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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 19, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIUGE HERALD Monday, July 19, 1971 Anthony Westell, The gas tank is low The United Stales faces a critical shortage of oil and gas, coming to a head in the next ten or a dozen years. This report from a special commis- sion appointed by the government is said to have been met with grim shock by the American nation. Why? How could any thinking, knowledge- able person have felt otherwise. The atomic age is more than a quarter centuiy old. Since its signifi- cance is in releasing the unbeliev- able energy locked up in the atom, the world expected it would solve the impending shortage of energy. It has not done so. Yet revolutionary measures will have to be taken. Development of energy sources will be one of the highest priorities of science and technology in the next few years. Petroleum consumption is highest in this continent, with all its automo- biles and oil heated and gas-heated homes. Other parts of the world are rapidly going the American way. There are major new discoveries, such as the North Sea, Prudhoe Bay, and now likely Canada's Arctic is- lands, and there will be many more. But the rate of new discoveries will not keep pace with consumption. It cannot. The world's petroleum re- serves took scores of millions of years to be created, and in a couple of generations they are being used up. The American oil shale deposits anil Canada's tar sands offer the best hope of relief, but again it couldn't last for long in the history of things. It is much the same with the other fossil fuel, coal. While there are still vast reserves, they cannot last indef- initely. There is only a limited potential from water power, and it will have to compete with other uses for the water. The daily routine of nature offers hope, from the tides and the winds. Direct solar energy may become ec- onomically available. And then there is the atom. All of these will be ex- pensive, and all will deliver electri- city, not something to put in the fuel lank of a private automobile. Many people now living will look back on the seventies as the end of the American continent's cheap-fuel binge. Once more to the polls Conservative leader Robert Stan- field is probably not throwing his hat in the air over John Deifenbak- er's announcement that he will seek re-election to the Commons at the next election. Venerable Diet, a colorful and sin- cere politician, will likely get lots of support from his own riding as well as the moral support of many loyal party members across Ihe nation. However it is becoming rather cus- tomary for new party chiefs to have their predecessors watching over their shoulders in Parliament and it can't be a situation easy to accept with good grace. The traditional thing used to be for defeated or retiring leaders to withdraw from the parliamentary stage as soon as possible. N o w, everybody wants to stay on. Tommy Douglas says he will run again and sit in the Commons beside his suc- cessor David Lewis. That will make two leader-watchers at least, and perhaps there will be more. Undoubtedly there is satisfaction for an old leader in observing the errors of his successor and in trying to guide him in the role. Mr. Dief- enbaker has, upon a number of oc- casions indicated that he is pre- pared to be a fatherly counsellor lo .Mr. Slanfield but the latter does not always seem to relish the advice. Parliament can always use politi- cians with experience and know-how and in spile of his many failings Mr. Diefenbaker has plenty of both. But it's easy to sympathize with Mr. Stanfield who probably would like to do things his own way with- out extra coaching from the side- lines. Line up on the left! The statement issued by John G. Gilmcr, president of Canadian Pa- cific airlines, presents indisputable facts, concerning the proposed air route to China. The great circle North Pacific route is shorter even from Eastern Canada than any route through Europe. It is therefore faster and cheaper. CP air lias been serving the Pacific for years and it has established organ- ization and other facilities already in Besides that the Chinese themselves, frequent travellers to Latin America have shown interest in the service between China, Van- couver and Latin America, which would obviate the need to take the long route through Europe from Pe- king. This route would be a boon to tourists too since there are not many who would be likely to want to stop off on the European conti- nent en route to that dreamed of trip to China. A word of caution here is in order though. China is not going to open up to tourism overnight. There is still a shortage of hotels, transportation, interpreters, guides, and so forth but these will come in time and then it will be on to Peking via the cheapest and fastest route going from Vancouv- er direct to Peking, via CP Air. The lineup starts on the left! ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON After being away from Washington for 17 days I found the town completely changed. Everywhere I went people were trading secret Penta- gon papers to each other. The first place I stepped was the Na- tional Press Club bar. It was jammed with correspondents holding up Xeroxed copies in their hands. "I'll give you two Henry Cabot Lodge memos for one McNamara position someone yelled. "I've got a Walt Rostow pre-Tonkin Gulf evaluation I'll trade for a Tet offensive report." "How about a Joint Chiefs of Staff con- tingency plan for the invasion of Man- I drank in embarrassed silence. Finally a New York Times man next lo me said, "You don't have any Dean Rusk mcmos to Maxwell Taylor to complete my I replied, "I don't have any papers at all." "I thought you were a he said. "I am, but I was out of (he counlry v'.ien Daniel Ellsberg was handing out tire documents." He turned away from me with suspicion. I tapped him on the shoulder. "You wouldn't let me see one, would I asked. "I should say he said indignantly. "These are classified documcnls." I saw a friend of mine from Ihe Washing- ten Post. I said, "t don't know how In put (his lo you, but 1 was wondering if I raild borrow a stolen Pentagon paper until I Ret paid on Thursday." Murray said, "I'd like to help yrai. lint I iiral every one I've got. 1 know Ihe guy from I ho Boston Gloho has some extra McGeorge Bundy cables. Why don't you ask I went down tits bar to the Boston Globe man. I said, "I'm plumb out of Pentagon papers. Could you spare a couple until I can make contact with a traitor from the Rand "You know I'd do anything foi- you." Healy said, "but according to Atty. Gen. John Mitchell, these papers could compro- mise the government. I would be betraying a trust if I gave them to somebody from the press." I said, "I don't like to beg, but I'm the only guy in town that doesn't have a single stolen document. How can I hold up my head in this profession if I don't have a Pentagon paper to my Healy replied, "Look, we're dealing with 'top secret' stuff here. I know you wouldn't do anything with the papers, and Murray knows you wouldn't d'o anything to com- promise the country. But docs J. Edgar Hoover know A man from the Angeles 'rimes said, "Does anyone want to trade the CIA's es- timate of Madame Nhu for the plans of a military coup in "I'll do the bartender said, bringing (Mil. some papers from behind the bar. "You have papers, 1 asked in sur- prise. he said. "All my lips for the past month have been ill slolen Pentagon papers." "You wouldn't soil any, would "IVot on your life. These papers wore given t'n ir.c on the cnmlilion I would never show them lo slrani'crs." I left I he Irar I Tying nut In hear Ihe hunts of Ihe drinkers. A Chicago Sun Times man said, loudly enough for me to hear, "We ought lo keep an eye on who rtimp.s llii< place or our papers will bo leaked all over town." (Toronto Telegram News Service) Grassroots policy-making: real or'sham? Minister Pierre Tru- deau is to hold a two-day meeting of liis cabinet later this month to discuss purely political, as distinct from gov- ernmental, issues. One of the top items on the agenda will be a review of the machinery by which the Liberal party feeds ideas and opinions into govern- ment decisions. Is the government, in fact, taking notice of policy recom- mendations from the rank and file of the party or is the whole machinery for consultation an elaborate sham by an autocra- tic administration which iikes to pretend to be in touch with the people? Certainlv there is much cvn- icism in Ottawa about the Lib- eral party and particinatorv democracy. "If you find out how it works, let me know." savs one senior minister. And is easy to make snort of all thoee earnest I ibe'-nls ho'cling highly organized policv conven- tions to make pomnous nrooo- sals which the government promptly ignores. Even Ihe Liberal leader's most enthusiastic about demo- cratizing their party and giv- ing it greater influence in na- tional decision making, do not pretend that participation is as yet a roaring success. It is hard for comfortable, middle class professionals and businessmen who usuallv run the local Lib- eral organizations to reach be- yond their own ranks to lap opinion in other groups in so- ciety, and it is equally diffi- cult to persuade busy and pow- erful ministers, surrounded by experts, to listen to what the party has to say. The president of the Liberal federation, Senator Richard S'canbury, estimates that only about 25 out of 264 riding par- ties prepared for tiie national policy conference last Novem- ber1 according to the book: that was, by circulating background materials on the issues through out their commu n i t i e s and drawing other organizations in- to discussion and decision so that delegates could go to Ot- tawa with a real appreciation of local opinion outside their own ranks. Perhaps another 50 local Liberal parties made some effort at public involve- ment. The balance of almost 200 continued in the familiar fashion of representing noiliing but their own ideas and preju- dices. The national convention it- self processed a mass of resolu- tions on a variety of topics, with the delegates asked to mark written ballots indicating shades of support or opposi- tion, rather than simply yes or no. That method ensured at least that the delegates gave some thought to the voting, in- stead of merely putting up a hand in a crowded session. But when the ballots were counted, the results were often confus- ing and sometimes contradic- tory. One docs not envy the patty's policy chairman, Toronto law professor Al Linden, who had to draft a document titled Di- rection for the Seventies, the