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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 18, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Solurdoy, July IB, 1970 THE LSTHBRIDGE HERAIB 5 Remember When Horses Wore Hats? By John Gould, In The Christian Science Monitor TN A TOTALLY unrehearsed conversation recently some- body mentioned hats Tor horses, and I guess that's a topic for the antiquarians. the farm we didn't go for them, but city- folk were always agitated when they saw an unhatted horse on a hot day, and I am old enough to remember photo- graphs in the newspapers of lady committees placing a hat' on a police horse while the officer made believe lie was pleased. It was a socially charitable thing to do, and indicated deep feelings for the dumb beast. It was, like many another ascrib- ing of human sensitivities to lesser forms, a thing which was done without consulting the horse. Certainly the fake flow- ers and festive flourishes which adorned such hats had nothing to do with comfort, because practical teamsters who decided to bonnet their beasts them- selves, before the ladies from the SPCA came around, could get plain straw hats. The but- tons and bows, clearly, stem- med from ladies' fashions, not from equine styles. The SPCA, as regards old- time horses, was not infallible. Out through the countryside they used to place pails on bridges, so passing teamsters could water their horses. These pails were fastened by a chain with a padlock to the rail of the bridge, thus to frustrate steal- ing, and there was just chain enough to reach the water be- low. But the SPCA didn't always allow for summer dry spells, and if the brook dropped the de- vice was useless. Not only that, but they seldom allowed for the choonk manipulation necessary to fill a dangling pail with water. Any seafarer knows that you can't just let down a pail. You have to drop it bot- tom up, so it choonks and fills. The SPCA, over the years, spent a great deal of money providing buckets on bridges, but while you could lead the horse to water you couldn't get him a drink. True, most team- sters carried their own pails, hanging on a bunkstake, so there was no problem, but it all goes to show. Our farm nags never wore hats. The only one I ever saw in this rural section was on a roader kept by a businessman in the village. This was a so- ciety horse, sort of, and had a docked tail so he could no lon- ger swish the files, and he al- ways carried lu's head extra high because of an extra short cheekrein not the kindest harness. But thus mistreated, and you can call it that, he al- ways wore a stylish bonnet with pompons and bows. We'd be working in the fields with our unhatted horses, and we'd see this paragon go by in a flurry of dust, and I noticed as a youngster that my grandfather would always turn and pat old Tige or Nell, whichever was working, with a gentleness which amounted to saying, "That's not for us, is But, if a fruit peddler hawked bananas in the suburbs without a hat on his horse, somebody was sure to notify the SPCA, and shortly the horse would pass by looking as silly as anything. There was one tiling which horses themselves did like, and told us so, and it never had the publicity given the hats. That was a bath. I do not recall any photographs of cultured city horse lovers administering ablu- tions to a drayhorse by the docks, but I think it would have made more sense, than festoon- ing one with a hat. We do know that ancient masonry throughout Europe in- cludes horsebaths, some of them ornate in architecture. And on the farm it was the regular thing to bring a pail of water and a sponge and slosh the horse up and down for which he would stand quietly and thus indicate his approval. Some of the old casliron door- yard pumps had a squirt-faucet on them, and by closing off the main pipe you could work the handle and develop quite a stream. Horses liked to be par- aded around in this, and after a few times they would not need to be led. When horses of heavy draft were used in the old lumbering days, in the woods, the hostlers found that regular baths kept them in better humor and con- dition, and that this generated more results. Unclean horses didn't bend to the job so well. Since lumbering was done on the snow, and thermometers laid low, a bath for a horse was an undertaking, and elab- orate arrangements were made. The tank, sizable, was filled with water heated on a great wood fire, and the steam would rise and freeze into long icicles on the -split-cedar roof. A new horse had to be cajoled some- what, but those who had exper- ienced this luxury used to wade in, splash around, blow, and show all the enthusiasm of a bunch of boys in the ol' swim- min' hole. Rubdowns followed, and those who attended these launderings never doubted that the horses loved bath day. Run- ning through a- lumbering con- tingent of 60 or 70 horses once a week was, in some camps, as routine as payday. But, to off- set tliis, doubt if any horse in the Maine woods ever wore a hat, or ever will. Well, for one thing, if the city horse was pro- tected from, the hot sun, a tim- ber toting team should have something like beaver. