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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 18, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LtlMDHIUUt riEHMkls i Conservatives must weigh political myths Inflation spiral Higher prices demand higher wages which cause higher prices which demand higher wages can this spiral ever There's only one according to a leading U.S. authority. It is applicable to Canada as much as to the U.S. situation.. Prime Minister Trudeau has put it in similar but less vivid terms. That is to increase the amount of goods and services produced by a given number of hours of labor. If one workman who normally produces 100 units in one shift can produce then in theory he can get a 10 per cent wage increase without increasing the cost of one unit and having to raise its price. If this is indeed the only hope for breaking the price-wage it is not a promising one. higher production per man is still anathema to a large not segment of the trade union community. Many traditional union leaders are still victims of the unemployment bogey and think it's better to reduce the output of each person so more people can be employed at any given job. This mis- taken idea must be changed if the infla- tion spiral is to be broken. increasing the productivity per person requires giving him more more automated which requires more capital. But there is a growing antagonism toward capital and its from governments on down. Some political and social groups would gladly destroy any incen- tive for the use of capital. And further- capital costs money and that extra as well as the increased wages ex- must come out of the increased possibility. So it comes back to the people's at- titude. Inflation is inescapably the result of poor public and its only possible cure lies in better public thinking. But most people would sooner talk than think. Hazards of summer This may well tarn out to be the summer of the bears. They are certainly much more in evidence this year than in recent summers. No doubt this is due to the late heavy snow and cold conditions. Bears have been much in evidence in Waterton recently. Two who were ex- ploring the mam street of the townsite had to be shot with tranquilizers and transported elsewhere. Four young employees of the Prince of Wales Hotel reported meeting a mother grizzly and two cubs on the Bear's Hump one of the most frequented paths in the park. Bears have entered the dorms at the hotel and a mother and cubs are seen fre- quently in the parking lot. All this is a forerunner of possible tragedy. In spite of the horrendous en- counter at Beauvais Lake between a mother bear and two youths from Red Deer and the Edmonton which should be a warning to all tourists generally look on these creatures as teddy bears and they think it is as harmless to feed-them as it is to pet the bighorn sheep who sometimes become traffic nuisances who also aren't as harmless as they A bear in the wild is no Winnie the Pooh but a dangerous animal. And a mother with cubs is highly unpredictable in particularly at an unex- pected encounter. The cardinal rule of hiking in the mountains is to let the animals know you are coming. Large parties of hikers may generate enough noise but small groups of two or three may be quieter than they especial- ly if the trail is difficult. For this seasoned hikers wear bells on their belt loops or hiking gear to alert animals to the presence of someone on the trail. Boating is another summer recreation whose hazards are sometimes overlook- ed and this community has already had one boating tragedy this summer. Provincial regulations require that a boat must contain enough life preservers for everyone in the although they do not require that they actually be worn. the RCMP recommends that life jackets be worn and this is par- ticularly advisable on river trips and races of all kinds. THE CASSEROLE Just in case you wonder about such it is predicted 30 of Canada's pilots will have heart attacks this and 10 will be fatal. Medical authorities connected with the Civil Aviation directorate says that of the 30 pilots destined for heart attacks this year won't have them in the That's nice. ing squandered as though the supply were and that this is the real reason for the world energy r One of the most influential voices in oil pricing says the price of oil should be raised and raised until it forces consumer countries to restrict its use to essential purpose. The Emir Saoud al Saudi Arabia's oil minister King Faisal's told reporters in Lebanon that oil is be- 1'wo Ontario men have written to Jean minister of Indian affairs and northern suggesting that a cou- ple of weeks on an isolated Indian reservation every year would help him to understand some of the natives' problems. Although the writers want to restrict Mr. Chretien's equip- ment and money to what the average Indian has one man is willing to allow the honorable minister to supplement his food supply by hunting and fishing. ANDY RUSSELL The cheerful chickadee WATERTON. LAKES PARK If there is a small bird among all others that truly deserves a special spot in the bird watchers' hall of it is the little chickadee. For here is one that seems to welcome adverse weather conditions and is just as cheerful in winter as it is in summer. Like all birds it is busy when caring for a nest full of young but when fall comes followed by the cold weather of winter this one has not dis- appeared to distant warm wintering but has stayed behind to liven the winter woods with its cheerful chick a dee dee as it flashes from place to place through the snow burdened forest. In winter it is a gregarious bird generally ranging in flocks running anywhere from six to and each flock has its own territory. Let two such flocks meet and there is much cheeping and indignant fluttering until one or the other establishes its claim stake on the homestead. We have a dozen birds that use the feeding station near our and we can always tell when strangers arrive by the general excitement among the local residents as they drive the intruders away. From daylight to even when temperatures are far below the chickadees flutter and cheep as they feed in front of our windows. Without them the winter world would be much more cheerless. They are wood sprites of boundless spirit and energy forever busy making a living in an austere environment shared with hardy jays and the