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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 19, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta mm FORECAST HIGH TUESDAY IN MID 80s The Lethbridge Herald VOL. LXIV No. 185 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, JULY 19, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 18 PAGES Moon buggy, chocolate on the moon By HOWARD BENEDICT CAPE KENNEDY, Fla. (AP) From a moon buggy to chocolate bars in the space helmets, Apollo 15 will differ in many ways from previous United States moon missions. The astronauts will even launch their own satellite into lunar orbit. The 12-day mission, scheduled to begin Monday, July 26, will be two days longer than any other Apollo flight, and the 67 hours planned on the moon will be twice as long as the Apollo 14 record. Many changes have been made to support the ex- tended mission. Other new items are the result of the ex- tensive scientific exploration planned both on the sur- face and in lunar orbit. Extra hydrogen and oxygen fuel tanks and life- support systems have been added to the command ship Endeavour. These, plus the 975-pound orbital sci- entific package inserted in an equipment bay, raise the vehicle's weight by pounds to pounds. The lunar module Falcon has extra fuel, water and batteries and was modified to carry a four-wheel moon buggy called Hover in a folded position in a stowage area. Counting the rover's 460 pounds, the lunar mod- ule weighs pounds, an increase of pounds. Astronauts David R. Scott and James B. Irwin plan three outside excursions, each lasting six to seven hours. That will give them a total of 40 man-hours on the surface, compared with 13 for Apollo 14. Can venture far They are to explore 28 square miles. The key is the moon buggy which they are to drive a total of 22 miles, and as far as five miles from the Falcon. The Apollo 14 astronauts walked miles, and did not ven- ture more than three-quarters of a mile from their lunar module. The landing site is far different from those visited by the three earlier Apollo crews, all of whom landed near the lunar equator. Apollo 15 is to land 463 miles north of the equator in a small basin surrounded on three sides by the moon's highest mountains, the Apennines, and on the fourth by Hadley Rille, a mile-wide cayon. Driving Ureir runabout at a maximum speed of ]0 miles an hour, Scott and Irwin are to visit five dis- tinct geological features the mountains, the rille, a flat plain, impact craters and a group of craters be- lieved to be bolvanic. The previous Apollo crews each had only one geology feature to inspect, either a plain or highlands. Among the new tools is a battery-powered rotary percussion drill which Scott will use to drill three holes. In two 10-foot holes he'll place rods containing thermo- meters to record temperatures, heal flow and how deep the sun's heat penetrates. From a third hole, he'll ex- tact soil samples from a depth of (Hj feet. Suit changes will enable the astronauts to move about better. An improved backpack life-support sys- tem includes three extra pounds of water, a half-pound additional oxygen and increased battery life. Food helmets If Scott and Irwin get hungry while prowling the surface, they can nibble on food stocks attached at mouth level inside their helmets. Television viewers on earth will be able to watch much of the exploration. Every time they stop, the as- tronauts will turn on a TV camera mounted on the front of their moon cart. And before taking off, Scott will park the buggy 330 feet away, pointing the camera at the lunar module. This will give earthlings their first live look at astronauts blasting off from the moon. Scott and Irwin plan to collect about 250 pounds of rocks. That's more than the 214-pound combined total of Apoltos 11, 12 and 14. After the explorers rejoin Alfred M. Worden in the orbiting command ship, they won't head for home. They'll stay in orbit two more days, conducting scienti- fic experiments and observations. Included in the scientific gear are a panoramic camera with feet of film designed to take stereo- graphic photos of the surface with a resolution of five feet and another camera which will pinpoint land- marks to aid in drawing maps of the surface. There'll be one final change at mission's end. Up to now all Apollo moon crews have splashed down in the South Pacific. Because the extended flight, Apollo 15 will land in the North1 Pacific. Cancer STANFORD, Calif. (AP) Slaford University scientists have reported a "fundamental discovery" they believe paves the way for killing cancer cells more easily with x-rays. The technique