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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 18, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta NEW METHODS INWARSURGERY Col. Herbert Bruce of Toronto Says That Disinfectants Have Given Place to Knife. INFECTION REMOVED Wound Is Closed Up, and Heals . in Two Weeks-Great Saving in Liver Results. L'HGKKV.S Kreatcst tiliimpli c (luiiiis tills war lias como ^ throiisli a repiullnliou ot ilecoctions. U has como tluoiiKh :Iic rlimiiiatlon of (lisinfcotant rro-' -esses ill trontiiiK septic -svoiinilP. aiul tlio substitution tlioreCoi- ot tlic -jniic. TlK: singeon has taUoii a prlaiit striito thruuplx t'lie major opoi'ation ciiltiii!,' liiniscir loose from the lOs-:iilaplan a proa-strings. It was nut in those words that Colonel JJerbert A- Urnce, consnltinK ?iirscon of tlio Uritish armies in r'rancp, whose professional territory tt the front embraces Si!.000 beils. ox-prcssetl it to a New Yorlc Times reporter when he was asl^eil what he regarded as the greatest achievement )f surgical science since the war l>c-raa. lie discussed the new method merely as a scientist interested in a aiore scientific method. In peace Mmo.-i he is rroi'essor ot Clinical 5urg:cr>* ?.t the I'nivorsity of Toronto, ind he was in the United States with ?ir William Arinithnot Lane and Sir (nmcB llacKcnzio. distinguished British practitioners, to attend the congress In Cliicasro. It was on :he evo ot his return to Europe that le answered the question. "Practically all wounds are infect-d," Colonel Bruce said. "We have passed through various stiiges in the irentment of such wounds, and 1 ;hinV; I may say that now, in onr ser-rice and in the French arid in the American, a new technic has devel-)ped. "This method consists ot the thor-jush mechanical cleansins of the .vound, the excision of all Infected ind damaged tissues, and the primary losure of the wounds in cases oper-' ited upon soon after the injury is in-llcted. When conditions do not pcr-iiit ot primary closure in the eas-jalty clearing stations, then cither �he delayed primary closure or a lecondary closure' takes place at the )ase_ hospital. "When I use the terra "mechanical ileansins.' I mean using the Vinife !n-:tead of a disinfectant. After Joseph lister made known the value of antiseptics in operations listcrlsm be-amo popular, and carbolic sprays vero set up in the operating room. Then the pendulum swung bad;, with he realization that the better method vas to prevent any g-erms from get-ine into the wound. But when this began disinfectants still were iscd in treating wounds, practically .11 of which were contaminated. The rcatment required six or eight nonths, Sometimes longer. There was ilways the danger of sepsis, nccea-litating the amputation ot a limb. i.side from the fact that the wound-id man was kept all this time out of lervice, so that another man must eplace him, there was the expense nvolvfcd ot hospital accommodation, lursing, vast quantities of bandages, md surgical attention. � Cut Away Contamination Nowadays, instead of using disin-'ectant.s, the contaminated tissue, nuscles, even bone, is cut awaj-. Whatever the condition, the e.xcislon s such as to remove all the infection; md then, unless the man has been lor an unusual length of time witli-lUt treatment or some other condl-jon makes closure inadvisable, the vound Is closed. That is a matter of uirgical technic. It may be neces-lary to work In muscle or fat if the (xclslan Is large, but almost In-'arlably the closure can be made. "Under this treatment the wound leals, as a-^ule, In two weeks- This neans an enormou.-?' saving In time, n lives. In man power, In bandages, lurslng and surgical attention, to lay nothing ol. money. To my mind t is the most important thing we lavo learned during this war. From 15 to 90 per cent, of the wounded re-. lover and are returned to the firing Ine. "Then we are using transfusion ot ilood'much more freely than hereto-' ore. In each casualty clearing sta-. Ion 'donors,' as we call them, are se-ectcd and held In readtness, properly rroiipcU. These 'donors' are men who lave been .sli^'iitly wounded or who ir.i siifiorlnf: from some minor mis-lap-say, a sprained ankle-and who .10 fie ur.d willing to give tlieir ilood lor their fellows. Instead of ;endin!,' them liack, wo keep them leur the front in readiness for lansfusions. "In addition, each casualty clearing itation !;nci)s In its ice box about hilt;.'