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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 20, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta Southern Alberta's Big Amalgamated Stampede and Fair, Lethbridge, July 22nd to 27th .VOLUME -XI. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTAv r SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1918 GERMANS RETREAT AC NUMBER 186 MAY FORCE HUNS TO EVACUATE SALIENT-BAHLE EXTENDS jAll the Survivors of Cruiser Are Landed^Discipline WasGoda LITTLE DOUBT THAT WARSHIP WAS SUNK BY A GERMAN SUB Forty-eight members of the crew of the United States cruiser San Diego sunk yesterday off Fire Island, are still unaccounted for, after checking of reports of res-suing steamers made to navy offi-. dais here today. The cruiser had 1255 men on" board, according to the figures at hand. Of this number 1176 were landld here, by three rescue ships, and S1 in boats on Fire Island beach. New York, ,*July 20.-Positive infor-. ination as to the cause of the slnlclng 4>t the Unltecl States armored cruiser fiiin Diego oft I'ire Island yesterday reported sunk by a submarine, well s to the lOss o� lite, it any, was lacking here early today. Thirty-one sailors who ^vero landed t Point O'Woods on Long Island yesterday said that a, torpedo had struck .the warship amidships following which two other explosions occurred. Other survivors, among three hundred �who'arrived at this port on a tanker last night wore reported to have sdid that either a coast defense mine or n internal explosion caused the explosion. Other steamships with sur-�vlvors aboard were expected to arrive nt Now York ov other nearby ports during the day. Sure They Saw a Sub Some of the survivors who were landed at Point O'Woods were sure that a submarine^ had been .seen and one declared that a shot /had gone home and destroyed the undersea craft, but an oflicer and moat of the others were confident that no submarine hadj been seen. Varying statements have baon made as to the loss ot life. Some of the sailors said that many were kiUc^d ^and others report two explosions, but thai all who escap-' ed d^ath or injuries by this cause had been ^rescuad. Within a few seconds after the first explosion, the cruiser, according ' to the sailors, opened lire with several guns at objects which were taken for periscopes. JThe cruiser sank rapidly and disappeared fl^ftoen minutes after the .first explosion. It wont down so rapidly, accord lug to survivors, that hundreds ot the crew did not have time to gat to boatg^ and were forcet} to plunge ovsr the railing into the water, where they clung to improvised raits. Discipline Good All agreed that the discipline was magnificent. The quartermaster, ac-,cording to survivors, remained at his post until it was too late to save hlm-aelt or be saved and calmly saluted hundred! ot bis comrades as he went down with the ship. A Jackie climbed the mast and rescued the cruiser's colors. The flag, carefully preserved, was brought ashore in one of the small boats to Point O'Woods. Immodlato-ly after the accident great naval activity was observed, which seemed to strengthen the report that the San Diego had been the victim of an attack by a U-boat. Destroyers, patrol boats and airplanes were reported to be taking part In what seemed to be a search for under sea craft. Sounds of heavy firing at sea were heard by \k residents at various points on bong ' Island last night. ^, , Reports were in clroulailon that pther ships bad been .attacked, biit there has boon no coriflrmotlon of ihese rumors. .v Official Belief AVashington,.' July 20.-Bellol that the prjilser San Dlpgo was sunk.by a tprpedo'lB expressed in a dispatch today from the chief ot start of cruiser fgrces to the Navy, department. Augitrians Flee Country To Escape Starvation London, July 20.-(Special Cable to the Toronto Mall and Empire.)-The food situntion In Austria-Hungary is now desperate, according to a Zurich dispatch to the Dally Chronicle. The population of Vienna Is literally dying of starvation. Bread is selling at $1 a pound and other foodsttsffs in the same proportion. Peqpie are fleeing to Switserland to escape the terrible conditions. Austrian and German papers declare that even if the German govsMlment gives aid It will not be sufficient to tide over the acute crisis. Since July 15 the fo^ depots have been completely empty. It is not proposed to supply the people from the new harvest for this will be very late. The newspaper Zeit reports that In Hungary many towns arid vill-ages are completely without'b'read or flour, as all their food reserves were g'ven to ameliorate tlie disastrous situation In Austrfl, especially Vienna. TWO TORPEDOES N6 Panic Among Women and Children-AH Rescued By Britisli Warship London, July 20.