occasional nuthatch. Weighing only a few their bodies are covered with soft insulating down and but it is still amazing that they do not freeze for their legs are bare and no bigger than toothpicks. But nature has contrived to make them very hardy and they when temperatures run far below zero. As omnivorous as a bird can they feed on anything from tiny insects to scraps of meat left by the big predators. They are par- ticularly partial to fat and we obtain scraps from our local butcher shop to put out for them. Even when the fat is frozen the chickadees pick away at it with and when their tiny stomachs are full they still work at carrying bits away to cache among the trees savings deposits for possi- ble lean times ahead. In no way do they remember where all their caches are but find them again by chance in their con- tinuous exercise for food. At night they sleep in old woodpecker knot hollow trees or any kind of niche or cranny sheltered from the wind. We have one little friend we call Crooked Tail because its tail is bent in the bow to the perhaps indicating a private hole that does not quite fit. There is another that appears on occasion with no tail at and we suspect this one spends the night on a perch where certain conditions freezes its tail feathers to something and it frees itself come morning by pulling its tail off. The loss of its tail doesn't seem to bother it much and it manages well until it grows a new rudder. During the first warm days of the air is full of their mating call a two toned whistle which sounds something like a file being drawn across the teeth of a hand saw. Because of this some oldtimers called them the saw filer. Following mating the pair off to make their nests in tiny holes picked in the punky wood of stumps or dead trees. They are very secretive and carry away every chip as they laboriously make their holes. Not till winter arrives again do they bunch up to once more liven the frozen timber By Bruce Herald special commentator The pundits of who have been generally wrong so are now saying that Robert Stanfield must retire from the leadership of the Conservative party in the great game of political he has struck out three times. Since even the pundits cannot be wrong all the their latest pronouncement is perhaps correct. If it is nothing to cheer about. For in Mr. Stan- I venture to the Conservative party had found the only leader since R. B. Bennett who was really qualified to govern the nation. Governing a nation and win- ning elections of course two very different things. John for in- knew how to win elec- tions. He did not know how to govern. Arthur Meighen was superbly gifted with everything except but he did not know how to win elec- tions. In Robert Borden had previously struck out was the single Con- servative of this century who could be called a completely successful prime in both elections and gov- ernment. The case of Mr. Stanfield demonstrates again two re- markable or of Canadian politics. In the first no provin- cial with the ex- ception of Charles Tupper and Sir John they for a few brief ever NOWWHERE WAS reached the highest ottice. A kind of ancient Pharoah's curse seems to forbid the transference of power from any province to Ottawa. One might suppose that provincial government was the best training ground for national power but it has always been a fatal real or im- agined. In this reporter's ex- perience six premiers came to two of them Conser- vative party leaders and four of them Liberals who hoped to succeed Mackenzie King. On both sides of politics they fail- ed in their though all were able men. Now Mr. an invulnerable premier of Nova has also not in the test of character but in the luck of the game. The ancient curse still holds and already casts its shadow on the ambitious young premiers of Ontario and Alberta. All this may be mere acci- dent for later reversal but a second Conservative or is greater impor- tance to the nation. More than any of his prede- cessors since John A. Mac- donald Mr. Stanfield tried to understand to speak its language and defend its rights when he could have won easy votes elsewhere by an anti-French at the cost of splitting a dual perhaps beyond repair. Re- jecting this old he did not win Quebec or federal Strategic problems emerge from Cyprus By James New York Times commentator WASHINGTON The im- mediate concern of the U.S. government in the latest Cyprus crisis is to avoid open warfare between two of its NATO Greece and but beyond that it is faced with an extremely awkward set of political and strategic problems. Washington deplores the authoritarian military government in but it is dependent on bases on the Greek mainland and at Soudhas Bay on the island of Crete for its supply routes from Europe to the unstable Middle East. while Washington sympathizes with the plight of President Makarios of he has tended to turn tor help to Moscow when in and the one thing the United States wants to other than losing base privileges in is to have Soviet forces based on where they could out- flank both Greece and Turkey. the official view here is that it would be extremely difficult to support the U.S. sixth fleet in the eastern Mediterranean without the Greek bases and equally dif- ficult to get congressional support for a Greek govern- ment that tries to overthrow Makarios through Greek of- ficers in Cyprus. Even before the coup d'etat in the United States was in trouble with Turkey over the revival of the opium with Greece over its in- ternal and with the Soviet Union for meddling in the Greek-Turkish dispute to weaken the southern flank of the NATO alliance. Direct U.S. aid to Greece is not large. In the last fiscal Greece was allowed million in foreign military aid credits to buy F-4 fighter air- craft. In the present fiscal the Nixon administra- tion has indicated that it would furnish an additional million in credits for military a ceiling imposed by Congress and only on condition that the president found this 10 be in the strategic interests of the United States. In Greece gets bank on the ground that this supports U S. and a small amount of agricultural aid for a Greek school lunch but are no U.S. combat forces in Greece other than a small artillery unit to protect U.S. in- stallations. Even this limited assistance was in jeopardy before the coup. The Senate passed a bill in Janu- ary by Senator Clairborne Pell of Rhode Island and Senator