.pints ot bloud, to be available n poriod:i ot a We hav.: found hat blood saved for transruxion )c Itopt thus for several weeks wlth-lut iletcrloiating. You may have lOiird that diiring tlio offensive ut ho cud of last March we lost a few ii' our casualty clearing stations. I uci glad to say that none, ot our vbinidiil or doctors, nurses or order-Its fell into the hands of the enemy; iut our doctois regretted bitterly the loss in ono clearing station of thirty pints of blood. "What the surgeon has learned ALWAYS A KNOCKfJIi. ^ CRITI-C by any other name would ' bo a knocker just the p.ame. Sidelights REV.S.G.FALLISA BRAVEJINISTER He Has Ma6c a Big Reputa-V tion for Himself in Calgary, �IS VERY PATRIOTIC X,f.-ro7. ]I. A. Bruce diu^ing the war will benefit future jrenorations. and tliore "nave been improvements in hy.y-iene and .sanitation, owins; to the lu'oossUy of meet-in?; new conditioiis and ovorcohiing them, which will result in still srcat-er licnefit to the civil jiopiilation of the world alter the war. "In former wars the chief wastage was from disease- Owing to improved s.initary methods and to inoculations with vaccines the epidemics which decimated arinies of other days are now unheard ot. When I IcCi; l-'vance there were only twenty-seven cases of typhoid fever in an .Trmy of 2.0u0.-000 men. ^'enereal diseases no longer constitute a problem, as thoy did at the hesinning of the war. We have Icarn-sd to combat them successfully." A General in the R.A.F, atOnhj27 Biigadier-Ceneral Cn'k/i/ep Is One of ihc Youngest of British Generals. During the Election There Were Lively Scenes in His Church, But He Triumphed, AX Easte pastor dist Ch T .VILS Ul'" is the motto ot Brigadier-Genen^i Critch-ley, the general officer commanding the Royal .\ir Force Cadet Brigade in EnLrlrind. lie Is one of the youngest gener^als in the King's service-27 is his age-and ail the men. In his sqiiardons are alive with boisterous youth and anxious to develop from "fledglings" into qualified fightin:; airinen. Gen. Critcliley is u tall sportsman, who used to play polo and show horses until the war called him to the greatest game ot all. Gen. Critchley says: .A.bout 20 per cent, of the lads first accepted "make good" as fir-'hting pilots. They get their commission, on the average. In six months. As officers their pay is high and prg-motlon rapid. "We doij't want classical swells and lads who think so much about a thing that they never dare do it," says the general. "We want the good green-ho^rt stuff, and as much of It as you lilce. Our system of training, both on its sporting and.its working side, is designed to show who are the right sort of men." IRONY ^ GOOD story was told recently by General Sir Henry AVilson concerning a certain sergeant-major who was a stickler for orfler and tidiness in army matters. It seems that a short while back a wagon-load of straw was delivered at some stables near the officers' quarters, and the sergeant-major sent a fatigue clear up the mess. Going over 'the ground later on, his sharp eyes detected a single straw that had been overlooked lying right in the middle of the road. He promptly called the fatigue party together, and addressed them as follows: "Very considerate on your part, men, and highly creditable to your kindly letllngs. But," pointing to the solitary straw, "as a matter of fact there Is not, as you cliaps seem to Imagine, a case ol serious Illness in the officers' quarters, so there's no need to put down straw." A DREAM COME TRUE rpiJE new chief of the Air .Staff, Jlajor-Gencral F. H. Sykes, C. M.G., qualified as a pilot in 1911. In November of the same year ho was one of the two members o( the Flying Corps Committee which drew up the original scheme of o'fganlzation ot the K.EC. Major-General Sykcs %>ok out the Flying Force to t>ie Dardanelles and commanded it there. He foresaw the possibilities of aeroplanes as engines of war. In Fehru.ary, 1913, he wrote: "I dream In the not very distant future of scouting aeroplanes doing 120 miles an-hour; ot fighting machines carrying pilot, gunner, and ol)scrvei', ut a speed of 100 miles an hour." The dream of 1913 has become tiie reality of 1918. . PlUfSUAiSIXt!. . J^JANY a .persiiafilvo woman has made a dumb waiter ^iiRwer. That Held Her \ stuiiliV you�K man, Kupposed to bo crackbiained, wlio was lill.tjhl-ed by llie t.