-George Fowler, who was returning to Canada on the torpedoed Cunard Liner Carpathla, informed the Dally Sketch that he and other passepgers on the decU.>! of the vessel saw a submarine a quarter ot a mile away on the port bow and that Immediately afterward a terrific explosion shook the whole ship. Then a second torpedo struck. There was no panic on the Carpathla, he said, and the wonien, children and men showed no signs of fear. They had been carefully drilled and prepared for possible torpedoing. All knew what to do and where to go.'The boats were launch^ ed without excitement. All went calmly to their placoa..as.-if starting ofa a pleasure trip. The boats; gdt'away wlthlii five minutes after the first tor-ped5> struck. After' the boats were lowered two more torpedoes struck the ship and cut it In half. A British warship rescued the sur-viv(3rs. Fowler said that, while he and others were deqpondlng the ladder to enter a boat the lashings of the ladder broke and all felllnto the water. Life belts kept them iilloat until they were picked up half an-hour later. FORCES CLAIM TO HAVE WON BAHIE London, July 20.-General Semenoff the antl-Bolshevlkl leader In Eastern Siberia, says a Tien Tsin djspatch to the Dally Mail, dated Thursday, has inflicted a sharp blow with heavy losses in men, stores and ammunition. The correspondent does not specify his opponents nor the date and place of the action. LUDENDORFP GETS HINDY'S TITLE NOW Paris, July 20. -(Havas Agency)-General Ludendorff, who, up to July 17, had borne the title of quartermaster general of the German army, haa received In a German bfficial statement, the title of chief, of the general staff, according to the Matin. The newspaper points out that this title belongs to Field Marshal Von Hindenburg and wondars what has become of him. tHE WEATHER High ........................ 91 Low..................... 52 Forseast-Unsettled with local thunder storms, cooler. " BALL LEAGUES ARL , READYTOCLOSE Cleveland American Will Play Last Games on Sunday-^ Others May Follow Suit CHOICES ARE OPEN TO TH NOW Germans Have Only Two Alternatives as Result of Allied Drive Chicago, July 20.-"We are in wire communication with the club owners who have been asked to makfr-known their views as to what action shall be taken," said President Ban Johnson of the American League today, relative to Secretary Baker's ruling that players ot n;illtary age must obtain productive employment. Until these riews have been digested carefully, no move will be made. It Is possible a statement will be Issued before night. Cleveland Closes. Cleveland, July 20.-President James C. Dunn, ot the Cleveland American League today sent the following message from Cleveland to Chicago: "We will play a double header with Philadelphia tomorrow and will then close the ball park for the balance ot the season, it is our desire to comply promptly with Secretary Baker's ruling on baseball." Galaxy of Crack Riders and Ropers of Continent Gathered For Stampede Monday laiopantng day of tha| big fair, when xhiblts wll| be put In place. On Tuasday at 1 o'clock the fair and stampede will officially open, with Hen. -Duncan Marshall and Chas. M. Russell, the cowboy artlat ^olng the honors. Tha gates will be opened'early.on Tuesday forenoon for tha ataady stream of visitors who (will crowd , tha grounds untir ti�h o'clock Saturday night. Judaingitarts Tuesday at one o'clock. Folldwing are the names of the daya:. Monday-Opening Day. , Tuesday-Farmers' Day and Official Opening. Wednesday-Pioneer and Sister Cities bay. Thursday-Citliena' Day. Friday-Travellers' and. Rotary Day. Saturday - Katherlne Stinson Day. It Isn't going to be neoeftsary to draw on the- Imagination in describing the big stampede^ In connection with the amalgamatdd (air next week ,a3, a "thriller." All one hasUo do is to glance over the list ot performers. Nothing euportluous.in the.way' of language will bo calleilior.. ForMrom Las Vegas ,to EJ,dmontou, and from Cheyenne to Pendleton the boys who can ride th^.buoklnB, roaring bronks any way you wwt to call tho turn, as Katherihk 'tjffil as the trains can carry them. Some are al ready on the Job, but most of .them are still to arrive. Drawn by the lair treatment^ accorded them last year by Ray KnlgUt and the Raymond-Mag rath committee the boys are cohiing In hordes and the cream of the rough riders ot the, west will be on �deck when Chas. M. Russell, the" cowboy artist, cracks the pistol that will turn loose the first milstang next Tuesday afternoon shortly after one o'clock. Here is the list ot performers, about 50 of them, and there will be more still when the first wild "whoopee" is heard: Jim Ross.Vnnlsfall, Alta. George Pyno, Elraso. Calgary Red, Calgary. Chester Byprs, MulUall, Okla. Mike HasUngB, Cheyenne, Wyo.: , Sam J. Qarrett, Cheyenne,; Wyo.' Art Barton,' Safeo Creek, Sask. Tex McLeod, Ganzoloa, Texas. ' N. St. Denis, Maple Creek, Sask, Vankoe Quesnell, Maple Crftek, Sask. _a '�' B. R, Fltger, Bmpross, Alta. Sol Bonian, Empress, ^Ita. R. M. Hutphlnson, Medicine Hat,'' Alta. Fred Cox, Edgemont, S.D, Dave White, Loe Angeles, Cal, Jim Mitchell, Medicine Hat,, Alia.' Charlie Powell, Browning, Mont; MUST STOP ALLIES OR RETIRE TO NEW L1NEJ^0ND.MARNE Washington, July 20.