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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta t-i? THi LETHMIDOI HHALO Tuesday, July 17, 1973 EDITORIALS West Europeans proceed cautiously The Vancouver exercise What about "Western the dissection and analysis of which was the purpose of the Liberal con- ference in Vancouver last weekend? Alienation from what? Perhaps there is a misunderstand- ing. The West is certainly alienated from the Liberal party, but that is not the same as alienation from Canada. Does it really matter what the West thinks of'the Liberal party as long as it thinks well of Canada? Yes, it does matter, for whether the West likes or dislikes the Liberal party, it "will be around for a long while and will have much to say about the course and destiny of the coun- try. By default, if in no other way. What are the alternatives? A national NDP government? Hardly. A national Conservative majority without Que- bec, and without Quebec secession? Impossible. Federal Conservative strength In the West is a symptom of Western alienation not from Canada but from French Canada, and French Canada stil! feels alienated from Can- ada, with much more reason than the West. So with all its shortcomings, the Liberal party remains the mam hope of preserving Confederation, and the feeling of the West toward the Lib- eral party should be the concern of all who would see Canadian unity pre- served and strengthened. The Vancouver conference covered scores of items of Western frustra- tion and complaint, but Mr. Trudeau was right, in his response to the con- ference, in suggesting that these de- tails, even in sum, were not the full substance of the Western case. But he didn't quite hit the mark either when he suggested that not feeling a part of the power structure, not having, a sufficient part in the decision-making, was the real West- ern grievance. Who is to blame? Some part of the blame lies with the petulance and immaturity of the Western voters. Al- though the Liberal government is the government of all of Canada, how can the West have a strong voice in shap- ing government policies when it has -only token strength in the govern- ment caucus? If the West wants to be against the government, what right has it to feel left out of the govern- ment? The West is represented in Parlia- ment according to its population. It has all the seats it is entitled to. It is alienated only if it insists on feeling alienated. The malaise, we submit, is not in legitimate Western grievances, how- ever many there may be, nor in any imagined lack of influence, but in the normal frustrations of the times. There is no Western alienation that a national sense of national purpose, a national appreciation of national unity, a national sense of gratitude for this country's vast and undeserved blessings, would not immediately cure. So while the Vancouver conference will stimulate and expedite many use- ful changes, the essential problem has not yet been defined or acknowledged, much less cured. Garbage solution With overflowing garbage contain- ers so much in the news these days we can at least be grateful that slippery pop eans and beer bottles don't constitute part of the whopping garbage problem. Depots have been establisheH to receive these cumber- some garbage items with a hand- some two cent refund furnished to boot. While these depots take care of the 10-punce pop cans, pop bottles, beer, liquor and- wine bottles what about the1 10-ounce fruit juice cans popular with decay- drinkers? They are the same as pop cans, as far a size is- concerned, are an equal nuisance in packaging garbage and could be recycled just as easily as those containing carbonated drinks. Fruit jttjce drinkers would gladly pay the extra two cents per can (pro- viding a two cent refund was allow- able) just to be able to dispose of these nuisance cans along with their soft drink bottles. When some 10- ounce cans can go to the depot and others have to go to the garbage, it's a bit confusing and seems an unnecessary chore. If pop cans and bottles, Treer. whiskey and wine bot- tles are worth recycling what about the myriad of other containers which make, up our mounting debris and cause garbage crews growing head- aches? It is certain consumers would be willing to pay extra costs for bottled and canned commodities providing a two cent refund was applicable to all such purchases and they could rid themselves of much of their week- ly garbage problems. It would dras- tically cut the work of city crews too. Rehabilitation of prisoners By A. P. Smith, local free-lance writer The problem of crime is a lot more ser- ious than most people realize. Not only does it levy arterrifie toll on life and prop- erty, but is on the increase and has been for some time. Experts .who have studied the problem realize that it is unbelievably complex. The general theory of society is feat pun- ishment will put a stop to crime. WhCh a man commits a crime, the police are supposed to catch him, the courts con- vict him and send him to prison for a term cf punishment. Theoretically, this not only criminal out of circulation, but tha punishment acts as a deterrent to others who may be