narrative account of the party's decisions which is shortly to be published. It is hard to see how to draw practical policy guide- lines for government from the resolutions. Nevertheless, Trudeau has written to all his ministers re- quiring them to have an analy- sis made of the party deci- sions concerning their depart- mental responsibilities. When a minister comes forward to cab- inet with a proposal, he must include in the file of back- ground papers a statement showing how his idea conforms with party policy, or if it does not conform, why no1.. Earlier, Tru d e a u had in- structed his ministers to attach to their cabinet proposals a re- port on consultation with the appropriate committee of the caucus of Liberal MPs, to cer- tify that backbenchers were having at least some voice in government decisions. The question now, of course, is how effective the system of participation is in providing some counterweight to the ex- pertise of the civil servants, some grassroots opinion to ac- company Ihe advice of experts. Bui Ihe fact that the question can be raised a', all at Ihe cab- inet this month is instructive. The so called political cab- inel meets at fairly regular in- tervals, with the civil servants excluded and the agenda drawn up and backgrounded by party officials. It gives Liberal lead- ers from national headquarters, and lo a lesser exlent from the provinces, an opportunity lo raise direclly wilh Ihe Prime Minister and the cabinet issues _....... of purely party and political paper with a request tagcs of each course, in seck-_ ing to achieve sustained growth with full employment and rela- tive price stability. The alter- native policies discussed are to maintain Ihe presenl balance of monetary and fiscal policy; in- troduce voluntary price and in- come guidelines; enforce man- datory price and wage controls across the economy; use selec- tive controls on powerful groups in the economy. Members of the Consultative Council will soon receive the importance. Again, it is not clear how well Trudeau and his ministers listen to the parly, bul il pre- sumably depends lo a consid- erable extenl on how well they think the parly is reflecling public opinion. So in a new attempt to reach a wider public, the party is trying a new experiment. 'When the so dele- gates to the national policy meeting last fall went home, they were automatically made members of a Consultative Council, to which party lead- ers will lurn from time to time for opinions on current issues. The first such major issue is economic policy. A small committee of Lib- eral MPs has drawn up a three- page paper which capsules sev- eral economic strategies avail- able to the government, with Ihe advanlages and disadvan- "You know it was kinda groovy being able to blame the adults for everything Letter to the editor Where's the last railway spike? became of the latest spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway? The famous the most signi- ficant in Canadian history is missing and author Pierre Ber- ton is conducting a search for it. A famous photograph shows Donald A. Smith (later Lord Strathcona) driving the spike at Craigellachie in the British Columbia mountains, on the date of the completion of the CPR: November 7, 1885. Berlon, whose researches into the building of the railway have occupied several years, says that the spike was removed by the roadmaster, Frank Broth- ers, after Smith and other dig- nitaries departed. Brothers is seen in the left foreground of the famous photograph. He re- moved the spike because he was afraid souvenir hunters might tear up the track to get at it. Brothers, according to Ber- lon. presented the spike to the late Edward Beatty, who be- came president of the CPR in Motorcyclists too noisy An item in last night's paper was the final straw that caused me to write this. It was about a man Iwing fined for making excessive noise with his car. I have often wondered if I drove my car without a proper muf- fler and caused all this noise, what would happen. Now f know. 'Hie question is "why are these motorcyclists allowed lo roar around the city day and night? they do not seem lo havo to worry about the noise they create, i" hcve tlie unfortu- nalc hick to have one of Ihese roar up daily except Sundays at about a.m. a till, early In be wakened. Then ho roars off again in a minute or so and keeps 'revving' the mo- lor at short intervals for as long as h.i is within earshot and prchably ir.uch longer. I know Ihis noise is nol ne- cessary us my neighbor drives a motorcycle and he. comes and gose without all the rackel the other seems to find necessary. I wonder if there is any way these people can be made aware that they are NOT spe- cially privileged or are they? 