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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 18, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta f THI LITHMIDGI HiRAlD July II, 1973 EDITORIALS Resurrect the White Paper Much maligned at the time of its publication, the federal government's 1969 policy statement on Indians may have to be resurrected. Mr. Justice Osier, in Ontario, has declared the Indian Act to be inoperative because it is in conflict with the Canadian Bill of Rights. Fundamentally the policy set out in the White Paper was sound. It aimed to eliminate discrimination and give the native people equal status with other Canadians. There seems to have been two rea- sons for the vehement opposition ex- pressed to the policy by Indian spokes, men. One reason was that the govern- ment had promised consultation with the Indians before publishing any policy goals and failed to do so according to the Indians. The other reason was that without the protec- tion of the Indian Act it was feared that even the little land now in the possession of the Indians would soon pass into tile hands of others. Tactless though it may have been for the government to have failed to review its proposed policy with the In- dians before making it public, this is not a sufficient reason.for scrapping it- Of much greater significance was the second objection. The government knew that the pro- tectionism of the Indian Act could not be removed precipitously without ser- ious social consequences for the In- dians. Achievement of the goal of full citizenship was envisaged over a pe- riod of time in which a new Indian Act would be operative. Ironically it is the protectionism of the Indian Act which is seen as dis- criminatory by Mr. Justice Osier. His decision not only could deprive the Indians of the old act but could] make the writing of a new one difficult. The time is opportune for dusting off the White Paper and seeking, afresh, agreement on its central goal of full citizenship for native people. It would be well for tte Indians to forget their pique at not being fully consulted earlier and work with the government to implement the goal. If the Supreme Court was to agree with Mr. Justice Osier the Indians might find themselves farther out in the cold than ever. Supersonic sunk? Those who have flougjit against the development of supersonic air- craft have been given a big boost by the fuel shortage throughout the world. There is not apt to be much talk about reviving the SST project in the United States in the near future as a consequence and even the British- French Concorde may have been dealt a fatal blow. Price increases for jet fuel in the past three years increased between 30 and 110 per cent at various world sup- ply poults. Bigger price climbs are in store now that a shortage has de- veloped. In order to save fuel Pan American recently ordered its captains to re- duce cruising speeds and to taxi on only two engines. Another big air- line, Eastern, has also cut cruising speeds. 'This situation is catastrophic for Concorde. It burns four times as much fuel per pound of payload as subsonic jets. Even if passengers could be found who would be willing to pay the high fares that are inevit- able, the waste of fuel just to get peo- ple places a little faster might not be countenanced. Some tears may understandably be shed by British and French taxpay- ers who have had to foot the bill for the staggeringly costly venture into the supersonic field. Not many others will have regrets if necessity finally sinks the Concorde. The brotherhood of workers The spectacle of the powerful Teamsters' Union ranged with the men who run the agribusiness of Cali- fornia against Cesar Chavez' frail United Farm Workers' union must be saddening to unionists every- where who think in terms of hood. For 12 years Cesar Chavez has struggled to organize the migrant Mexican-American workers to get a better deal- It has been a bitter af- fair which has evoked widespread sympathy in the form of nationwide even continent-wide boycotts of lettuce and grapes. Now the modest success of Chavez is threatened by the Teamsters who hire "goon squads" (at a day for each individual) to beat up UFW workers. The Teamsters' boss, Frank Fitzsimmons, has threatened that bis union will refuse to handle UFW duce. When all seemed lost for the UFW, the chief of the AFL-CIO labor fed- eration entered the picture. "Vicious, disgraceful union said George Meany of the Teamsters' ac- tions. He then got his executive coun- cil to subscribe over million sup- port of the UFW. Where this labor fight.will end no- body knows. The friendship which the Nixon administration has shown to the present and past bosses of the Teamsters might seem to be a plus factor for Chavez in these days of massive discreditation of Mr. Nixon and his minions. But there is an apathy induced by the Watergate disclosures of ethical rot that could binder the success of a renewed grape and lettuce boycott if dis- gust at the sight of unions fighting each other has not already destroy- ed any enthusiasm for the cause. ART BUCHWALD What to say about Watergate WASHINGTON These are difficult times for people who are defending the SBxon administration. No matter where they go they are attacked by pseudo-lib- erals, McGovern lovers, heterosexual con- stitutionalism and paranoid John Dean be- lievers. As a public, service, I am printing in- stant responses for loyal Nixonites when they are attacked at a party. Please cut it out and carry it in your pocket does it about Chaptaquiddick? 