Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 18, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Wednesday, jNfe THIItTHMIDOl HlRAlO )f What energy crisis? a very good question at far as Barrett Broad of Southfield, Mich., is con- eerned. Gas shortages wont bother anyone wing PPV (People Powered Vehicle) to get around. Pedals, of course, are the secret. Designed lor fun and exercise as well, as utility, the PPV, according to Barrett, is great for short trips in the neighborhood, is pollution free and best of, all presents no parking problems simply upend the 110-pound vehicle, right, and take it indoors with you. This Saturday In Weekend Magazine N.W.T. LAND CLAIMS TRIAL: Biomedical engineers are making an almost- normal life possible for thousands of Canadians by building spare parts for the human body. In your Weekend Magazine this Saturday, H. J. MacDonald reports on the people In Canada responsible for these scientific advances. Also in Weekend Norman Hartley tells of a canoeing expedition by a group of businessmen from Gait, Ont, along one of the most' challenging inland waterways in the Arctic. Dan Proudfoot explores the high cost of renting sports heroes as guest speakers. Greg Clark recalls how he tracked down the person who kept stealing the flowers he on ihe family grave. Audrey Gesdin previews the basic brown dress for fall. Robert McKeown describes how Bill Gallaway, head of the National Film Collection of the Public Archives, is bringing Canada's film collection up to scratch. Margo Oliver serves us recipes for casseroles big enough lo cat now and still have some left over for the freezer. The Lcthbridge Herald A journey into the past The Canadian Preif YELLOWKNIFE, N.W.T. Mr. Justice William Morrow is on a journey three-quarters of a century into tbe past. It began last week when the Supreme Court of tbe Northwest Territories beard evidence from Indians, attending a conference here, -about two Canadian treaties which are tbe subject of a controversial case over In- dian land claims. Today, Mr. Justice Marrow will start seeking out old men in settlements down the mite lengttf of tbe Mackenzie River who can provide informa- tion related to the case because they were alive when treaties 8 and 11 were signed 74 and 52 years ago, respectively. Tbe question before tbe court is tow the concept of aboriginal rights affects an attempt by 7r 000 treaty Indians of the North- west Territories to formally de- clare a legal interest in square mdes of tbe resource- rich Mackenzie Valley covered by tbe two unsettled treaties. Indian Affairs Minister Jean Chretien has said tbe federal government intends to honor its agreement with the Treaty In- ars. "For two years, Fve been saying tint Fm willing to negotiate the fulfillment of the obligations of treaties No. 8 and 11." Tbe trouble is that the In- dians and tbe government dis- agree over tbe obligations. DIDN'T SURRENDER Many northern Indians feel the treaties they signed were peace treaties, not of their laud as tbe govern- ment maintains. As Chief Andrew Stewart, 67, of Aklavik, N.W.T., told court: "I've never yet heard the old people say we gave our coun- try to the government." Tbe case came to court ear- lier this year when the Indian Brotherhood of tbe Northwest Territories, on behalf of the treaty Indians, began its at- tempts to file a legal declara- tion of interest in the square miles with toe land titles office. Since then, the case has had its share of unusual legal moves. Mr. Justice Morrow imposed St temporary freeze on land transactions In the disputed area. Tbe federal justice depart- roent failed in an attempt to ban Mr. Justice Morrow from continuing the hearings into the Indians' claims based on abori- ginal rights. The department argued that tbe judge bad au- thority only to rule on whether the Indians' declaration should be filed with (be registrar of lands and tkles. Mr. Justice Morrow claimed he could not be expected to rule on tbe application without hear- ed Mr. Justice Morrow, saying the Indians wanted their case heard by a northern judge one who was aware of what they called tbe peculiar situa- tions and conditions in the North. Mr Morrow, as sole member of. tbe Supreme Court in the Northwest Territories, lives in YeQowknife and travels throughout the North to hear ing the basis of the Indians' ar- gument or the evidence sup- porting the _ federal gown- ment's objections. Federal Court Judge Frank Collier dtomfesed tbe justice de- July 6, a joyful of lawyers representing the In- dian brotherhood. Tbe brotherhood had defend- Two days after the justiceHe- partment's application was re- jected, the federal government withdrew Ms lawyers from tbe bearings. Mr. Justice Morrow, who termed tbe government move "a most unusual sub- sequently appointed Yellowknife lawyer Dietrich Brand to repre- sent the government. The judge said be made the appointment to ensure that in seeking a fun inquiry he jJd not have to summon witnesses and cross-examine on behalf of tbe Crown. "No matter bow hard I try, I may find myself unconscious- ly identifying with one or fee other side I must avoid getting into this position at all costs." Having overcome the justice department's stumbling block and authorized to continue the bearings, Mr. Justice Mor- row now is dealing with the past, concentrating on some of the more human aspects of the case. Bapiste Cazon, 57, chief of the Fort Simpson band, the first Indian to give evidence, told the judge he had come "to take tbe place of the per- sons who signed the treaty." He was born five years be- fore Treaty 11 was signed, but said present chiefs have a res- ponsibility to represent tbe ori- ginal signatories. Chief Cazon said his people have long been hunters and many Indians still make a liv- ing from the land. ___ When Mr. Brand, the appointed government lawyer, began sharp cross-examination on who owned what land, Mr. Justice. Morrow interrupted: "We're dealing in people rather than land. He's tbe chief of the people living in this area rather than chief of the tend." A Roman Catholic Missionary who has researched the his- tories of treaties 8 and 11 told tbe court some of the signatures on Jhe treaties could be frau- dulent. Rev. Rene Fumoteau said most of tbe Jndlan signatures on the documents were a sim- ple X. Three of the marks on Treaty 8 were "too firm and unlike tbe other Indian signa- tures which were shaky, Fath- er Fumoleau said. Louis Norwegian, 64, band councillor at Fort Simpson, N.W.T., said be was presnt at the signing of Treaty 11 when his grandfather was tribal lead- er. Government negotiators tried for three days to persuade his grandfather to sign the treaty but he refused, Mr. Norwegian recalled. Finally, one of the govern- ment officials pinned a medal on an Indian named Antoine, got him to sign the treaty and announced be was chief. Sears Big Value! 12' deluxe aluminum cartopper D.O.T. rated for 15-h.p. motor 299 99 Reg. A great catch at this price. Sate, stable ideal for the cottage or fisherman. Heavy gauge' marine alley aluminum construction. Vet 123 Ibs. light for easy transportation rated for a big 660 Ib. load capacity and 15 h.p. motor. 3 keels, foam flotation. 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