'ANNOYED' Lethbridge. So They Say Unless you believe in the Re- surrection, I think the whole of Ihis life is a bad joke. Mr. .loremy Thorpe, leader of the British Liberal Parly. The soldier going lo South Vietnam today runs a far great- er risk of becoming a heroin addict lhan a combat casually. Hop. iioberl. II. Sleclc, It-Conn. 1923. The spike was later sto- len from Beatty's desk in Mon- treal and nobody is cert a i n what happened to it. Berton says his researches for bis forthcoming book The Last Spike indicate that the spike may now he in Yellow- knife, in the North West Terri- tories. "A spike came into the pos- session of Henry Gamble, the B.C. engineer who identified it as the one that Smith drove in Berton says. "How Cam- bie got it, 1 don't know but, as he was one of those present at the famous ceremony, his evidence has to be taken seri- ously." Cambie gave the spike to W. ,1. Lynch, chief of Ihe palcnt office in Ottawa lo keep for his son Arthih', who was serving in the British Army Medical Corps. When Arthur returned home, his father presented him with Ihe spike which, by this time, had been worked into the shape of a carving knife with the handle silvered. Mr. Lynch's (laughter, Mamie now Mrs. W. II. Remnant of Yellow-knife, inherited the spike and has it in her possession. Is Ihis the actual Last Spike? Has anyone in Canada any fur- Iher information about il? If so, Pierre Berton wanls lo know. "The Last Spike is part of our h" points out. "If is a symbol of the coming together of Ihe new Canada in 1SR5. Aflor (hat year Canadians for the first lime cross their own country without, go- ing Ihrough Iho United Stales. We ought to try to fine, and pre- serve the artifact Uiat repre- sents that fundamental and necessary change in our con- cept of the nation." Anybody with informal i o n about the Last Spike can write Mr. Berton care of kis publish- ers, McClelland and Stewart, 25 Hollinger Road, Toronto 1C, Ontario. ELSA FRANKLIN Toronto. Looking Through the Herald 19.11 Foreign Secretary Herbert Morrison told the Com- mons today that Britain was ready to admit Turkey and Greece lo the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The newspaper Deiitchc Allgemaine today as- serted that Bela Kun leader of the Communist revolt in Hungary has been taken prison- er by Ukranian nationals. Reduction of bag lim- on which course, or combina- tion of courses, they favor. In addition, local party leaders will be asked to use the ma- terial to involve other groups in Ihe community in Ihe discus- sion and lo register their opin- ions. The results will then be fed back lo Finance Minister Edgar Benson and to the full cabinet. Meantime, ministers can chew on some of the interest- Consultative Council on resolu- tions left over from the Novem- ber conference. "The government should es- tablish a Canada Ci'izen ship Corps, a program of two or three months' duration for all young adults to bridge the gap between formal education and independent living so as to permit sampling of all kinds of work in an area away from 47 per cent approve, 20 per cent not sure, 33 per cent disapprove. "Foreign owned companies should be limited lo a maxi- mum repatriation of capital up lo II) per cent of their net an- nual profit no'' 59 per cent approve, 23 per cent not sure. 111 per cent disapprove. "The Canada Development Corporation m u s t be made available for public investment. To that end, machinery should be set up for1 voluntary salary check offs so that each citi- zen has the opportunity to in- 79 per cent approve, 10 per cent not sure, 11 per cent disapprove. "The Canadian government should recognize that financial security, child care and devel- opment, public health, public housing and manpower are fun- damental aspects of the whole life of the Quebec community; no social measures to eliminate poverty should be submitted by the federal government with- out the explicit agreement of the 42 per cent ap- prove, 22 per cent not sure, 36 per cent disapprove. "The government should de- clare that all resources in Can- ada, including renewable re- sources, are no longer to be looked upon as property of the finder but must be held and used in trust for the people of Canada and the 54 par cent approve, 17 per cent not sure, 29 per cent disapprove. This is just a sampling of the voting results about to be reported to ministers and pub- lished. But how representative of public opinion are they, and how far will they influence gov- ernment policy? More than 900 Liberals on the Consultalive Council took the trouble to mark and return the long and detailed ballot mailed to them, which is a remarkable response. And the decisions they made don't sound particu- larly middle class or compla- cent about Canadian society. So perhaps the cabinet should pay attention, bul will il? One Ihing seems for sure. All (his policy participatory mater- ial pouring oul of party head- .quarters to the members, and flowing back from the grass- roots, is an unprecedented ex- periment in polilical activism which, if nothing else, should keep the Liberal machine alive and enthusiastic between elec- tions. (Toronto Star Syndicate) backward its on duck shooting in the prairie provinces was favored at a joint meeting of the Ed- monton branch and the Alberta Fish and Game Association to- day. The present bag limit is 30 ducks. With Ihe exception of Lclhbridgc, where Dr. Stew- art was re-elected and Clares- holm, the United Farmers have swept the boards and a whole new stale of candidates was re- turned at the polls last night. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mull RcqlMrallcin No 0013 f'nt nnd the Canadian Dully Newspaper Publishers' Association end tha Audit Bureau ol circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end PuhlUhpr THOMAS H. ADAMS, Serai JOE HAILA n..i. n 1 M Ll.S Advertising Manaiipr Wll.l 1AM MAY Eclilor lGI.Af, K WALKER ilorlel Editor "IHE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;