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY Sculptures by Mario Amengol, commissioned for the British Pavilion at Expo 67, now displayed in Calgary. -Photo By Ross Gibb BOOK REVIEWS Dilmun: A Lost Civilization Comes To Light "Looking for Dilmun" by Geoffrey Bibby (Knopf, 383pp., illustrated, dis- tributed by Random House of Canada A HIGH civilization, known as Dilmun, existed long ago along the western shores of the Persian Gulf. There are, however, no references to it in dictionaries, encyclopedias, and major historical works at least not in the score or so of books I-consulted hi the Leth- bridge Public Library. This is because Dilmun was a lost civilization until a Danish ar- chaeological expedition began digging in the area a few years ago. For t w e n t y-four hundred years no man ever heard the name of Dilmun but for more than two millennia before that its name had been a household word. The name came to light in the last century when the cuneiform inscriptions and tab- lets of Mesopotamia began to be translated. At that time it was assumed that Dilmun must have been mythological since no historical evidence of its ex- istence was available. In 1954 a Danish archaeolo- gical expedition of which Geof- frey Bibby, an Englishman, was field director went to the island shiekdom of Bahrain to investigate the burial mounds which are there in great abun- dance. Prior to becoming an archaeologist, Geoffrey Bibbj had spent three years on Bah- rain as an employee of an oil company. His oil connections subsequently proved to be very helpful both in securing finan- cial assistance and in making contacts with the head men in various places. Most of the burial mounds ex- cavated on Bahrain and else- where in the gulf area had been robbed early in their exis- tence but there were enough pottery fragments and overlook- ed articles to provide at least corroborative evidence of an an- cient and distinctive civiliza- tion. Much more evidence was found at a temple site and a city location on the island. Seven distinctive cultural lev- els were discovered at the city site. The first four have been assigned to Dilmun. Then came a Greek period, the result of Alexander's conquests. This was followed by the Islamic period. The latest remains were those of a fort built by the Portuguese who conquered Bah- rain in 1521 and held it until 1602. Seals belonging to the earliest period bore marked similarities with some found at Ur in Mesopotmia and at Mo- henjo-Daro in the Indus Valley. This indicated some cultural contact between the ancient through trade. The archaeologists were soon being lured to other sites in the Persian Gulf where evidence of a civilization identical with that on Bahrain was found. At some sites, however, a different cul- ture appeared. There are even some sites where the potsherds are identical with the Ubaid cul- ture of north Mesopotamia go- ing back to 5000 B.C. It is diffi- cult for the archaeologists to guess the extent of Dilmun geographically and otherwise. This is why the author, while convinced that Dilmun has been found, modestly suggests that there is a real sense in which it is still being sought. One of the most astounding things about this archaeological research is the discovery that flourishing cities once existed in what is now desert. The desert must not always have been without water. Drawing on geo- logical investigations, the auth- or suggests that millions of years ago, during the last great mountain-building period of the world, the Persian massif had lunged southward, tipping the whole slab of Arabia. In the east, Arabia had been pressed down below sea level, forming the Arabian Gulf. It is not un- likely that a recovery has been going on ever since with Arabia gradually returning to the horizontal. Such a rise of east Arabia would reduce the flow of underground water from the high land to the west. This pro- cess was doubtless culminating during the time man was trying to establish his civilizations in a losing battle. It is interesting and heart- ening to read that the fight against the desert is being taken up again. The discovery of. oil has had a significant part to play in providing re- A Bridge Between Two Cultures There Is My People Sleep- Ing: by Saraln Stump: (Gray's Publishing Lid., Box 718, Sidney, B.C., young artist, b o r n in 1945 in the county of Fre- mont, Wyoming, apparently is a marginal man because he says "At that time my mother's family was very upset about her marriage with a full- blooded non Christian Indian and we never got information from them." The information he lacks is whether he was born on the 16th or 17th of October of that year. Since he writes only briefly about himself, the reader lacks plenty about Stump. For exam- ple, he saj's "I read some books about Indians, some things I learned from our older people, that's all the education I had." It is apparent that Stump draws with both the perception of an Indian and a white man. Being a marginal man, he is also a marginal artist, seeking after both cultures but belong- ing to neither. This is the source of further agony, over and above the tor- turing self-doubt of the artist, Cause For Despair Between the Rock and the Hard Place by Paul Jacobs (Random House, 115p. IN thinking there may be some solution to the Middle East problem is almost en- tirely absent from this book. All the author can offer is found in a single sentence on the last page. It is the possi- bility that another generation of Arabs