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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 18, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta Southern Albertas big Amaigamatea Stampede and i-air, i^ethoridge, July 22nd to 27th to VOLUME XI. LKTHBRlD(Hi, ALBERTA, .'if I ( liSf) A Y, Jl'L^- 18, 101S NUMBER 184 Allies Come Back, Gain Four Miles; Threaten Hun Rys London, July 18.-^The French have gained from two to lour miles everywhere on the twenty-five mile front of their offensive today between the Aisne and the Marne, according lo reports reaching London this afternoon. The French have captured several thousand prisoners and about twenty guns. EXCELLENT SITUATION London, July 18.-Reports received showed the situation up to noon all along the line of the attack begun by the French this morning to be excellent. The attack is the biggest move made this year by the allies. SAMMIES OVER THE TOP With the American Army in France, July 18.-(Associated Press)-American troops went over the top with a cheer this morning in the launching of the allied siirprise attack on the front northwest of Chauteau-Thierry. On the French Front in France, July 18.-(By the Associated Press.)-(11 a.m.)-^The allied forces today are engaged in an impertant counter attack between the Aisne and the Marne, north of Chateau-Thierry, The ifttack is progressing favorably. MiY m m GERMAN PEOPLE WHISPER SECRET FEARS OF FAILURE Geneva, July is.-Tim newspaper Dcniocrato, wlilcli is usually woll informed upon German ntridrs, doc'lnre.s (hiiL tlio liilcsl ijifdrniiilion from across the Rhine, sIiowk mixod feollngs in Germany roKardini; the n(>w offensive. While then' is hope of victory and an tarly po;u-c. llioro i\ro also secret^ears or lallure, which are only ivliispored. the nilviciis ii^Jjert. Paris, Juty 18.-The French' ''thiS'rnornihg-delivored an atlaolc along the line from the Alitne as ;'far south as the. region of Bel-leau, a front of about twcnty-flvo milei and made progress at certain points of between a mile .md a half and two miles, the war office announced today. The situation on the Marne and Cliampagne fronts is unchanged. THREATEN RAILWLAYS London, July 18.-The French have reached a point facing the most Important German railway centers, which feeds the entire front west of Rh'elms. The French artillery is now within easy shelling distance "of these railways and should be able to make life tiilserable for a large section of the German army. Military men attach great importance to the Lateral railway lines 'around Solssons and say tfaat if General Foch can get his artillery Into position to keep these lines out of action he will make the whole movement of the German supplies In the whole sector between Rheims and Chateau-Thierry Impossible. On the extreme east of the recent German offensive, the French have reoc-cupled their old lines for a distance of three or four miles. BRITISH ATTACK British Headquarters in France, July 18.-(Associated Press) - A surprise attack early last night advanced the Australian line oast of Amiens more than a third of a mile on a front in excess of a mile. The German trenches thus cap-tuPfll are south east of Vlllers-Bretonneux. IN LARGE NUMBERS With the American Army in France, July 18.-American storm troops In large numbers, launched In co-operation with the French, a powerful offensive on the line to the north of Chateau-Thierry this morning, l fire. Thi Amaricana advanced behind a terrific barrage to their first objectives In less than half an hour. While they were digging In, more Anjericans, In most cases, pas'sed over firsttfbjectlves and then advanced behind the resumed barrage to the second objectives which were speodllv taken, es-' pecially all the north end of the a_ttack opposite the Paris and Solssons Road, , Numerous tanks participated In the attacks. The Americana went Into the attack without previous artillery preparations. In their advance behind the rolling barrage they captured many guns, machine guns, prisoners, equipment and materials, The Germans in most places offered feeble resistance, but here and there they put up a stubborn fight which the American shock units quickly overcame at the point of the bayonet and at the muzzles of their weapons, WHOLE FLANK MENACED. With the American Army in France, July 18.-As the whole German left flank Is menaced, the enemy must draw In his troops from the Marne front or risk their being caught where they are. Submarines Have Been Sunk Faster in Past Month Than at Any Other Time in the War I-- London. .Tuly 18.