-Two choices in the opinion ot military obesrvers here today are open to the high German command as the result of tho Franco-American counter stroke between the Aistio and the Marno, and decision must bo made within thirty-six hours. Either, the advance of tho allied troops must be halted, it was said, or the G.ormans must evacuate the salient they hold south of the Marne and possibly the entire territory/occupied at the time of the offensive on the Chomln-rtes-Dames front last May. ' The Germans, it was believed must stop the counter stroke before Sunday night or fall back. 'All reports .indicate that despite sttengtli-enlng resistance due nO doubt to fresh reserver being thrown Into the battle, tho French and American forces are gaining steady progress. The war department iMis-rectilved no confirmation of tho A'lftported capture ot Solssohs but there wa^ a distinct feeling that the city was in allied hands. What Will Gei'mans Do London, July 20.-What the Gor-�mtftlB-are going to do on the battle-front from Rheims to the Marno to the Aisne is the question which occupies most of the military and editorial commentators in the morning newspapers. While it Is conceded that General Foch's brilliant counter-stroke has deprived tho Gcrmar.3 of the Initiative in the Rheims sector and caused them serious damage it Is universally as� sumcd that tho positions In that area can 'bo stabilized without much further severe flghting. Warning Is given to remember liow the British surprise advance at Cam-brai was afterward countered by tha Germans. On the other hand the view that tho �enemy cannot do much more between the Alsno and on the Marne has its supporters, and these look for the Withdrawal of the Geraans from south of. the Marne to reorganize their lino. A third speculation refers to the probability of the enemy striking a fresh violent blow in some other direction in which case It is assumed generally the attack will fall on the British armies."" Still Have Great Power It is recognized that everywhere the Germans have the powor to concentrate strength for a thrust that will tjix.the allied defense to the utmost. NOtv?lthstahding their losses the Germans are believed to have at their disposal at least forty divisions and unless,or until they are beaten the situattpn for the allies must, it Is contended, bu one of suspense and anxiety affording no ground for over-elation or excessive confidence. TWOZEPPSARE EIJINRAID British Raid Air Slieds in Germany and Do Much Damage Copenhagen, July 20.-German airship sheds at Tondern in Schleswlg-Holsteln were bombed recently by three BrJtisl^ airmen and two Zeppelins wore destroyed, according to an eye-witness account of the raid prlAt-ed In the newspaper Stlftg.. Tldende of Ribe, Denmark* Tha four hits obtained by the airmen started a Are yhlch listed half an hour, durUng which: the zeppellns were burned, Britikh Statement Amsterdam, July 20. -Heterring to the \BrUlph raid on the Tondern air shedli; a Pritlsh olflclal statement ua-: derjpi;id�y's date says: "Ouiy some material damage was done.': by. this morniug's aerial attack upon alrshiu ealabliehmeiittt in Ton- Tag Days At Stampede ? The French, Serbian. .Monte- hold during stampede week. > ? Could there be three more wor- ? ? thy causes? Bleoiling France, enslaved Serbia and .Montene- : ? gro, all crushed under tho heel ? : of the German beast, -.vhere Is ? ? tho human heart that refuses : ? to respond to this appeal? source of revenue tho I.O.D.E. > ? has for theco worthy, causes. > > Do not fail to meet their tag- > > gers next week with a generous : ? response. For soldiers' com- ? > forts the need Is especially mldat ot your enjoyment next : : week, bear a thought for those : ? who suffer for your comfort ? ? and happiness.  ? ? "> CZAR IS AGAIN REPORTED SHOT Govt. Russia Says it Has Important Documents of Czar to - ' Reveal London, July 20.