Henry M. Jackson of Washington which would have forced the president to get specific authority from the Congress to continue credits to with an amend- ment by Senator Jacob Javits of New York insisting that the president could proceed only for reasons of national This bill has not yet passed the and unless the pre- sent crisis is settled fairly the opposition to the Greek government here is likely to increase. For there is strong feeling in Congress that the American presence in Greece lends support to the repressive policies of the military government and helps keep it in power. This is another of those where the Nixon administration needs the support of a government it does not like but tolerates for larger strategic reasons. No doubt the planners at the Pen- tagon would like to see Greece and Turkey control the settle their intercommunal differences on Cyprus and permit it to be used as a NATO but this is not a notion favored by the or the United Nations. What the latest crisis does is to give Secretary of State Kissinger not only one more as in the recent Middle East one more opportunity to reach a more stable compromise in what has been a danger-spot for Letters Conservative jinx A few months ago I listened to Senator Grattan O'Leary on Question Period. Maybe he wishes now he had remained quiet. He stated Mr. Trudeau could not possibly win this election. He couldn't see where the Conservatives would get the extra but win they He and Dalton Camp have been the jinx to the Conservative par- ty since they appeared on the scene. I recall the day when Senator O'Leary and Mr. Camp elected Mr. had him sitting on top of the rafters eating a What a typical seat.and future for the Conservative party. I don't know which prime minister had the good sense to put the senator in the hair on If money has to be it might as well be could name. On the same program the senator made another dumb remark. He said baker is thank Churchill a what a Dead Diefenbaker won his 12th elec- tion. That dead man will be the death of Senator O'Leary and Dalton Camp. It will be interesting to watch the next leadership con- vention and see where Senator O'Leary and Mr. Camp will be seated. I sure laughed when the chosen leader had to eat crow and beg dead Diefen- to speak in other ridings. Let Diefenbaker come HENRY DYCK Lethbridge Editor's Senator Grattan O'Leary was ap- pointed to the Senate In 1962 more than a generation. Preoccupied with other Washington has not been able to heed the recent warning signs that the shaky arrangements on Cyprus were breaking down and that the Greek officers on the island were going to try to settle the issue by force of arms So the question is back again at the United Nations and the issue is far bigger than the fate of one Mediterra- nean island The with their navies following one another night and day in that inland are manoeuvring for influence and position around the great oil fields of the Middle East. The recent oil crisis demonstrated a basic strategic any nation that can control or even in- fluence seriously the flow or price of oil to the industrial nations of the world can in- fluence the commerce and security of those nations and even force them to reduce their military budgets to meet the higher prices. Any island from Malta to Crete to Cyprus can change the strategic balance if con- trolled by one antagonist or the other. Both Moscow and Washington could tolerate a neutral but neither is likely to tolerate its control by the other. Thus the Nixon ad- ministration faces one more dilemma. It is embarrassed not only by the internal policy of the Greek government but by Greek subversion of the Makarios regime. Still for strategic reasons it needs the co-operation of Athens in order to defend its vital in- terests in the Middle East. but he gave the nation a service which it will appreciate in the long after- time and meanwhile he has the final comfort of his own conscience. In any the exclusion of the Conservative party from Quebec for familiar reasons beginning with Louis Kiel's is a grave misfor- tune to the as doubtless Mr. or any honest will agree. For this exclusion the Liberal exclusion from the disrupts the two- party the best system of parliamentary government. After all the recent Liberal triumphs in Quebec and On a grim fac7. eager for majority has been unable to recreate a tru- ly national on either with broad support in all its five distinct regions. Apart from that immediate tht two-party system cannot bf said to work very well is longer terms when one part- has held office for 33 of the .V years and held primarily because it dominates great region. You need not be a Con- servative to understand such obvious facts. You need not have Mr. Trudeau's intelligence to understand some other them that his deepest troubles are only now appearing. has power and a cer- tain genius but he has no to Canada's most urgent which will get worse before they get better. He governs a people who. as a are not yet ready for any basic even if he could offer because the at will be highly unpleasant for many Canadians at could involve a worldwide economic calamity. It is under these with no basic problem no real national policy only the partisan control of Parliament that the Conservative party must consider its future leadership. That is its own business but to a remote who has known most of our major politicians in the last Mr Stanfield seems so much better qualified than any visi- ble successor that it will be difficult if not impossible to replace him in the short term anyhow. By the rules of the game he may go and wish to go. If he his party may some day. a man who can win elec- tions and govern too. but it will not find a man of higher personal qualities. Actually it has found no credi- ble substitute at all up to now. This is lucky for a Liberal whose luck has been al- most but not for the nation. the events of the next few or may well prove that Mr. Stanfield was basically right about the nation's most pressing problems and the government wrong. In the larger game beyond the game of partisan Canadian politics only the first minor cards were played in the election. The big face cards and trumps of the world have yet to fall. crazy I'm not really worried Fred the income tax people are bound to find us. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th SI. S. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;