involves chemical interference with tlie way Uie crucial gcnelic subslance nucleic itself after being damaged by x-ray. DNA is the heredity molecule in living each cell what it can do and what it can become. The discovery of the new mechanism by which eels repair Uie DNA strands was Ihe work of Brs. Christopher C. Town, Kcndric C. Sniilh and Henry S. Kaplan, all of Stanford's radiology department. The scientists found that Ihe administration of drugs can interfere vilh the DNA repair processes, after exposure to x-ray radiation, and "should nvako cancer cells more sensitive to radialion trcatnient." The Stanford team reported collecting data which demonstrated that the anti-malaria drug quinacrine, and the antibiotic chloramphenico, arc agents to pro- mote the killing of bacterial cells by radiation. Smith said: "Both drugs achieved this effect by inhibiting the repair of DNA molecule chain breaks." He said the main task now is to establish the principle of sensitizing cancer cells to rmlinlion treat- ment as described, then find a way to use drags to sensitize tumors while sparing normal cells. WHOOP-UP OFF TO A START Indians on horses give western Canadian parades true western flavor. This string of Blood Indians was in the parade this morning, marking the start of Whoop-Up Days in Lethbridge. Lead- ing the parade were Iwo mounties in ceremonial dress followed by Alberta's Lt.-Gov. Grant MacEwan, pointing in the middle photo, and Stan Tiffin, president of the Leth- bridge and District Exhibition board. Thousands turn onuge ana uiiiiiti tAniuiiiun uuuiu. _ Saigon proposes at Whoop-Up parade ceasefire plan SAIGON (AP> The. South Vietnamese government pro- posed today a ceasefire and the reunification elections with North Vietnam that President Ngo Dinh Diem refused to hold 16 years ago- The peace initiative was Sai- gon's answer to the seven-point .July 1 proposal by the Viet Cong and came amid specula- tion that President Nixon and the Chinese would try to work out a Vietnam settlement during Nixon's Peking visit- Both the government and a U.S. embassy spokesman said the initiative was a reaffirma- tion of proposals made in 1969 and last July 8 by South Viet- nam. At the daily briefing for news correspondents, U.S. em- bassy spokesman Roy W. John- son was asked if the United States saw anything new in the South Vietnamese proposals. "So far, we haven't found anything new in Johnson re- plied. Saigon's proposal was con- tamed in a communique issued by the S'outh Vietnamese foreign ministry to mark the 17th anni- versary of the 1954 Geneva Agreements that ended the French war in Indochina. The agreements divided Vietnam at the 17th parallel and provided for reunification elections. The South Vietnamese government, which refused to sign the agree- ments' observes the anniver- sary as National Grief Day. In Washington, there was no immediate comment from the slate department. However, sources familiar with the peace talks in Paris expect the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong to re- buff Saigon's bid. The lull in the war entered its fourth week, and military spokesmen reported battlefield action at the lowest level since the big U.S- troops buildup in 1965- IVON'T BE BULLIED North Vietnam, apparently reading to President Nixon's planned trip to China, made it clear today it will not be bullied into a big-power com- promise on Indochina and said it will go on wilh the war alone if necessary. Hanoi warned that Nixon's policy is wicked, perfidious and aimed at dividing Communist countries. Nationalist China meanwhile has condemned Nixon's deci- sion to visit Red China as an act pushing the "free world to the brink of war." Federal mediators tackle airline dispute MONTREAL (CP) Talks between Air Canada ancj the In- ternational Association of Ma- chinists and Aerospace Workers were to resume here today fol- lowing government appointment Sunday of three federal media- tors. The announcement, setting Montreal as the siie, was made Trudeau seeks showdown Jordan renounces pacts as army pushes ahead OTTAWA (CP) Prime Min- Mr. C h o q u e 11 e answered ister Trudeau is trying to bring however, when asked if about a showdown between fed- Mr. Trudeau was trying to eralists andseparatistsin bring about a confrontation be- Quebec, says Justice Minister tween federalists and separa- Jerome Choquelte of Quebec. tisls. He said he personally did Mr. Choquelte described Mr. nol believe in "definite and final Trudeau as a "very rigid man" showdowns." and a proponenl of "a federal- On other matters, Mr. Cho- ism Uiat is quite rigid." quette said a reorganization of "I think thai il's nol the right