--Former Emperor Nicholas of Russia, has been shot, a Russian wireless statement announces today. The former emperor's oprres-ponde.noe, including letters "from the monk,' Rasputin, who was killed shortly before the revolution, written to the then emperor and his family, will be published in the near future, the wireless message declares. The empress and young Alexis Ronianoff, former heir ^apparent, have been sent to a place of security. ' Vi - The central^ executive body of the Bolsheviki. government announces that It has at its disposal important material documents concerning the former emperor's affairs, including his own diaries. The message announces that a counter revolutionary controversy was unearthed with the object of wresting the former emperor from the authority of the Soviet council. In view of this fact, the president of the Ural regional council decided to execute . the former emperor and the decision was carried oiit on July 16. RCES EXTEND OF BAITLE AGAINS 7,000 PRISONERS Over 360 Guns Captured-Advance is Being Continued-Germans Are Now Concentrating Reserves to Number of' 100,000-New Line Has Been Established-British Advance Lines on a Mile Front to Considerable Depth.; TWO HUNDRED THOUSAND AMERICANS ARE FIGHTING WITH THE FRENCH FORCES NOW; CONTINUE-DRIVE AS LONG AS HUNS RETREATl On the French Frfffit in France, July 20.-(By the Associated Press.)-The Germans have been repulsed and are crossing the Marne to.the northward. The French have bitten - off several square miles of derman territory In the vicinity of the River Ourcq about midway between Chateau-; Thierry and Solssons and this afternoon were reported to be holding Hont Chezillon. The present French line In this district is thus seven miles in front of that held before the offensive began. Paris, July 19.-The Franco-American offensive between the Alsne and the -Marne has yielded thus far 17,000 prisoners and moro than 360r guns captured by the allies, accordina to the war office announcement' tonight. , . ~ CONTINUE ADVANCE � Paris,, July .20.-French and American troops are continuing their advance between the Alsne ahd the Marne, according to the French official statement today. South of the. Marns, the 'r^shCh have thrown back the enemy between Fossoy and Ocullly and have retaken ground toward tho Marne. ' . ,. : , BRING UP RESERVES Paris, July 20.-The Germans have been forced to bring up 100,000 reserves to the army-of the German crown prince as a result of yesterday's fighting and the French and Americans, after fluctuations, have been enabled to strongly fortify tho newly-gained ground southwest of Solssons, says Marcel Hutln in .the Echo de Paris. REACH NEW LINE ,^ Paris, July 20,-The allied advance has reached the line of Vierzy, beyond the wood of Mauioy, east of Vlilers-Helon and'Neullly-St, Front. WILL CONTINUE OFFENSIVE Washington, July 20.-Six of General Pershing's divisions or about two hundred thousand American troops arc fighting with the French In the present offensive in the Aisne-Marne district. General March, chief of staff, today advised members of the Senate military committee at their wee1i such streni^theniog of the oppbal-tlon as to indicate that >he battle is approaching tho point wh�h the. armies soon will'be looked In , V giant struggle. x DRIVING THEM BACK. With the Prenoh Army. In France, July 20.-11 � a,m.-(By Associated Press.)-T'Cntente allied troops ar'e today driving baqk the Germans on the .southern bank of the Marne River and are. now approaching the: rlvtr tm-liankment, V ..... X ^ German Report � Amsterdam, July 20.-A Beml^)fflc-ial telegram received here from Berlin while admitting "that, the enemy succeeded in penetrating into and pressing back our lines at some points," avoids particulars of the allied success. The telisgram calls the ,i.Oraiioo-American offensive "a relief offenslvo brought about by the German offensive on both' sides of Rheims," .and adds: "The attack was carried out by very stTon& and deeply echeloned forces, suppsfted by low flying airplanes and numerous tank squadrons. Before � some sectors between the Aisne' and northwest of Chateau:Thlerry about eighty tanks were counted in the first attack." � ' Lieut. General Baron Von Ardenne, commenting in the Tageblatt' on "the German offensive, says: "We certainly are only at the� beginning of probably the greatest battle in the entire history of the world. Most severe flghting still lies ahead. It would be presumptuous and in bad taste to talk already about the tieVh destruction of enemy flghting fordaa." ES PUBLIC HOLIOi Mayor Pitcher of Cardston, hat patriotically faken the lead antf has inroclalmed July 24, Wedna� day nf|t, a public holiday, In o'^ der that there m'a^ be no difficulty \ In the-way of a fUll attsndanca v front that town at the amalgamate ed fair:,and atampede at Lath* . br.l.dQe* on that day Whieh hi;a ^ been designated aa Rlanacr day ' by the fair management, In 4(onor of the south towns, - Raymon4i. Magrath, Cardaton and �tlrllni.:; The mayor In hia preelamatton i' outllnea thia and oalla. on eltli> ^ ens of Cardaton \to .do honor ^IH'v rsturn by obaorving tho holljl^'^ It' 1169 ;