5-A president can't keep track of ev- erything his staff does. press is blowing the whole thing up- S-Wbatever Nixon did was for national security. Democrats are sore because they lost the election. you going to believe a rat Ske John Dean or the president of the United States? UU all the facts come out about Caappaquiddick? you impeach Nixon, you get Ag- only thing wrong with Water- fate is they got caught U-What about Daniel Eflsberg stealing the Pentagon Papers? happens in Europe all the feme. would be against Nixon no matter what be did. rather have a crook in the-White House than a fool B. J. used to read FBI reports every night the big deal about finding out what your opposition is up to? president was too busy running (fie country to know what was going on. about Chappaquiddick? BMPeople who live in glass houses ihouWn'i throw stones. would have lost anyway. the Committee for the Re- Etection of the President went a lit- tle too far, but they were just a bunch of eager kids. not for breaking the law, but sometimes you have to do it to save the country. made a mistake. He's only human. you realize what Watergate is do- ing to the dollar abroad? about Harry Truman and the deep freeze scandal? p. Roosevelt did a lot worse things. sick and tired of hearing about Watergate and so is emybody else. thing should be tried in the courts and not on television. Nixon gives bis explanation of what happened there are going to be a lot of people in this country egg on (heir faces. country right or wrong. about Chappaquiddick? think the people who make all this fuss about Watergate should be shot. the Democrats had the money they would have done the same thing. never trusted HaMeman and Ehrlichman to start with. you say one more word about Watergate FH punch yon in the nose. the person is bigger than you: "If yen say one more word about Wa- tergate rra leaving this bouse." it's your own house and the per- son is bigger than you: "What about "One of these is bound to Economic pressure mounting By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA Not since the first days of the session has the Trudeau Government endured anything like the recent pres- sure for a change of economic course. Robert Stanfield in Parlia- ment has mounted the heaviest attack yet experienced by the Ministers. Question period, often given over to fish- ing expeditions, has become a raging debate, with Opposition members attempting insistently to shake the Ministers from the fixed positions which they have occupied throughout the session. At intervals since January there have been formal debates on economic policy. None of them was particularly exciting and none appeared to occasion much embarrassment to the Ministers. The current informal debate is different On the servative side, John Diefenba- ker spoke one afternoon of a parliamentary declaration of emergency (as a legal basis for controls) and Mrs. Grace clnnis had indignantly de- manded the previous day: "Will it take food riots to get action from the What is different then is the note of urgency in parlia- mentary proceedings. It is ob- vious that the parties are reac- ting in different ways to a changing mood which they dis- cern in the country. The Gov- ernment is certainly feeling the same pressure but it has not been moved to new responses although the old ones sound more and more shopworn and less and less convincing. This in itself gives rise to rumors the Ministers are merely stalling for time while some new action is planned. The Conservative demand was and is for a price freeze followed a regime of controls for an indefinite period, prob- ably two years. It has not changed in substance but it has become more imperative. Thus on Tuesday, Mr. Stanfield, speaking of "direct action in re- lation to prices and other fac- tors or emergency action for those on fixed incomes" at- tempted to force the issue with this question: "Can we expect any action in those directions, either by way of controls or as- sistance to those on fixed in- comes, before the Government attempts to recess the In opposing the Conservative controls policy, the NDP has sought to maintain its standing with the consuming public by emphasizing the importance of the Food Rices Review Board and by urging a more realistic escalation of pensions (also a Liberal But the NDP advocated a Board "with teeth in it" and was presumably sat- isfied on that score when it voted with the Government last spring. It has plainly been dis- appointed and, doubtless in sponse to feeling in the con- stituencies, is now pressing the Government to accord new pow- ers to the Board. At the same time Stanley Enowles, hi his familiar role, has been prodding the Govern- ment on the subject of Canada Pensions, still subject to the two per cent escalation ceiling. On Wednesday, Mr. Knowtes brought this up again and drew the standard response that the matter involved the consent of the provinces and that dis- cussions were expected this fall. This was in accord with Mr. La- londe's'e