police forces was needed in he said during the Quebec to make them more CTV television program Ques- effective, but any changes lion Period shown Sunday. The justice minister said that during recent constitutional dis- cussions in Victoria the Quebec position was not well under- stood. "We are a federalist party. We believe in Canada." AT- But "we believe in a some- From what decentralized form of fed- BEIRUT, Lebanon (CP) eralism and Mr. Trudeau is Jordan renounced the Cairo and generally felt to be the propo- Amman agreements with Pales- nent; of the federalism lhat is timw Arab commandos Sunday quite rigid and does not, you nig'1' as its army pushed ahead know, make those compromises in its battle againsl the guerril- that are necessary in order to 'as- keep Canada." replied to the Jordanian TfiUDEAU'S FIST HARD action by breaking diplomatic Mr. Choquetle was asked relations with King Hussein's whether Mr. Trudeau's atUlude regime and closing its border helped separatism in Quebec. and air space to Jordan. "Well, I wouldn't cer- The closure took effect at tainly doesn't intend it but noon (5 a.m. Baghdad sometimes- he puts down the radio also said the Ir'aqi ambas- fist, vo'j know, quite energeti- sador in Amman would be re- called. The radio said the decisions were made by the Iraqi Revolu- tionary Council, which also called on all other countries to bring pressure on Amman "to stop current massacres in Jor- dan which aim at liquidating the Palestine revolution." In Amman, Jordanian Pre- mier Wasfi Tell said today there LONDON (Renter) Prin- no longer arc any guerrilla cess Margaret, younger sister o[ bases in Jordan. Tell told a Queen Elizabeth, will visit Win- news conference that out of nipeg next September to open guerrillas originally .based an art gallery, it was announced in the country, had been today. rounded up and taken to an Princess Margaret and her army camp, husband, Lord Snowrlon, will ar- Sudan also denounced what rive in Winnipeg Sept, 24, called Jordanian repression would not alter the basic civil liberties of Quebec people or their rights before the courts and the law. Asked about present FLQ ac- tivity, he said "everything seems to be quite peaceful and I am quite optimistic at least for a few months." But "I would be, I think, ex- aggerating to predict that we have seen the last of terrorism here." in Ottawa by Labor Minister Bryce Mackasey. It is aimed at helping Air Canada and the union find a basis for agreement in their contract dispute which resulted in a 24-hour strike Saturday against the airline in Toronto and a 24-hour walkout in major Canadian cities earlier in the week. The union and First China envoy heads for Canada HONG KONG (Reuler) Huang Hua, China's first am- bassador to Canada, left Peking by air today for his post, the New China news agency re- ported. Observers here believed Huang's departure for the Chinese embassy in Ottawa at this time was significant, espe- cially after the announcement of United States President Nixon's planned visit to Peking. The embassy will provide an- other point of contact between Washington and Peking. China and Canada established diplomatic relations in October. the publicly-owned airline have been negotiating a new contract since expiry of their 26-month agreement Dec. A spokesman for the labor de- partment said that Bernard Wil- son, W. P. Kelly and Nat Gray were to act as government me- diators in the talks. He said Air -Canada president J. R. Baldwin and Michael Pitchford, chief union negotia- tor, were advised. In Montreal, Mr. Pilchford was unavailable for comment A union spokesman said early today lhat there had been some discussion on whether to con- linue rotating slrikes but that no decision had been made. "All I can he said, "is that there's nothing planned for today." Seen and heard the guerrillas, and a Cairo newspaper accused Hussein of being "an obedient tool" for Ihe Israelis. But Uiere was no offical statement from Egypt wher'e President Anwar Sadat has been trying to mediate the Jor- danian conflict and avoid fur- ther divisions in the Arab world. About town II TJEAL TROUPER spunk shown by Lance Barker of the Magrath-Cardston band as he learned to play trumpet with his left hand after breaking right wrist so the band would have a full crew for Whoop-Up Days parade here Cliff Irvin being asked to "mark his ball" af- ter he topped it three inches off the lee box Barn Gorko finding new skin col- ored blouse "too much to hare." Exhibition program MONDAY Travelling People at beer garden opening by Lt. Gov. Grant MacEwan; Youth- a-rama fashion show show close at ex- hibition grounds; Exhibits close TUESDAY closes grounds open open garden opens; Casino opens, and closes at 2 a.m.; Youth-a-rama coP fee house opens racing and pari-mutuel b e t- ting youth creation spectacu- lar; Irish Travel- ling People at beer garden show close at ex- hibition grounds; Exhibits close. Thousands of southern Alber- t'ans lined Lelhbridge streets this morning under a cloudless sky, with the mercury hovering around 80 degrees, to witness LeUibridge's 75th annual Whoop-Up Daj'S parade. The parade, marshalled in North Lelhbridge with Lt.