-Within the last throe monlli.'j, llie numljer ot Germau aubmarineK destroyed lia.s been greater than during any Birailar period � since tlie l)eginning of the war. Depth charges liavc played an important part in putting an end lo llio activities of the l'-!/oatg. Details ot the Kinlvlngs of throe German sulniiarineB, two of lliein liy Brit-isli Kuhmarine-s recently ijeeanin linown in London. A Dritish patrol boat on a moonlight night sighted an eiKMiiy suhmaiine on (lie surface about half a mile away. Slio was apparently recharging, her stonme batteries. Full speed alicad was ordered by tho commiinder ot the patrol boat but l)y the time ilic boat readied tlie spot tlio submarine had disappeared. The Hritish craft immediately dropped six depth charges.' Q\uinlitics of oil camo to tile surface soon afterward iuirt titou cries for lie!]) in German wnr� hoard. The patrol boat searched for survivors of the suljmarine but was able lo rescue only one ot tlic enemy. Rammed One While on patrol duty off tile east coast, a Britisli submarine sighted tiio periscope of an enemy U-boat and slartod for it under full speed. Before the German could submerge the Britisher liad rammed it. Tlio British submarine cut tlirough the plates ot fiic enemy boat and stuck tliore. Tiio boats endeavored to extricate themselves. The Gorman camo almost to the surface, carrying the Britisli sub"-marine along. Finally tlie U-boat got av/ay. She made desperate efforts to keep afloat but finally sank. On another day British and German sulimarine-s played hide and seek for nearly half an liour, each manoouvrhig for a position to attaolj the other. 'Iho Britisher finally fired a torpcnio but missed. A few minutes later a second torpedo went liomo, strilting the German close to tiio stem. With smoke opuring out ot the hole made by tlia torpedo, tlio stern ot the U-boat came to the surface. Then the conning tower appeared. A tew secoiids and the U-boat took a perpendicular dive, leaving a trail of oil and a whirl in the sea indicating the rush ot water into space. Tliero were no survivors. U.S. and Japs Will Act Tokio, July 18.-(By the Associated Press,)-Japanese newspapers today publish the terms of an American proposal to send American troops to Siberia. The newspapers declare that the Japanese government had decided to accept the suggestion made by the American government that Japan also send troops. London, July 18.-The Japanese have reached a decision which was the outcome of proposals from the United States, says a dispatch from Tokio to the Times under date of July 13, for joint American-Japanese intervfcntion in Siberia. The American proposals, the dispatch adds, were different from thoae made by Great Britain and France. B S KILLED lEN MO TURNS OVER Fred Best, Well-Known Resident, is Dead-Otliers Injured STILL HOPE LIEUT.. ROOSEVELT ALIVE Cardston, July IS.-A fatal auto accident occurred yesterday afternoon when Mr. Fred Best, wife and Miss Leta Jottos were thrown out as Die car went over the bank killing Mr. Best. It appears that Mr. Best was leading, Mr. Jones lollowing, up the liill from Klrabnll Bouth on their way to Glacier Park. When nearly at the top the first car stopped and tlien started down the hill zigzagging wildly. It shot Into the hillside, stopped for a few eeoonds, wont forward and then suddenly shot renr first over the bank into the couloe. It 1b presumed that the car was acoUlentally reversed. The young girl was thrown out and uninjured, but Mr. and Mrs. Best wont over the hill wltV^:ho-car which Boomed to suminorsauU, landing on its side. Mrs. Best was badly bruised. Mr. Jones obtahied help and placed Mr. Best on the car cushions In the shajlo where he expired without re gaining consciousnoas.^ Dr. Stacpoolp was rushed to the scene. Messrs. Emond Madden and Dr. ChviBtlo with Mrs. Mttysoon arrived,, but all wore too late to find the Injured man alive. From tlio boat Bunii'lso obtnlunblo without an autopsy It la Inferred that Mr. Best's neck was broken In the turn-ovor ot the oar. - Funeral arrangements are being niiido [or tomorrow at two o'clock and will ha in charge of the Oddfellows, Mr. pest having been a prominent niorahor. Oyster Bay, N, Y., July 18.-A ray of hope that Lieut. Quentin Roosevelt may not have fallen to his death in a combat with n squadron of German airships was brought to dolonel Roosevelt last night in a cable message osnt from Paris ' by Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., in which she said the report was "absolutely/ uncon-flrmed">there. The former president felt, however, that there onlv Is a slight probability that his. son may be still alive. Paris, July 18.