-irls, very niude.slly linked a young lady it she would let liim spend llw liveniriK with her. "No,' she angrily reijlied, "1 won't." "SViiy," repiiod lie, "you needn't bo f;o fUH,�y; 1 didnl uicaii lliis evciilnt;. ljut .�Kline htoiiny oiio When I can't go aiij wb: re cliiu' By W. O. A. MOFFAT. X Eastern, minister, a former of Woodgreen Metho-Church, Toronto, who has been making quite a renutatlon tgr himself in Western Canada for fearlessness and frankness, is the Rev. yamuel C. Fallis, pastor at the present time and for the past three years of the Central Miltlunlist Church, Calgary. Mr. Fallis, while at pastorates in botii Hamilton and Toronto, became known throughout the East ns a minister who never feared to make known his opinions, and since his transfer to the West, where the man who speaks out is particularly admired, this distinctly Irish trait has become even more developed. As a result, the Rev. Mr. Fallis has been almost coiitl^iuously in the public eye. Once or twice he has been in what might bo termed "hot water" but he Is still "right-side up with care" and is rapidly forging to the front as one of the best known and most able of Western divines. In time of war a loyalist and a patriot can always find trouble. And the pastor of the Central Jletiiodlst Church in Calgary, Is both Intensely loyal anil patriottc. His only child, I a bright youth still in his teens, went with his father's tearful "God bless you, my boy," to the war from which he will never return. It was a hard blow to the Jlethodist clergyman when the boy went, taking nearly all the members of liis Stinday School class with him. The death ot the gallant youth was accepted by the Kri--f-stricl;en falhov as his contribution to the price that has to be paid for tlie boon of Liberty and the triumiih of the Right. His sermons have been aiw.t.ys of a deeply patriotic nature and, as a rule, in consequence ot these sermons, few sc.'Lts are ever ^acaIlt in Ills clr.irch. Even when that edifice was completely destroyed by fire the resourceful pastor found little difficulty in filling the most spacious theatre in the city. With such vehemence does the Rev. -Mr. Fallis make bis attacks upon both men and Institutions tiiat there are enemies ever on the alert for his scalp and on one occasion recently tlie clergyman found himself in the courts, the editor ot a weekly publication called "I-'air Play" having complained that excerpts from a forbidden book had been read from he pulpit ot the Central Church. A fiery legal fight resulted and drag.ged on for weeks, but in the end the minister was exonerated and in the minds of tlie people of Cal-ary the Fallis stock went up considerably in percentage. Opponents Interrupted Sermon IX the Dominion elections, too, the pastor found himself in trouble. Into the fight for Union Government and reinforcements for the boys In the trenches Mr-. F.illis threw himself, and' on week days and,.Sundays ho siiared neither ^liimself nor his voice. It was to be expected that liis fqreiblencsa should Invite opposition. .�\nd tills ia just what occurred. On one occasion the fiastor's trencliant ftiddress in support ot the cause ot unionism brought criticism from pro-Laurieritos in the congregation and the religious service, undoubtedly on^ of the most exciting ever held In the Dominion of Canada, soon developed all the features of a lively campaign meeting. The sermon was frequently interrupted and there were repeated cries, directed always against the disturbers, ot "Throw him out," and "Don't forget that this is a church." Wrath at times rose high, but the coolest man in the assembly was the pastor himself. Like an old campaigner ho battled with the hecklers from tho pulpit and in crossing oratorical swords