contemplating criminal acts. Unfortunately, a system that works so wen in theory functions a lot less efficient- ly in practice. For one thing, something like 96 per cent of the persons who are convicted and sent to prison are eventually released to mingle with society. What they do to society after their release depends a great deal on what society did to them in prison. More and more we are realizing that each prisoner presents an individual prob- lem. Satiety has punished him so that the punishment will deter others from com- mitting crimes. To that extent, ment necessary, but punishment cannot reform a man, it can only make him bitter and that brings up the complex prob- lem of what we are going to do with the peopb who have been seat to prison during their yeacs of confinement. Each prisoner is reduced to a number as far ss the prison records are concerned, but each prison inmate was an individual he went to prison and remains an in- dividual. There are as many difficult custo- dial problems as there are types of prison- ers and there are almost many types of prisoners as there are individuals. To some extent, there are group charac- teristics which can be counted open. Some prisoners become embittered. Some be- came melancholy. Some are able to con- trol sexual behavior during the period they ETC deprived of normal companionship; libers are not. Some are underhanded, sneaky opportunists. Some are rugged in- dividualists; a type best termed as "out- No one knows the answers to the highly complex problems of penology, but some outstanding penologists have pretty good ideas of what should be done and how to doit One trouble is that the average citizen very seldom has any contact with a career penologist Also, one of the basic problems is that the average citizen has a vindictive streak in his make-up. The criminal has violated the law and caused society a lot of trouble. The average citizens feel that society should "get even" with the crimi- nal. This vengeful concept of punishment does not work. The more I see of the problem, the more I the difficulty of finding over-all solution. However, I do believe that any penologist and correctional offi- cer is in a position to call attention to the plight of the individual and to treat each prisoner as such. This type of man is ready to "lay it on the if the prison- er wants to be tough, he can be tough. Prisoners must be treated as human beings, not as numbers. A promise made to an inmate is always kept by the profes- sional penologist or officer. It is reasonable to state that "one can't include a respect for justice if the prison itself is not just" A prison has to be a place of discipline, at times stem, but just You can't deal with criminals who have a record as long as your arm in the same way as you would deal with an average group of men, but there are certain basic prinGF'ies which must be applied if any significant number of these men are inter- ested in rehabilitating themselves. The country can supply all tie rehabili- tative facilities in the world and it won't do the least bit of good unless the men are interested in rehabilitating themselves. Perhaps if society became more inter- ested hi these sociological problems and made themselves more aware of the true situation, more could be accomplished in our prison system and in the areas of re- habilitation which is in itself a complex problem for inmates and society. By Joseph C. Ranch, Christian Science Monitor commentator The gathering In Helsinki re- cently was novel, interesting and might even be the begin- ning of something although not because of the wordy and pious speeches of the opening sessions. It is novel in that it brought together diplomats from most of the countries of Europe and from the three neighboring countries (Soviet Russia, the United States and Canada) which are most directly inter- ested in the shape and future of Europe. This was not "sum- mitry" as made familiar over the last two decades. Sum- mitry began as a matter of the "Big Four" U.S., Britain, France, Russia. It ended in the recent big two of the Nixon- Brezhnev summit. Helsinki brought together almost one directly involved in Eu- rope. In this sense it is a first. It is Interesting because the countries involved in Europe have gathered together to see whether they might discover some new formula or some modifications of old formulas which make possible easy lations among an the countries involved. In simplest terms its true purpose is to take down the iron curtain and allow Eu- rope as1 it was known two cen- turies ago to emerge again. Europe once meant every- thing from the English Chan- nel to the 'Ural Mountains. Some definitions included the British Isles although the British usually dissented. Charles de Gaulle clung to those earlier definitions when he insisted on speaking of "Russia at the Urals" as being European. But to most Europeans of recent tunes Eu- rope ended at the iron curtain. The Helsinki Confe "They col! this When democracy died in Uruguay BUENOS President Juan Maria Borda- berty has managed to cling to his job by conniving with a military coup which has placed his country in the hands of the armed forces. The coup