-Gov. Grant MacEwan as honorary parade marshal, heralded the start of a week of fun, excite- ment and entertainment. If the parade crowd was any indication, tlu's year's Whoop- Up Days should be a record- smasher. The crowd watching the par- ade this year was almost as colorful as the parade itself. People were standing five deep in places on the streets. They sat on car and truck roofs, hung out building windows and sat on the roofs and marquees of stores. DEMONSTRATION The parade of 50 floats and 13 bands marked two a group of young people demon- strated against city council's recent decision to cut grants to various service organizations and three provincial candidates for the two Lethbridge ridings did some promotion. The placard-carrying demon- strators followed the City of Lethbridge float. They joined the parade at 5th Ave. N. The typical business attire in Lethbridge was conspicuous by its absence. New to battered old cowboys and cowgirl hats are being sported and cowboy boots are in style this week as everybody gels in Uie whoop-Up mood. Brightly colored shirts and blue jeans now are the rule ratlier than the exception in business establishments. For the remainder of the week the focus will be on the exhibition grounds where for the first time a beer garden has been established. Even if the weather doesn't hold and there's been no indication it won't the beer garden is bound to he a roaring success. The casino, in the Kaleidarts Building, which was tried here for the first time last year, will be open from noon to 2 daily. If a person doesn't blow all his money on the horse rac- ing or if he picks up a few bucks at the pari-mutuel bet- ting, the casino will be waiting. Bigness in education causes alarm cnlly." "But mind you, as a leader he must, do his duly and this I shouldn't want to oppose." Princess Margaret to visit Winnipeg EDMONTON (CP) The Al- berta government is alarmed by new evidence indicating that ''bigness" in education may lie more expensive than smaller systems. Education Minister liohcrl Clark said loday. The minister said in a pre- pared statement his depart- ment will commission an im- mediate study into a report that central office staffs are in- creasing at the expense of in- slructionnl staffs in larger school systems. LKG1TIMATU COSTS "Central office staffs arc part of the legitimate overhead costs of Mr. Clark said. "Up to now, most studios havo shown that the larger the sys- tern, the smaller its per pupil overhead costs. "We have become alarmed by a recent Western Canada study which lias discovered thai the reverse now is bigness is costing more per pupil, not less." The department lias allocated for the study into over- head cosls of central offices and the duties of departmental personnel. The study which sparked tho minister's concern was con- ducted by Dr. Ted Holdaway of Ihe University of Alberta. 11 covered 20 school systems in seven Western Canadian cities. L "Dr. Holdaway's evidence wras gathered from metropoli- tan systems Mr. Clark said. "The new study will in- clude Alberta's rural and small city systems as well. "While many of our larger systems may lie 'heavy' with central office staff it is also likely that ninny smaller sys- tems arc 'light.' If we can de- termine formulas for the most effective mix of instructions! and non staff, we won't, hesitate to recom- mend guidelines to school boards." TWO IN AUIKTtTA Dr. Holdnway's report says that "wilh increasing size of systems, the greatest increases occurred in the admimslrativo- servicc, non instruction aux- iliary, and support personnel categories." It adds that the total number of central office staff per 100 persons cmplox ed throughout the system ranged from 4.62 to 12.03.' The average for the three largest systems was 12.3. "What bothers said Mr. Clark, "is that two of those three .sysloms arc in Alberto." The report (loos not name the sfhnol systems it. r.itr-goriTOS as "larger fyslcms" 1ml it docs dcscrihe them as "enrolling from 72.030 to 75.502 pupils." Only Edmonton, Cnlgary nnd Vancouver fit into tlir.t cntc- fioiy. Winnipeg is divided into a number of smaller systems. ;