with trained political stalwarts ho did not come off second best. He made It ,,ialn that he was not taking'purt In a political fight but lhat ho was doing his "bit," In his own small way. to send help to the brave boys battling in tho trenches aerc^s tho seas. As an ardent prohibitionist "Sam" Fallis lakes second place to none, A dry Canada has always been to him a goal for the attainment of which no price would be too high, so that It undeniable proof were needed as to his interest in the war and the cause for which tho allies fight. It was given In his declaration that even If tho Unionist candidate In liis riding wore antl-prohibltlonlst he would still vote Union. One look at the Rev. "Sam" Fallis would be Hufficlent to convince tlic most casual observer ot the Inciornl-tablo courage ot the pastor. A medium-sized man ho is with the physique ot a rugby Ktar and the hard, determined, fighting face of a  "aerai'i>er." on Men and ^Wbmen inihe PiMic Eye EX-CZAR NICHOLAS KAISER PITIED ODD PERSONALITY Capt. Fiarelle H. La Guardia r\V tlie American Flying Corps, and New York representatlvo In tho' r;;it(-d States Con.i;ress, who led tiio first unii; of American :iirmen in the wonderful Italian victoiy over tho Austrlans In the Imttlo of tlio Piave. Tho Anicri-r.'.-ms � did splendid .work In helping to ilestrcty enemy bi-idges constructed across til,' river. Tiiey were warmly e'im|i!inii:ited by Ocnerol lilaz. tlie Italian commander-in-chief, and by Genen.l Beuglevanni, commander of the Italia.-i aviators at tho front. Pte, Lillie Has ^ Unique Record Deserted From France, Escaped^ to America-Noli) in "Pen" for Two Years. By XEIIXUXI MORR. Xi". sunny ilay not long ago a J J taxicab stopped in front of the massive door that opens Into the grey-walled courtyard of the provincial penitentiary at Portsmouth, near Kingston. A policeman alighted accompanied by a short, stocky young man in the King's uniform with a ratiicr attractive face. Entering one of tlie buildings thoy wallied on to a room where tho l;hakl uniform ot honor was removed and the slriiifd uniform of disgrace was donned. I'lc. Robert Clarke Lillie liad begun hir, sentence of two years for th.L' mu:-t despicable offence in K. 11. & O. Ilecogni.Tcd as tho most dangerous man who lias enlisted in the C. E. F., and charged with a series of offences that make a len.Tthy list on his army -sheet. Pte. Lillie has iiad a chequered career, surpassed in daring hy none ot tho hundreds of convicts that are incarcerated beliind the stool bars at Portsmouth. Early in the war he enlisted in the West with the Canadian forces and pt'ocecdcd overseas. He was sent with the troops to France, but after serving in the front lino for several moiU'.i';. he evidently tired of the irk-r.iii'.r l)onds and escaped from the ccuiury. Incidentally,, he is the first in.-m Itnown to have deserted from the line who has been able to cross the Englislr Channel. In England his activities are not recorded. Olid wiiethcr ho stole or forged a is not known. At any rate, he secured passa.go on an ocean liner ami was ne>t'heard of in Xev; York. His suavity and winning ways v.on for liim a place on the British recruiting mission in New Y'ork, and lie w.-u; placed under tho supervision of S'r.'jt. Arthur Guy l;:;mpey, autlior of the thrilling tale, "Over the Top." His eloquence drew forth thousands of dollars from tho poriinent that might interest you.' "The "Ktiiser, surrounded by 20 members ot the diplomatic corps, stood before me. Not a word was said to break the silence. Tlio dis-tinguislied spectators stared intently and curiously. The T'.~.;|ser gi?:c(! sternly, disdainfully, and disapprovingly at the operation. Suddenly, a long, slimy, gnarled .arm, in writhing contortions, was in the air as it to strike us. With exrlamalloiis of liorror, th.e siieetators drew back. Even the Kaiser moved back .a step. "The members ot the company cx-ch.