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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 19, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD July Cyprus certainties A composed Trudeau changes approach Among all the uncertainties clouding the picture of Cyprus following the military coup earlier this two things seem quite certain. The first is that Tass news agency is wrong in asserting that the take-over is designed to turn Cyprus into a base for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The se- cond is. that the statement of a spokesman for the new regime in that the coup is an internal af- is absurd. Cyprus is strategically situated in the troubled Middle East and thus would ob- viously be a desirable place for a NATO base or a Soviet for that matter. But which seems to have had some part in engineering the has further antagonized also with an interest in and both are members of NATO. Under these circum- stances the coup is decidedly detrimen- tal to NATO. It would not be any advantage to NATO to be offered a base on should the suspected tie-in of the new regime with Greece prove real. NATO cannot side with Greece without providing Turkey with an excuse to invite the Soviet Union into the picture. Obviously developments in Cyprus can- not be conceived to be simply an internal affair. They could set the whole if not the All the diplomatic effort of U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger in gaining a peace momentum in the Middle East has been placed in jeopardy. Few things happen in this interrelated world today that do not have reper- cussions elsewhere. The coup in Cyprus does not belong to the it has sent shock waves everywhere. Pollution regulations The federal government's announced intentions to enact tough regulations covering lead emissions from secondary smelters brings up two points. The first and more apparent one is that regulations are only as good as their en- forcement. Under the Federal Clean Air Act provinces are charged with enforcing federal although Ottawa has a backup authority in case a province is dragging its feet. This latter provision may come in handy in where the department of the environment sometimes seems long on talk and short on decisive action. More often than not when it sets a it is not a deadline for com- pliance with a regulation or pollution standard but a deadline by which time the offending industry must come up with a or a or some indication that it is at least giving the problem some thought. This inability to administer authoritatively and in the general interest can undermine the toughest of regulations. This is not an en- couraging prospect for a province hell- bent on becoming industrialized. The second and more important point is that costs of pollution damage inflicted on a region by an although they are sometimes difficult to calculate and vary with the type of are as much a production cost as the price an industry pays for its raw material and the cost of its labor force. the costs of environmental damage are usually borne by usually unwit- and are seldom assessed as a production cost. Long-term and subtle damages to health from industrial emissions are among the hidden costs of doing business. Even the extra work im- posed on a household combatting coal dust as a regular chore is a hidden cost of the coal industry. When the time comes that it is general- ly recognized and accepted by taxpayers and consumers that any opera- tion which lowers environmental quality should be assessed the cost of that then the cost of the finish- ed product will reflect its real value. And public servants will find it easier to en- force pollution regulations. Understandable decision Turkey's recent decision to lift the ban on the growing of lamentable as it may be from the point of view of trying to curb the growth of narcotics is understandable. It is a political and economic move by a government that does not feel bound by the agreement with the United States reached by a previous government. In 1971 the U.S. agreed to pay million in compensation over three years for the promised ban on the growing of poppies. Only half of this amount has been paid to the Turkish government and it is probable that not all of it has filtered down to the farmers. The impoverished farmers have been unhappy about the ban because no crop they have sub- stituted has brought them the cash return they used to receive from growing poppies. This is so even when selling on the legitimate market. Caving in to the cries of the farmers has been made easier because of the pressures from the pharmaceutical in- dustry which has experienced a shortage of opium for medicinal purposes. Watching India and countries in Southeast Asia step into the market has not made Turkish officials happy. The clincher could have been the fact that even the U.S. government toyed earlier this year with the idea of growing 400 acres of poppies in Arizona and Washington. An early move in Washington to cut off aid to Turkey was not unexpected. But Turkey is important as a cornerstone in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the United States cannot afford to weaken the defensive position it provides so retaliatory moves are likely to be abortive. ERIC NICOL Men are losing ground We're losing men. You've probably suspected it for some time. The old gut feeling that we're a loser. the stats are in. The World Health Organization reports that the average life span for U.S. males is down from 66.7 years to 66.6 years in the 1958-1968 period surveyed. Life expectancy for U.S. on the other has gone up from 73.0 years to 74.1 years. Check those figures guys. Old Dad can look forward to lasting one-tenth of a year less than in 1957.. That's over a month. Gone. Wave bye-bye. gets to live an extra l.l years. This on top of the seven year bulge she already had on a bonus for being the same sex as HMS Indestructible. Those figures are for the period 1958-68. Before women's lib had really moved up the big guns and shot holes in our peace of mind. God only knows what is the current life ex- pectancy for men. It could be down to and nobody the wiser. The significant thing is after hundreds of years of stretching out the average life and with a lot of silly asses babbling on about our soon living to men have begun the inexorable slide back to