and Israelis may find a Way out of the dilemma. Here is a lively but dis- heartening account of an at- tempt to hold an unofficial con- ference of Arabs, Israeh's and American Jews. The idea of the conference came from the Centre for the Study of Demo- cratic Institutions in Santa Barbara. Paul. Jacobs made two trips to the Middle East and talked with many Israelis and Arabs about the conference but to no avail. Although it was the unwill- ingness of the Arabs to meet with Israeh's that aborted the conference, it is plain from the narrative that their attitude was no more intransigent than that of the majority of the Israelis encountered. The Is- raelis who were willing to meet with the Arabs were scarcely representative of the majority of their countrymen. Ironically, in Israel, points of view are expressed that pro- voke accusations of anti-Semi- tism when heard in North America. Dr. A. C. Forrest, editor of The United Church Observer, who insists that the Arabs have rights that are not being recognized, would not have been out of place at a symposium in Tel Aviv al- though he is considered to be out of .his mind in Toronto. Paul Jacobs describes him- self as a "radically oriented" Jew, socialist in politicial phi- losophy, loosely affiliated with the New Left. 'What he reports in this little book is not likely to' endear him to the majority of American Jews. He seems to think they are fanatically wedded to some Zionist vision of Israel that does not accord with reality. In this he shares the recently expressed doubt1; of Nahum Goldmann, a leading figure among an older genera- tion of Zionists who expressed his views in Foreign Affairs. Those who are not acquaint- ed with the attitudes of the people who. are embroiled in the Middle East conflict could gain an understanding by read- ing this book. Be prepared to abandon all simplistic solutions to the problem as a result. Also expect to be suffused with a mood of depression. DOUG WALKER 'So They Say I'm convinced that the feeling on the part of the poor that they can't get equal justice is a stimulation for crime. Milton Eisenhower. and the result is a book that is worthy of some thoughtful anal- ysis. My own analysis is that Stump has given us a wonderful bridge. He was able to build it because he has stood on both sides of the river. Most people give up on In- dian art because the symbolism requires a great deal of very hard study. Only after this study can the totem art and other primitive forms take on any real meaning. We don't have. to have this foundation to enjoy Stump's elo- quent contribution. He draws with the clarity and simplicity of a finely sensitive artist. I value his work because I don't have to wade through a bunch of weeds to get to the action. How is this book carried off? Because it takes the weighty tragedy of the Indian and com- municates this feeling in the briefest possible way. There is no over-working of the material. If Stump wants to say "And it was all over" that's exactly what he saj's. The illustration is a line and a circle. Possibly this is the horizon and the sun. Possibly it means there is noth- ing left on earth. In native art symbolism the circle stands for the semi-circle for or so I'm told by peo- ple who make- it their business to inquire into such things. Some of the drawings are il- lustrations that have a clean, pure look about them. The heavier black and white de- signs have a rough-edged look that makes you wonder if the artist had complete control of his technique at all times. I'm inclined to assess this book as being rather good. The artist doesn't take himself all that seriously. But his work is about all those things that life is about: being a child, growing up, awakening to love, fighting unwanted thoughts that persist, looking back at past mistakes and so on to "at the crying of my dying mother." The artist has given himself over to deep introspection. He has refused to run from certain tragic problems. I think I know what he's saying. But I don't want to talk about it. D'ARC RICKARD. sources and techniques for the fight. Water is being tapped by deep borings and there is or- ganized established of vege- tation coverage to hold down the surface and retain the air humidity. This is an extremely inter- esting book. There are many digressions which add to the interest. Some digressions, such as those to provide historical and archaeological background, are essential. Others, dealing with local contemporary cus- toms or with personal exper- iences during the expeditions, provide the color. The reader comes away from this book hopeful that further information about Dilmun will filter out from continuing ar- chaeological research. Now that most of the countries in the re- giou have established depart- ments of antiquities it is prob- able that, there will be greater acitvity in the field and that the story of Dilmun will be completed. Not only is this a pleasingly written book but it is also an attractively printed one. There are numerous maps and draw- ings of artifacts. In the centre of the book there are also 32 pages of excellent photographs. No archaeological aficionado will want to miss this book. DOUG WALKER Updike's Fun "Bech: A Book" by John Updike (Knopf, 20Gpp., S6.9S, distributed by Random House of Canada TJENRY BECH is an imagin- ary writer about