiit le.sson in thrift. Then, there Is tho preparing of the food; domestic science it you like, and lastly, tho good hot nourishing cup of BOUp, And tllHt cup of BOUP works wonders; an orderly noon hour and an afternoon following in which the pupils can learn with greater ease are only two of the effects. The greatest commendation I can give for the hot lunch is that the par ents of the children attending this school not only have made no com plaint but are vqry enthusiastic, and would willingly pay more than the present cost if it were necessary In order to continue along the same line. The teacher who handles the lunch problem in this or a Bimllar manner will have a splendid opportunity to teach teble manners and the correct -way of laying .jq'i table, thus supplementing the hofae training. It you decldb that your districts need, a hot lunch, there .are many things you could do to help. Your teacher may not:have done any work along this Ilfao,' and may be afraid to venture or she may be young and Inexperienced. In a-ny case, I am sure she will be very thankful it she knows you are willing to assist her. If this Is new in your school, it might be best to get together some 'Information. The pepprtment of Extenaion of the uni-sersity has a few' pamphlets which they lend and tile Manitoba Agricultural College issues one also. I understand a teacher of the Camrose Normal is preparing a book on the subject. If the men and women of the district will study the question, they, and not the teacher, may ask the Bcliool board to make the required pur-chasBs. In this way your school will soon be doing this vital work. Interior of-Schools. The work will not confine Itself to the school lunches. There will be many changes. May I speak of them? Will you picture to yourselves tho Interior of your school room? Are the walls dark and dirty? Are there pictures on the -walla? Is the floor dusty and dirty? Are your wlndowe Uirtyahd bare with no white curtains before them? Does your stove heat all the room? Is there a poor �\vater supply? Atid tn what condition are the outbuildings? If the interior la unattractive and "untidy, how can you,expect the children to care to go to school? And once there, how can you expect them to' care to study? But. men.are not like women tor noticing these things, and since women are eligible for trustees why not see that one woman in your district Is a trustee, so that these details may be looked after and righted? The Waterbury heater has proved '80 much bettor than our ordinary, stove, why not have It, if a furnace is ImpoBslble? When your, wiijdows bara to bo opened In cold weatber, put under them a screen made much like the ones In summer, substituting cotton for acreenlng. That admits fresh air but no draft. Good. pictures can be secured from any supply house at small cost and passe partouted or simply mounted on heavy cardboard. Copies of great paintings can be obtained from such magaalnes as the Ladies' Home Journal and framed at small coat. Your, teacher may not be able to do all this, why not take �ome of it upon youreelves? It may bo only a picture, a vase', a duster, but every little helps and encourages. Have a talk with your teaolier once In a while and ascertain >yhat is needed, and then help to get It. Scores of teachers do not do things they know should be done, because they dislike to bo forever asking the board for things, ain4 many boards are averse to supplying anything but the things the Departme^nt of Bdiica tlon compels them tp. The work of a rural school Is, to a certain extent, to prepare the pupils for high school, but what shult we ao for those who cannot (ittond the higher schools Beajd^ the thr.ee r's, they need quantities ol hand ' work, thlugs that teach.thonv to orpate other thlniits. Tbe nirAl �dhool ^lould fit them for farm UCe,,Tiio girls .should bo taught to decorate a house attractively, waHe tlieli: qw?S .clothes, and 000k. Color anver>-body i-ss busy oeed- difflcult. (rradca 5 and fi will make a'------- � �------�-" � work apron and cap. Gradcfl � and 7 will use a paper pattern for making a corset cover and perhaps a shirt wniBt. The work can be cut out and basted nt school, taken homo and sewed on the machine, provided the mothers will teach tho use of the machine. It can bo brought back to school and the button holes made and buttons sewed on. Tho girls did somo Rod Cross Avork under the supervision of the teacher, and before Mrs. liarrett came to Calgary, she organized a Girls' Red Cross which will continue the work. For the boys, pictures of flower holders, trays, disk waste paper has-ketfl, etc., were cut from magazines and working drawings made from them, then, with wood from cigar boxes, given by some of tho mer- ing 80 I could not lilft�me them, bi4t 1 did want that work 'done. I remember, too, cutting two large poles and draggling them to the school to put baalfetB on for playing basket ball. One man did take pity on me finally and got two good poles and peeled them. They laid on the ground two weeks, and to get them up I had to start at It myseK. We have two organized gomes; baseball and bastoot ball. The basket ball was loaned and later given us. The baseball oulfflt was donated partly by the boys and partly by money earned by the school. Ta the spring, the school board is putting up a flag pole and the nemalnder of our school fair money goes to purchase a flag. There is one thing thaA. I should Ilka to mention, and that It, magazines. To my mind, each scblool should sub- chants, and with jacknives, aandpa-Jsoribo for.two, ono iWlilch deals with per and gimlets for tools, they made school life, one on current events. Men's, Women's and Boys' Clothes at Cost During Fair Week We purchased so heavily that we must unloaci our big stock of WOMEN'S "QUEEN QUALIH" MEN'S SUITS and SUITS, COATS AND DRESSES BOYS'SUITS For the convenience of out-of-town shoppers we have arranged to offer the Entire Stock at Cost Fair Week The Goods Are Right. We invite you .to see them F. THAELL, MM A wmm  � A M THE ^ TAILOR 608 Third Avenue South COMMENCING SATURDAY MORNING, AND CONTINUING THROUGH FAIR WEEK WE WILL OFFER ALL OUR SUMMER FOOTWEAR AT REDUCED PRICES. SOME EXTRAORDINARY VALUit IN THESE. Women's.,Punip� and Ox(ordt, all re-mainbg tines, values $5.00 and up, ' at......... ........$3*85 Basketful ChildrtfiySnvs., $1.95 Women's Pumps and Oxfords. Special lotat ....... $2.95 Women's Grey Champagne ' Canvas Lace Boots, 8 inch liop ... ^�$|.|5 NELSON if Comer ^rd Ay^.jqd 7th St. S. ;