being nipped in the bud. Mark my by the end of this century a man will be old at while female centenarians will be bounding lively as as they bury their fourth husband. The fatal infectious diseases associated with smoking and sulk- ing are gnawing away the old life span like great grey rats. It will not have escaped your that the shrinking longevity of males has manifested itself in the United States that western matriarchy. In less developed countries the life expectancy for men is still going up in for and Colum- and Venezuela. Those South Americans know what they're doing when they put a big basket on a woman's head and keep pouring coffee beans into it till she has enough on her mind. The stats for Canadian men and women are not given in the news story on which this wake is based. The World Health Organiza- tion may have suppressed the figures to avoid starting a panic. Much plainer to our rapidly failing vision is the fact that a man's best if not only chance of living to a biblical old age is to be a member of a Stone Age tribe that has yet to be discovered by civilization. Next move to Victoria. The point the longer we males of the species hang around progress in- sterilized progress the sooner we're fitted for the pine poncho. Threescore years and ten we were promised. Wha We're down to 66.6 and counting. Stand for mission aborted. By Richard Toronto Star commentator One for signs of the old arrogance. At Tuesday's press conference Trudeau was back before the reporters who so often had criticized but back this time with a majority and with his personal power almost to the flood-tide of 1968. Instead of two qualities showed themselves. The first was a sense of com- a reflection that Trudeau knew he had won not just more seats in Parliament but also some time and space. The second was Trudeau's plain determination not to repeat the blunder he made in'68 when he ceased to be a politician the moment the election was ended. The composure showed when asked why the prairies had voted against took the blame on himself. I didn't try hard enough in the The entire quite had an air of ex- traordinary casualness. Margaret a blythe spirit with a bandana around her hair and an anklelength summer sat in the back row. On the way out a re- porter asked Trudeau when he would be taking holidays. no he said be workng too Margaret swung around grin- weeks at the end of she said. Trudeau himself signalled the switch from '68. He would hold meetings next he of the caucus of Liberal MPs and of the so-called political cabinet civil ser-. on the other they may NOT want to congratulate you on your Saskatchewan triumph Cyprus history full of civil strife By Patrick London Observer commentator The island of Cyprus has been living in a permanent state of crisis for 20 years. It is a place that has been bless- ed by nature and cursed by history. Its achievement of sovereignty in 1960 as a in- dependent republic did not lift the curse and the recent coup is a culmination of 14 years of divisions and civil strife. Cyprus has always been a victim and a prize. The blood line of most of the nations of the nations of the Middle East is represented here. It has been ruled by Vene- tians from Muslim Turks. The Turks ceded it to Bri- tain in 1878 as an inducement to join in an alliance against Russia. Queen Victoria's Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli wanted it as a sort of vast guardship for the new Suez Canal and the route to In- dia. He paid rent for it and of LETTER course the Cypriots were not consulted. When Turkey allied itself with Germany in the First World War Britain simp- ly annexed the island. But despite their history the Cypriots are not a docile people. There were moves for independence between the wars and in the 1930s they burned down the residence of the British governor. Real rebellion started in 1954. The Cypriots proved to have a genius for clandestine war and after many of the inno- cent and the involved had been killed by gun bomb and the British had to leave. So far this is the con- ventional story of almost any British exit under pressure from almost any colony. But .the Cypriot whose figurehead and talisman was Archbishop was pledged to take Cyprus into full union with Greece. In with this union was indefinitely post- poned. And this postponement was approved overwhelming- ly in 1968 when Makarios was re-elected president. Harsh facts compelled this apparent betrayal of the revolution. Of the population of 18 per cent are Muslim Turks and the rest are Orthodox Greeks. Though to a stranger they look exactly alike and there is also a sprinkling of isolated intellec- ex-soldiers and civil servants almost all of them unbelievably British between the Greeks and the Turks there exists the oldest continuous enmity left in the world. The hatred and the distrust still nourished by the old rivalry between the Cross and the Crescent. It is not safe for the two countries to play football against each other. In the Middle Ages the Turks invaded and captured the ancient Advantages to ammonia plant Much has been said recently about the disadvantages of Alberta Ammonia es- tablishing a plant near but little has been expressed positively. As a citi- zen of Raymond I am strongly in favor of such an industry in our town We are just guessing about the negative such as depletion of natural increased over-population of the town etc. No government level has issued official information I understand there is an am- monia plant in Calgary. Has anyone done any pollution studies on this In light of the government's expressed policy of attempting to decentralize in- have there been studies made of the impact of industries of this nature on small If no serious studies have been made by the governmental agencies then I suggest we are all in the dark and may have to temporarily accept the facts and figures produced by Alberta Am- monia. No company is going to attempt a world-size pro- ject without having made some thorough studies in these areas. If the natural resources can be reasonably allocated and exported then I emphatically monia to establish their plant. Problems of a local nature may but again NO ONE can predict any sort of pattern socially. the es- tablishment of industry can be only good. Edmonton and other cities would still be if they did not have an industrial tax base