whom John Updike has written this collection of stories giving a glimpse into the writer's world but not his work. Bech does some travelling, .lecturing, wenching but no writing. I can imagine that John Up- dike got more enjoyment out of writing about Bech than most people will receive from read- ing about Mm. The Updike wizardry with words is to be found here as usual but the sub- ject doesn't warrant his talent. So thoroughly is Henry. Bech created that there is a foreword by him; an appendix of extracts from the journal he kept while on a visit to Russia; a bibliog- raphy of writings by and about him. The bibliography lists arti- cles appearing in real maga- zines with dates and pages. Curious to know if there had actually been issues of the mag- azines on the dates given, I checked at the Lethbridge Pub- lic Library. Unfortunately eith- er the files did not go back far enough (e.g. Saturday Review, January or the publica- tion is not received (e.g. Com- mentary, Partisan Space and budget limitations foiled that small piece of re- search! Protestant-Catholic-Jew ODD of God to choose the runs an old verse, to which another replied, "But odder still are those who choose a Jewish God, yet spurn the A strong interfaith movement aims to end all this tension and lack of understand- ing. Recently a 10-day course in Jewish culture, ritual, and theology was given to nuns and priests in South Orange N.J. "For a long time I've wanted to understand my said Sister Irene Martin, teacher of a course in world religions. "This is like coming home." Monsignor Osterreicher held that "no life can be truly Christian unless it is marked by sympathy and con- cern for the Jews and a reverence for their role in the scheme of salvation." Along with other students of religion today, he felt that it was in the social realm other faiths had most to learn from the Jews, who "were, are, and always will be our tutors." Those attending the conference were profoundly moved. Protestants are equally vigorous in the .interfaith movement. Carlyle Marney lends his mighty oratory to excoriate Pro- testants for their crime against Judah. Western man turned against his tradition, against his heritage, against the Law and the Prophets, even against Jesus, charges Marney, in a process of de-Judaizing our- selves for the last 1900 years. These were what Jesus calls "fountains of living water" and we must "go toward Judaism" and rediscover that law is grace, redis- cover the Kingdom of God where righteous- ness prevails between mankind and crea- tion. Koy Eckhardt, author of several books on Israel, past president of the American Academy of Religion, a Methodist clergy- man, declares that the Jews must be understood "as the original people of God's faithfulness." The fate of the Jews in Israel must be viewed "as if it is our while the best place for Christian witness today is "in an Israeli munitions factory." The man is a little carried away! Never- theless he reXesents a growing philo- Semltism which may be inspired in part by guilt feelings for the tragic anti- Semitism of the past and present! No people on earth have been subjected to such indescribable horrors in "Christian" countries as the Jews. Toynbee in his "Study of History" prophesied then- fate: "The Jews are manifestly fossils of the Syrian Society." Perhaps that is why June 1967 sent them into raptures, for Judaism had shown its vitality, the Jews their world-wide unity, and the sense of alone- ness found a marvellous compensatory fac- tor. The interfailh movement goes back to 1923 when the Federal Council of Churches set up a Commission on Good Will Be- tween Jews and Christians. In 1928 the American National Conference of Christians and Jews was founded "to promote justice, amity, understanding, and co-operation be- tween Protestants, Catholics, and Jews." Unhappily to avoid friction it carefully steered clear of religious and theological discussion, which made it a sort of tri- faith movement of co-operation in com- munity causes. A cynic could conclude that the interfaith movement was an ex- pression of a secular age and another dem- onstration of the American fondness for religion in general. As Eisenhower said, the American government was "founded in a deeply felt religious faith and I don't care what it is." Happily the present movement begins at exactly the opposite end by caring pro- foundly, by finding brotherhood in depth. Thus Rabbi Asher Finkel lectures at New York University on "Jesus in the Jewish World." Protestants in turn are fascinated by the Jewish concept of the Covenant re- lationship expressed in holidays and cus- toms, their belief that their existence as a people was for the purpose of history's redemption and their role to lead mankind into an era of justice and peace, a life of moral, spiritual, and physical fulfilment. It will be strange indeed if the Jew, after his horrible treatment, should repay his op- pressors by cleansing the polluted waters of Protestantism and giving the Catholic sources of renewal from "the fountain of living Questions About Awareness From The Wall Street Journal AN increasingly common explanation for the divisions in America involves the notion of In the extreme, the observation goes, America is divided between the enlight- ened and the oblivious. The enlightened supposedly typified by