arlier intimation that the Governmnt plans to make the change in 1974. But Mr. Knowles was not sat- isfied. He wants a simple legis- lative amendment; he wants the Government to obtain the needed assent immediately and to present the Bill for passage before the adjournment. Noth- ing could better illustrate the new mood. The rising demand of Opposition members is for action, not in accordance with some leisurely timetable but for action now. The fixed position policy must be based on an assumption that if the Ministers can resist long enough and evade skilfully enough, the storm will pass. From present trends this ap- pears unlikely, In addition, fee Government may have in- creased its vulnerability to pres- sure in the present House by its own record of accepting Opposi- tion policies which it had lier rejected with some scorn. Even the policy for supporting small business, announced by Alastair Gillespie on Wednes- day, bears a marked similarity to earlier proposals of Robert Stanfield, a fact which the Con- servative critic, Paul HeDyer, promptly noted. How long the Government can resist this pressure remains to be seen. Much obviously de- pends on the parliamentary skill of the Conservatives and more probably on the tidings received by Government mem- bers from hard pressed con- sumers in the country. Italians more chic than radical By C. L. Sobenberger, New York Times commentator ROME The geology of Ital- ian politics has changed and a new readjustment of forces is starting to emerge. For two decades the country has been governed by creeping anarchy, moving with glacial pace and relying en an overstuffed bu- reacuracy to keep things going. The art of governing without a government seemed to be era Italy's contribution. Only two real parties existed in the changing kaleidoscope, Catho- lics and the anti-Catholics. The primary influences were external to Italy itself: the Vati- can, with an independent lay status and ideology; Moscow, as reflected in the powerful C.PJ. (Communisty Party of and Washington, which scarcely disguised its willing- ness to bolster any combination that would exclude the Com- XDdusts. All this has changed, as ev- eryone little by little realizes. The Communists are no longer either united or truly represen- tative of the far left They have been outflanked by extre- mist gruppctti. littJe groups of Maoists, Trotskyists, Guevar- ists or neoanarchists re- gard Moscow as conventional and stodgy. Meanwhile, in 1961-62. the United States let it be known it favored a center-left govern- ment based on the Christian Democrats (Catholics) and So- cialists. Simultaneously the Vat- Jean withdrew its outright sup- port from the former. But Washington, the Pope, and above all the Italians soon learned that while one couldn't govern Italy without the Social- ists, one couldn't govern Italy with them either. In 1973-72 Washington, which still had a policy here, if both twbbjy aad anaemic, implied it would approve reversion to centre right government ex- cluding the neo-Fascists. This coalition ruled until the latest crisis exploded, a crisis which Italy now patiently tries to solve. The United States clearly isn't eager to return to the cen- tre-left formula just shaped up but it has very little to say here nowadays. Everybody in this shrewd old country knows the time has gone when Uncle Sam would do more than sadly shrug his shoulders if an Alfende type government were installed in Italy or France. What is more, first Pope John XXJil was pho- tographed receiving Khrush- chev's son-in-law, Alexei Adzfau- bei, and then, some years later, Mr. Nixon was snapped beside Mr. Brezhnev as the latter slurped champagne. The last trace of Manichae- ism, of a Catholic god confront- ing a Communist devil, has vanished without a trace. Mean- while, however, the painstak- ingly careful propaganda ma- chine developed by pro-Moscow leaders a generation ago to plant the seeds of power and of anti-Americanism has now burst into fruit Italian schools and universi- ties have been dominated for years by leftist ideologues teaching hatred of the United States. Although both Moscow and Peking have clearly drop- pod their anti-American bias, they have no means of undoing what the C.P.I, has wrought. Old names still dominate pol- itical formalities here but those under forty regard them as fos- sils who must be replaced. In all phases of society a find of radical chic mood is asserting itself although it is more chic than radical. It is also not ra the least conttructive. What is most significant is that Italy, as a vital piece of Western Europe, is like the rest of that area moving steadily leftward. However, Italy, un- like France, has never ben- efited from the stability of a long-established central state and mature society. The Italian Communists have never managed to gain power despite a quarter century of try- ing. But the Italian Socialists on the whole are decreasinpry social democratic, are torn by internal dissent, and also suffer pressures from the gruppetti on the left This is undoubtedly part of a much larger contemporary trend. The French Socialists work openly in a popular front endeavor with the Communists. Half of Britain's Labor party edges heedlessly leftward. And there are serious and similar tendencies