to prov'ide necessary im- provements. The town of Raymond's present operating budget is approximately just meeting ex- penses and making very limited and modest im- provements under this budget an increase this year of 10 mills in We have two major problems which townsfolk constantly roads and water pressure. With our pre- sent tax base we will never be abie to make improvements without going excessively into debt A plant the size of Alberta Ammonia at the very double our tax and could conceivably quadruple it. There would be no expense to the town for plant but the increase in estimators would dou- ble the would necessitate maybe doubling our services. New home owners would tax base but we can reach a without where property taxes would not cover the necessary im- provements We could have properly paved modern drainage ex- cellent water without an increase maybe even a in taxes. Apart from the businesses would experience an increase even though Lethbridge is relatively close. They would be able to provide and services because of the growth in the potential market. I also agree that there will be some losses notably in the area of wide weed filled space New minds br- ing new and exciting ideas which enable our minds to stretch and exercise. There may be some who would be willing to offer their services to community projects The calibre of people who man these plants would not lead to crime and un- less most high school and college graduates lean in those directions. Even some home-grown sons and daughters may find the employment they desire which will enable them to return home. Is this V. GILCHR1ST chief 'city of the Greek Em- all their holy ail the ancient seats of the Orthodox all of their countries in Asia all of and of course Cyprus. Greece only won its freedom in the 19th century and the ambition of all the Greeks in this part of the world to live under one national roof is still far from fulfilment. But although Cyprus won its independence in the expecta- tion of union with Greece the tho'.'ght of com- ing under Greek rule was for the Turks on tne island in- tolerable. At the prospect of union the local Turks began to the Turkish army prepared to the government in Athens sent a and United Nations troops were stationed on the island to keep the two sides apart. Today the Turkish minority have withdrawn to their own limited areas and virtually govern themselves. The is divided by makeshift walls guarded by UN barbed wire is as common as flowering trees on the island. But the Greeks in Cyprus are themselves divided. A very small faction of them refused to accept the impracticability of union and these were largely the men who fought most bravely and bitterly against the British. It was these men who helped the late General Grivas to revive his pro- Enosis EOKA guerrillas and who have been fighting in re- cent years to overthrow the Makarios government. Their ideas have been shared by the Greek officers from the mainland who lead the Cyprus National Guard. Now that they have struck against Makarios the island faces civil war and neither the Greeks in Greece nor the Turks in Turkey will remain spectators. vants attend and only party af- fairs are The purpose of these meet- ings would be try to draw out the precise lessons of the election to make sure that in selecting items for legisla- tion we will be responding to the will of the people as ex- pressed through the voting during periods of majority power shifts from the and to a de- gree from to the Prime Minister's own office and to the permanent civil service. Trudeau has provided at least an opening for the political wing to retain some of its power. This change in approach ex- tends to the way Trudeau is going about re-organizing his cabinet. he has two a shuffle to fill the hole left by the defeat of Environment Minister Jack Davis and to find places for a pair of ex- Bryce Mackasey and Martin a ma- jor shuffle with newcomers in the key portfolios of external affairs and transport and with a half-dozen lightweights pensioned off in one way or another. Trudeau won't make up his own mind about persons and posts for another fortnight so speculation is a waste of time. Two facts about the way he is doing this has demanded a detailed analysis of all the possibilities open to even though a major re- organization would be extra- ordinarily difficult to do im- many key ministers are in midcycle of legislative such as Finance Minister John Turner with his it would be improper to retire a minister a couple of weeks after his constituents had returned him to office. ticultural Minister Stanley Haidass has he might be ready to step Despite the Trudeau is considering the full range of options. Specific pro- posals sent to him include es- tablishing a permanent Depu- ty Prime Minister post at present is respon- sible for federal-provincial af- fairs an old a two- tier cabinet with major deci- sions left to a inner group. Aside from the hurt feelings of cabinet Trudeau notoriously finds it hard to be tough in personal as opposed to political con- classic problem of an inner cabinet is the difficulty of maintaining regional balance. Trudeau since has operated with a virtual inner cabinet of senior ministers in whom he has spe- cial confidence. By coin- the group was well- Don Jamieson and Allan MacEachen from the Bud Drury and Jean Marchand from Quebec. Mitchell Sharp and Turner from Otto Lang from the west. Although Trudeau is more likely to delay the major reorganization for six months or he is collecting h's ideas from an extraordinarily wide circle that includes senior his own staff political and and from the architects of his election victory. No prime minister can ex- pect to enjoy for long the ad- vantages of time and space. Both will disappear in the first crisis. This unlike in '68. Trudeau has learned to use his advantages while he has them. The explanation for the change isn't hard to find. Fresh in Trudeau sens- ed he knew little about politics. Trudeau then be- littled the importance of as opposed to technocratic 'in the same way that every in- dividual talks down the impor- tance of whatever area he is weak in. Trudeau today knows he is as certainly as as any politician in the country. The Lethbriiiiic Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. PENT ON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;