-inged glances, and lonke'd expectantly at the erect domineering central figure to:- expressions of syni-liathy. Inquiry, and reproach, for 1 the seeming sufferings and the cruel, tortures of the lielplessly bound creature in front of tliem. "Before the powerful arm couUl be jiinioned in place, the whole body swerved and broke loose from tiie liolders of the' operatinf,'-table. At the same time the nrnis began to swiu;; and lash in twisting coils In all iiossible directions, accompanied by eruptions of Inky Jets that completely enveloped fur a moment the desperate creature in a black misty cloud. "I saw a fierce gaze of scorn on tii.> Kaiser'.s face. Instantly tiirow-' ing a wet siieet over the operating-tar !e, 1 shoved tiie creature's arrns in r. bag, and as they forced their w.iy out thoy were quickly fastened In _l'ie Jioldcrs in the table-and the ri:'t-ration rapidly completed. "I heard some one s.-iy: 'Herr DIrektor, uni (;-,t..:s willon tell ns what'that creatur; is, and why is it being tortui'cd?' � Kaiser's Dramatic Compassion � t/tHE.M! Permit me,' said the li. Director, turning to me, 'to introduce you to Herr Dr. .Schmidt, the^ahip's chaplain. Our distlnguish-e<.!/visiters, no doubt, wish to have the reason for this operation explained." "Tlic couver.satlon was conducted in German. My knec:^. tverobled, and I forgot to rise and make the court bows. "But- before I !uid liad an oppnr-tiinity to expliiin the purpose of the operation, liic chaplain said, '1 believe th.'it yoiu are sulijcetlnft: the helpless ci^entiiro to great I'ain.' "'Pardon me, .sir,' 1 replied quick-y, 'tlic animal Is not hurt or suffer- The Earl of Bcauchamp YVniO has been elected president ot an organization formed In ICng-llsh towns lor tho purposo of "adopting" .American towns so as to give tlie arriving American soldiers all the comforts of home. Tho jicoplo of Wonester have "adopted" Worcester, Jlass., and will do everything possible to attend to the wants of American boys hailing from the American city. Newport has "adopted" Newjiort, R:i., and it is said that i-ondon may "adopt" New Y'orlc. How Pres. Wilson Keeps in Health Fie Takes Ph])sical Exercisei Indoors and Practises Deep Breathing. I . ing 111 the least, it is an octopus with eight powerful arms, in tlio I water, when barely touched, it ex-I hlhlls tho same frantic ioeoniotory I s'.ruggles In Us efforts to grasp food ' or enemies Ijeyond Us roach. It can envelop llrclt with the contents nf ils inky fliiifl as a protection from Us foes. The aiiinial happens to pcssess digestive glands that arc eijslly experimented on, and are very valuable In the cliicidalion of sev-lerii! iiniiortant physiological and pathological fiuictlons pertaining to man. Wo caught many early this morning. 1 kept this, the largest ono, and tho fisherman sold the others for halt, and to tho markets for Ilnllaii stew, that the natives are fond 01. PftiiTdt me to emphasize tho fact tliat tho animal is always put under ah niiestlietir, and after tho operation It Is given an overdose.' . . "There was a momenV cf silence. Then the Kaiser, In dramatic, com-liarsloiiate terms, exclaimed: "D.-is nrme Thleri' (The pow cieatiirc!) Tl en he turned and sirutted out tif the room, folio vcri by his (fuvr? a'id the eoiiileoiis Director. Stopping abruptly ot tho open door, ho said lo tile Director, fn loud, � ImproRslvo tones: " 'It Is m-j duty as president of llio Prussian Jlic-ely for the Prevention nf Oiueltv lo Animiils to Insist lhat experimonis that cause pain to any kind of-aniinulH nnu:t bo prohlliited In the Naples iCooIogleal Station, if you expect to have the financial support ol' German Institutions. Wn may tolerate heartless research In Amerieaii women, but our sympn-thetlo Gcrmnn women would retrain from such cruel occupations.'" RICHARD M. WINANS li Physical Culture tells how President Wilson keeps in good health. He says: President Wilson takes a number of physical exercises indoors, nono ot which has been generally known, and very few. It any, have been described in print. Some ot these exercises are taken as a substitute for the outdoor recreations at limes wlien weatlier conditions are too extreme. But tiie major part ot them, and especially the more unusual ot these exercises, are regularly practised as a part of his daily' routine. As a matter of fact, they are pretty closely dovetailed in with his ottlco work. Principally as a substitute tor the outdoor exercises, Jlr. Wilson practises