-Colonel De Thomas3on, a militniy v.Titer, ini concluding his articis on the battle situation today, says he cannot resist the pleasure of quoting a passage corc2rnina the Americans from the ceml-off icial Mord Deutsche Allgcmeine Zeit-ung. The German paper declares: "These Americ.Tn soldiers are cannon fodder. They are Incapable of standing up to our sen-i soned troops. America Is power-less to train the forcibly enlisted men she hr.s shipped to Europe." The way the Americans treated a crack German division at Fos-soy, says Colonel De Thomasson, perhaps may give the German wri-ttr food for reflection. General Gouiautl Issues Stirring Older to Frencti Amid American Troops I. im !s French Ex-Minister Interior on ' Trial For High Treason -Some Sensations GERMAN PAPER IN THE U. S. HAS FLOPPED Milwaukee, July 18.-Germania, a local semi-weekly newspaper, and one of the most widely circulated German language newspapers In America came out In Its issue yesterday in strong condemnation of the German government in connection with the or-Igln and conduct of the war. It' . retracts words uttered during the course of the war and admits that, parrotlikc, It has repeated ihe utterance of the German govern-ijient's organs. TEAMSTERS HAVE � , RETURNED JO WORK THE WEATHER High ..................,, ., Low ..............., Forecast-Ver,y warm. 87 50 Toronto, July 18.- The Canadian Nortliern toamstorB, who wont on strike a few days ago In sympathy with the teamsters ot the Dominion Transport ('oinpauy returned to work today. Tiio men have accepted the general principles ot the M'cAdoo award as sot\ forth by the Dominion railway war board, which provided for.a flat rate of $76.14 a month. The strike ot.tho Dominion Transport teamstorB remained uiichaugod. Tho Ktrlkoi's declare they are prepared to return to work on the , aamo torniH as the Canadian Nortliorn teamsters. Paris, July IS.-The proceedings of the second day ot the trial of Louis Malvy, former minister of the interior, charged with liiffh treason, wore overshadowed by the feelings ot elation over the failure of the German offensive. Parisians ignoring tiio senate chamber, which looked deserted as compared with the squares in whiclf tho newspapers were being sold, The reading of the remainder ot the indictment against M. Malvy occupied more than throe ,Iiours. Tho second part of the indictment related more especially to Malvy's intimacy with persons ot unsavory reputation, in-rludlng IMlKuol Almeriyda, and otliers connected with the Bonnet Rouge. A hush tell over tiie court room when tho name of Duval was mentioned, as ho was executed yesterday morning. JI. Malvy appeared to shrink and sluiddor as his naino Vfrm coupled with that ot Duval, but he soon recovered and followed tho pro-coodings in what seemed to bo a bored manner, A Sensation Referring to M. Malvy's a'ssoclatlon with cortain newspaper men, M. Peret, former minister ot justico, who read tho indictment, created a sensation when ho mentioned tlie newspaper Bveil. The editor ot this public ation, Jacques D'Hur, who occupied a seat in tho gaiiory, protested vigorously and asked thai; he lo hoard. V The- Bohators refused to Interrupt the proceedings, but as M. D'lTur Insisted upon making an explanatlou, guards wore called and he was ejected from the building. WitnossoB in the case will be hoard tomorrow when Leon Deodet, editor ot L'Action Francaise, who has charged M. Malvy with betraying secrets to Genoany, is ordered to take the stand. On Tho French Front in I'ri'.nco. July 17.- (AsBoi'iatcvi Pri'^i.'^l-in slir-iiiig pliraiics. implorin.i; tlieiii to stand firm. Gtniural 11. J. Gouraud, in command of tho i''ron(li iiiid American troopH oast ot Itlioim:-! and in tho Champagne, appealed to liis men before tlK! German offensive In an order issued to his soldiers, ho said: "Wo may bo attacked at any moment. You all feel Hint a defensive battle never has been engaged in under iuoro favoralile conditions. You were warned .and on giuii'd with powerful reintorceiuentB of artillery and infantry. You will flglit on Uie ground and you have transformed the trenches by your work into redoubtable fortresses wliicli are inviiicibln if the passages are properly guarded. "Tho bonil)ardment will be terrible, but you will stand it without weakening. The assault will bo violent, in clouds of .smoke, dust and gas, but your position and armament are formidable. "Ill your hrenst.s boat free men's bravo strong hearts. Nobody will look behind nor recede a pace. Each of you will iiavo cue thought-to kill and kill many, until they cry enough. "For this reason, your general says you will 'brpak this assault, and it will bo broken gloriously." I) ki imj. 11 Chicago Man Paid Big Money- New York Lawyers Also Involved IS MISSING Toronto, July 18.