among Brandt's West German Social Democrats. But unlike those Common Market partners, Italian society itself was never able to over' come, contain or recover from such tendencies in the past It depended upon a balance of external forces to maintain a balance on internal forces. Now with the Vatican more concerned about liberalizing the position of Catholics in East Europe than galvanizing the political power of Catholics here; and with Washington de- bilitated by its own defects ano eager to court Eastern markets regardless of what fwrcussions that pursuit may cause in the West, toe politi- cal picture in Italy is starting to look hopelessly distorted. This is basic no matter what patchwork government pretends to take charge right now in Borne, Letters Concern not lacking I would like to take this op- portunity to reply to the fetter in Tbe Herald (July 12) from John MaeMUlan. While I fee that Lethbridge is lacking in its facilities for the handicapped, I think it is wrong' to generalize and take every- one to task for a lack of gen- uine concern. The people who stop to stare do not necessarily do so from curiosity, they may pause to ponder any one of die following: a dear friend in the same posi- tion, the thought that this could happen to them, a sincere in- terest in the handicapped or a feeling of wanting to help. The incident in the res- taurant made me react with nothing less than disgust. It would be of small comfort to point out that the man in the wheelchair at least has a vis- ible handicap, while the 'wom- an at the other table' has far more serious (though invklbto) handicap. I was taken out to dinner by a man in a wheelchair two weeks ago and the service we received was neither better nor worse than that given to other customers. We were to for a beer in the same build- ing, as all their facilities are serviced by ramps and eleva- tors; while there we were cer- tainly not aware of betas; stared at. In dosing I would like to say that Calgary has a bylaw which makes it mandatory for aD new public buildings to provide access and free movement fee the handicapped. JOSEPHINE STADDON Lethbridge. Hurlburt will report "Just who pointed out in a letter on this page a week or so ago, that he hasn't seen any reports from me in the On the column is right. But, may I satisfy his cu- riosity? Since coming to Ottawa after the October 30th federal elec- tion, I have had such good cov- erage in The Lethbridge Her- ald and on the local radio and television stations that I won- dered whether I should over- load readers with even more! However, now I am completely settled in on Parliament HiH and have found my way around, so to speak, I think with a year's experience under my belt I should now consider writing on my views from Ot- tawa. If the Lethbridge Herald will oblige me, I would like to start joining the other area MPs in writing for this column as soon as Parliament re- sumes after the summer re- cess. KEN HURLBURT, MP, Lethbridge Constituency Apartheid has no defence It was sad to read Mrs. Vir- tue's pathetic attempt to de- fend the apartheid policies of South Africa and Rhodesia. This kind of racist propaganda is so foreign to the spirit of toleration most Canadians are seeking to achieve I am sur- prised" Itie Herald would pub- lish it. Discrimination against peo- ple because of color, creed, po- litical opinion, or ethnic origins is wrong. Apartheid is a par- ticularly obscene form of dis- crimination. It follows the tra- dition of torture, death, and mass slaughter practiced so zealously by politicians and rtiigiouft leaders since the dawn of history. There are many reasons for apartheid: hatred, ignorance, fear, and the warped mentality that con- vinces some people they are superior to their fellow human beings. There is also the vest- ed interest of greed which means that a minority can en- joy a comfortable standard of living at the expense of the subjugated majority. Whatever the reasons ad- vanced by the white masters in Rhodesia and South Africa for their apartheid policies we en be sure that they will maintain their slave states as loaf as possible. No thought of de- cency, humanitarian feeling, brotherhood, or fairness wfiJ penetrate their selfish and twisted minds. The only argu- ment they understand is -force and as African countries flex their military muscles we must expect border incidents tinue until apartheid is ended. TERRY MORRIS Lethbridge Why horses buck Regarding the short article in The Herald's Whoop-up Days edition. It is stated that the horse bucks because he "likes to." If this Is so, would the writer please explain why a bucking cinch is tied around the horse's hindquarters and until this belt is removed the horse continues to buck even after the rider has been tossed? A friend of mine has seen a horse so maddened by this in- humane treatment that he drove himself into the fence and broke his neck. I would like to know who to reporter is trying to fooL newspaper should check tht facts before printing such in- accuracies. A. BROWN Lcthbndge BEifS WORLD f fMfff, .MMnflj, iSung, canoeing for smdmg ME to tits camp, JheLethbndge Herald Tib St S., ictbtrrKfce, Aftcrta URHHUDGS HERALD co. LTD, aat MI NHMbed 1M-1M, by Hon. W. A. BUCHAHAM Stem Cltm MM Mo. and The CwieSim Tht Audit form OrnWri-M ;