Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 17, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
38-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD- July going George Krispin and his wife have begun vacating their Edmonton which is gradually sliding from a high bank towards the Mill Creek ravine. Sliding land has long been a problem in the but was wors- ened this year because of heavy snows and rains. Sears JF You get more with a Kenmore We service what we coast to coast. Each Kenmore is covered by dependable labor and parts warranties plus Simpsons-Sears exclusive 'satis- faction or money refunded' guarantee. Charge your Kenmore on your All Purpose Account. Easy-to-read digital cfock automatically controls oven and rotisserie Kenmore with Continuous-clean oven a-22 R 93940. Fabulous With an innovative digital clock that automatically controls the oven. Continuous-clean oven cleans itself as you Clock also controls self-basting rotisserie for year 'round barbecuing. Oven window. High-speed oven preheat. Infinite plug-out elements Timed appliance outlet. Min. minder. Controlled var. broil. Non-tilt oven racks. Hi-style glass floodlit backguard. In decorator colors only more. Enjoy it Use your All Purpose Account. At Simpsons-Sears you get the finest guarantee. SetUfectlon or money refunded. -Simpsons-Sears Ltd. STORE HOURS- Open Dally 9'30 a m. to p.m. Thursday and 9-30 a.m. to p.m. Centre Village Mall Telephone 328-9231 Analysis ending centuries of speculation Moon secrets provide clues Tex. almost the rocks and soil collected by Apollo astronauts are revealing secrets about the moon and providing clues to the early history of earth and solar system. Emerging is a picture of a moon that was born in violence and searing lived a brief life of boiling lava and shatter- ing collisions and then died an infant planet in a primitive state. The analysis is ending centuries of speculation about this mysterious by howled at by dogs and addressed by poets. Scientists disagreed about it. Some said it was covered with water or oil. Others said it was deep hard lava. Just a few years some respected scientists warned it would be folly for man to go there. His spaceship would sink out of sight. Moon rocks would explode the instant they were exposed to the oxygen of the landing craft. Legends toppled As the space age dawned in the 1950s and the United States and Soviet Union began taking the first closeup looks at the exploring it with unmanned photographic vehicles. Old legends scores of new ideas sprouted. Five years on July two American astronauts set foot on the moon's Sea of Tranquillity. they described the barren planet to a breathless world and for the first time gathered rock and dust samples from another planet. Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin were the first. Five more Apollo teams followed in the next years. They returned to earth with 840 pounds of lunar material. Five nuclear-powered science stations left behind still are transmitting data on meteor the solar wind and constituents of a tenuous atmosphere. So only five per cent of the lunar material has been analysed because of the painstaking program that has been sei up by the National Aeronautics and Space Ad- ministration and scientists around the world. Provides knowledge Apollo 17's Harrison the only geologist to walk on the said the investigation providing for the first time a first-order understanding of another a planet that relates in increasingly obvious ways to our own earth in terms of origin and information about the moon also is enabling us to in- terpret in a very sophisticated way the much more limited data on Mars and Mercury which is just coming in from un- manned Schmitt said. Most experts agree the solar system was born 4.6 billion years ago when great masses of gaseous matter called the solar nebula began condensing to form the earth and other planets. The nebula first condensed into chunks of space in size from small pebbles to miles- wide crashed together and fused to create the celestial bodies. Study of the Apollo data indicates that in the case of the moon this compacting or smashing together of debris generated intense heat that turned the lunar surface into a sea of molten to a depth of several miles. This melting started a process called differentiation in which lighter materials crystallized and floated to the top of the sea of melted rock. When the lava this became the moon's primative crust. Denser settled into the interior of the moon. Debris left over from the creation of the solar system con- tinued to bombard the carving out giant craters and valleys and creating mountains by piling up large heaps of rock. Basin gouged out The moon and planets eventually swept up most of the large and the last recorded major lunar impacts oc- curred 3.9 billion to four billion years ago in a period re- searchers refer to as the of During that one mammoth perhaps 50 miles smacked the moon with the force of billions of hydrogen bombs and gouged out the great Imbrium spewing tons of debris over the surface. deep in the more fires were turned on. Heat from the slow decay of such radioactive elements as potas- thorium and uranium melted deep subsurface deposits and the resulting lava flowed upward through a network of fissures caused by the giant impacts. For several hundred million this lava burst to the surface in volcanic spasms and filled the basins and valleys. At a young by celestial of one billion years. the moon began to cool. And since about three billion years it has produced no significant volcamsm. in became a dead frozen in an evolutionary moment. The only activity evident today are tiny moonquakes which shudder deep within the probably from tidal action. some scientists believe the moon is not a solid that at its centre there still lies a pocket of molten ma- terial. The astronauts found the moon a most inlwspitable a scene of desolation more complete than any Sahara. They stood in a bleak wasteland that was both lifeless and baked by day and frozen by night in temperatures 230 de- grees below to 270 degrees above zero. They found no no no no no magnetic and only the thinnest of