-Lieut. Boasloy N. Garrett of the Koyal Air Force, was reported misfling on July 14, according to a cablegram received last night by his fatlicr, A. N. Garrett, sporting editor.ot tho Toronto World, LloMit.,Garrett attondert Klrtley Col-legoB �pd, university "firfli6dl, at ijoth l>lace8:niiikin� the lootball teams. Chicago, July 18.--Admissions that ho served as a secret agent of Germany before the United States entered tho war, and the allegation that some of New York's most prominent lawyers liad done as ho did, wore made yesterday by Gaston B. Means, in testimony at tho hearing to detor-inlne tlio iogaiily of one ot two wills purporting to dispose ot tho $H,000,000 estate loft by the late James C. King of Cliicago. Moans, who appeared tra a witness tor the heirs of Miss Mnudo A. King, tor wlioso alleged slaying ho was tried and acqulltod in Concord, N. C, last summer, freely udniittod receiving money for acting as a secret agent of tlio Gorman government liefore tlio outbreak of the war with tho United States. Quietly he told of receiving ?S5,000 at one time and ?92,000 at an-otlier, tor his services to Germany, and ot delivering $1,300,000 wliich ho received on a cheque to Captain Boy-ISd, one of Gornian>\'s chief spies. In tlil& country, who was subsequently expelled. Means says he turned over all his Information to tho government. Calgary, July 18.-The Calgary , Canadian today says: ."It Is learned here that the actual consolidation of the Bank of Montreal and the Bank of British North America, will take place within the next four to six weeks." Advance Lines For Americans Block r German Attempts ritish Have So Harried German Forces That They Fall Asleep at Their Posts in Whole Companies-German Crown Prince Tries tb Reap Small Victory Out of Colics-sal Failure-Americans Further Block Their Plans. London, July 18.-Southeast of Vilterc-Bretonneaux, south of the Somme, the British line has been advanced on a front of more than one mile, says the official statement tod.^y from British headquarters In France. The British positions to the v/est of Hebiiterne also were improved somewhat. South of BucquOy, on the front southeast of Arrns, a German raiding p?rty was driven off. The German artillery showed considerable activity during the night on the Flanders front, north of" D?,illeid. HARRY TI^IE GERMANS. With the British Army in France, July 17.-(By the Associated Press.)-German troops in some operations in trenches in FInnc'ers been so exhausted and demoralized by constant British raids, attacks and bombardments that many of them have fallen asleep at their posts, not caring whether they arc killed or captured. An order issued to a Bavarian infantry regiment reveals a condition of affairs which up to this time would have been thought unbelievable in an army notorious for the strictness of its discipline. The cbmmanding officer wrote on June 25: ALL WERE ASLEEP. "While making'a tour of the line this morning, I came across complete sections fast asleep In spite of its being dawn and misty. These sections had removed their equipment and had not the faintest idea of tho country, dispositions of their orders or of the., troops on their flanks. ' Only yesterday I requested tUat all men should be Instructed on these points and their particular duty explained to them. This Is all the more important as only a few days ago three men And a light machine gun were captured by a hostile patrol. This state of affairs must not continue." A"^ good deal of activity continues behind the German front but the Infantry has remained very quiet since the beginning of the present German offensive around Rheims. No attempt has been made to recover the ground tost at Ridge Wood on Monday when the British captured a total of 341 men and seven officers. The Germans have remained passive under repeated British thrusts around Ballleull and only tfte artillery has Indulged in retaliation. CROWN PRINCE'S TACTICS. Paris, July 18,-The Crown Prince of Germany, military observers here say, is now trying to convert a large scale failure Into a showy minor success which will make up In the eyes of the German public for the 100,000 men he has sacrificed. His goal is now apparently Ep-ernay. The operation Includes tv/o parts. In the first th/ Germans who crossed the Marne In the Dormans