came on June 27 when an exasper- ated Bordabeny, harassed by his military allies, decided to close down the fractious and uncooperative Parliament. This was quickly followed by a series of rigorous measures doing away with the vastiges of press freedom and outlawing the Convention National de Trabajadores (National Work- ers' the main trade union organization, grouping workers in a By James Neilson, London Observer commentator population country whose only The generals had been en- croaching on Uruguayan public life ever since Bordaberry- as- sumed power in March 1972. By February of this year they were clearly in charge of the country and Bordaberry, a wealthy, conservative and fervent- ly Catholic 44-year-old landown- er, has acoaded to all their de- mands. The decision to give democracy the coup de grace came when Parliament refused to lift the immunity of left-wing Senator Enrique Erro, accused of being a member of the Tupamaro urban guerrilla or- ganization. But while Bordaberry is still On the Hill By Bert Hargrave, KIP for Medicine Hat One of the more pleasant as- pects of representing the Med- icine Hat federal constituency is the opportunity to attend lo- cal functions. I refer particu- larly to the annual rodeos at Writing-on-Stone (Milk Taber and EUcwater. Two spe- cial, and to me unique gather- ings, should also be mentioned. The first was the official open- ing of the new Redcliff domes- tic water plant I suggested on this occasion that surety here was an excellent example of some federal financing that was indeed wen spent The second event was the 50th anniversary of the found- ing of the present Town of Schufer. This two day event was very well organized and was attended by hundreds of present and former Schuter and community residents. The genuine enthusiasm and good fellowship of all who attended, made this a most unique and satisfying experience. Meanwhile Parliament is en- gaged in a nervous saw off situation between most mem- bers of aU parties who want a summer recess immediately, and the political asperations of the government to pass a lengthy list of legislation before the recess. Capital punishment is still a hot issue, thanks to the solici- tor general's attempt to go the whole way of abolition by amendment at the committee stage. The standing committee chairman (a Liberal) finally ruled this amendment out of or- der as well as the 25 year mini- mum requirement for life im- prisonment, on the grounds that they were contra to the original intent of the government bill. The corporate tax bill was rather quietly passed with only the NDP opposed. Bill C-193 on income tax was also pass- ed with two amendments spe- cific to agriculture. The first will permit deliveries of grain to the wheat board with provi- sions to chum the payment as income "for this taxation year immediately following the taxa- tion year in which the grain was delivered." The second amendment recognizes the principle that dairy quotas have a definite capital value. The Electoral Boundaries Re- adjustment Act would prevent the new redistribution process taking place until the end of 1974. While some members of all parties are opposed to this, the majority of the House will probably support it, ensuring that any election in the next 18 months win be on existing elec- toral boundaries. A contentious issue now in committee is the 1976 Summer Olympic BUI. While most mem- bers seem to agree that Can- ada has a definite obligation to stage these games due to inter- national commitments, there is considerable resentment at the methods of financing this ev- ent Mr. Drury (treasury board) has told us that with the exception of a million grant for CBC facilities and security costs, the federal government would not be responsible for any deficit from the Olympics. However there is considerable suspicion over the Montreal Olympic Committee's proposal to raise most of its budget by specially minted coins and stamps. Suffice it to say that Mayor Drapeau and the Expo "67 deficit have not been for- gotten! The last item was Mrs. Grace Maclnnis' private members bill on abortion. Toe intent was to remove all reference to abor- tion in the Criminal Code. I have received a fair amount of mail on this subject. The bill was "talked out" with only Mrs. Maclnnis speaking in favor of it in office, he has managed to array the widest coalition of political forces ever sean in Uruguay against him. This coalition, which ranges from Communists to the conserva- tives of the Blanco party, is embarking on a long war of attrition against the generals who have turned what was, un- til recently, the solidest dem- ocracy in Latin America into a military dictatorship. The opposition undoubtedly has the bulk of the Uruguayan people on its side. Unlike the populations of other Latin Am- erican countries, who t e n d to accept military coups with res- ignation, the Uruguayans have made it clear that they intend to fight for their democratic in- stitutions. The general strike called by the CNT proved re- markably successful, despite orders, broadcast every 30 min- utes, to return to work. Several opposition politicians, notably Erro and Blanco party chief Wilson Ferreira