atmospheres. Winning the West No. 1 goal of new Liberal government By VICTOR MACKIE Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA Wooing and winning the west will be a prime objective of the re- elected Liberal majority government during its next four years in office. Otto justice minister and minister responsible for the Wheat told newsmen after the election this will be a long process but one that will definitely have high priority on the agenda of the new government. A start has been made in re- building the Liberal party's strength on the prairies with the addition of two more members from Saskatchewan. In British Columbia the New Democratic Party lost heavily. It lost nine of their 11 seats. The Liberals appeared to attract the right wing ele- ment of the NDP in that doubling their seats from four to eight. Mr. Lang said the objective of the Liberals will be to con- tinue to improve the party's strength in the west. To that end he said the government has a program of designed to appeal to western Canada and he is convinced Prjme Minister Pierre Trudeau will carry them into operation. The new transport policy is a key part of the government's program for the west. Sources close to the prime minister said yesterday that the Western Economic Oppor- tunities Conference had left a big impression on the prime minister. He has realized there are in the west and is determined to do something to remove those grievances. Defence Minister James ever since his election to has been preaching this need to take steps to improve con- ditions in the west. At first he was labelled by his central Canadian cabinet colleagues as a on the from Winnipeg. On the eve of the election campaign he extracted from cabinet a promise of new Air Canada overhaul and mainte- nance work being assigned to Winnipeg. Before he got that promise he had to practically threaten not to seek re- election. But it was forthcom- ing and now the government has been returned with a com- fortable majority it will be in a good position to implement that promise. Mr. Lang has been fighting hard to improve the Liberal party's strength on the prairies. His efforts showed some results in the election. He is determined to do more. obviously still have a big job to do in the west to overcome the Conservative hold. We've made a beginning particularly in he said. The justice minister was asked why the Liberal vote was not larger on the prairies this time because grain farmers are more prosperous. Interviewed on CTV during the program it was suggested that if ever the Liberals were to make gains in the west that this surely should have been tne year. Mr. Lang said there are at in the west which blocked better results. He pointed out that the Con- servative party holds a firm grip on Alberta. It again won all Alberta in this election as in 1972 This posed a 'problem of com- because all MP's from that province were Conservatives and the Alberta government was a Progressive Conservative government. 19 members of parlia- ment back home talking about the problems from their point of always not painting the Liberal government par- ticularly and along with a provincial Conservative it becomes a dif- ficult political challenge to get in said Mr. Lang. Mr. Lang was asked if he was suggesting the Liberal government had received a in the western media in recent years. New surgical technique Pa. Surgeons at Montefiore Hospital have begun brain tissue before reducing operating time and eliminating the loss of blood and the need to open the chest to start the heart again. The neurosurgeons have performed five operations un- der the including the removal of four tumors and one swollen artery. All were performed after temporarily lowering brain temperatures almost 40 degrees below nor- mal. All of the normal functions of the body's organs are halted during the including heart electrical activity in the brain and by replacing blood in the brain with a clear salt-water solution used in the chilling process. Dr. Robert Selker and Dr. Sidney Wolf who head the neurosurgical said the patient's body is cooled to about 86 13 degrees below by a wrapped around the skin. The heart beat then is stopped by a minor electric shock and a large volume of a saltwater solution at 32 degrees is pumped into a neck circulating through the head and back to the chest. organ in the body is cooled to a temperature that Dr. Wolfeun said. tissues stop although they continue to me- tabolize and use only at a slower Grafting blood vessels into the an operation for stroke as well as cor- recting tangled arteries and removing large all might benefit from the new Dr. Selker said. The key to the technique is that the body will resuscitate without great effort when the operation is Dr. Wolfson said. The patient is revived by placing a small balloon just under the breastbone and at- taching it to a pulsating machine. The effect is a heart massage. OTTO LANG The minister replied that he was not sure he was petent to give a careful of how well the Al- berta media had done its job. know that the new- spapers I've seen in Alberta tend to be rather pro- Conservative or anti-Liberal as well so that that part at least is not very helpful to us. I just make the observation that it doesn't certainly offset the power of the many he said He acknowledged that the Liberal presence at the Western Economic Oppor- tunities conference had been well known in Calgary and throughout the It was a and conference. Mr. Lang said another such conference was not necessary. a result of that confer- ence we have beert able to move forward with some western development programs which carry a great promise for the west for the future. This Liberal without being un- fair to other has final- ly come to understand the fun- damental things which western Canadians need to have changed and done in order to be at all said Mr. Lang. The prime minister is of the same according to sources within the prime minister's office. Meantime the prime minister is wrestl- ing with the changes he will be making in his cabinet and the west can expect to be given a strong opportunity to make its collective voice better heard within the cabinet.