region are struaoHiB to widen and strengthen the bridgehead on the south bank. In the second, the German right centre, which at the beginning oi* the action was along the Dor-mans-/(heims Road, facing south-oast, Is now pivoted on Vrlgny, Boullly, Marfaux and Courtonand Roy Woods. An the country In this direction Is thickly wooded and consequently defended, some military cotn-mentators believe the Germans will soon find the game not worth the candle. Pursuing his now familiar opportunist policy, the enemy would content himself with establishing a defensive front toward the east and turn his efforts southvvard in the direction of Mont MIratI, near Epernay which strategically is second In importance only to Chalons, This Is the hypothesis of the military writer. Colonel De Thomasson. KAISER WATCHED Amsterdam, July IB.-Emperor William watched the opening of the latest German offensive from an advanced otfTsorvatlon post . northwest of Rhpims, his favorite correspondent, Karl Rosner, re ports in a dispatch to the Berlin Loknl Anzelger. ARE DRIVEN OUT Washington, July 18.-General Pershing's communication for yesterday reports that in. the American sector of the Marne, the enemy has been entirely driven from the south bank. BATTLE ON RHEIMS Paris, July 18.-In a re'^lew of the situation on the front, the Havas Agency notes the agreement in the comment of the entire press that after the third day of the battle, the situation remains as favorable for the allies as could be expected. "The battle for Paris has become a battle for Rheims," the Petit Pariesen says. "The German manoeuvre was frustrated by the insufficient effect of the first shock. It can be considered as a failure and we are able to look to the future without apprehension." The Echo De Paris also declares the situation at present Is decidedly favorable and the pros-pects for the future "entirely reassuring." "It appears now," says Premier Clemenceau's paper L'Homme Libre, "that, the enemy's efforts  will not even result In the capture of Rhielms, and still less of Eper-nay. Thus the great 'peace offensive' will be a fiasco after tho three notable failures at Com-peigne, Italy and In the Champagne." The Petit Journal predicts that the counter attacks, which are bound to come at the proper time will work the downfall of the German ecorts. ITALIAN ATTACK On the French Front In France, July 17.-(By the Associated Press)-While both the enemy and allied armies generally were marking time, the Italians this evening carried out a brilliant counter attack near Pourcy, north of the Marne, after the Germann had harried them by Incessant a\v> tacks during the day. They drovei the enemy back into th� vallay of the Ardre River. 60,000 Loss First Two Days Paris, .Tuly 18.-(Havas Agency)-.. In the pocket which, the Germans have created south ot the Marne,  their losses, according to conservative estimates, reached sixty thousand lix' tho llrst two days' fighting, tho Matia declares. , Treating ot the situation in this sector ot tho front, the Echo Do Paria says: "Bocauso ot tho counter attacks delivered by the army of General Dog-outto and our American allies, tho Germans wera unable appreciably to widen or deepen this pocket." According to the same newspaper forty Gorniaa divisions have boon fully engaged In tho battle, whlio twenty support divisions were obliged to take more or less part In the lighting. , Wanted Right Bank of Marne French Army Headquarters, July 18. - (Routers' Ottawa Agency)-It becomes Increasingly clear that the lOn-omy's strategic object was to occupy tho whole riglit bank of the Marne from Chalons to Chateau Thierry la order to use tho river as a shlold.tor his uncovered flank in a final m{irch toward Paris. The attack failed mainly because General Gouraud was able to keep constantly posted regarding the enemy's  intentions and his sector was thor- ^ oughiy prepared for an attack. French patrols and raiding parties dalljr vlalt-od the German trenches ami never failed to glean useful Information of the enemy's intontlouB. Tho very evening before the attack French raid-ers brought back twenty-seven pria-onora. Tho enormous accumulation of guns and ammunition behind the en-' emy front was no secret to the French. The Germans began the operation witii a carefully-planned coup d'theatro tor the benefit of the French civil population by bomburdlQg ChaU ons. HUNGARIAN WOMEN VOTE Amalerdain, iJuly 18.--Tho lowh v house of tho Hungarii-n Diet has rati-fled the governwoui'a meaauTQ 6lv�>' lug the votes to .womon, aaya a UimMI* ^ pest dispatch toJej'.  ,f I*' ;