Aldunate who won more votes than Bordaberry in the November 1971 elections chose exile in Buenos Aires. The institutions swept aside by the generals had been ailing for some time. As in all Latin American countries, the Uru- guayan parliamentary system has been subjected to fearful strains and in some ways has proved wanting. Uruguay is peripheral to the world econ- omy, relying largely on agri- cultural experts to survive, and had been severely battered as the tides of world trade changed in the last two dec- ades. Since 1937 the country has been in steady decline. Its gross national product has hanDy grown at an. The com- plicated welfare state built up when the going was good be- came a burden when circum- stances demanded belt-tighten- ing. Welfare provisions are far more elaborate than in Britain or Scandinavia; the country's innumerable civil servants can retire on full pay when still in their forties. Corruption, more- over, is now part of the Uru- guayan way of life, and pro- vided a ready excuse for many military advances. When military penetration accelerated at the beginning of this year, many left wingers were sympathetic to its appar- ent objectives. They thought that a Peruvian-style dictator- ship, wining to ram through re- fcrms favorable to the working class, was in the offing. But the generals surrounding Borda- berry have shown themselves to be old-fashioned law-and- order enthusiasts similar to the Ongania clique that toppled Argentina's elected government in 1966. So far their program has revealed nothing more so- than desire to clean up the country and put it bade on its feet. The generals who now rule Uruguay have more in common with the conservative techno- crats running Brazil titan with the reformist masters of Peru or the democratically elected Argentine government. The roost likely result of the mili- tary take-over win be a mas- sive swing to the left by Uru- guayans. Within hours of the coup the Communist-controlled trade un- ions became the focal point of opposition, although their gen- eral strike showed signs of crumbling after a week under ferocious military pressure. The soldiers, moreover, can expect a resurgence of guerrilla vio- lence. The Tupamaros, who can now use Argentina as a safe rear area, are impatient to enter the fray. Acting alone they are not capable of over- throwing Uruguay's armed forces. But, buttressed by pop- ular support, they .can do much to make their position unten- BERRTS WORLD breaks with the- iron curtain definition in that it is a con- ference about Europe and k in- cludes the eastern tier of Com- munist states Poland, Czech- oslovakia etc. as well as the Soviet Union itself. The United States is present as the princi- pal friend and ally of tbe West European countries and as being European itself in the sense of being a vast melting of all the indigenous European peoples. This in gathering of the European clans could be the beguiling of something im- portant because it.just might (certainly not tomorrow, but' perhaps a few years from now) lead to a revived sense of Eu- rope being a single community instead of being two hostile communities. For nearly 20 yean tht prime hostility in the world which shaped tbe relations of all nations towards each other was the division of Europe at the iron curtain. On both sides polities were dominated by the doctrine of "whoever ism? with me is against There is still a lot left of Oat mental concept. The opening Russian speech at Helsinki admitted no devia- tion from the Brezhnev doc- trine of Moscow's right to con- trol politics and policies in the neighboring "Socialist" states of Eastern Europe. And the West Europeans were wining to go to Helsinki and meet with the Russians only in the presence of their American al- lies. They understand well enough that as yet Western Europe is neither sufficiently united nor sufficiently armed to be left safely alone with the mighty Soviets. That anything substantial will emerge this year from Helsinki and its aftermath is unlikely. To the Russians, Hel- sinki seems to be an opportu- nity primarily for legitimiza- tion of its imperial control over the states overrun by Stalin's armies at the end of the Sec- ond World War. Acceptance by the West Eu- ropeans means freedom for Moscow to turn her attention eastward and be freer than be- fore to deal with the Chinese. But to the Europeans, China has been the benefactor. Rus- sian pressure on West Europe has declined proportionately as Peking has gained independ- ence from Moscow. It now be- hooves the Europeans to beware of doing anything which would encourage Russia to attack China. What has Moscow to offer the West Europeans at Helsinki which could possfiriy equal the benefit Europe has already obtained from the break between China and Rus- sia? There is every reason for the West Europeans to proceed cautiously and slowly down the Helsinki road. They seem to understand this. There is no stampede. "Hen's 9 heaitauny Kt of 0 small coffege fr midwest was a eontr The Lcthbridge Herald CM Ttta St S., Leflfcndge, Alberta RIDGE HERALD 00. LTD., Proprietors and Pn Mbfisbed IMS-US4, by Bon. W. A. BUCHANAN Wo. 8V12 CmmtttH Pm ihe CtmaAm Dt THE MBM1A HC ;