the alienated young and their sympathizers claim a special understanding of America's faults. The ob- livious the loose amalgam of others iden- tifying with the so-called "silent majority" are less concerned about such faults while their behavior (to the so-called en- lightened) seems to create them. The notion of such a division over aware- ness has a certain validity, but it also has a tendency to lead otherwise reasonable men to questionable conclusions. Indeed, the rejection of materialistic values by many of the young and their active interest in less tangible sources of direction in life is often thought of as a mysterious, nearly religious phenomenon. There is reluctance to question it, even though it raises some obvious questions. These thoughts come to mind after read- ing a lengthy "essay" in a recent Time magazine, written by the managing editor, Henry Grunwald. Mr. Grunwald recently toured the U.S. for three weeks in an at- tempt to assess the nation's divisive mood. After discussing various complexities of national division, Mr. Grunwald comes back to the question of the young and their awareness, which he suggests, rightly enough, cannot be ignored. "Do they know something we don't know? Have they got hold of an insight that we have not yet quite faced And his belief that they have leads Win to this conclusion: The alienated "make demands on America that could only be filled by an extraordinary nation, by a na- tion straining against the limits of history, even of human nature. At their best they call us beyond the ordinary life of nations, beyond the averages of a little blood and power, beyond comfort. In short, the radi- cals always excepting the most violent fringe insist that America must be great. That is why, within reason, we must cherish them." Perhaps reflecting a certain uneasiness, Mr. Grunwald carefully qualifies this con- clusion throughout his essay. At best, we share this uneasiness, and feel some more examination of the awareness phenomenon is in order. People who grew up after the Second World War do have a claim to a different perspective from people who grew up be- fore it. A host of startling developments technological advance, affluence, nu- clear politics, the population-environment crisis, to name a few all have raised profound questions about some of the more basic assumptions that have guided human affairs for centuries. And actual events, sometimes surely re- flecting the deepet clianges, have added to the sense of >a world in upheaval. People growing to voting age in America in the 1960s rje accustomed to political assassi- nations, a bloody, costly and hugely un- popular war, racial tension and violence, and the decline of something approaching a national consensus into ugly factional- ism. The impact of it all is both distorted and magnified by a system of instantan- eous communications. It is understandable enough that many of the young should tend to cynicism about history-book pictures of America as a country founded on prin- ciples of decency, and rational compromise, even though such and image remains im- portant to people of larger experience. Still, it is one thing to grant that such insights are understandable and often quits true, and another to contend rather irra- tionally that therefore they should occupy a position of higher priority than any other national concern, including the unity and survival of the nation itself. And this, un- fortunately, seems too commonly a ten- dency of those who claim to be enlight- ened. Often they value commitment and action so much they may condemn as ir- relevant to modern insight the attempt to make reasoned judgments and to exercise a sense of perspective. As Mr. Grunwald acknowledges, "The point about these young people is that their approach is not comparative but ab- solute, not historical but Utopian They don't care whether America is better than other countries; they care only that it is not as good as it should be, as it once promised to be." And herein lies the largest question about awareness. Will ths problems arising from modern changes yield easily to ab- solutism, utopianism and emotional com- mitment? Or might they stand a better chance of solution if approached in a spirit of humility, tolerance and reason? The point, perhaps, is that awareness is not the same as wisdom. And however valid and startling youthful insights might seem in exposing new problems, wisdom remains essential to their solution. Until the alienated understand this well, their demand for a nation which strains the lim- its of history and human nature should not be cherished so much as feared. The Root Of The Trouble By Dong Walker The groom, Bill Prendergast (who once A RECURRING problem at weddings is that of getting the rings to pass over the knuckle. It would be a wise thing for most grooms to concede defeat in advance and let the brides work the ring into place. At the recent wedding in Calgary of Har- riet, daughter of Jim and Mona Viner, for- mer Lethbridgeites, the root of this ring DOUG WALKER trouble finally came to light. taught school in had the usual struggle with the bride's ring. When tha ceremony was over the best man, Harold Hussey, a mechanical genius said: "Bill, you wouldn't have had such a bad time with that ring if you had noticed that it has a left-hand thread." ;